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March 2018 Newsletter

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Volume 42, March 2018  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting 2018
The annual board meeting is planned 16-17 September 2018 in Dubrovnik, Croatia, prior to the European Poultry Conference.

WPSA programmes
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the Travel Grant Programmes, the Speakers’ Bureau Programme and Proposals for Branch Development can be found on the WPSA website (under Support). Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications will be rejected.

wpsa spandoek 2018 75 LR.inddWPSA presence at conferences and exhibitions
WPSA was present at the International Production and Processing Expo in Atlanta, USA and VIV MEA, Abu Dhabi, UAE. In both cases many visitors came to the booth, where promotional materials of WPSA, the WPS Journal and WPC 2020 were displayed. More and more the booth becomes a meeting place for members from several countries.
In the coming months WPSA will be represented at AGRA ME, Dubai, UAE, Victam, Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, and VIV Europe, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
There are a series of upcoming international conferences, for example the Asian Pacific Poultry Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, Torino, Italy, and the European Poultry Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia to which members are invited to attend the event and to meet many WPSA members and representatives. Details on these and other meetings can be found in the calendar on www.wpsa.com

Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organises training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.

Dr Roel Mulder

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine

The last 6 weeks have been busy travel weeks, including two major trips for WPSA. In February I attended the International Production and Processing Expo (IPPE) in Atlanta, USA. I was joined in the WPSA booth by Drs. Mulder, Buresh, Akbay, and Uni. As usual, IPPE had huge crowds, with visitors coming from around the world. I was delighted that my government recognised the importance of our poultry industries, by sending our Secretary of Agriculture, Dr Sonny Purdue. It was good to have many WPSA members stop by our booth and visit. It was exciting to have new faces - folks who introduced themselves and asked about joining our Association. And as your Treasurer, I was most happy to see those members and Branch Secretaries who came by to pay me their dues!

This week I have been in the Napa Valley of California for the Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PePa) Meetings. As always, the Student Programme of PePa was sponsored by the United States Branch of WPSA. Historically, poultry students from California, Oregon, Utah, and Washington attend this event. This year, two WPSA Travel Grant recipients from our Mexico Branch, joined the student mix. Our Senior VP, Dr Buresh, was on hand to judge the Student Poster Competition and assist me (PePa Student Programme Chair) at the Awards Ceremony.

2018 PePa mexican studentsThe WPSA-sponsored students from the University of Guadalajara: Jocelyn Barba and Maria Trujillo, were great representatives of their University and their home WPSA Branch. Both students presented posters, participated in the full convention programme, the student activities, networked with poultry scientists and producers, and even tasted a little of the famous Napa Valley wine!

I am delighted to see more students applying from our Latin Branches. Both Jocelyn and Maria have been charged with promoting the programme to classmates and assisting them with future travel grant applications. Being around these students for the entire convention and seeing how they took advantage of every educational opportunity, I can say that WPSA funds were well spent.

Quote from Jocelyn Barba Rodriguez, Mexico

During my stay in California attending the PEPA convention, I had the opportunity to meet many interesting people with a lot of experience in the poultry industry thanks to Dr Bradley. The lectures were really interesting in which they clarified me what was the role of Mexico in the world industry, I especially enjoyed the conference of Jim Summer, President of the United States Export Council for Birds and Eggs. With its motto ‘Poultry and eggs from the United States feed the world’. I think Mexico has the potential to overcome the parameters that have taxes today. The other conferences were topics on which we may not yet worry in Mexico because we have different objectives. On the second day of the conferences I was interviewed by Mr John Bedell from J. S. West Milling Co. and I got an experience about job interviews, I also had the opportunity to meet and discuss the work of Mr Dave Crockett; I had the honour of making two good friends, Miss Alejandra Figueroa and Myrna Cadena of Davis University, who gave me a little tour of their workplace and their medicine unit. In summary, the experience was enriching in many ways, I met many people with an impressive trip, I have been very fortunate, I would like to thank them for making it possible for me to have the opportunity to go so far.

Quote from Maria Trujillo

I want to thank you for the opportunity that WPSA provided to me. Having attended the PePa Convention has been a truly gratifying experience in my life.
The entire event was quite interesting, from the student poster presentations (my participation in these poster presentations goes without saying), the informational sessions, and the debate between the students over the poultry case reports. Every moment left me with new knowledge which adds to my experience as a future professional in the avian sciences.
In terms of the sessions, I want to mention that the presentation I found very inspirational was that of Marilyn Dolan and Hinda Mitchell titled ‘Social Media, don’t be a hater’, because social media is a good diffuser of information to initiate a campaign in Mexico about the importance of avian production. In this way, the population will value its labour as well as the food that is produced.
During the convention, I had the pleasure of meeting many poultry producers and avian scientists. The individuals I remember most and with whom I had the opportunity to interact were Dr Rocio Crespo, DVM from the Avian Health & Food Safety Lab, WA and Dr Rodrigo Gallardo, DVM, PhD, Associate Professor at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. I was also able to interact closely with Dave Crockett and his wife, Julie Crockett, business partners of NuCal Foods, an important company for the poultry industry. I had the opportunity to network with students from different universities and I am pleased to say that I made good relationships with some of them, for example, Alejandra Figueroa and Myrna Cadena from the University of California, Davis, as well as Rodrigo López and Cirenio Hisasaga from California State University, Fresno.
Of course, I cannot fail to mention that the experience touring through Napa and the nearby towns was wonderful. Visiting the places that our new friends from UC Davis took us throughout the university and the city of Davis was equally amazing. I returned to Mexico with a piece of California in my heart.
Once again, I greatly appreciate this opportunity.

Dr Francine Bradley


Reminder about Travel Grant and Speaker’s Bureau Application Submissions

Passport WPSA crop LRThe WPSA Board fully supports the awarding of Travel Grants (both for young WPSA members/students and older members) as well as the assistance for branches utilising the WPSA Speaker’s Bureau programme. Each of these programmes was developed with the intent to provide financial assistance to support members and branches demonstrating legitimate needs in these areas. All submitted applications are sent to the General Secretary of the WPSA for initial review and consideration. Those meeting ALL necessary application requirements are then forwarded to the WPSA Executive Committee for the next step in the application approval process.
To ensure your application receives timely consideration, it is imperative that ALL application conditions stated on the WPSA web site are fully adhered to. Travel grant applications must be submitted at least 3 months prior to the date of the meeting to be attended. As stated in the application conditions, incomplete or late submissions will not be considered for funding. One common oversight with Travel Grant applications is incomplete budget request and justification information in accordance with the stated conditions. Another frequent error is the failure to adhere to page length requirements for supporting documentation. If the conditions state the requirement for a 2-3 page length Curriculum Vitae, submitting more than 3 pages becomes cumbersome to the approval process and this failure to adhere to the conditions can be considered as justification for application rejection. One final reminder is that all budgets and invoices must have costs converted to US dollars, and the total amounts must be presented.
In summary, the WPSA Board encourages all members and branches to utilise these programmes but asks that all members familiarise themselves with the application conditions. Submitting applications in compliance with these conditions will streamline the approval process and reduce the amount of extra work required for all parties involved.

Bob Buresh, Ph.D., WPSA Senior Vice President


Branch Development Programme

In the Board meeting held during WPC2016 in Beijing, China, the Board decided to increase the funds available for Branch Development by making a formal call for Branch Development Proposals. In 2018 we approved proposals from Croatia and Senegal.

For more information click here.

Next deadline for submission of Branch Development Proposals is July 1st.


epc2018 website 

 
  XV EUROPEAN POULTRY CONFERENCE  

   Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17-21 September 2018 


The WPSA- Croatian Branch is fully engaged in the organization of the EPC 2018 that will be held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, on September 17-21, 2018. The submission of abstracts for poster and oral presentations for EPC2018 is now OPEN!! The original abstract submission deadline was the 28th of February, but it has been extended to March 15, 2018. You are warmly invited to submit an abstract of your recent research findings, and to play an active part in the scientific programme by presenting your work at EPC 2018. Join us and contribute to the scientific programme!

Authors and Speakers are required to have Ticket ID in order to register and apply for Abstract presentations. Ticket ID will be provided when conference registration fees are paid, so we encourage you to register for the EPC conference before submitting your Abstract.

The Conference will be held in Valamar Hotel & Resorts in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from 17th to 21st September 2018. The organisers are anticipating the attraction of more than 1,000 participants from all over the world, who are willing to improve their knowledge of poultry research and production.

We encourage you to register before the 30th of April, 2018, in order to take advantage of the early bird rates. Special registration fees apply for WPSA members and students.

More information can be found on the web site www.epc2018.com

Conference topics

  • Economics and Marketing
  • Nutrition
  • Breeding and Genetics
  • Egg Safety and Quality
  • Poultry Meat Quality and safety
  • Reproduction and Incubation
  • Poultry Health
  • Poultry Housing and management
  • Poultry Welfare
  • Turkeys
  • Education an Information
  • Physiology
  • Family Poultry Production
  • Antibiotic Resistance
  • Other

EPC2018 Programme at a glance

MONDAY, 17TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Welcome cocktail and Opening Ceremony

TUESDAY, 18TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon

WEDNESDAY 19TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon
Gala dinner

THURSDAY, 20TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Workshops in the afternoon
Closing ceremony

FRIDAY, 21ST SEPTEMBER 2018
Technical tour and Youth programme

Plenary Speakers and the titles of their Lectures

(Alphabetical order)

Barbut, Shai: New insights on breast myopathies
De Cesare, Alessandra: Metagenomic insights into the dynamics of microbial communities in poultry and poultry products : current challenges and future opportunities.
Humphrey, Tom: Campylobacter infection compromises broiler health, welfare and performance.
Norton, Tomas: Application of precision livestock farming technologies in the poultry sector.
Nys, Yves: How scientific innovation may improve egg production and quality on the development of non-food uses of eggs.
Ryhlil, Ivan: Microbiota, chicken gut health, and antibiotic reduction/resistance.
Savic, Vladimir: Viral infections of poultry – the globally challenging situation.
Siegert, Wolfgang: Non-essential amino acids – the forgotten nutrients.
Sossidou, Evangelia N.: Managing on-farm health and welfare risks to promote sustainability in poultry.
Steenfeldt, Sanna: Alternative protein sources for poultry nutrition.
Tixier-Boichard, Michelle: Are there limits to selection in poultry: theoretical, biological, ethical, environmental?
Yalcin, Servet: Preincubation and incubation conditions, hatching time and broiler growth.

WPSA’s Croatian Branch members are looking forward to welcoming you to Dubrovnik

Helga Medic, Secretary, Croatia Branch


European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and the end of 2018.
News from a number of European Federation's working groups is provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

The next European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN2019) will be organised by the Polish Branch, and will be held in Gdansk, Poland from 10-13 June 2019. We will look forward to seeing all of you there.

WG4 and 5

2019 eggmeat banner
The ‘XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ in Çeşme, İzmir, Turkey between 23 -26 June 2019. Visit http://www.eggmeat2019.com to keep you updated. Special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.


Asia Pacific Federation

In the last newsletter there was a list of six purposes that all our members, particularly branch committees should work towards. One of these is to develop and maintain branches that are active and engaged. Here’s an idea on how branch committees can do this: Each branch should appoint a “communications” officer. It doesn’t have to be the secretary’s role. It should be someone with energy who likes reporting on things that are happening, someone with a journalistic tendency, perhaps a student member. He /she should report on anything happening in their branch or in any sector of their poultry industry. This need not be through formal channels like this newsletter, but more informally. Local branch news and comment, news about people in the industry etc. could be posted on branch websites or Facebook pages if there is one. News on branch activities, events that are coming up or industry news could be publicised via our association’s website.

This would be a positive move, giving members more value from their membership. We all like to know what’s going on!

Coming up

appc2018
The 11th Asia Pacific Poultry Conference, 25-27 March 2018, Plaza Athénée Hotel, Bangkok. This is the premier poultry conference for the Asia Pacific region. The conference themes are Sustainability and Emerging Topics in Poultry Production. Earlybird Registration is open until the end of December. For details www.appc2018.com

Alan Gibbins, President Asian/Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

The next Ratite Working Group meeting will take place in Oudtshoorn, South Africa on the 14th of March 2018, at 12:00 on the Oudtshoorn Research Farm.
Queries can be send to me or Zanell Brand at
Members that are doing research on ratites are also urged to contact us.

Anel Engelbrecht


World's Poultry Science Journal

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • Sun Chao - The potentially beneficial effects of supplementation with hesperidin in poultry diets
  • Syed Ehthisham-ul-Haque - Current loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technologies for the detection of poultry pathogens
  • Werner Bessei - Impact of animal welfare on worldwide poultry production
  • Yves Nys - Adapting trace mineral nutrition of birds for optimising the environment and poultry product quality
  • Prashant Nighot - Pathophysiology of avian intestinal ion transport
  • Mahmoud Alagawany - Nutritional significance and health benefits of designer eggs
  • Sun Chao - Health benefits and potential applications of anthocyanins in poultry feed industry
  • Asghar Ali Kamboh - Phytochemistry and beneficial impacts of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) as a dietary supplement in poultry diets
  • Peter Surai - Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 1. Classification and mechanisms of action
  • Peter Surai - Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 2. Modulation of enzymatic activities
  • Usama Aftab - The use of NSP enzymes in poultry nutrition: myths and realities
  • Shu-Biao Wu - Roles of dietary fibre and particle size in broiler nutirtion
  • Yves Nys - Sequential and choice feeding in laying hens: adapting nutrient supply to requirements during the egg formation cycle

Summaries

Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 1. Classification and mechanisms of action

P.F. SURAI, I.I. KOCHISH and V.I. FISININ

Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) was described as a selenoprotein in 1973 and, since then, a great body of information has been accumulated to validate its important role in the antioxidant defence network in all animals, including poultry. The GSH-Px family includes at least eight members, and four of them (GSH-Px1, GSH-Px2, GSH-Px3 and GSH-Px4) are shown to be selenoproteins in animals. They are characterised by species- and tissue-specificity in their expression and activity. An optimal Se status in tissues/body is key for maximum expression of GSH-Px and therefore, in avian research GSH-Px activity is widely used as a biomarker for determining Se status and requirements. On the other hand, GSH-Px is an inducible enzyme and its activity depends on the level of stress and can be used as an index of antioxidant defences. In poultry production two forms of Se-dependent GSH-Px (GSH-Px1 and GSH-Px4) have received most attention. The aim of this paper is to review GSH-Px properties and functions in relation to poultry biology with special emphasis to its role in chicken adaptation to various stress conditions. Recent advances in selenoprotein identification and characterisation in relation to poultry Se status, dietary sources of Se and stress conditions can shed light on the roles of GSH-Px in avian biology.

Sequential and choice feeding in laying hens: adapting nutrient supply to requirements during the egg formation cycle

A. MOLNÁR, C. HAMELIN, E. DELEZIE and Y. NYS

Conventional feeding systems for laying hens rely on a complete feed available ad libitum in mash, pelleted or crumble form. When complete feeds are used, intake is mainly controlled by the hens’ energy requirement and feed presentation, but the birds cannot adjust their consumption to other nutritional needs and thus over-consume to cover the calcium needed for egg shell formation. Sequential, loose-mix and choice feeding offer birds the opportunity to select different diets in the short term. These feeding strategies have been proposed as alternative feeding systems whose main objectives are to match nutrient supply to individual requirements during the daily changes induced by the temporal sequence of the egg formation. This review discusses some findings related to the use of whole cereals and of alternating low and high energy or protein diets, conditions which may improve feed utilisation efficiency. In addition, the adjustment of calcium and phosphorus levels during the day can have benefits in terms of egg production and quality. This review explores the physiological basis for sequential, loose-mix and choice feeding and evaluates the impact of these systems on egg production and quality.

Impact of animal welfare on worldwide poultry production

W. BESSEI

Animal welfare has become an important issue in poultry production. Concern about poultry welfare has mainly been expressed in industrialised countries. Since trade of poultry products is highly internationalised, welfare aspects have to be considered by all countries involved. This paper reviews the changes in the attitude to animal welfare in Western societies and the related development of regulations and standards, the impact of high welfare standards on production costs and on international trade of poultry products and finally, the influence of different stakeholders on poultry production and marketing. From the 1960s onwards, animal welfare activities have been focused on farm animals kept under ‘industrial’ conditions, such as caged laying hens. Consequently, the management conditions for laying hens in Europe have been regulated in detail by national laws and EU-Directives. Meanwhile, conventional cages have been banned in the EU and welfare activities are now directed towards other issues, such as beak-trimming and killing day-old chicks of layer lines. All measures which are considered to improve the welfare of animals increase cost of production. Hence, differences in national welfare regulations are expected to relocate poultry production to countries with low welfare standards. There is a tendency that important retailers and food chains use welfare as a marketing argument and establish high price premium labels. Standards which are established and controlled by stakeholders of the poultry market are independent of national welfare legislation. This will lead to harmonisation of welfare standards on an international level. Most welfare labels have been developed by retailers in cooperation with welfare-oriented NGOs. There is a new trend in Germany where retailers and farmers organisations develop welfare schemes and poultry producers are paid an extra allowance for welfare-friendly production. This system ensures that poultry farmers are reimbursed for the welfare-related costs.

Adapting trace mineral nutrition of birds for optimising the environment and poultry product quality

Y. NYS, P. SCHLEGEL, S. DUROSOY, C. JONDREVILLE and A. NARCY

In the past, trace minerals have been inadequately considered by poultry nutritionists, as demonstrated by the scarce availability of literature. The practice of using high safety margins between requirements and dietary concentrations and the relative low cost of these essential minerals are possible reasons for this. Environmental considerations and regulations limiting trace mineral supply and improvements in analytical methods to detect putative contaminants in mineral sources have led to a need to a re-examination of trace mineral requirements. In addition, new knowledge regarding trace mineral roles in bone metabolism, anti-oxidant status, homeostatic regulation, product quality, immunology and the development of novel trace mineral sources have favoured, for the past 15 years, interests in optimising trace mineral nutrition considering other parameters than solely the bird performance. This review analyses the role of essential trace minerals (mainly Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, I, Se) in broiler and laying hen nutrition. This work aims to highlight the evaluation of trace mineral requirement, the bioavailability of trace mineral sources, especially in regards with phytate antagonism, and the main functions of trace minerals in egg, eggshell and meat quality. The impact of trace minerals on the environment (toxicity to plants and microorganisms) is considered and nutritional means to reduce the risk of environmental contamination will be explored. Finally, the possibilities of poultry product’s enrichment in some trace minerals for the benefit of human health will be explored.

Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 2. Modulation of enzymatic activities

P.F. SURAI, I.I. KOCHISH and V.I. FISININ

It is known that glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) belongs to the first and second levels of the antioxidant network and is involved in the regulation of many important cellular pathways including maintenance of the redox balance and signalling. In poultry the GSH-Px family includes four Se-dependent forms of the enzyme, however only GSH-Px1 and GSH-Px4 are well characterised and have received substantial attention as important enzymes participating in chicken adaptation to commercially-relevant stresses. The aim of this review is to analyse the current data on relationships between various stress conditions and the GSH-Px activity in poultry with special emphasis to selenium status and nutritional supplements. Indeed, the published literature indicates that there is a range of different nutritional (Se supplementation, antioxidants, plant extracts, probiotics, drugs, mycotoxins) and environmental (temperature stress, transportation, disease) factors modulating GSH-Px activity and/or expression in different tissues from poultry. These inducible enzymes are involved in adaptation to stress and Se supplementation in optimal concentrations whereby form is key for antioxidant system maintenance under stress conditions in commercial poultry production.

Health benefits and potential applications of anthocyanins in poultry feed industry

L. CHANGXING, M. CHENLING, M. ALAGAWANY, L. JIANHUA, D. DONGFANG, W. GAICHAO, Z. WENYIN, S.F. SYED, M.A. ARAIN, M. SAEED, F.U. HASSAN and S. CHAO

Anthocyanins are flavonoids widely spread in various plant species as a major phyto-pigment. In recent years, interest in using anthocyanins as a feed ingredient has increased markedly owing to their health and other benefits. Anthocyanins possess various pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anticancer, antidiabetic, neuroprotective, anti-obesity and antioxidant effects. Dietary consumption of anthocyanins has revealed benefits in animal performance. Little is known about health-promoting effects of anthocyanins in avian species, but anthocyanin-rich dried fruits have shown positive effects on certain pathological conditions and health promoting markers in human and other animals. This review aims to gather information regarding health benefits of anthocyanins and highlight therapeutic and potential health beneficial effects of anthocyanins for poultry. Additionally, it explores these biologically important flavonoids as alternative ingredients in poultry feed to replace synthetic nutrients and medicines. The available literature reports studies involving use of anthocyanins focused on human, mice and in vitro models. However, there is a need to explore mechanism of action at molecular level to understand potential beneficial effects of anthocyanins in avian species.

The potentially beneficial effects of supplementation with hesperidin in poultry diets

X. YATAO, M. SAEED, A.A. KAMBOH, M.A. ARAIN, F. AHMAD, I. SUHERYANI, M.E. ABD EL-HACK, M. ALAGAWANY, Q.A. SHAH and S. CHAO

Flavonoids are natural compounds derived from different types of vegetables, fruits, and medicinal herbal plants. Hesperidin, a flavanone (a class of flavonoids) glycoside is found abundantly in citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons tangerines and limes and is known to possess significant benefits, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-stress, antioxidant, growth promoting, anticancer and immunological properties. Hesperidin enhances mucosal and humoral immunity by increasing intestinal intraepithelial lymphocyte numbers, lymphoid organs (thymus, spleen and bursa) indices, as well as improving anti-avian influenza and anti-Newcastle disease antibody titres in poultry. In addition, hesperidin is a strong chain-breaking antioxidant that provides potent cellular antioxidant defence against the damaging effects induced by peroxide hydrogen. As a natural antioxidant, hesperidin could help mitigate heat stress during summer by decreasing heterophil-to-lymphocyte ratios, and quenching reactive oxygen species generated by summer heat stress. The aim of this review was to elucidate the biological effects and health benefits of hesperidin as an alternative of synthetic immune boosters and growth promoters in poultry diets.

The use of NSP enzymes in poultry nutrition: myths and realities

U. AFTAB and M.R. BEDFORD

The use of non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) enzymes has increased in recent years with most of the growth coming from the market segment which uses non-viscous diets. A variety of product choices are available to the feed industry. These range from mono-component, single enzymes, to cocktails of more than one activity, to so-called ‘complex’ enzymes, displaying, in addition to the main activity, several non-targeted (i.e. quality controlled or assured) activities within one product. The relative abundance of the substrate or the number of substrates presented by a given diet may not be viewed as the sole criterion for the fitness of an enzyme solution. An argument can be made that NSP enzymes should not be considered as classical digestive enzymes and any response may not be regarded simply as a function of the extent of in vitro or in vivo substrate hydrolysis. The idea of having additional non-NSP or NSP activities to ‘strengthen’ a xylanase response, as well as the notion ‘complex diet needs a complex enzyme’ appear to lack sufficient scientific backing. Measures based on alternative responses e.g. gut morphology, nutrient or energy digestibility, gut-flora and its metabolites or fermentation profiles, are useful in developing a wider understanding of the phenomenon but require careful interpretation as the stand-alone criteria of usefulness of an NSP enzyme. Performance data is always the ultimate judge of the efficacy of a feed enzyme. This review addresses the practical question of selecting an NSP enzyme. The aim is to discuss the data supporting some of the common views held in the industry today, and how these views significantly influence the process of selecting an NSP enzyme for commercial in-feed application.

Current loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technologies for the detection of poultry pathogens

S. EHTISHAM-UL-HAQUE, M.A. ZAMAN, M. KIRAN, M.K. RAFIQUE, M.F. QAMAR and M. YOUNUS

Traditional diagnostic capabilities (serology and culture) are not enough to monitor the poultry infections efficiently. For effective control of poultry infections, a regular program incorporating simple and cost-effective molecular diagnostics is necessary. On this rationale, it is possible to present working molecular diagnostic technology that would work equally well in field as well as in the laboratory. Recently, the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has emerged as simple and inexpensive diagnostic tool for the molecular detection of various animal pathogens. To perform LAMP, no specialised instruments (e.g. thermal cycler) are required, permitting its use in developing countries. Various reliable LAMP assays have been reported for the detection of different poultry pathogens. However, still there is a need to improve the sensitivity, specificity, reproducibility, user-friendliness, delivery to end-user and affordability of LAMP assays. This article reviews current LAMP assays available for the molecular detection of important viral, bacterial and protozoan pathogens of poultry. It focuses on the various aspects of LAMP for the diagnosis of important poultry pathogens based upon pathogen type, specimen, target genes, LAMP primer types, detection limits, fluorescent detectors and LAMP chemistry used. This paper provides updates on principle, instrumentation, basic methodology, quantification capability, reagents and kits used currently in performing LAMP.

Roles of dietary fibre and particle size in broiler nutrition

S.K. KHERAVII, N.K. MORGAN, R.A. SWICK, M. CHOCT and S.-B. WU

Increasing the structural components in the diet, namely through including coarse grain particles in diets and manipulating the dietary fibre composition, has been shown to improve gut health, feed utilisation and production efficiency. This is primarily because structural components physically stimulate activity in the fore gut. An example of this is dietary non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), namely insoluble NSP, which have been shown to instigate beneficial effects on gut health, litter quality and nutrient utilisation, by increasing crop and gizzard activity, stimulating digestive enzyme production and enhancing bacterial fermentation in the hind gut. However, there is a lack of consistency with regard to the direct effects of dietary fibre on chicken health and production. The aim of this review therefore is to explore the impact of feeding different sources of fibre and different size grain particles on gut health and microflora, nutrient utilisation, performance and litter quality in broilers.

Nutritional significance and health benefits of designer eggs

M. ALAGAWANY, M.R. FARAG, K. DHAMA and A. PATRA

Designer foods of animal origin are produced either by feeding specific diets, or using new techniques like genetic engineering, cross-breeding. Designer eggs are an important type of functional foods. With the advancement of poultry industry, there is a rising interest in poultry biotechnology for altering the egg composition by genetic and nutritional manipulations for human health. This can be done by modifying cholesterol concentration and its fractions, lipid profile, fatty acids, amino acids and minerals or through adding therapeutic pharmaceutical molecules. Designer eggs provide vegetarian, safe, immune powered, specialty or organic foodstuffs which can have improved vitamins, minerals, balanced ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids, lowered total cholesterol, additional boost of antibodies and essential pigments such as carotenoids. From the relevant scientific literature, functional eggs can be considered as human designer food. This review describes the concepts of designer eggs and their health benefits and nutritional values.

Phytochemistry and beneficial impacts of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) as a dietary supplement in poultry diets

M. SAEED, A.A. KAMBOH, S.F. SYED, D. BABAZADEH, I. SUHERYANI, Q.A. SHAH, M. UMAR, I. KAKAR, M. NAVEED, M.E. ABD EL-HACK, M. ALAGAWANY and S. CHAO

Cinnamon is a common spice obtained from the bark of Cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum zeylanicum). It has been used for culinary, as well as medicinal, purposes since ancient times in various countries. Apart from substantial amounts of several nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, choline, vitamins (A, K, C, B3), and minerals, several biological active compounds are present in the extract of oil, which contribute to immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antiviral, lowering blood cholesterol, antimicrobial, lipid-lowering, antihypertension, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, gastroprotective, antidiabetic, neuroprotective and blood purifying properties. Cinnamon roots serve as a hepatic stimulant by improving bile production, eliminating toxins, restoring electrolyte balance and regulating hydration and can be used for enhancing digestion. In addition, nutritional properties of cinnamon powder include positive effects regarding growth, digestion, enhanced activity of gut microflora, improvement of immune response, as well as improved feed efficiency and health improvement of poultry birds. Recently, research focus has been directed towards supplementing broiler diets with cinnamon powder as a phytobiotic in order to replace synthetic growth promoters. After reviewing the literature, it was found that the research at the molecular level to elucidate the mechanisms behind the potential of cinnamon as a feed additive in poultry is limited, despite its promising impacts. Furthermore, supplementation doses vary significantly, i.e., from 0.02 to 7%. So, the aim of this review was to compile the published research related to cinnamon, explore its beneficial properties, find out its optimal dosage for uses by veterinarians, researchers, and nutritionists, as well as its potential to use as a natural feed additive to replace the synthetic antibiotic growth promoters in poultry feed.

Pathophysiology of avian intestinal ion transport

M. NIGHOT and P. NIGHOT

The gut has great importance for the commercial success of poultry production. Numerous ion transporters, exchangers, and channels are present on both the apical and the basolateral membrane of intestinal epithelial cells, and their differential expression along the crypt-villus axis within the various intestinal segments ensures efficient intestinal absorption and effective barrier function. Recent studies have shown that intensive production systems, microbial exposure, and nutritional management significantly affect intestinal physiology and intestinal ion transport. Dysregulation of normal intestinal ion transport is manifested as diarrhoea, malabsorption, and intestinal inflammation resulting into poor production efficiency. This review discusses the basic mechanisms involved in avian intestinal ion transport and the impact of development during growth, nutritional and environmental alterations, and intestinal microbial infections on it. The effect of intestinal microbial infections on avian intestinal ion transport depends on factors such as host immunity, pathogen virulence, and the mucosal organisation of the particular intestinal segment.



Branch News

Argentina

12th International Seminar on Poultry Science – 10th Poultry & Swine Exposition

The Argentinean Branch of the World´s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) is collaborating in the organisation of the 12th International Seminar on Poultry Science. This scientific meeting, organised every two years, will be held during the 10th Poultry & Swine Exposition, in Buenos Aires City, Argentina, on May 8-10, 2018. This event is organised by egg and broiler producers associations, CAPIA & CEPA. In general, the participants for this event are Spanish speakers from Latin America. It expects to have more than 2,000 participants (producers, students and professionals), representing one of the most important events of the Argentinean poultry community. The Seminar will be given in Spanish, and English presentations will have simultaneous translation into Spanish by a Veterinarian specialist. The WPSA will provide two expert speakers, supported by the WPSA Speakers’ Bureau programme. For more information, visit www.avicola.com.ar

Austria

The Austrian branch of WPSA was revitalised during a general assembly of the branch members in December 2017, and a new board was elected. Prof. Dr Martin Gierus, from the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, was elected to serve as President; and Dr Peter Mitsch from Tierarzt GmbH, Vienna, was elected as vice president. The new board is motivated and welcomes both new and old members and is looking forward to bringing the different sectors of the poultry industry together for good discussions and developments!

Simone Schaumberger, Austria Branch Secretary

France

20WPC blocmarque blocdates

The French Branch of WPSA is delighted to invite you to participate in the upcoming World Poultry Congress that will be held from the 16-20 August 2020 in the attractive city of Paris. Information can be found on the web site http://www.wpcparis2020.com/

Please notice that the organisers propose an Early Sponsoring period for the 2020 World Poultry Congress. The Congress will be held in Paris and will attract more than 3000 attendees from all over the world: experts, scientists, researchers, production specialists will participate in presenting and discussing their most recent findings. The early sponsoring will allow our partners to have the benefit of longer visibility (three years before the event), larger opportunities in the sponsoring of activities, as well as eligibility for a 15% discount in 2018. If you are interested and want to know more about this opportunity, please contact us at  or

For more information: http://www.wpcparis2020.com/

The French branch of the WPSA organises its yearly day 'les jeudis de la WPSA' on the 22th of March 2018 in Nantes. This conference involves scientists and poultry experts and explores a particular area. The topic of the year is the Precision livestock farming, automated continuous recording using novel communication technology and Big data in Poultry production. More information is available at http://www.wpsa.fr/index.html

In March 2017, the French Poultry Science Meeting (JRA) took place in Tours. This event is hold every 2 years in France and brings together more than 500 Poultry experts. More information can be found at http://www.itavi.asso.fr/jra/2017. Video recording was carried out for some of the reviews (in French). They can be watched at http://www.wpsa.fr/presentation/JRA%202017%20.html

Yves Nys, President–WPSA France

Italy

2018 mpn banner

The next edition of the Mediterranean Poultry Summit is approaching (18-20 June, 2018) and prominent invited speakers from European and Middle East will address emerging issues on poultry meat and egg productions, especially dealing with Mediterranean Area. Visit http://www.mpn-wpsa.org/main/ to check the topics of the different sessions and for registration. Of course, special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.

The Italian Branch of WPSA is also organising the 54th edition of its annual meeting that will be held on April 6th, 2018 in Perugia. This meeting will deal with ‘Farming strategies to reduce antibiotic usage in poultry production’ and this hot topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers.

PROGRAMME

Opening address
Francesco Tei, Head of the Dept. of Agricultural Sciences, Food and Environment, University of Perugia
Martino Cassandro, President of Italian Branch of World’s Poultry Science Association

Current situation on the reduction of the antibiotic use in animal farming in Italy
Giuseppe Diegoli, Department of Health Policies, Prevention and Public Health Service of Emilia-Romagna Region

Environmental management of poultry farms
Jim Donald, National Poultry Technological Centre, Auburn University (USA)

An innovative system for monitoring poultry health and behaviour
Marian Dawkins, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford (UK)

Experience of a world’s leading poultry producer in the reduction of antibiotic usage
Roy Brister, Tyson Food (USA)

Viewpoint of a leading Italian retailers on the reduction of antibiotic usage
Chiara Faenza, Coop Italia

Contact:
Massimiliano Petracci
Dept. of Food and Agricultural Sciences – University of Bologna
Tel. +39 0547 338128, Fax: +39 0547 382348
Email:  

Any additional information can be received at our site: www.wpsa.it

Massimiliano Petracci, Branch Secretary

Japan

The Spring Meeting of JPSA, 2018, will be held at the University of Tokyo, Tokyo during 29–30 March. The meeting will consist of original paper presentations, a seminar, and general as well as council meetings. The council meeting will be held on March 29, and the paper presentations as well as the general meeting will be organised on March 30.

The luncheon seminar will be held on March 30. Mr. Jiro Yokoyama of Nosan Corporation will give a talk on ‘Hikari brand iodine-enriched eggs, the story behind the development and the plan for the future’. Hikari brand iodine-enriched eggs are laid by hens raised on iodine-blended feed containing powdered seaweed. Hikari eggs were confirmed to have various beneficial health effects which were not found in iodine alone. The Hikari brand of iodine-enriched eggs is now one of the famous brands of value added eggs. Mr. Yokoyama will present an interesting background story for the Hikari brand of eggs.

JPSA will support two young scientists who will be attending the 11th Asian Pacific Poultry Conference (11th APPC) during 25-27 March, 2018 in Bangkok, Thailand. Mr. Takashi Ono, Graduate School of Hiroshima University, will present a paper entitled ‘QTL mapping for the content of free amino acids in chicken meat by restriction-site associated DNA sequencing’. Mr. Yuki Hakamata, Graduate School of Tohoku University, will present a paper entitled ‘Differences in mitochondrial fatty acid utilization and respiratory complex characteristics between meat-type and laying-type chickens’.

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS, the official journal of JPSA, Impact Factor: 0.771) always welcomes the submission of reviews and original papers. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to have an access to its published articles. JPSA wants to contribute to poultry science in Japan and all over the world by enhancing our international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcome new members from all over the world. Please visit JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

Naoki Goto, Secretary Japan Branch

New Zealand

The 2018 New Zealand Poultry Industry Conference will be held from 2-3 October 2018 at the Quality Hotel Plymouth International, New Plymouth, New Zealand. The meeting will be organised by World’s Poultry Science Association-New Zealand Branch in Association with the Monogastric Research Centre, Massey University.

Pakistan

A New Face for the WPSA-Pakistan Branch

WPSA’s Pakistan Branch has put together a new administration for 2018.

The new members of the administrative group include:

  • Dr Muhammad Sadiq – President (CEO-SB Poultry Pakistan)
  • Dr Nasir Mukhtar – Vice President (Assistant Professor Department of Poultry Sciences PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi Pakistan)
  • Dr Khalid Mahmood Shouq – General Secretary (Editor Vet. News & Views)
  • Dr Muhammad Kashif Saleemi -Assistant Secretary / Treasurer (Assistant Professor Department of Vet. Poultry -University of Agriculture Faisalabad Pakistan)

The new administration has established Poultry Science Clubs in 16 Universities of Pakistan. This was done in collaboration with Pakistan’s WPSA Branch office. Our Branch members will be organising an International Conference on the eve of our World Egg Day.

 2018 march sadiq  2018 march mukhtar  2018 march shouq  2018 march saleemi
President
Dr Muhammad Sadiq
CEO
SB Poultry PVT LTD
48-C Satellite Town
Chandani Chowk, Muree Road
Rawalpindi
Pakistan
Phone: +92 51 111 505050
Fax: +92 51 4451191
 
Vice President
Dr Nasir Mukhtar
Assistant Professor
Department of Poultry Sciences
PMAS Arid Agriculture University
Murree Road 46300

Secretary
DR Khalid Mahmood Shouq
The Veterinary News & Views
392-A, Samanabad
38070 Faisalabad
Pakistan
Mobile: +92 300 6620616
 
Phone: +92 41 2665352
Fax: +92 41 2562853 
Assistant Secretary/Treasurer 
Dr Muhammad Kashif Saleemi
Assistant Professor
Department of Vet. Pathology
University of Agriculture
Faisalabad
Pakistan
Mob: 92 (0)300-6644072
 

Saudi Arabia

The Saudi branch meeting will be held on 22 March, 2018 at Qassim University.

Moataz Fathi, Secretary of the Saudi Arabia Branch

Turkey

The WPSA Turkish Branch is in a period of intense activity. We will organise the 'Niğde International Poultry Congress', situated in the unique geological wonderland of Cappadocia, between 9-12 May 2018 in cooperation with the Niğde University Faculty of Agriculture. Our members of the Organising and Scientific Committees are working at full speed for a very successful congress.

One of the most important meetings of the WPSA European Federation, the XXIV. European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII. European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products will be hosted in the Aegean resort town of Çeşme (İzmir) from 23-26 June 2019.

Branch President Rüveyde Akbay attended the International Production & Processing Expo in Atlanta between 30 January – 1 February 2018, and she had the opportunity to meet with industry representatives and colleagues during this important event.

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cengizhan Mızrak, Secretary of the WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

The 2018 UK WPSA Annual Meeting will be held in Dublin from 9-11 April at Dublin’s iconic Croke Stadium with a theme of ‘Innovation to compete in the global livestock industry’. The joint WPSA / BSAS event will see more than 500 scientists, vets, policy makers and farmers from across the globe gather to hear about the challenges and opportunities facing the livestock sector, and the ways it can innovate to create more sustainable systems. An international line-up of world-leading speakers will discuss the ground-breaking technologies being made in livestock production, as well as the issues that need to be addressed to ensure potential gains in productivity are grasped. Speakers will also discuss how those developments are communicated with farmers and producers, and how the sector can encourage the adoption of new ways of working.
The programme includes an invited session on advances in management of laying hens, followed by a variety of original communications on nutrition, physiology and husbandry and the usually frenetic but absorbing short oral communications on selected poster presentations. This will be followed by the annual Gordon Memorial Lecture delivered by Mike Bedford and titled: ‘The evolution and application of enzymes in the animal feed industry: opportunities and misunderstandings’.
The meeting will finish with the Annual General Meeting of the UK Branch which will see the introduction of a new President, Vice president, Secretary and Treasurer.
We look forward to meeting up with Irish colleagues to explore how the poultry sector can share knowledge, ideas and best-practice as Brexit drives the UK to become more global in the way it deals with critical issues such as trade and policy. As ever, the UK branch annual meeting provides a great opportunity for helping scientists, policy makers and producers to build relationships and networks across the European livestock sector and beyond.
The papers presented at the 2017 Spring Meeting are now published in British Poultry Abstracts – all papers published are available on Open Access using the following links:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/17466202.2017.1394641 
http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/cbpa20/13/1 

Steve Lister, UK Branch Secretary

 

 

June 2018 Newsletter

Star InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar InactiveStar Inactive
Volume 43, June 2018  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting 2018
The annual WPSA board meeting is planned for 16-17 September 2018 in Dubrovnik, Croatia, prior to the European Poultry Conference.

WPSA programmes
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the Travel Grant programmes, the Speakers’ Bureau programme and proposals for Branch Development can be found on the WPSA website. Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected. 

WPSA presence at conferences and exhibitions
WPSA representatives were present at AGRA ME, Dubai, UAE and Victam Asia in Bangkok, Thailand. Visitors collected promotional materials for WPSA, the WPS Journal, WPC 2020 and for several other symposia and conferences which were on display. 

During the coming month, WPSA representatives will also attend VIV Europe, Utrecht, The Netherlands. Many members have already indicated that they will be visiting our booth during the exhibition.

The Asian Pacific Poultry Conference held in Bangkok, Thailand, from 25-27 March, was a great success. Over 1200 participants came from all over the world. 

2018 news russiaFrom 9-11 May the International Poultry Conference that took place in Nigde, was organised by the Turkish branch of WPSA; and from 15-17 May the International Conference that was held in Sergiev Posad, which was organised by the Russian Branch of WPSA, were attended. Both conferences were very well attended and proved that knowledge dissemination is very important. These types of meetings are excellent tools for that purpose.

During the coming months, several conferences and other meetings are scheduled. In June, the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, Torino, Italy; and in September the European Poultry Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia, will be held. In November the Algerian Branch is organising the Algerian and Maghreb Conference in Constantine, Algeria; and in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, there is a Poultry Summit on innovations being planned. Members are invited to attend these events and to meet many WPSA members and representatives. Details on these and other meetings can be found on the WPSA calendar.

Change of officers
During the Asia Pacific Poultry Conference in Bangkok, Thailand, representatives of the Asia Pacific Federation member branches met. Election of the next president and the election of the venue for the next Asia Pacific Poultry Conference were on the agenda. 
Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue from Thailand was elected president and is the successor of Mr Alan Gibbins, who has served as president for past 12 years. The China branch will organise the next APPC 2022.

Cooperation with the organisation on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organisation organises training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.

Dr Roel Mulder

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine newThe last three months have been busy ones. Thanks to the energetic work of Dr Mulder, I had a fine list of generous companies ready to support our Journal. So springtime duties included invoicing all those Journal advertisers and sponsors. I am delighted to report that well over two-thirds have already fulfilled their commitments and more payments arrive weekly.

It was my great pleasure to receive an invitation from the Mexico Branch to participate in their Universiada. This event was held prior to the start of the 2018 ANECA Conference in Ixtapa, Guerrero. The Branch had invited some 150 veterinary students to participate in the daylong event. First the students heard from the hosts and then were motivated by the life stories of a number of successful poultry veterinarians and poultry producers. My slot was devoted to telling the students about WPSA and how they could use their WPSA membership to develop professionally, both while in school and throughout their careers. A good portion of my presentation was devoted to walking them through the steps in making a good Young Scientist Travel Grant application.

Unfortunately, many of the students had limited English skills. Fortunately for me, our member and ANECA President, Dr Miguel Casillas, assisted me with translations. Helping Dr Casillas with so much of the prep work for this event were Julio Arrellano (Administrative Director of ANECA) and our faithful, Dr Maritza Tamayo.

2018 june FB Ruiz anecaCovering not only the Universiada, but the entire ANECA event was Benjamin Ruiz, Editor-in-Chief for Watt Publishing’s Industria Avicola. Before I even departed from Ixtapa, there was an article on-line detailing the Universiada. Mr. Ruiz also gave a very nice ‘plug’ for WPSA and the opportunities we offer students. I was especially happy that he reported on the two Mexican students who took advantage of such WPSA-sponsored programmes to attend the WPSA/United States Branch Student Programme at the 2018 Pacific Egg and Poultry Association in California.

Dr Francine Bradley


 

Branch Development Programme

In the Board meeting held during WPC2016 in Beijing, China, the Board decided to increase the funds available for Branch Development by making a formal call for Branch Development Proposals. In 2018 we approved proposals from Croatia and Senegal.

For more information click here.

Next deadline for submission of Branch Development Proposals is July 1st.


epc2018 website 

 
  XV EUROPEAN POULTRY CONFERENCE  

   Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17-21 September 2018 


The Croatian Branch is finalising its preparation for EPC 2018 which will be held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, on September 17-21, 2018. The submission of abstracts ended on March 15, 2018. EPC 2018 will have a very interesting scientific programme, so you are warmly invited to join us and contribute to the Congress!

The Conference will be held in Valamar Hotel & Resorts in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from 17-21 September, and we anticipate that more than 1,000 participants from all over the world will be in attendance to improve their knowledge of poultry research and production.

Early Bird Registration ended on April 30, 2018, but registration is still open to those interested in attending. Special registration fees apply for WPSA members and students.

More information can be found on the web site www.epc2018.com

Conference topics

  • Economics and Marketing
  • Nutrition
  • Breeding and Genetics
  • Egg Safety and Quality
  • Poultry Meat Quality and safety
  • Reproduction and Incubation
  • Poultry Health
  • Poultry Housing and management
  • Poultry Welfare
  • Turkeys
  • Education an Information
  • Physiology
  • Family Poultry Production
  • Antibiotic Resistance
  • Other

EPC2018 Programme at a glance

MONDAY, 17TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Welcome cocktail and Opening Ceremony

TUESDAY, 18TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon

WEDNESDAY 19TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon
Gala dinner

THURSDAY, 20TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Workshops in the afternoon
Closing ceremony

FRIDAY, 21ST SEPTEMBER 2018
Technical tour and Youth programme

Plenary Speakers and the titles of their Lectures

(Alphabetical order)

Barbut, Shai: New insights on breast myopathies
De Cesare, Alessandra: Metagenomic insights into the dynamics of microbial communities in poultry and poultry products : current challenges and future opportunities.
Humphrey, Tom: Campylobacter infection compromises broiler health, welfare and performance.
Norton, Tomas: Application of precision livestock farming technologies in the poultry sector.
Nys, Yves: How scientific innovation may improve egg production and quality on the development of non-food uses of eggs.
Ryhlil, Ivan: Microbiota, chicken gut health, and antibiotic reduction/resistance.
Savic, Vladimir: Viral infections of poultry – the globally challenging situation.
Siegert, Wolfgang: Non-essential amino acids – the forgotten nutrients.
Sossidou, Evangelia N.: Managing on-farm health and welfare risks to promote sustainability in poultry.
Steenfeldt, Sanna: Alternative protein sources for poultry nutrition.
Tixier-Boichard, Michelle: Are there limits to selection in poultry: theoretical, biological, ethical, environmental?
Yalcin, Servet: Preincubation and incubation conditions, hatching time and broiler growth.

WPSA’s Croatian Branch members are looking forward to welcoming you to Dubrovnik

Helga Medic, Secretary, Croatia Branch


European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and the end of 2018.
News from a number of European Federation's working groups is provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

The next European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN2019) will be organised by the Polish Branch, and will be held in Gdansk, Poland from 10-13 June 2019. We will look forward to seeing all of you there.

WG4 and 5

2019 eggmeat banner
The ‘XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ in Çeşme, İzmir, Turkey between 23 -26 June 2019. Visit http://www.eggmeat2019.com to keep you updated. Special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.


Asia Pacific Federation

Asia Pacific Federation Meeting

The Asia Pacific Federation held its General Meeting on 26th March during the Asian Pacific Poultry Conference in Bangkok. This was well attended by delegates from nine of the Federation branches as well as the President of WPSA, Dr Ning Yang and the General Secretary of WPSA, Dr Roel Mulder.
The current President, Senior Vice President and Junior Vice President of the Asia/Pacific Federation, their four-year terms at an end, stepped down. In the following election of officers of the Federation Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue from the Thailand branch was elected as the new President with Mr Chuang Ma from the China branch elected as Senior Vice-President and Dr Nasir Mukhtar from the Pakistan branch elected as Junior Vice-President.
The office of Secretary is not an elected one, so in due course a new Secretary will be chosen and announced by the Presidents. The outgoing Secretary is Dr M. Abdollahi from the New Zealand branch.
The Immediate Past President, Mr Alan Gibbins from the New Zealand branch, who had served in this role for 12 years congratulated the new leadership of the Federation and wished them and the Federation well for the future.
Under another agenda item, the selection of host for the upcoming 12th APPC was made. This was gained by the China branch. The meeting attendees thanked the China branch for taking on this huge responsibility.
Other discussions at the meeting focussed on the Federation’s Constitution and a draft protocol for the selection of hosts for future Federation conferences.

Alan Gibbins, President Asian/Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

A meeting of the Ratite Working Group was held on 14 March 2018 in Oudtshoorn, South Africa. The next Ratite Science Symposium has been planned for 2020. Anyone who is involved in ratite research and is interested in joining the Ratite Working Group is asked to contact Anel Engelbrecht at .

Anel Engelbrecht


World's Poultry Science Journal

You are likely aware that the last few years have seen academic publishers engaging with scholarly collaboration networks in various ways, trying to balance their popularity with authors and researchers against concerns over large-scale copyright infringement. Cambridge University Press, along with SpringerNature and Thieme, has just signed an agreement with ResearchGate to foster responsible sharing - see our joint statement here. Other publishers took part in the negotiations and are working to have a deal in place soon.

Click here for the full article.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • Muhammad Arif - Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) as an alternative protein source in broiler feed
  • Stephen Rose - Egg production in China
  • Jag Mohan - History of artificial insemination in poultry, its components and significance
  • Vincenzo Tufarelli - Practical applications of agricultural wastes in poultry feeding in Mediterranean and Middle East regions. Part 1: citrus, grape, pomegranate and apple wastes
  • Mahmoud Alagawany - The usefulness of oregano and its derivatives in poultry nutrition
  • Usama Aftab - Prospects of improving efficiency of feed uitilisation in broiler
  • Birendra Mishra - Regulation of egg formation in the oviduct of laying hens
  • Vincenzo Tufarelli - Practical applications of agricultural wastes in poultry feeding in Mediterranean and Middle East regions. Part 2: tomato, olive, date, sunflower wastes
  • Elena Sizova - Metal particles as trace-element sources: current state and future prospects
  • M. Shahid Mahmood - Role of cytosine-phosphate-guanosine-Oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs) as adjuvant in poultry vaccines
  • Sun Chao - Prospects of royal jelly as a potential natural feed additive in poultry diets

Summaries

Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) as an alternative protein source in broiler feed

M.E. ABD EL-HACK, A.A. SWELUM, M.A. ABDEL-LATIF, D. MÁS TORO and M. ARIF

Pigeon pea (PP), Cajanus cajan, is a plant that is cultivated for human food and animal feed. It exists as a wide range of cultivars, and their flexibility for use in animal rearing systems have made PP popular, especially for small-scale farmers. PP is grown widely in India and in parts of Africa and Central America. The main producers of PP in the world are India, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Malawi, Ethiopia, Mozambique, the Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, the West Indies in the Caribbean and Latin America region, Indonesia and the Philippines and Australia. Analysis has shown that PP contains 17.9-24.3% crude protein (CP) in whole grain, and 21.1-28.1% in split seeds, and high protein genotypes contain 32.5%. Optimal levels of utilisation have been shown to improve broiler performance and may reduce daily feed cost. However, PP contains anti-nutritional factors that negatively affect feed efficiency. The use of processing methods such as fermentation, boiling, milling, soaking, and roasting can minimise any harmful effects and improve its nutritive quality, positively enhancing performance parameters. Studies on the use of PP suggested that it can be included at 7.5% of the diet or as 50% substitution for soybean meal in broiler diets.

Egg production in China

Z. YANG, S.P. ROSE, H.M. YANG, V. PIRGOZLIEV and Z.Y. WANG

China has been the world’s largest producer of eggs for the last 30 years. There have been considerable recent changes in the structure of the egg industry due to rapid economic growth, improved supply chains and favourable prices. Since 2012, revenue from poultry has increased by 8.7% on average. Annual growth rate of egg production has been approximately 0.6 million tonnes per year from 2000 to 2016 (FAO, 2017), and 2016 saw the total eggs produced reaching a peak of 31 million tonnes. Egg production in China continues to provide the population with a significant proportion of their intake of high quality dietary protein. Egg consumption is expected to continue to increase with the rise in the urban population. It is probable that the highest increase in demand for eggs will be for ‘out of home’ consumption and in processed food products. These levels of production are associated with the spread of intensive systems. The poultry sector is no longer dominated by hundreds of millions of smallholders keeping birds as a side-line activity and many small farmers have ceased production. Chinese consumers are becoming more focused on the quality and safety of eggs. Future developments in the egg production are expected to concentrate on quality, safety and traceability of eggs.

History of artificial insemination in poultry, its components and significance

J. MOHAN, S.K. SHARMA, G. KOLLURI and K. DHAMA

Artificial insemination (AI) technology use in poultry production has enabled the rapid dissemination of genetic material from a small number of superior males to a high number of females. Excellent fertility in poultry can be obtained by AI compared to natural mating. Successful application of this technique needs good quality semen that should be inseminated very close to the sperm storage tubules in the female to obtain the optimum fertility in chicken. Since the 1950s, AI has been used in commercial poultry production, initially in Israel and Australia, followed by the USA. Doses of spermatozoa required for AI increases with storage time or that obtained from aged bird. The average volume of semen is between 0.05-0.50 ml in light chicken breeds and 0.1-0.9 ml in heavy males. In light turkeys, volume is 0.08-0.30 ml, whereas in heavy-weight males it is 0.1-0.33 ml. Quality evaluation of semen gives an indication of the male reproductive potential and is the major determinant of fertility and subsequently hatchability of eggs. Semen from cockerels contains between 3-7 billion sperm cells/ml. Among the several factors that influence the semen quality, sperm motility is a primary determinant of fertility in domestic fowls; however, visual examination of semen cannot be ignored for successful AI under field conditions. Dilution of low and viscous volume of avian semen is essential for handling and storage, and chicken semen typically requires a two to three-fold dilution. Collected samples should be preserved at 2-8°C for avian species, ideally with turkey sperm stored at 4-8°C, and chicken semen at 7-8°C for good fertility. Currently, the technique of AI in most of the poultry species is well developed; however, there is a need for successful development programme of this technique in non-domesticated birds to assist in creating viable, self-sustaining populations of critically endangered species.

Practical applications of agricultural wastes in poultry feeding in Mediterranean and Middle East regions. Part 1: citrus, grape, pomegranate and apple wastes

M. AZIZI, A.R. SEIDAVI, M. RAGNI, V. LAUDADIO and V. TUFARELLI

In the last few decades, there has been growing interest in the use of agricultural wastes as feed ingredients in poultry diet to maximise their potential output. Many wastes of the agroindustry (e.g. citrus, grape, pomegranate and apple processing) have significant antioxidant properties, due to their bioactive compounds (polyphenols, flavonoids). It has been reported that citrus and grape wastes can be successfully included in broilers diets up to 3%, which increases carcass and meat yield and reduces abdominal fat (by 10% on average). Pomegranate can be included up to 2% supplementation and is associated with improved feed efficiency (by 12% in broilers). Apple by-products can be formulated up to 5% in diets for meat-type broilers and up to 10% in laying hens diet to reduce oxidative stress. Therefore, the application of these by-products in poultry diets could combine the positive effects of improving the qualitative characteristics of animal products as well as human health with reducing concerns related with their disposal into the environment. In this review, the findings on the effects of some agricultural wastes, from typically-cultivated products originating in Mediterranean and Middle East regions on poultry performance, carcass characteristics, immune response, plasma constitutes, intestinal microbiota and enzyme activity are reviewed and discussed.

The usefulness of oregano and its derivatives in poultry nutrition

M. ALAGAWANY, M.E. ABD EL-HACK, M.R. FARAG, H.M. SHAHEEN, M.A. ABDEL-LATIF, A.E. NORELDIN and A.K. PATRA

Origanum vulgare is a natural, less toxic, residue free feed supplement for poultry when compared to other synthetic ingredients. It contains key bioactive components, including as thymol and carvacrol. O. vulgare as a poultry feed supplement has had an antimicrobial, antioxidant, antiviral, immunomodulatory and antiparasitic effect. The potential advantages of utilising oregano extracts, in poultry diets include improved feed intake and feed conversion, enhanced digestion, expanded productive performance, down-regulated disease incidence and economic losses. From the available literature, average inclusions of oregano essential oil up to 600 mg/kg in broiler diets increased body weight gain. Using 1% oregano oil in broiler diets improved feed conversion ratio and feed utilisation. Moreover, oregano can induce a marked improvement on the intestinal microbiota and ileal villus height of broilers when combine with attapulgite by ratio 15 mg/kg of oregano. Broilers fed 300-ppm oregano oil in their diet display higher IgG titres relative to those reared on control (without supplementation) diet. Including 240 mg oregano supplementation per kg diet appears to give an optimum level for protecting broiler chickens from C. perfringens infections. Bioactive components extracted from O. vulgare parts could be used in poultry diets levels of 10 to 30 g/kg. This review includes information on the use of O. vulgare and its derivatives in poultry nutrition. To maximise the overall productivity of poultry, oregano may be used as a natural alternative to antibiotics and drugs due to the absence of side effects and residues.

Prospects of improving efficiency of feed utilisation in broiler

U. AFTAB, M.R. BEDFORD and D. CRESWELL

This review provides a synopsis of nutritional strategies used to improve the efficiency of feed efficiency (FE) of broilers at a given nutrient density. A small reduction in feed intake can improve FE as a function of improved nutrient digestibility and or post-absorptive metabolism. Restriction of nutrient intake to slow down growth during the mid-growth period followed by reinstatement of conventional feed afterwards, may lead to compensatory growth and improved FE. Replacement of part of the dietary starch with a slowly digested starch source has been shown to help improve growth performance and FE, perhaps by sparing amino acid catabolism by enterocytes, and/or through more synchronised uptake of glucose and nitrogen by the systemic circulation. Development of a larger, more functional gizzard, through provision of feed with coarser particles or structural fibre has been shown to improve digestibility and efficiency of nutrient utilisation. Although broilers are often fed pelleted diets which achieve better growth performance than a mash counterpart, the particulars of the process, including pellet quality, pelleting temperature, and particle size within pellets are important determinants of the magnitude of the pelleting response. Use of the high doses of phytase, often referred to as phytase super-dosing, targeting more complete phytate destruction have been shown to improve FE of broiler fed commercial diets. It can be speculated that combined use of these strategies could potentially help improve FE by between 8 to 10 points (0.08-0.1).

Regulation of egg formation in the oviduct of laying hen

N. SAH and B. MISHRA

In the adult hen, the oviduct receives the ovum from the ovary and provides the biological environment for the formation and potential fertilisation of the egg. During egg formation, albumin, from the magnum is deposited around the yolk, followed by the eggshell membranes from the isthmus, which subsequently surround the egg. As the yolk traverses through the oviduct, calcium is deposited on to it, from the uterus, forming a hardened eggshell. Ovalbumin, avid in and ovomucin secreted from magnum provides content and antimicrobial activity in the egg-white. Collagen X and fibril in 1 from the isthmus make up the fibrous eggshell membranes. Cabinda 1, ovocleidin-116 and secreted phosphoprotein 1 secreted from the shell gland contribute in calcium ion remodelling for eggshell mineralisation. This review summarises the expression pattern and functional role of genes having a leading role in the egg formation.

Practical applications of agricultural wastes in poultry feeding in Mediterranean and Middle East regions. Part 2: tomato, olive, date, sunflower wastes

M. AZIZI, A.R. SEIDAVI, M. RAGNI, V. LAUDADIO and V. TUFARELLI

Agroindustry wastes from tomato, olive, date and sunflower processing have valuable nutritional characteristics, and could be included in poultry rations to facilitate reducing feeding costs. By-products of tomato and olive processing can be supplemented in the diet of broilers and laying hens by up to 10% without detrimental effects on production, whilst improving the biochemical blood profile and enhancing the oxidative status of birds. Published research has shown that feeding sunflower and date wastes could be successfully added to diet at high inclusion levels (up to 30 and 40%, respectively) resulting in heavier broiler carcasses and increased number of eggs produced by laying hens. In this paper, applications of agricultural wastes and by-products in poultry feeding is reviewed, and the documented and novel findings related to their influence on poultry production, health and gut microbiota are discussed.

Metal particles as trace-element sources: current state and future prospects

V.I. FISININ, S.А. MIROSHNIKOV, Е.А. SIZOVA, А.S. USHAKOV and Е.P. MIROSHNIKOVA

Birds have evolved in direct contact with natural nanoparticles (NPs) that are identical to artificial trace-element NPs. This relationship, the high action potential and their ability to reduce environmental pollution make NPs a promising component of bird diets. However, from available published studies there is no unity in justifying the applied dosages of NPs and their calculations. NPs are used in the studies in various doses, for example: Cu 0.5-50 mg/kg, Ag 10-1000 mg/kg, Se 0.2-5 mg/kg, Cr 500-1500 ppb. Therefore, universal approaches and criteria of NP investigations are necessary for the establishment of their use in feed.
The mechanisms of action of the trace elements in artificial NPs in birds vary from the those of ionic forms of trace elements, which determine the differences in the productive effect. According to data from different authors, chickens receiving NPs in feed have higher chickens body weight by 13-24%. Such benefits have increased interest in sources of trace-element NPs significantly over the past two decades. The design of trace-element NPs has led to promising developments in the safe use of NPs for poultry nutrition, such as coating NPs with inert substances and adjusting their size. However, constraining circumstances determined by the difficulty of predicting the toxic properties of nanostructures exist, even though artificial trace-element NPs are a relatively safe class of nanostructures due to their production requirements, and metal NPs are already used in human food and medicine. The following review discusses the benefits and potential hazardous effects of NPs and the possibility of using them as feed supplements for poultry.

Role of cytosine-phosphate-guanosine-Oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG ODNs) as adjuvant in poultry vaccines

M. USMAN ISHAQ, AZHAR RAFIQUE, H.M.N. CHEEMA, M. UMER ASHRAF, S.U. RAHMAN, R. ZAHID ABBAS and M. SHAHID MAHMOOD

Oligodeoxynucleotides (ODNs) containing cytosine-phosphate-guanosine sequence (CpG) is considered as an immune stimulator when it is fed to animals. These synthetic molecules mount different immune responses in the animals including mice, chickens, ducks, dogs and horses. CpG ODNs induce specific antigenic immunity against co-administered vaccines and are well tolerated in healthy individuals and are capable of stimulating toll-like receptors (TLRs) such as TLR-9 to activate innate immunity. The CpG ODNs can be used as an adjuvant in different vaccines synthesised specifically for poultry diseases caused by viruses and bacteria. In chickens, CpG ODNs stimulate TLRs involved in humoral immunity. CpG ODNs have been used as mucosal vaccine adjuvants against several pathogens, including avian influenza and Newcastle disease. The CpG ODNs function to protect the chickens from Newcastle disease by producing plasma dendric cells (pDCs) which ultimately produce interferons (INFs). The inoculation of CpG ODNs along with the cationic microparticles and DNA vaccine for infectious bursal disease virus result into the influx of T cells and a reduction of antigen load. When CpG ODNs are used against avian leucosis, they result in significantly higher antibody titres. In many other vaccines e.g., infectious laryngotracheitis, infectious bronchitis, herpes, viral enteritis, Marek’s disease virus, E. coli and Salmonella spp. including CpG ODNs exhibit immunostimulatory effects. In conclusion, CpG ODNs may be used as effective adjuvants in viral, bacterial and parasitic vaccines in poultry.

Prospects of royal jelly as a potential natural feed additive in poultry diets

M. SAEED, S.A. KALHORO, M. NAVEED, F.U. HASSAN, M. UMAR, M. RASHID, S.A. MEMON, F. SOOMRO, M.A. ARAIN and S. CHAO

Royal Jelly (RJ) is product from bees that is used to feed larvae in the hive as well as a main nutritional source for the queen honey bee. It has various important biological activities including as an antioxidant, immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, cholesterol-lowering, and growth promoter activities and has the ability for inhibition of certain enzymatic degradation. It can be used for the improvement of growth performance, gut health and quality and safety of animal products in poultry due to its antioxidant and immune modulating properties. The antioxidant activity of RJ is mainly due to the presence of polyphenolic compounds. It is an excellent source of B and C vitamins and folic acid. The mineral profile of RJ is useful as it contains major macro and micro minerals. Studies conducted on supplementation with RJ in poultry diets have shown a significant increase in body weight, egg production, and immune levels and is especially useful in organic production. Supplementation of RJ at the level of 10 and 15 mg/kg in layer diets positively influenced egg weight (by 5.0% and 4.8% respectively), egg production (10.5% and 11.0% respectively), weight gain of hens (7.0% and 6.5% respectively) and yolk pigmentation (9.5% and 9.7% respectively). Total leukocyte and erythrocyte counts in the diet containing 200 mg/kg RJ were significantly higher than the diet contained 100 mg/kg or the unsupplemented control group. However, the heterophil/lymphocyte ratio and heterophil percent were reduced in RJ-fed groups. Supplementation poultry diets with RJ offers an opportunity to maximise profit from safe and quality poultry production.

2018 news meyn need for speed 728x90


Branch News

Algeria

On the behalf of the organising and scientific committees, of the combined 5th National Symposium and the 2nd Maghrebin Journee’s of Poultry Science, the Algerian Poultry Science Association (APSA) invites its colleagues to participate in this event.

The meeting will be held from 2 to 4 November 2018 in Constantine at the El-Khayem Hotel. The topics of discussion will include:

Poultry welfare
Poultry feeding and nutrition
Prophylaxis and pathology
Hygiene and quality of the poultry products
Reproduction and selection

For more details on this event, please visit our web site: http://symposium2018.simplesite.com/. We look forward to welcoming you to the city of bridges ‘Constantine’ on November 2 to 4.

Dr O. Bennoune, Algerian Branch Secretary

Austria

The Austrian Branch of WPSA is organising its first WPSA-AT Meeting for the 24th of November 2018 in Vienna. This will be a one-day meeting, which will take place at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences and will cover ‘The Use of Antibiotics in Laying Hen Operations'.

Simone Schaumberger, Austria Branch Secretary

China

On 20-21 August 2018, members of the China Branch of WPSA will attend the 10th executive committee meeting of the Chinese Association of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, CAAV – Poultry Branch in Xinyang, Henan Province, China. The secretary of WPSA-CN will provide our planned agenda for WPSA-CNs session, and the potential invited speakers for the 19th Annual Conference of Poultry Science to be held in 2019. Meanwhile, preparation is underway for a Symposium on Chicken Quality, and plans for the 2018 annual meeting of CAAV are also being discussed.

Dr Jiangxia ZHENG, China Branch Secretary 

France

20WPC blocmarque blocdates

The French Branch of WPSA is delighted to invite you to participate in the upcoming World Poultry Congress that will be held from the 16-20 August 2020 in the attractive city of Paris. Information can be found on the web site http://www.wpcparis2020.com/

Please notice that the organisers propose an Early Sponsoring period for the 2020 World Poultry Congress. The Congress will be held in Paris and will attract more than 3000 attendees from all over the world: experts, scientists, researchers, production specialists will participate in presenting and discussing their most recent findings. The early sponsoring will allow our partners to have the benefit of longer visibility (three years before the event), larger opportunities in the sponsoring of activities, as well as eligibility for a 15% discount in 2018. If you are interested and want to know more about this opportunity, please contact us at  or

For more information: http://www.wpcparis2020.com/ 

Yves Nys, President–WPSA France

Hungary

A series of events were organised by the Hungarian Branch, and by the Poultry Product Board (BTT), for the World Poultry Day in Hungary. Through these events, our poultry organisations wanted to show that the poultry sector is becoming a major factor in providing our Hungarian people with high quality animal proteins, as well as people in other parts of the World.

Several years ago, the Hungarian Poultry Product Board urged a number of international organisations to designate the 10th of May as World Poultry Day. That idea was supported by the Association of Poultry Processors and Poultry Trade in the EU (AVEC), by the International Poultry Council (IPC), and also by the scientific world organisation of the poultry sector, the World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA). As a result of this, the events of the World Poultry Day were organised by the WPSA and BTT, and for the first time this year, the IPC also helped organise the event in Hungary which has taken place every year since 2014.

The venue for this year’s World Poultry Day was the Vajdahunyad Castle in Budapest. Presenters described the current poultry situation, as well as future possibilities for the poultry industry worldwide. Over 200 participants attended the meeting, representing all sectors of the poultry industry.

Prof. Peter Horn, a member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, and President of the Hungarian Branch of WPSA served as the Chairman for the Conference.

Dr Attila Csorbai, President of the Hungarian Poultry Product Board opened the event, and handed out the ‘World Poultry Day Awards 2018’ for The Hungarian Poultry Industry to: József Magyar, Zsigmond Bokros, Dr János Benyeda, and Dr János Paljak.

On behalf of the Secretary of the State Ministry of Agriculture, György Czerván, Tamás Tarpataki greeted the meeting and also Tibor Zászlós vice-president of the National Chamber of Agriculture.

Presentations 

Future challenges in the poultry industry: by James H. Sumner, President of the International Poultry Council, USA Poultry & Egg Export Council (30’). He indicated that one of the main challenges for the World will be to supply an adequate amount of food for its people. In general, this responsibility will primarily fall on agriculturists, including the poultry sector. He also discussed some of the main barriers, that will cause difficulties in doing this.

Global trends in the poultry industry: by Nan-Dirk Mulder, RaboResearch Food & Agribusiness, Atlanta, Restarting of the Poultry Industry (30’). Everyone knows, Rabobank researches and forecasts are one of the best worldwide. The senior analyst showed the main drivers of the poultry economy in different regions, and also commented on their research forecasts.

Challenges and new possibilities in broiler chicken nutrition: by Prof. Károly Dublecz, Pannon University, Georgikon Faculty, Keszthely. The speaker summarised recent research regarding new developments in broiler feeding. Attention was drawn to the anatomical and physiological changes attributable to genetic improvement and their consequences to be considered in designing feeding technologies.

Role of farm hygiene and biosecurity in the safety of production: by Dr Arnaud Collard, Regional Manager Eastern Europe, CID Lines NV. During the year 2017, AI caused tremendous damage to the Hungarian Poultry sector. He pointed out that it is very important for the sector to improve its biosecurity and hygiene at the farm level. He also highlighted the importance of increasing the knowledge at farm-level about AI. He also discussed a model as to potentially how an integrated system could be applied combining farm, national and international levels.

Dr Attila Csorbai

Israel

On May 17, 2018, the Israeli branch conducted a day symposium on several topics:

  • Targeted Illumination in Broiler Breeders.
  • The Effect of Feeding Broiler Breeders with GAA-Guanidinoacetic Acid Supplement (Creatine Precursor) on Laying Performance and Progeny's Productivity.
  • Avian Influenza H9N2 - An Update on 2017-2018 outbreaks in Israel.
  • Newcastle outbreaks – Regional Quarantine Policy.
  • Avian Reovirus - Vaccination to reduce Infection

We are presently preparing for our 53rd Annual Conference which will take place at the end of November 2018 in Tel Aviv. During that 2-day conference, we plan to hold about 15 sessions covering a variety of scientific topics and issues concerning the poultry industry. During the conference, Israeli companies from various sectors of the poultry industry will present their unique products and technological innovations.
We expect to host about 550 participants.

Yitzhak Malka, Israel Branch Secretary

Italy

The Italian Branch of WPSA organised the 54th edition of its annual meeting that dealt with ‘Farming strategies to reduce the antibiotic use in poultry production' on last April 6th at University of Perugia. This hot topic was explored thanks to the contributions of prestigious international speakers such as Giuseppe Diegoli (Prevention and Public Health Service of Emilia-Romagna Region), Jim Donald (Auburn University), Marian Dawkins (University of Oxford), Roy Brister (Tyson Food) and Gianpiero Giorgi (Coop Italia). Slides for the presentations can be accessed at here our website.

2018 news italy 1  2018 news italy 2 

2018 mpn banner

Everything is also ready for the 6th Edition of the Mediterranean Poultry Summit which will be held in Turin (18-20 June, 2018) and prominent invited speakers from various European and Middle East countries will address emerging issues on poultry meat and egg production, especially on those issues that that directly impact the Mediterranean Area. Visit http://www.mpn-wpsa.org/main/ to check the final scientific and social programme.

Any additional information needed can be found on the Branch website: www.wpsa.it.

Massimiliano Petracci, Branch Secretary

Japan

The Spring Meeting of JPSA, 2018 was held at the University of Tokyo, in Tokyo during 29–30 March. The scientific meeting consisted of 51 original research presentations and a seminar. A general meeting and a council meeting were also held. The council meeting was held on March 29, and the research presentations as well as the general meeting were organised on March 30.

During the Spring Meeting, ‘Excellent Presentation Awards’ were given under the categories of ‘students’ or ‘members aged 30 or below’ for the following presentations: 1) ‘Inhibition of intestinal glucose absorption by leptin and its intercellular signalling pathway in broilers’ by Mikako Shibata (Kitasato University); 2) ‘Effect of monochromatic LED lighting on photoreception and post-hatch development in broiler chicks’ by Aimi Tsuchida (Nippon Veterinary Life Science University); 3) ‘Complex of myogenic-type oligodeoxynucleotide and berberine induces differentiation of chick skeletal muscle myoblasts’ by Yuma Nihashi, (Shinshu University); and, 4) ‘Effects of corn particle size in diets on growth performance and digestive tract development in broiler chickens’ by Kanako Matsuhashi (Tohoku University). JPSA congratulates all of the presenters who received these Excellent Presentation Awards during our 2019 Spring Meeting.

A luncheon seminar entitled: ‘Hikari brand iodine-enriched eggs, story behind the development and plan for the future’ was presented by Mr. Jiro Yokoyama of Nosan Corporation. Many scientists attended the luncheon seminar, and an active discussion was held after the presentation. Hikari brand iodine-enriched eggs are laid by hens raised on iodine-blended feed containing powdered seaweed. Hikari eggs were confirmed to have various beneficial health effects which were not found in iodine alone. The Hikari brand of iodine-enriched eggs is now one of the most famous brands of value added eggs. The seminar provided an interesting background story for the eggs.

In addition, the new board members of JPSA were elected by the general meeting to serve during the next two years. Dr Mitsuhiro Furuse (Kyushu University) was elected as the new president of JPSA. Dr Atsushi Tajima (University of Tsukuba) was elected as the new vice president of JPSA, and Dr Naoki Goto (Hendrix Genetics Layers) was re-elected as the vice president of JPSA. The secretaries who were elected were Dr Kan Sato (Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology) and Dr Takehito Kuwayama (Tokyo University of Agriculture). The treasurers elected were Dr Takahiro Tagami (Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, NARO) and Dr Makoto Yamazaki (Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, NARO). The new Editorial managers include Dr Takeshi Ohkubo (Ibaraki University) and Dr Hiroki Furuta (Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University).

Notably, the JPSA Technical Award was presented to Dr Katsutoshi Kino, Aichi Agricultural Research Center, for his wonderful research achievements on development of practical poultry production in Aichi prefecture including Nagoya species.

The 2018 Autumn Meeting of JPSA will be held at Tohoku University in Sendai, Miyagi, during 5–6 September. The meeting will contain an open symposium, as well as council and general meetings. A symposium will be held on the revision of the Food Sanitation Law and its influences on the poultry industry. Detailed information on the fall meeting will be provided on the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/oshirase/?lang=en).

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS, the official journal of JPSA, Impact Factor: 0.771) always welcomes the submission of reviews and original papers. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to have access to its published articles.

JPSA wants to contribute to poultry science in Japan and all over the world by enhancing its international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA always welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit our JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

Naoki Goto, Secretary Japan Branch

Malaysia

The Malaysian Branch has selected its Executive Committee Members for the years 2017 to 2022, and they are as follows:

President: Professor Dr Mohd Hair Bejo
Vice President: Professor Dr Loh Teck Chwen
President Elect: Dato’ Dr Tee Ah Kiat
Immed. Past President: Professor Dr Zulkifli Idrus
Honorary Secretary: Associate Professor Dr Jalila Abu
Assistant Secretary: Dr Lokman Hakim Idris
Honorary Treasurer: Professor Dr Siri Suri Arshad
Member: Datuk Jeffrey Ng Choon Ngee
Member: Dr Noraini Samat
Member: Dr Ahmad Mujahid
Member: Dr Farrah Alias
Member: Dr Phang Yuen Fun

The 3rd Malaysian Scientific Poultry Conference 2018 was jointly organised by the Malaysian Branch of WPSA; the Malaysian Branch of WPVA; the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia; Department of Veterinary Services, Malaysia; and United Business Media (M) Sdn Bhd. It was held in conjunction with the Livestock Asia Expo & Forum 2018.
The Theme for the Conference was: Enhancing Poultry Health and Production for a Sustainable Poultry Industry, and it was held on 18-19 April 2018 at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia.
The 1st day of the Conference included a seminar and workshop on post-mortem examination and diagnosis of Adenovirus, Newcastle Disease and Coccidiosis infections in chickens at the Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre. The 2nd day involved a seminar only.

Total attendance: 145 participants including invited speakers
Total invited speakers: 13
Total workshop participants: 41
Total number of poster presentations: 29

Please refer to WPSA (Malaysia) website for more information about our past and future activities.

Assoc Prof Dr Jalila Abu, Malaysian Branch Secretary 

Norway

The Norwegian Branch of WPSA held its annual meeting and seminar on April 19th, 2018. The topic of the seminar was ‘Animal welfare and sustainability – can we have both, or do we have to choose?’ The meeting brought together 46 participants.

Tone Beate Hansen, Norway Branch Secretary

Pakistan

The Pakistan Branch of WPSA will organise a two day ‘National Poultry Symposium on Poultry Health & Welfare (NPSPHW)’ on 11-12 October 2018 to be held in the University Auditorium at PMAS Arid Agriculture University, 46300 Rawalpindi (Islamabad) Pakistan. The organising committee for NPSPHW would like to invite delegates to participate in this Symposium’s events that will be held in this beautiful city of Pakistan. Scientists, experts, researchers and other personnel involved in the poultry industry should attend to share their most recent findings. If you are interested and want to know more about this wonderful opportunity, please contact Asst. Prof. Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Email: , Cell: +92 (0) 300720074.

The first meeting of the year for the Pakistan Branch of WPSA was held at our WPSA office in Faisalabad. The General Secretary Dr Khalid Mehmood Shouq congratulated Dr Nasir Mukhtar, the newly elected Junior Vice-President of the Asian Pacific Federation of WPSA. Furthermore, it was decided that our WPSA - Pakistan Branch will in the future regularly organise a Symposium and International Poultry Conference for the promotion and enhancement of poultry education in Pakistan.

Nasir Mukhtar, Vice-President of the Pakistan Branch

Russia

Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Sergiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognises the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad.
All are welcome to attend the courses in Serguiev Posad.

Tatiana Vasilieva, Russian Branch Secretary

Spain

The Spanish Branch will be holding its LV Symposium Cientifico De Avicultura on October 3-4, 2016 in Madrid, Spain.

Contact: Secretaría Técnica
E-mail:  
Website: www.wpsa-aeca.es 
Teléfono: + 34 983 474 494
Móvil: + 34 617 331 513

Juan Antonio Játiva, Secretaría AECA-WPSA

Sri Lanka

Your editor apologises for his inadvertent omission of the March input from the Sri Lanka Branch in the last Newsletter. Most of the information that was not duplicative with the information for this newsletter follows.

The Sri Lankan Branch lunched a new website for the Branch in September 2017, with assistance given by WPSA. The web address: www.wpsasl.com

Annual Technical Sessions2018 news SriLanka 1

On September 15th 2017 the Sri Lanka Branch’s Annual Scientific Sessions and Industrial Evening were held at the Hotel Taj Samudra, Colombo. The theme was ‘Influence of Consumer Perception on Sustainable Poultry Production.’
On this occasion the Chief Guest was Mr Alan Gibbins, President of Asia Pacific Federation of WPSA Branches.
He gave a presentation on ‘The Road Ahead for Poultry’ He said that in 2050 a massive increase in food production is needed to feed an expected world-wide population of 9.5 billion. With this expansion in our worldwide population there will be a growing demand for chicken and eggs which provide high quality protein and also the desired food that most people like. He said that the Poultry Industry has many challenges to face, and the WPSA Board has the vision for WPSA’s future ‘To be the leading global network for poultry science and technology.’

The Keynote Address was given by Mr R Thiagaraja/ Joint Deputy Chairperson, Cargill Bank & President of the Chamber of Commerce.
Guest Speaker Prof Nimal Pathiraja of the International School, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong China., gave a presentation on ‘Poultry Industry and Food Safety’
A presentation on ‘Optimised use of Feed Raw Materials’ was given by Prof K Samarasinghe, of the Dept of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, and University of Peradeniya. 
This was followed by the Felicitation of Dr H P Premasiri who has provided a great service to the industry as well as the branch.

World Egg Day Celebration

On 13th of October 2017 the World Egg Day celebration was held at Hambantota, a rural area in the south of Sri Lanka. A Nutrition Programme for Pregnant Mothers of the area, under the theme ‘Promotion of Chicken and Egg Consumption Among Our Society in Order to Eradicate Protein Malnutrition in Sri Lanka Through Education’. Approximately 100 participants including 70 pregnant mothers, Public Health Inspectors, mid wives and medical officers participated in the event. Six hundred eggs in boxes were distributed among the participants.

2018 news SriLanka 2

World Egg Day

October 17, 2017

 

Awareness Programme for School Teachers

As a part of its ‘Continuous Demand Building Programmes for Chicken and Eggs’ island wide. WPSA SL conducted an awareness programme for school teachers at Yashodara Devi Balika Vidyalaya Gampaha on 10th November. Over 100 school teachers participated in the programme.
Dr (Mrs) Erandika Liyanage, Nutritionist, General Hospital Gampaha, conducted a discussion on ‘Nutrition for school children;’ while Dr Athula Mahagamage, Technical Director USSEC, educated the audience on ‘Myths & misconceptions related to chicken & egg consumption’. The attendees were given a free pack of eggs with 10 eggs each.

2018 news SriLanka 3  2018 news SriLanka 4 

School

Teacher

Education 

Seminar for Key Medical Practitioners in Colombo

WPSA –SL, in collaboration with the Sri Lanka Medical Nutrition Association, conducted a seminar on ‘Protein for a Healthy Nation’ for key medical practitioners on 14th December 2017 at Hotel Taj Samudra Colombo. This again is a part of our continuous ‘Demand Building Programmes for Chicken and Eggs’ island wide. Over 80 medical practitioners participated in the programme. Dr (Mrs) Renuka Jayatissa, Head of Department of Nutrition for the Medical Research Institute conducted her discussion on ‘Importance of Protein to prevent diseases,’ while Dr Prasad Katulanda, Senior Lecturer in Medicine & Honorary Consultant Endocrinologist, educated the audience on ‘Myths on diet for Diabetes and Non Communicable diseases’. Finally Dr Chin How Cheong, Poultry Veterinary Consultant in Singapore, conducted his discussion on ‘Myths & misconceptions related to chicken & egg consumption’.

2018 news SriLanka 5  2018 news SriLanka 6 

Medical

Practitioner

Education 

 
2018 news SriLanka 7   2018 news SriLanka 8

Database Project

This WPSA-SL project is being done in Collaboration with the Department of Animal Production & Health. The projects objective is to collect and compile all data on the poultry industry so that it is available to all stakeholders and for planners so that forward planning can be done more accurately.

Seminar on Poultry Nutrition & Management for the membership

WPSA – SL in collaboration with Sri Lanka Veterinary Association & US Soya Bean Export Council conducted a seminar on Poultry Nutrition & Management on 23rd Feb 2018 at Hotel Hilltop Kandy. This was conducted as a part of our continuous effort on uplifting the knowledge of the membership.
Over 100 WPSA & SLVA members participated for the Seminar. Dr S.S.P. Silva, Director Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) Sri Lanka; Dr Mrs. Chamari Palliyaguru, Veterinary Research Officer Animal Nutrition, VRI; Dr Nimal Priyankarage, Head - Nutrition Division, VRI; Dr Prabath Samaratunge, President of WPSA SL; and, Athula Mahagamage, Regional Technical Representative USSEC, were among the panel of speakers.

2018 news SriLanka 9  2018 news SriLanka 10 

Turkey

The 'Niğde International Poultry Science Congress of the WPSA Turkish Branch' was successfully held in the unique geological wonderland of Cappadocia during 9-12 May 2018 in cooperation with Niğde Ömer Halisdemir University. Scientists from 17 countries (Algeria, Austria, Bangladesh, Belgium, Croatia, France, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Italy, The Netherlands, Pakistan, Russia, South Africa, Tunisia, Turkey, and the United Kingdom) participated in the meeting with scientific papers. Around 300 participants took part in the Congress.

Following the first day's opening programme, where WPSA Secretary General Dr Roel Mulder made some opening remarks, 53 oral presentations and 155 poster presentations were made during the next two days.

In addition to creating an environment for the exchange of information and scientific cooperation among scientists from different countries, trips to Cappadocia and other social programmes helped strengthen the bonds among participants.

2018 news turkey IPC 1  2018 news turkey IPC 2 

Our preparations are underway for the XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products to be hosted in the Aegean resort town of Çeşme (İzmir) from the 23-26 June 2019.

Assoc. Prof. Dr Cengizhan Mızrak, Secretary of the WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

The 2018 UK Branch WPSA Annual Meeting was held outside of the UK for the first time this year, hosted in the impressive venue of the Croke Park Stadium, Dublin, Ireland. The meeting began with a satellite session on Rapeseed Meal, which kicked off the meeting with a stimulating discussion on the nutritional quality of rapeseed meal and its potential for use in non-ruminant diets.

The main sessions were then led by invited speakers, Teun van de Braak (Hendrix) and Jason Gittens (ADAS), who, respectively, provided an insight on the considerations of a breeding programme for prolonging laying cycles in laying hens, and what impact UK buyers’ purchasing non-cage eggs from 2025 might have on the industry. In order to prolong the laying period of our hens, Teun highlighted how the breeding programme needs to reflect the change in the industry demands and housing systems, especially given Jason’s estimation of an increase in free range egg sales (by the major 6 retailers who have recently committed to going cage-free by 2025), requiring an additional 1.8m to 3.8m hens to meet the demands of a growing population.

The high quality of presentations was continued over the rest of the meeting, covering topics in nutrition, physiology and husbandry, followed by short oral introductions to the poster presentations, which included the participation of students. Special recognition was given to Rizwan Azhar for his presentation on how the growing site can influence the AME value of wheat for broilers; and to Hana Hayton for her poster on bio-available and total silicon in broilers as evaluated in the digesta. The President’s prize was awarded to Allison Craig for her presentation on xylanase on broiler growth and flow of carbohydrate fractions; and to Sarah Woods for her poster on selenium sources on broiler antioxidant status. All recipients were awarded with a cheque, and the prize winners were also presented with a book voucher, courtesy of Burleigh Dodds.

The Gordon Memorial Lecture was given by Dr Mike Bedford, research director of AB Vista, who gave an entertaining and thought-provoking lecture on the evolution and application of enzymes in the animal feed industry, focusing on opportunities and misunderstandings in research. Described by a member of the audience as a ‘roller coaster of emotions’, Dr Bedford’s presentation highlighted some of the findings of his experience and career, referencing caution to scientific literature and for the need to accept when enough is enough, or indeed when to accept that what you want to believe is right is in fact wrong! Finishing with presenting a 94.7% correlation with ‘per capita cheese consumption and number of people who died by becoming tangled in their bedsheets between 2000 and 2009’, it’s probably fair to say that Dr Bedford’s presentation both worried and inspired the next generation of scientists in the room, and was deserving of the award.

Finally, the industry session covered the technological innovations to improve husbandry and welfare of poultry. Dr David Williams (University of Cambridge) tried to show us the world from a ‘birds’ eye view’ (from a human perspective, asking how can we ever really know?), leaving delegates with an even longer list of questions; whilst Dr Vicky Sandilands (SRUC) demonstrated the pro’s and con’s to the different housing systems on laying bird welfare, being ever-more important as the industry is forced to change.

Ending the meeting, the reigning President Dr Vicky Sandilands awarded the President’s prizes before handing over the new presidency to Dr Emily Burton. The 2018 meeting ended an era for a number of the council members, who after a number of years of hard work and dedication to the branch, handed over to their successors for the roles of secretary, treasurer, council member, with Dr Helen Masey O’Neill stepping into the vice-president position. Looking forward, members can look forward to the 2019 meeting, which again will be alongside BSAS, this time held in the city of Edinburgh.

WPSA UK Branch Administration 2018/2019

The 2018 AGM saw a complete shake up for the Branch administration with several key members coming to the end of their tenure on Council. The end result was a milestone in the development of the Branch with a clean sweep of female offices as follows:

President                                                Dr Emily Burton
Vice President  Dr Helen (Nell) Masey O’Neill
Treasurer/Membership Secretary  Dr Farina Khattak 
Secretary                                                Ms Jackie Linden

 

33rd Poultry Science Symposium

The proposal for the 33rd Poultry Science Symposium is to discuss the topics of prebiotics, probiotics and the poultry microbiome, against the background of a post-antibiotic era. The tentative date for the 33rd PSS would be August 2020, with the preferred venue of Cambridge. As further planning progresses more details will appear on the WPSA UK website at www.wpsa-uk.com

Stephen Lister, UK Branch Secretary

USA

During the PSA Annual Meeting in San Antonio, Texas the USA Branch Business Meeting will be held on Tuesday, July 24, from 10:30 a.m. until Noon in Conference Room 8. All USA Branch members are encouraged to attend and participate in the business and activities of the Branch. Also on Tuesday from Noon until 1:00 p.m. will be the joint WPSA - USA/Canada Branch Luncheon in the Conference Room 12. All members of both branches are encouraged to attend this luncheon also.

The WPSA Lecture (sponsored jointly by the USA and Canadian Branches) will be held at 8:45 a.m. on Monday, July 23rd and will serve as the Keynote Lecture for the Annual Meeting. This year’s lecture entitled ‘The State and Future of the Poultry Industry to Meet Future Global Needs’ will be presented by Rick Kleyn of Spesfeed (Pty) Ltd. from Rivonia, South Africa.

Bob Buresh, USA Branch Secretary

2018 PTS Watt

 

 

Volume 45, December 2018  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting 2018
The annual board meeting was held 16-17 September 2018 in Dubrovnik, Croatia, prior to the European Poultry Conference. Discussions covered aspects of the future of WPSA, stimulation and support of branches, the WPS journal, and the changes of the Constitution regarding the organization of World’s Poultry Congresses. With regard to the latter, documents are on our website.

WPSA presence at exhibitions and conferences
In November the Algerian and Maghreb conference in Constantine, Algeria organized by the Algerian branch was attended. During this two day meeting many topics were discussed; papers on diseases and disease prevention especially gave very lively discussions amongst the participants.

For 11-12 December 2018, the Pakistan branch has organized a Health and Welfare conference in Rawalpindi, Pakistan.
For 5-6 March and 7-9 March 2019, the Bangladesh branch is organizing their bi-annual Poultry Show and seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
For 13-17 May 2019, the 1st Panafrican Poultry Conference will be organized in Lomé, Togo. Further details are provided on www.wpsa.com

Members and all interested persons are invited to attend these events and to meet many other WPSA members and representatives.

WPSA representatives will be present at the International Production and Processing Expo (12-14 February 2019) in Atlanta, USA; and, VIV Asia (13-15 March 2019), Bangkok, Thailand. Promotional materials of WPSA, the WPS Journal, WPC 2020, and other symposia and conferences will be on display. We expect to meet with many members during these events.

Details on all meetings and exhibitions can be found in the calendar on our website.

Change of officers European Federation
During the European Poultry Conference in Dubrovnik, Croatia, Dr. Estella Prukner-Radovcic, Croatia was elected president, and is the successor of Prof Birger Svihus, Norway, who was the president for the last 4 years. WPSA Spain will organize the next EPC 2022 in Valencia, Spain.

WPSA programmes
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the travel grant programmes, the speakers’ bureau programme, and proposals for Branch development, can be found on the WPSA website. Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected.

Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organizes training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.

Data Privacy
On 25 May 2018, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) came into effect. In order to comply with this regulation (and data protection regulations in other parts of the world), the data privacy page on our website, explains how we collect personal data and in what way we use them.

Dr Roel Mulder

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

I must start this short report by congratulating Dr. Estella Prukner-Radovcic (Croatia), first for her organization of a most successful European Poultry Conference (EPC) in Dubrovnik. It has been reported that this was the largest agricultural conference ever held in that part of Europe. She and her colleagues worked as if they were a veteran conference organizing team and even had to turn away many, who waited too late to register. Second, Dr. Prukner-Radovcic is the newly elected President of the European Federation and is our newest member on the WPSA Board.

The Board met in Dubrovnik before the EPC and we were joined by another new member, Dr. S. Sriboonsue (Thailand). He was elected several months ago as the new President of the Asian Pacific Federation. The Board met for 1.5+ days and worked through the long agenda. I presented the Treasurer’s Report on the 2017 financial records. Included in that report were positive details on payments from the Journal’s Sponsors and Advertisers, as well as the payment of dues from Branches. While we are still experiencing problems with some of our service providers who do not bill promptly, there is NO issue with WPSA having the ability to pay all its obligations. WPSA had a gain in terms of its continuing operations, that is Income exceeded Expenses. The Association’s portfolio of investments also performed very well, providing a healthy balance as we entered 2018.

I just returned last week from the USA’s 4-H National Poultry and Egg Conference in Louisville, Kentucky. The United States of American Branch of WPSA is a sponsor of this event. For those of you unfamiliar with 4-H, it is the official youth programme of the Land Grant Universities in the United States. Children across the country, who sign up for ‘4-H Poultry’ are involved in raising all types of exhibition and/or exhibition poultry, as well as studying many aspects of poultry science. While I have been an official at this Conference for over 30 years, I never cease to be impressed with the quality of the youth and their enthusiasm for poultry. A big ‘salute’ to my home WPSA Branch for fostering the growth of this valuable programme.

As we look at the final page of the 2018 calendar, I send my wishes to all of you that you end the year in good health and remain active in your local Branches throughout 2019.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer


Branch Development Programme

In the Board meeting held during WPC2016 in Beijing, China, the Board decided to increase the funds available for Branch Development by making a formal call for Branch Development Proposals. In 2018 we approved proposals from Croatia and Senegal.

For more information click here.

Next deadline for submission of Branch Development Proposals is January 1st.

Reports

Algeria

The Algerian Association of Poultry Science (WPSA Branch-Algeria) organized in parallel with the 5th Symposium of Poultry Science, the 2th Maghreb Day of Poultry Production (JMA), 3 and 4 November 2018 at the Hotel El-Khayem in Constantine (Algeria). 150 people took part in the event. The organization of such events was initially aimed at bringing scientific communities closer to the Maghreb countries (Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria) with the aim of strengthening friendly and fraternal bonds. Secondly, it allows the exchange of scientific information in the field poultry sector. Various issues concerning the poultry production were raised and discussed during these two events. They concern the current state of the poultry sector in the Maghreb countries. Topics on the poultry welfare, feed additives, quality of poultry products (egg and meat), use of antibiotics and especially viral diseases (IA, IB, ILT) were discussed by the participants. A total of 31 oral presentations and 12 posters were presented during this event. The guest of honor at this meeting was Dr. Roel Mulder, Secretary General World's Poultry Association. With the help of the development programme of the WPSA branch, we invited 4 lecturers and offered 4 scholarships for PhD students.

Report Turkey

  1. Our Branch website was updated both in the Turkish and English versions.
  2. In order to increase interest in our branch Prof. Dr. Erol Şengör gave a conference at Ankara University on the importance of poultry meat and eggs and enlightened the audience about the activities of our branch and the relevance it holds in the poultry sector.
  3. Members from the Ankara University Alumni Association visited the Beypi integrated poultry plant. Among the 40 visitors to the plant were very influential alumni from many different professions who have clout in their respective areas. This was a vital opportunity to inform them about many misconceptions regarding the poultry sector and poultry products.
  4. A master’s student from Ege University Agricultural Faculty Serdar Yıldırım Aydın gave a seminar about “Incubation Temperature and Leg Problems in Broilers”. This was held with the expectation that it would increase further interest in the subject and improve the student’s public speaking skills.
  5. During the National Poultry Congress held in Niğde, three high level officials from the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock were invited and they could gain insight into the workings of our branch and WPSA in general.
  6. The most post important presentations of the EPC 2018 conference held in Dubrovnik this September were translated into Turkish and presented to the Ankara Poultry Research Institute. These were disseminated to interested parties.

The total cost of the activities was US $ 2000.00.

Prof. Dr. Rüveyde Akbay
President of the WPSA Turkish Branch


epc2018 website 

 
  XV EUROPEAN POULTRY CONFERENCE  

   Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17-21 September 2018 


European Poultry Conference 2018, held in Dubrovnik, Croatia

Organised by the WPSA Croatian Branch, the XVth European Poultry Conference was held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from September 17-21st. It was held under the auspices of the President of the Republic of Croatia Kolinda Grabar Kitarović, Ministry of Agriculture, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture and the Croatian Veterinary Chamber. The conference gathered 1487 participants from 72 countries from all over the world, and it was the largest agricultural conference ever held in this part of Europe. Altogether, 12 plenary lectures were presented by leading world scientists, as well as 230 oral and 285 poster presentations, in 22 parallel sections.
During the opening ceremony, the EPC 2018 was officially opened by the President of the European Federation of the WPSA Prof. Birger Svihus and the participants were also greeted by Chairlady Prof. Estella Prukner Radovcic, President of the WPSA-Croatian Branch and the mayor of the Dubrovnik-Neretva County Slaven Dobroslavić.
During the conference, a 15th Meeting of the Council of the EF WPSA was held, at which a new leadership was elected by secret ballot. President of the Croatian branch of the WPSA, Prof. Estella Prukner Radovcic was elected as the President of the EF WPSA. Prof. Michael Grashorn was re-elected as the secretary and treasurer, and Prof. Birger Svihus was elected as the past president. In the balloting for the next European Poultry Conference venue (voting for The Netherlands or Spain) it was decided that the 16th EPC will be held in 2022 in Valencia (Spain).
A Youth programme was organised for young scientists who actively participated to the conference. Altogether 22 of them got the opportunity to visit poultry producers (broilers and laying hen farms) near Zagreb, but also to exchange knowledge and build new friendship during the four-day post-conference programme.
Together with an exceptional scientific programme, numerous social events were also organised, as Welcome cocktail and Gala dinner, held in medieval fortress Revelin.
The organisers would specially like to thank the WPSA and all sponsors-diamond, gold, silver and other contributors, for their contribution to the successful organisation of the EPC 2018!


European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and the end of 2019.
News from a number of European Federation's working groups is provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

The next European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN2019) will be organised by the Polish Branch, and will be held in Gdansk, Poland from 10-13 June 2019. We will look forward to seeing all of you there.

WG4

Eggs and Egg Quality

European Working Group 4 (Egg Quality) has two new chairpersons: Cristina Alamprese (University of Milan, Italy) and Joël Gautron (INRA, France). They took over the leadership of WG4 from Maureen Bain just after the European Poultry Conference that was held in Dubrovnik (Croatia) in September 2018. We would like to thank Maureen for her work on behalf of WG4 and for her attention related to research topics on egg quality.

It is our intention to continue the work of WG4 while increasing the networking activities among all the Group’s members, in order to create a strong team that is able to answer any new challenges for the egg sector at both a scientific and industrial levels, without forgetting the importance of good communication with the society. The network will continue to provide support to the organizers of WPSA events in order to develop scientific programmes about eggs and egg quality, and to identify possible speakers. Moreover, we believe in the importance of identifying research funding possibilities in order to boost research in the egg and egg product fields.

As usual, there is much work to do but we trust in the cooperation of all the members!

WG4 currently has representatives from 21 countries and meets every 2 years at a key WPSA event. Every other year the group holds its own joint ‘EGGMEAT’ symposia with WG5 (Poultry Meat Quality). The aim of these symposia is to bring like-minded people together to discuss hot topics in the field of egg and meat quality.

Cristina ALAMPRESE
2018 december alamprese    Associate Professor in Food Science and Technology at the Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences of the University of Milan (Italy).
Research interests: Quality of fresh eggs; Technological treatment of egg products; Functional properties (gelling, whipping, and emulsifying capacity; rheological behaviour) of eggs and egg products; Influence of egg ingredients on food product quality; and Technological properties of poultry meat.
E-mail:
  Joël GAUTRON
2018 december gautron   Research Director, Biology of birds and Poultry research Unit UR0083, head of the team «Egg Defences, valorisation, evolution», Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Nouzilly, France. 
Research interests: Biochemistry and molecular biology related to egg formation and its quality; High-throughput methodology to identify and characterize biological activities related to natural egg defences; Physiology of chicken egg formation; and, Mechanisms of eggshell biomineralisation.
E-mail: 

Cristina Alamprese & Joël Gautron, Co-Chairs WG4

2019 eggmeat banner

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2019 eggmeat banner
The ‘XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ in Çeşme, İzmir, Turkey between 23 -26 June 2019. Visit http://www.eggmeat2019.com to keep you updated. Special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.

Massimiliano Petracci

WG6

Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)

2018 IFRG Meeting – Edinburgh, Scotland

October 4th – October 5th

For 2018, the IFRG meeting was held at the 5th floor of the Holiday Inn hotel in Edinburgh. The scenic view over Pink Hill Park and Edinburgh Zoo offered all 57 participants a sunny atmosphere during the two days of the meeting. We all experienced a friendly and informative meeting not least because we met several colleagues with similar interests, as became clear during coffee breaks, lunches and the conference dinner.

This 43rd IFRG meeting offered an interesting programme, including a workshop and presentations related to the biology of avian reproduction and the practice of incubation technology. The programme was the result of the combined efforts of Glenn Baggott (IFRG board, ed. British Poultry Science, London, UK) and Marleen Boerjan (President IFRG, WPSA WG 6, Pas Reform). This year we were able to organise the lectures offered by participants into sessions opened by 3 invited speakers.

Thanks to the talent for improvisation of the complete Aviagen incubation team, we were able to organize a workshop ‘embryo-staging’ led by invited speaker Murray Bakst, a recognized experienced consultant in fertility and early embryonic development of poultry. With the practical help of Ampai Nangsuay and Serdar Őzlü, embryos were collected from fresh eggs. Thereafter Murray Bakst and Guo Jun discussed the embryonic stage, according to the Eyal-Gyladi staging system.

A second invited speaker Professor Maureen Bain (Glasgow University) presented an overview and new insights into the ultrastructure of the eggshell. In addition, she focused on the importance of the cuticle to protect the egg content from vertical contamination by E.coli or Salmonella. Finally, she advised us to include routinely the staining of cuticle in egg quality control practices.

Hatchery managers encounter more and more influences of incubation conditions on the quality and performance of day old chicks and poults. The positive as well as negative effects of high and low incubation temperatures are known and are discussed often. Professor Warren Burggren from the University of North Texas, USA, was invited to speak about the epigenetic implications of incubation on the embryonic and foetal development. In his intriguing presentation, he showed how the developing embryo responds, in a critical phase, to environmental conditions by (1) complete phenotypic adaptations (developmental plasticity), (2) programming/training of the foetus and (3) epigenetic alterations of gene expression. In commercial incubation practice, these different but related phenomena are often unknown or ignored. From the presentation, we learned how the level of RH during certain critical phases of development influences the development of glomeruli in the primordial kidney.

In Session 1: Embryo quality, egg handling and egg storage four speakers showed how the genetic background, age of the parents and treatment of fresh eggs affects the stage of the embryo and, consequently, early mortality during incubation. Ewa Łukaszewicz (University of Wroclaw, Poland) researching the stage of development in different goose breeds and flock ages reported the interesting observations that the stage of embryonic development at oviposition was dependent on laying season and breed. Also the need for a correct and routine staging of the embryos in fresh or stored eggs after short period of incubation (SPIDES, heat-treatments) was clear from the three presentations related to egg handling in the farm and hatchery.

Ampai Nangsuay (Aviagen, Asia Pacific) presented data on embryo stage in eggs collected under field conditions in a tropical climate. It was observed and concluded that the local environmental conditions (transport and temperature) influenced the rate of embryo development during storage. The eggs from prime flocks had to be transported over a long period and distance at temperatures above 22 °C. As a consequence the embryos developed from an average stage 10.3 to stage 11.7 during prolonged transport at high temperatures. The eggs from an old flock were cooled below 22 °C within 5 ½ h and did not show any development after transport.

Okan Elibol from Ankara University, Turkey, concluded that the hatchability differences between eggs from young and old flocks induced by rapid cooling might depend on the differences in embryonic development at oviposition. He presented data on the effect of the profile of egg cooling after oviposition on stage of embryo and finally hatchability. The stage of embryonic development was advanced by controlled cooling compared to rapid cooling and in the eggs from the older flock. The rapid cooling resulted in a lower hatchability because early mortality and the number of second class chicks were increased especially for eggs derived from younger flocks (28 weeks).

Tolga Erkus (Aviagen, UK) presented results of 3 or 5.5 hours exposure above 32°C at day 5 of a total storage period of 14 days of eggs from two grandparent flocks (34 wks and 54 wks). After the treatment the stage of the embryos (n=15) was evaluated and the longer period of treatment resulted in, as expected, an advanced stage of development and resulted in a better hatchability compared to the 3.5-hr treatment.

Joanna Rosenberger, a PhD student from Wroclaw University is studying the behavioural aspects of Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus) during incubation. In her first presentation, she discussed whether improper turning might explain the high levels of early mortality during artificial incubation. In her second lecture, she discussed how knowledge of female behaviour and egg storage in the nests might help to improve artificial incubation results.

In Session 2: Egg quality, more basic aspects of egg quality were discussed before the presentation of Professor Maureen Bain. Utilising new research on embryonic development during egg formation in the hen (South-Korean University), Marleen Boerjan (Pas Reform, the Netherlands) discussed pre-gastrulation embryonic development in the hen as it has been shown that gastrulation gene expression might be initiated in the oocyte during yolk development. In short, without the pre-gastrulation development in the uterus of the hen, the gastrulation-related cell movements cannot occur, with increased rates of early mortality as a consequence.

Roger Banwell (Petersime, Belgium) presented new hatchability data in experiments related to specific gravity of eggs, egg weight loss and RH levels and concluded that hatchability of eggs in the medium (1.070- 1.085 gm/cm3) specific gravity class is highest compared to ‘low’ and ‘high’ specific gravity eggs. Specific gravity was found to be a better predictor for hatchability than percentage egg weight loss.

Session 3: Epigenetics, incubation and chick vitality was introduced by the lecture of Prof. Warren Burggren and followed by five presentations addressing several aspects of incubation technology and chick quality.

Incubation temperature

Juan Lopez (Hendrix Genetics, Canada) and Roos Molenaar presented new data on incubation temperatures measured and controlled as eggshell temperature (EST). Lopez showed that incubation of turkey eggs at low (99.2- 99.6 °F) eggshell temperatures compared to high (99.8-101 °F) resulted in higher hatchability, higher body weights at hatch and higher yolk free body mass.

Roos Molenaar (Adaptation Physiology Group, Wageningen University, the Netherlands) studied the effects of a combination of high EST (38.9 °C) during second week of incubation and low EST (36.7 °C) in the third week on body weight and selected bone characteristics; hatch results were not addressed. In these experiments, no effect on body weight and length of the tibia at slaughter age was found. The high temperature during the second week resulted in a slightly thicker bone and higher bone strength. A lower temperature in the third week resulted in a 5 hr-longer incubation duration and lower bone strength.

Early feeding

Keith Bramwell (Jamesway Incubators, Canada) presented the results of experiments related to feed and water in hatcher baskets. The hatch window was divided in four periods and chicks received water and feed immediately when all chicks of the specific period had hatched. From this research it is concluded that access to feed and water prior to chick placement at the farm had no influence on final body weight, feed conversion and mortality overall.

Serdar Őzlű (Ankara University, Turkey) studied the influence of hatching time and post-hatch holding time on yolk sac weight and live performance. The whole hatch window was divided in (1) early hatch (471-474 h), (2) middle hatch (483-486 h) and late hatch (493-496 h) and from all hatch periods, half of the chicks were held for 18 h and 30 h before they received feed. The chicks stored post hatch for 30 h consumed more feed the first 7 days and had a higher 7 days body weight but at day 35 all chicks had a similar body weight.

Development of the microbiome in day old chicks

Jean de Oliveira summarized the research at R&D Cargill, Belgium, on the origin of the intestinal microbiome in day old broiler chicks held under commercial conditions. The results showed that in 5 out the 6 flocks studied there was a strong link, similarity, between microbiota of the parent breeder and offspring in an integrated poultry operation. As a result of vertical transmission from breeder to offspring Salmonella was found in one of 6 flocks.

Posters

Two posters from a research consortium of the University of Pisa (Italy) and INRA- Centre Val de Loire (France) were presented on genetic selection on meat traits of broilers and consequences induced on reproductive performances. From the research presented in both posters it can be concluded that genetic selection for high ultimate pH of the meat measured 24 hr after slaughter results in lower reproductive performance as shown by poorer quality hatching eggs, higher embryo mortality and lower hatchability.

The INRA research group also presented a poster on multigenerational effects of heat manipulation on body temperature and growth in broiler chicks. The study addressed the effects of heat treatments during incubation on body temperature and growth in the two following generations. The thermal manipulation used during embryonic development consisted of increasing the incubation temperature of eggs up to 39.5 °C and relative humidity to 65% for 12 h/d between days 7 and 16 of incubation. The results showed for the first time evidence of a multigenerational effect of heat stimulation during embryogenesis on growth and thermoregulation in fast-growing chickens. It seems that the responses to thermal manipulations are sex-dependant.

Julia George and David Clayton (Queen Mary University, London, UK) presented a poster about the DNA methylation pattern in zebra finch embryos exposed briefly to vocal signals. It was confirmed that the zebra finch embryos react to environmental signals by epigenetic changes, which can be detected by altered DNA-methylation pattern.

Ewa Łukaszewicz and colleagues (University of Wrocław, Poland) presented a poster addressing the enrichment of broiler sperm extender, diluent, for broiler sperm by organic additives. It was concluded that the implementation of organic additives had a positive effect on broiler sperm quality. However, the positive effects lasted for only 6 hours, thereafter the number of live sperm decreased.

Sylvian Briere and colleagues (Hendrix Genetics Turkeys and INRA Nouzilly) presented a poster related to the collection of data for genetic selection strategies. It is concluded that the application of CT-scans technology generates data not only on adipose tissue and bone composition but also about egg, yolk and albumen weights and composition.

Marleen Boerjan (President IFRG, WPSA WG 6 (10/2018)

WG6 Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)
&
WG12 Fundamental Physiology & Perinatal Development (PDP) in Poultry

2019 ifrg pdpThe French Branch of WPSA is dedicated to promote knowledge and understanding of all aspects of poultry science and poultry production. It will organize the Combined Meeting of the ‘Incubation and Fertility Research Group’ (IFRG/WPSA Working Group 6) and the ‘Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry’ (PDP/WPSA Working Group 12) in Tours, August 2019.

On behalf of the French Organizing Committee and the WG-6 and 12 working Groups of the European Federation of WPSA branches, we are pleased to invite you to attend the IFRG - PDP 2019. This congress will take place in Tours, France, on August, 28 to 30, 2019, at hotel ‘Univers’. The Website is currently under construction

Barbara Tzschentke

WG10

Turkeys

The 10th ‘Hafez’ International Symposium on Turkey Production will be held in Berlin, Germany; May/June 2019. I hope to see you in Berlin.

Prof. Dr H. M. Hafez
Chair of Working Group 10
World’s Poultry Science Association
Federation of European Branches
Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin
Königsweg 63
14163 Berlin, Germany


Asia Pacific Federation

Asia Pacific Federation Meeting

sriboonsueMy name is Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue, from the Thailand branch, and I am the new President of the Asia Pacific Federation. This is my first contribution to the WPSA newsletter, and I would like to begin by thanking the members of the Federation for placing their trust in me for carrying out this position. I would also like to send my appreciation to our former President, Alan Gibbins, for his great work and dedication in putting together and leading the new Asia Pacific Federation. He will continue to consult with me in my new position.

First of all, I would like to share my visions for the Federation. My main objectives are to unite the Asia Pacific region and to strengthen, share and combine our regions’ knowledge. Asia Pacific is one of the main regions for poultry production in the world. However, currently we have limited communication among our branches, which I believe can be improved and could be useful in providing poultry research and information both inside and outside of this region. To be successful, I will need to seek for support from all APF branches. Please feel free to send me any and all good ideas that you might have on improving our information flow.

I also would like to announce that Mr Chung Ma from the China branch is our new Senior Vice President; Dr Nasir Mukhtar from the Pakistan branch is our new Junior Vice President; Dr Marisa Chamruspollert and Dr Mongkol Kaewsutas from the Thailand branch will serve as our Secretaries; and, Dr Natchanok Amornthewaphat and Dr Supunnee Jiarakhun from the Thailand branch will serve as APF Treasurers. A Management Committee for the APF will be formed once we have a representative named by each of the AP branches.

I would like to use this opportunity to invite all branch members to attend our next APF meeting which will be held during VIV Asia 2019 in Bangkok. The meeting dates and the venue will be announced in the near future.

Thank you again and please contact me for any further required information. You can reach me at and . Please also cc my secretary at .

Dr. Sakchai Sriboonsue President, Asian Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

The Proceedings from the 6th International Ratite Scientific Symposium, held in Stellenbosch, South Africa in 2016 is now available online at: http://sasas.co.za/sites/sasas.co.za/files/Ratite Scientific Symposium - 2016.pdf

We aim to have the next Ratite Symposium or Ratite Working Group meeting at the next World Poultry Congress that will be held in Paris, France in 2020. All interested parties can contact us at .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair


World's Poultry Science Journal

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Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • Mahmoud Alagawany - The role of Astragalus membranaceus as immunomodulator in poultry
  • Takele Desta - Phenotypic characteristic of junglefowl and chicken
  • Sun Chao - Health promoting and pharmaceutical potential of ferulic acid for the poultry industry
  • Alireza Seidavi - Chicken processing: impact, co-products and potential
  • Ubedullah Kaka - Flavonoids supplementation - An ideal approach to imrpove quality of poultry production
  • Muhammad Tanveer Munir - Wood-based litter in poultry production: a review
  • Ana Crncan - Outlook on EU and Croatian poultry meat market - Partial equilibrium model approach
  • Karim El-Sabrout - Behaviour and meat quality of chicken under different housing systems
  • Jianhua He - The implication of lighting programmes in intensive broiler production system
  • Alireza Seidavi - Present and otential impacts of waste from poultry production on the environment

Summaries

The role of Astragalus membranaceus as immunomodulator in poultry

M.R. FARAG and M. ALAGAWANY

Astragalus membranaceus (AM) is a member of the family Leguminosae which has been widely used as immunomodulatory agent. Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) possess promising biological activities like immune enhancing, anti-oxidant, anti-viral, anti-microbial and anti-parasitic activities. Researchers have studied the immune enhancing activities of AM in birds and reported that APS and sulphated APS (4 or 8 mg/kg of body weight) showed immunomodulatory effects broiler chicks infected with lipopolysaccharide and modulated the resulting negative effects. AM powder supplementation in broiler feed at levels of 0, 100, 200 and 300 mg /kg diet increased the immune organs weight and IgG level and improved the liver and kidney functions and antioxidant status. Dietary APS (10 g/kg) promoted the growth rate and the histology of jejunum of offspring chickens. The addition of crude AM at 0.5% in laying hen feed for 21 days was able to improve the composition of faecal microorganisms. The following review describes the structure and chemical composition of AM and its immunomodulatory role in improving the health status of poultry and its mechanisms of action.

Phenotypic characteristic of junglefowl and chicken

T.T. DESTA

Junglefowl display adaptive characters like seasonal breeding, well-established social hierarchy, explorative behaviour, territoriality, aggression and short ranged flight, however, they are smaller, produce less and mature later than commercial breeds. Non-green junglefowl cocks display eclipse plumage – a reliable indicator of genetic purity and a trait that has been disappeared from chickens. Junglefowl show high sexual dimorphism, however, intra-sex level variation is considerably limited. There are conflicting reports on viability of hybrids from junglefowl, however, red junglefowl crossed with chickens invariably produce fertile offspring. Although junglefowl and chickens share common parasites and diseases, junglefowl exhibit high variability in natural immunity and are relatively resilient to infection. Junglefowl prefer secondary forests and village environs, demonstrating their propensity for human landscapes. Habitat preference and historical, ritual and leisure activities of ancient man might have resulted in junglefowl being recruited for domestication. Particularly, native chickens share a number of phenotypic characters with junglefowl, however, cosmopolitan chickens have experienced high phenotypic input from world-wide dispersal and adaptation to a wide range of management and breeding regimes. Based on morphological scores and behavioural ecology, red junglefowl resembles chickens and amongst the junglefowls, red and Ceylon junglefowl are closely related, whereas grey and green junglefowl have been found to be distant.

Health promoting and pharmaceutical potential of ferulic acid for the poultry industry

M. SAEED, M. ALAGAWANY, S.A. FAZLANI, S.A. KALHORO, M. NAVEED, N. ALI, KIFAYAT-ULLAH, M.A. ARAIN and S. CHAO

Ferulic acid is (FA) is a phenolic compound found in vegetables, fruits, cereals and coffee. It exists in both a free form and covalently conjugated to polysaccharides in the plant cell wall, polyamines, hydroxyl fatty acids, lignin, and glycoproteins. It has exhibited many vital biological properties, such as growth enhancing, antioxidant, antibacterial and immunomodulatory effects. It can be used as a food preservative and has a wide range of applications. FA has been reported to be a potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent and is considered as part of a promising strategy for improving vascular cell-compatibility and blood compatibility as well. Additionally, dietary FA could improve the antioxidant capacity and, hence, meat quality in poultry. Supplementation of FA at 40 mg/kg or 80 mg/kg diet reduced the formation of hepatic MDA in case of carbon tetrachloride toxicity. The susceptibility of meat to oxidation in broiler chickens receiving oats at 200 g/kg diet as a source of FA was higher compared to the stability of meat in chickens receiving 200 ppm vitamin E. After examining the literature, it became apparent that the research on promising therapeutic effects of FA in poultry, in particular, is limited. So, the aim of this review was to indicate the importance of FA and its beneficial effects. In addition, this review includes information on the use of FA as a natural phenolic compound in poultry nutrition and its different applications in the poultry industry.

Chicken processing: impact, co-products and potential

A.R. SEIDAVI, H. ZAKER-ESTEGHAMATI and C.G. SCANES

Processing poultry results in considerable waste and/or by-products. Assuming a 70% yield during processing, the aggregate of waste from processing chickens for meat globally is 45.9 million tons. The nitrogen in processing waste and by-products globally is 1.3 million metric tons; equivalent to 49% of nitrogen in poultry excreta globally. If yield increased to 80%, as seen in the USA, there is a concomitant reduction in processing waste. If this were extended globally, there would be a 19.1 million metric ton reduction in processing waste. The global cost of processing chicken has been calculated as 51.3 x 109 MJ (equivalent to 0.06% of agricultural/food energy usage). The environmental costs of processing include energy, high quality (potable) water usage (estimated at about 30 litres per bird) and large quantities of organic solids and ‘dirty’ water as by-products together with contamination of surface and of ground water. There is a case for viewing poultry waste as a resource. These co-products could be used as human foods, high protein animal feed ingredients (after rendering), high value health related products (e.g. collagen, hyaluronic acid and chondroitin sulphate), bioenergy (e.g. biodiesel) and other products. The following review focuses on estimating the amount of processing waste and approaches to reduce processing waste, such as increasing yield and considering waste as a resource or, at least potential, co-product.

Flavonoids supplementation - An ideal approach to improve quality of poultry products

A.A. KAMBOH, R.A. LEGHARI, M.A. KHAN, U. KAKA, M. NASEER, A.Q. SAZILI and K.K. MALHI

Supplementing flavonoids in poultry diets has shown the potential to progress the nutritional, sensorial and microbiological quality of poultry meat and eggs. In the last decade, several studies have determined the benefits of flavonoids for inhibition of lipid oxidation and microbial growth, check any pH-dependent deterioration and improve the colour stability of meat and related products. Flavonoids are typically absorbed in the ileum where pH is between 5-6.8. The various flavonoids vary in effective dose levels in poultry, but are typically included in levels ranging from 0.05-0.2%. Furthermore, flavonoid supplementation in the chicken diet has been reported to positively alter the fatty acid profile of meat and eggs by reducing the cholesterol and triglyceride content. Meat colour, in terms of lightness, can be improved by up to 5%. The aim of this review is to evaluate the use of various plant flavonoids as a substitute for synthetic feed additives in the poultry feed industry to satisfy consumer demands in terms of quality and safety of animal products. The results have stimulated interest in more research on the various flavonoid classes to determine the most effective compounds and their optimal doses for both broilers and laying hens.

Wood-based litter in poultry production: a review

M.T. MUNIR, C. BELLONCLE, M. IRLE and M. FEDERIGHI

Bedding material is an important factor for floor-based poultry production systems as it can affect bird health and welfare. Bedding can be made of organic materials like wood or plant-based material or inorganic materials like clay and sand, and should generally have good absorbency, be easily available, comfortable and non-toxic to birds. Wood is an organic renewable resource having good humidity regulation and antimicrobial properties and its by-products are commonly used as poultry litter in many countries. In France, wood-based bedding is used in 80% of turkey production. This litter has approximately 50% lower NH3 production compared to other materials like sand and hulls, and has multiple environment-friendly disposal options. Moreover, the birds grown on such litter show better health and welfare and are more likely to exhibit natural behaviour on this material, which is helpful for the amelioration of physiological status and reduction of locomotory injuries. Moreover, birds can show between 5-7% improvements in different performance parameters. In addition, the antimicrobial potential of wood may help to counter the load of certain pathogens in environment of birds. This review describes the physiochemical properties of wood-based bedding materials and their role in production and welfare of poultry.

Outlook on EU and Croatian poultry meat market - Partial equilibrium model approach

D. KRANJAC, K. ZMAIĆ, A. CRNČAN and M. ZRAKIĆ

The European Union poultry meat market is the subject of numerous research studies due to its importance in the EU's total agricultural production, exports and food security. With 14.5 million tons of poultry meat production in 2016, the EU-28 is one of the world's leading producers of this kind of meat (approximately 12%). The Old Member States (EU-15) and the New Member States (EU-13) generate 73.8% and 26.2% of the total EU poultry meat production, respectively. The average poultry meat consumption in the EU-28 is currently approximately 24 kg per capita. In the last decade, the EU's poultry meat market has seen structural changes in production, consumption and trade that are the subject of the partial equilibrium model analysis. Results of mid-term projections for the poultry meat market through to the year 2030 showed a decrease in production volume in the EU-15, along with a slowdown of domestic and per capita consumption and a change of status from net exporters to net importers of poultry meat. Meanwhile, in the EU-13 there has been a steady growth in the volume of production and domestic and per capita consumption of poultry meat. The EU-13 Member States will remain net exporters through 2030, with a strong trend in export growth. Croatia, the youngest member state, follows trends in the domestic poultry meat market that are similar to the rest of the EU-13. Until 2030, Croatian poultry meat production is expected to increase by 43.02%, the domestic consumption by 29.37% and per capita consumption for 39.89%. Although Croatia will remain a net importer by the end of the 2030, the gap in net trade deficit is expected to decrease by 31.31%.

Behaviour and meat quality of chicken under different housing systems

A. EL-DEEK and K. EL-SABROUT

Chicken housing systems have been an interesting subject of research for many years and remains a topic of debate. The information detailed in the literature provides opposing views on recommended housing systems (indoor or outdoor) for chickens, and thus, producers are searching for more precise information in terms of animal welfare, productive performance, chicken behaviour and meat quality. Approximately 80% of customers worldwide prefer chicken products with perceived higher quality derived from free-range (organic) systems with increased welfare standards. Based on published literature, the majority (approximately 70%) of intensive production systems that are currently used do not usually support the natural behavioural needs of poultry. However, mortality rate of broilers can reach more than 10% in outdoor production systems due to cannibalism. Suitable housing systems that focus on the animals’ well -being translate into better behavioural activities and higher productive performance. The present review provides the critical information detailed in the existing literature on different housing systems and their effect on chicken behaviour and meat quality. It can be concluded that the housing system, as a non-genetic factor, directly affects the welfare of the birds and can impact their behaviour and certain meat quality traits. Thus, the free-range production system might be considered favourable alternative housing system.

The implication of lighting programmes in intensive broiler production system

M.A. AROWOLO, J.H. HE, S. HE and T.O. ADEBOWALE

Lighting, amongst other factors, is a potent and critical micro-climatic component in broiler houses as it influences many behavioural, physiological and metabolic processes in birds. To optimise the intensive system for broiler production, various lighting programmes (regarding light duration and its distribution, light colour/wavelength and light intensity) have been explored. This review compares the effects of different elements of lighting regimen on the growth performance, health, and welfare and carcass characteristics of broilers. Considering this, various degrees of intermittent photo-period (i.e. mixing photo- and scoto- periods within 24 hours) rather than one continuous photoperiod have been proven to significantly improve broilers’ weight gain by 3.4-5.8%, feed to gain ratio up to 7.3%, mobility up to 46.5%, decrease mortality rate ranging between 0.43% and 0.72%, and finally, increase carcass yield. Short wavelength lights and light intensity of ≥5 lux after the initial brooding period are said to stimulate birds’ metabolism and growth thereby, enhancing the production system. In conclusion, the lighting programme, apart from improving broiler productivity, could reduce cost expended on energy in an intensive production system.

Present and potential impacts of waste from poultry production on the environment

A.R. SEIDAVI, H. ZAKER-ESTEGHAMATI and C.G. SCANES

Poultry production is associated with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions but at a much lower extent than other livestock. Global production of nitrogen from poultry excreta has been estimated at about 3.29 million metric tons for meat type chickens (the average of two estimates with different assumption of 2.65 and 3.94 million metric tons) and 2.36 million metric tons for laying hens. These estimates are markedly below earlier estimates, suggesting that the issues related to loading are of a markedly smaller magnitude than previously envisioned. However, if it is assumed that 2% of the nitrogen is lost as nitrous oxide with a global warming potential (GWP) of 298 CO2 equivalents (eq.) per unit as GHG, poultry waste is contributing 33.7 million metric tons of CO2 eq./year or 0.0337 gigatons (Gt) CO2 eq./yr. This represents only 0.64% of agricultural GHG emissions. The preferred method for the disposal of poultry excreta is land application as a fertiliser with the aggregate of livestock and poultry excreta being applied to 0.3 million hectares in the USA. The environmental consequences of excreta in litter include the release of ammonia and nitrous oxide (a GHG) together with contamination of ground and surface water with nitrate, phosphate and pathogens. Alternative approaches to utilise used litter are the following: combustion, gasification, digestion and feeding to ruminants. There is scope to reduce the environmental impact of poultry production on the environment. 



Branch News

Algeria

The Algerian Association of Poultry Science (WPSA Branch-Algeria) organized in parallel with the 5th Symposium of Poultry Science, the 2th Maghreb Day of Poultry Production (JMA), 3 and 4 November 2018 at the Hotel El-Khayem in Constantine (Algeria). 150 people took part in the event. The organization of such events was initially aimed at bringing scientific communities closer to the Maghreb countries (Morocco, Tunisia and Algeria) with the aim of strengthening friendly and fraternal bonds. Secondly, it allows the exchange of scientific information in the field poultry sector.

Various issues concerning the poultry production were raised and discussed during these two events. They concern the current state of the poultry sector in the Maghreb countries. Topics on the poultry welfare, feed additives, quality of poultry products (egg and meat), use of antibiotics and especially viral diseases (IA, IB, ILT) were discussed by the participants. A total of 31 oral presentations and 12 posters were presented during this event. The guest of honor at this meeting was Dr. Roel Mulder, Secretary General World's Poultry Association. With the help of the development programme of the WPSA branch, we invited 4 lecturers and offered 4 scholarships for PhD students.

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Dr Nadir Alloui, Secretary, Algeria Branch-WPSA

Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Branch of WPSA will hold its 11th International Technical Seminar on Poultry – 2019 on the 5th and 6th of March 2019 at the Dhaka Regency Hotel & Resort, in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Seminar details should be forth coming soon..

Contact: Prof. Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam, for additional details.
Convener: Professor, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Vet Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh
Email:

France

French Poultry Research Conference (13th Edition)

https://www.itavi.asso.fr/jra/2019 

The conference will take place on March 20 and 21, 2019 in Tours (FRANCE). This biennial Poultry meeting is held under the auspices of the French branches of WPSA and WVPA. It brings together more than 500 attendees from universities, research institutes and the Poultry industry.

The French Branch of WPSA will hold its general assembly during the meeting, on March 20, at 17:15.

The co-organisers for the conference include ITAVI (French Poultry institute), INRA, ANSES and CTCPA (French Technical Center for the Food Industry).
The first day of the conference will be on March 20, and will consist of plenary lectures on a number of broad topics. The second day, will consist of parallel sessions covering Sustainability - Economy and Sociology - Rearing System and Animal Welfare - Nutrition - Hygiene and Products Quality - Genetic and Reproduction. Each session will start with an invited review followed by selected communications. Poster and oral presentations will be in the French language, but the proceedings will include an English version of the abstracts.

World's Poultry Congress 2020

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The French Branch is also delighted to invite you to participate in the upcoming World.s Poultry Congress 2020 that will be held from the 16th to the 20th of August 2020 in the attractive city of Paris. Information can be found on the Congress website http://www.wpcparis2020.com/

Please notice that the organizers propose an Early Sponsoring period for the 2020 World Poultry Congress. The Congress will be held in Paris and will attract more than 3000 attendees from all over the world: experts, scientists, researchers, and production specialists will participate in presenting and discussing their most recent findings. The early sponsoring will allow our partners to have the benefit of longer visibility (three years before the event), larger opportuniti

es in the sponsoring of activities, as well as eligibility for a 15% discount in 2018. If you are interested and want to know more about this opportunity, please contact us at or

Yves Nys, President–WPSA France

Israel

The 53rd annual Poultry Science Conference of the Israeli Branch was held at the Dan Panorama Hotel in Tel Aviv on November 26-27, 2018. The conference attracted 550 participants including: students and scientists from academia and research institutes, poultry producers, veterinarians, extension specialists and commercial companies serving the poultry industry.

During the 2-day conference, 48 lectures were presented in 10 sessions covering the leading poultry science disciplines: Health; Nutrition & Feed additives; Immunology; Reproduction, Incubation and Physiology; Breast meat quality; Welfare; Broilers and Layers industry. The closing session focused on technological innovations in the poultry industry. In addition, 3 students were awarded prizes for their research presentations.

The conference was honoured to host an overseas guest; Prof. S. Bilgili from Auburn University (Alabama - USA) who shared his extensive knowledge and vast experience in the field of broiler meat quality.

An award of appreciation was given to Dr. Amnon Michael for his contribution in the field of Veterinary Medicine, and for his active participation in the WPSA - Israeli Branch activities over the years.

During the conference, 25 Israeli companies exhibited their unique products for the poultry industry: pharmaceuticals, feed additives, housing equipment, climate control, etc.

Evening social activities included lectures on Israel's current issues by a popular journalist and a breath-taking account by a professional Israeli high mountain climber, who shared with us his personal experiences as a nature photographer and rescuer in extreme conditions.

Yitzhak Malka, Israel Branch Secretary

Italy

The Italian Branch of WPSA is organising the 55th edition of its annual meeting that will be held on March 29th, 2019 in Forlì in conjunction with the 51st edition of ‘Fieravicola’, the International Poultry Exhibition (www.fieravicola.com). This meeting will deal with ‘Applications of omics technologies in poultry production’ and this hot topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious national and international speakers.

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Massimiliano Petracci, Branch Secretary

Kenya

The Kenya Branch Executive Committee will be meeting in the near future in order to plan the Branch activities for 2019. Members will be contacted about the plans developed.

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Malaysia

Annual General Meeting 2018 & Poultry Seminar 2018

The Annual General Meeting for the executive members (2017 – 2022) for the year 2018 was conducted on 31st October 2018. The event was conducted with Poultry Seminar in the morning followed with the AGM in the afternoon.
Total no. of current members: 77 members (73 individual, 1 Life member, 3 students).
Total number of members attended the AGM: 43 members.
Total number of participants attended the Poultry Seminar: 78 participants

The detail of the program event as stated below:

  Chairman: Dato'Dr Tee Ah Kiat
9.30-10.00 am REGISTRATION & MORNING TEA
10.00 10.15 am

Welcome Address
Prof Dr Mohd Hair Bejo, President of WPSA (Malaysia Branch)

10.15-11.00 am Speaker 1: Dr Wan Mohd Kamil Wan Nik, DVS 
Feed Act 2009: The Role and Implementation of the Act on Local Poultry Industry
11.00-11.45 am Speaker 2 : Dr James G. Nickerson, Avivagen Inc.Canada
Recent Research on Beta Carotene-OxC towards Poultry Disease
11.45-12.30 pm Speaker 3 : Mrs Siti Nur Ahmad, MAQIS
MAQIS Roles and its Interventions on the Impact of International Trade War and Local Poultry Industry
12.30-1.15pm Speaker 4 : Dr Marcelo Paniago, CEVA Asia Veterinary Services
Vector Vaccine Technology : A Better Control of Devastating Poultry Diseases
1.15-1.30 pm Q & A session
1.30-2.30 pm LUNCH
2.30-3.30 pm Annual General Meeting
3.30 pm End of programme

Please refer to WPSA (Malaysia) website for more information about our past and future activities.

Assoc Prof Dr Jalila Abu
Honorary Secretary WPSA (Malaysia)

Mauritius

The Mauritius Branch of the WPSA organised a talk on “Perspectives on Salmonella Infection” which was delivered by Emeritus Professor Simon Shane from North Carolina State University on 17 October 2018. The talk was attended by some 100 persons from the Industry, Research Institution, Academia and Veterinarians both private and Public.

Further to initiative taken by the association for the running of a post graduate diploma course on Poultry Production and Health by the University of Mauritius (UoM), a memorandum of understanding has been signed between the UoM and the WPSA (Mauritius Branch). The course is expected to start in March 2019 after approval by the senate.

Micheline Seenevassen Pillay
Branch Secretary

Pakistan

The WPSA Pakistan branch is organising a two day National Poultry Symposium on Health and Welfare that will be held on 11 & 12 December at PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Pakistan. At the seminar, a large number of international and national speakers have been invited to address the emerging problems of poultry health & welfare. The President the Pakistan Branch, Dr. Muhammad Sadiq (CEO SB Poultry), will be the Chairperson for the Conference.

For the first time in the history of the Pakistan branch, Dr. Fareeha Talha, Vice President of the Women’s Wing Central and Vice President of the Southern Zone has taken up an initiative for introducing WPSA, its goals and objectives, its contributions, and its future perspectives for running a campaign to attract female poultry researchers, educationists, and other females involved with the industry into the branches membership .

The visionary thinking of Dr. Muhammad Sadiq, President of the Pakistan branch, living legend in the Pakistan Poultry industry himself is behind it. It was his thought that female researchers, female educationists, and other females involved with poultry should play their part both nationally and internationally. First Dr. Fareeha Talha, a female veterinarian and an entrepreneur in the poultry sector, was elected from the Centre and South Zones of the WPSA Pakistan branch. This was a great motivation for other females to become involved.

In order to introduce WPSA and its Pakistan branch to females, a campaign was designed by Dr. Fareeha Talha whose first activity was a seminar held at the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences (FVS), BZ University, Multan. The Poultry Science Club FVS, BZ University, was taken on board, and the Dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences kindly agreed to be our chief guest.

Female Veterinarians working in poultry related sectors, and faculty and post graduate students of university departments related to poultry participated. Great interest was also shown by undergraduates.

Dr. Fareeha Talha focused on education, organisation and research. She talked about how females can be involved in basic and applied research, and indicated that they can rise to become known internationally. She also spoke about how WPSA can assist them in this regard. At the end of the seminar, Dr. Masood Akhter, Dean FVS, BZ University, gave a very motivational and inspirational speech thanking WPSA for organizing the meeting.

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Nasir Mukhtar, Vice-President of the Pakistan Branch

Poland

Report on the 30th International Poultry Science Symposium

From 10-12 September 2018, the 30th Jubilee International Poultry Science Symposium ‘Science for Practice – Practice for Science’ was held in Zegrze near Warsaw. The Symposium was jointly organised by the Polish Branch of WPSA and the Poultry Breeding Section of Warsaw’s Main School of Rural Management.

Symposium attendees participated in five scientific sessions: Biological bases of poultry breeding and production; Poultry nutrition; Prophylaxis in poultry production; Poultry product quality; and, in an Historical session. A discussion panel was also held on ‘Where is Polish Poultry Science Heading’. A total of 227 individuals representing universities, science-research centres, domestic and foreign (Italy, Belgium, Great Britain, Russia, China, Afghanistan, the Netherlands, Ukraine) specialists, as well as 103 persons from commercial practice participated in the conference.

On the first day of the Symposium, following a formal Opening and Welcoming of the guests, Prof. Dr. hab. Elżbieta Smalec and Prof. Dr. hab. Jerzy Niedziółka were bestowed Honorary WPSA Polish Branch Memberships.

The formal presentation of the new Honorary Members of the Association was followed by a discussion panel on ‘Where is Polish Poultry Science Heading’. Issues associated with perspectives and potential threats facing the poultry sector sparked very interesting discussions among the panellists and conference participants. Other subjects concerned GMO and poultry feeding connected with a growing deficit of domestic protein sources. Next, Dr. hab. Monika Michalczuk announced results of the 4th edition of the All-country Competition for the best diploma paper in the field of poultry science. All winners were congratulated for their excellent supervisors and brilliant master’s dissertations wishing them interesting scientific publications. Next, the annual Jerzy Będkowski competition for young scientific workers took place in which 10 researchers from four Polish scientific centres (Olsztyn, Warsaw, Poznań, Lublin) and one person from Italy (Padua University) took part. Presentations were delivered in English. The ranking (1-3) was determined by voting of participants taking part in this session. The following aspects of presentations were assessed: merit value, way of presentation, their responses to questions, as well as their mastery of the English language. The competition was won by Ms. Sara Dzik from Warmia-Mazury University in Olsztyn for her presentation entitled: ‘The impact of the use of biocidal paint on the production results of broiler chickens’.

The following areas had the most entries this year: Poultry nutrition (21 presentations) and Poultry products quality (18 presentations). They were dominated by information on feed additives for improving intestinal integrity and exerting a positive effect on performance results and product quality. The delivered presentations concerned utilisation of domestic protein sources in poultry diets, comparison of poultry meat assortments as well as consumer preferences and supply networks.

During the session on the Biological bases of poultry breeding and production (14 presentations), the following subjects were discussed: semen characteristics of geese and grouse; egg shell quality depending on the age of the layer; effect of egg weight on the course of embryogenesis and genetic parameters of selected duck traits.

Some of the problems discussed during the session on Prophylaxis in poultry production (16 presentations) included, among others, issues concerning protection of poultry flocks and current dilemmas in poultry pathology in Poland; impact of additives of different products of plant origin; manganese, copper and silver nanomolecules on broiler and turkey performance; histological parameters of intestines, muscle and liver oxidative status.

The historic session covered poultry science development in Poland since the 1970s. Individual presenters discussed issues associated with breeding and rearing of broilers and laying hens. They talked about maintenance conditions, health problems, veterinary care as well as feeding of geese flocks

It turned out that the discussion panel: ‘Where is Polish poultry science heading’ attracted both the highest number of participants and the greatest interest during the 30th International Poultry Science Symposium. On the basis of merit discussions and summary of the Symposium, it can be concluded that this year’s jubilee meeting was one of the most important events of the poultry science branch and will go down on history pages of our Organisation very positively.

The Board of the Polish Branch of the World Poultry Science Association would like to thank most sincerely all participants of the Symposium for their engagement and merit activity, as well as for their creation of a family-like, pleasant atmosphere throughout the conference. In particular, we thank all representatives of widely-understood poultry practice for their kind patronage over the Symposium as well as over young researchers participating in two very important competitions which have now become permanent elements of the development of poultry science knowledge. We would also like to thank Honorary Members of the Association for accepting our invitation for active participation in this year’s Symposium. Please, feel invited to next year’s 31st International Poultry Science Symposium.

Dr. hab. Monika Michalczuk, prof. nadzw.

Russia

Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Sergiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognises the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad. All are welcome to attend the courses in Sergiev Posad.

Tatiana Vasilieva, Branch Secretary

Sri Lanka

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On September 14th 2018 Annual Technical Sessions and industrial Evening was held at the Hotel Taj Samudra, Colombo. The theme was ‘Future Marketing Trends of Sri Lankan Poultry Products’

On this occasion the Chief Guest was Dr. Indrajit Coomaraswamy, the Governor of Central Bank of Sri Lanka. He gave a presentation on ‘Micro & Macro Economic policies related to the Sri Lankan Livestock industry’. He said that the government by maintaining the discipline in economic policies and its executions will lead to improve the current economic situation in Sri Lanka which will definitely impact the Sri Lankan poultry industry as well.

The Keynote Address was given by Mr. Albert Jan Hulzebosch Chief Executive Officer, Dutch Poultry Management Support the Netherlands on ‘Future Marketing Trends of Poultry Products World Scenario’

Invited speaker Dr. H.P Premasiri, Past President of WPSA – SL, gave a very informative presentation on ‘An Overview of the Sri Lankan Poultry Industry & its Social Economic Impact.’ At the 20thAGM held on the same day the re-elected President, Dr. Prabath Samaratunga, and Secretary, Dr. Kaundika Wanigasundara, took office

WPSA-SL membership ID cards

The WPSA –SL branch introduced a membership card for their individual members, and a certificate for their corporate members, at the Annual Industrial Evening ceremony. The first membership card was awarded to Dr. Mrs A.L Godwin, General Secretary WPSA-SL, by Mr. Albert Jan Hulzebosch CEO, Dutch Poultry Management Support the Netherlands.

World Egg Day Celebration

On Friday the 12th of October a celebration was held at Gothami Vidyalaya Gampaha where an awareness programme for school teachers was organized at the college hall by WPSA – SL in parallel with the World Egg Day celebrations 2018. This served as a part of the continuous demand building programmes for eggs & chicken, island wide. Ninety-six school teachers participated in the programme.

Dr. (Mrs) S.T Thoradeniya, Senior Lecturer Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Colombo, gave a lecture on ‘Nutrition for children’. At the end of the main lecture, Dr. Prabath Samaratunge, President WPSA-SL addressed the audience on ‘Myths & misconceptions related to chicken & egg consumption’. All participants were given leaflets on protein malnutrition, a free pack of eggs and refreshments.

Togo

The Regional Centre of Excellence for Poultry Science (CERSA) and the World’s Poultry Science Association - Togolese branch (WPSA-Togo) will organise Panafrican Poultry Conference (PPC) from 13th to 17th May 2019. This conference will take place at Campus of University of Lome, Togo. More than 200 delegates from Togo, regional and international countries are expected to attend the conference.
Several experienced speakers drawn from both international, regional and national academia and poultry industry will be on hand to discuss the topics. Well known invited speakers will highlight bottlenecks of African poultry industry and it importance in the world. In total, six (06) thematic areas will be covered including: 1) Egg and meat processing, 2) Environment and management, 3) Feeding-Nutrition and Metabolism, 4) Genetics, 6) Reproduction and incubation and 4) Socio-economy. The programme for the PPC will be posted on CERSA web site (www.cersa-togo.org) and its links.
All those involved in poultry science and industry are encouraged to submit original research, teaching and extension papers. Information about abstracts submission will be available on www.cersa-togo.org in few weeks.

Turkey

In order to raise interest in our branch and increase the number of members we regularly hold meetings with the coordination of some NGOs. We also continue to work with senior ministry officials regarding this issue.

Misconceptions about poultry products appear in the media from time to time that adverse affect the consumption of poultry meat. We try to dispel these inaccurate and often intentional fabrications by issuing statements through various media channels.

The most important presentations of the EPC 2018 conference held in Dubrovnik this September were translated into Turkish and presented to the Ankara Poultry Research Institute. They were then disseminated to interested parties.

The Turkish Branch is fully engaged in the organisation of the XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products to be held in the Aegean resort town of Çeşme (İzmir) between 23-26 June 2019.

If you are interested in participating in or becoming a sponsor for these symposia, please visit www.eggmeat2019.com or contact Prof. Dr. Servet Yalçın at or Prof. Dr. Rüveyde Akbay at .

We look forward to welcoming you at the symposia next summer!

Assoc. Prof. Dr Cengizhan Mızrak, Secretary of the WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

33rd Poultry Science Symposium

The proposal for the 33rd Poultry Science Symposium is to discuss the topics of prebiotics, probiotics and the poultry microbiome, against the background of a post-antibiotic era. The tentative date for the 33rd PSS would be August 2020, with the preferred venue of Cambridge. As further planning progresses more details will appear on the WPSA UK website at www.wpsa-uk.com

Volume 44, September 2018  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting 2018
The annual board meeting is planned 16-17 September 2018 in Dubrovnik, Croatia, prior to the European Poultry Conference.

Deceased board officers, International Poultry Hall of Fame (IPHF), MacDougall award
Rose-Marie Wegner (Assistant Editor 1963-1972, Secretary General 1984-1996, MacDougall Award 1994, IPHF 2000)
Donald Shaver (IPHF 1988)
Paul Hocking (IPHF 2016)

WPSA programmes
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the travel grant programmes, the speakers’ bureau programme and proposals for Branch development can be found on the WPSA website. Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected.

WPSA presence at exhibitions and conferences
WPSA was present at the International Production and Processing Expo in Atlanta, USA; VIV MEA, Abu Dhabi; AGRA ME, Dubai, UAE; Victam Asia, Bangkok, Thailand and VIV Europe, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Visitors could collect promotional materials of WPSA, the WPS Journal, WPC 2020 and other symposia and conferences which were on display. More and more the booth becomes a meeting place for members from several countries.

The Asian Pacific Poultry Conference held in Bangkok, Thailand, 25-27 March, was a great success. Over 1200 participants came from all over the world.
From 9-11 May the International Poultry Conference in Nigde, organised by the Turkish branch of WPSA, from 15-17 May the International Conference in Sergiev Posad, organised by the Russian branch of WPSA, and from 16-19 June the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, Torino, organised by the Italian branch, were attended. All conferences were very well attended and proved that knowledge dissemination is very important and this type of meetings are an excellent tool for that purpose.

During the next month’s several conferences and other (branch) meetings are scheduled. To mention some, in September the European Poultry Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia. In November the Algerian branch organizes the Algerian and Maghreb conference in Constantine, Algeria and in Atlanta, USA, there is the Poultry Summit on innovation. For the last months of 2018 other meetings and symposia are announced in New Zealand, Pakistan, Poland and Spain. Members are invited to attend the events and to meet many WPSA members and representatives.
Details on these and other meetings and exhibitions can be found in the calender on the WPSA website (www.wpsa.com).

Change of officers Asia Pacific Federation
During the Asia Pacific Poultry Conference in Bangkok, Thailand, representatives of Asia Pacific Federation member branches met.
Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue, Thailand, was elected president and is the successor of Alan Gibbins, New Zealand, who was the president for 12 years.
The China branch will organize the next APPC 2022.

Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organizes training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.

Data Privacy
25 May 2018, the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) will come into effect. In order to comply with this regulation (and data protection regulations in other parts of the world), the data privacy page on our website, explains how we collect personal data and in what way we use them.

Dr Roel Mulder

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

For many of us, the summer months are full of scientific society events. In July, I attended the Poultry Science Association (PSA) Meeting in San Antonio, Texas. I was joined by WPSA President Dr Ning Yang, and First Vice President, Dr Bob Buresh. While none of us particularly enjoyed the record-breaking Texas heat wave, we did enjoy many good presentations and high on that list was the WPSA Lecture sponsored by the Canada and United States Branches of WPSA. This year’s lecture, ‘The current state and future demands of the poultry industry: will we meet our commitments?’ was most ably presented by Dr Rick Kleyn of SPESFEED (Pty) Ltd., Broederstroom, South Africa. I met with the Board of the United States Branch and gave an international WPSA update at the Joint Luncheon Meeting of the two branches. In addition, I tried to spend as much time as possible in the Student Poster Sessions, where I visited with students and let them know about Travel Grant opportunities available through WPSA.

In August I travelled to Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia for the 25 Anniversary Conference of AMEVEA, Bolivia. Besides staffing a WPSA booth, after several years of work I was able to see the official start of a WPSA Bolivia Branch. I was joined by WPSA Past President, Dr Edir Da Silva, as we inaugurated the new Branch during the Gala Banquet festivities. I am proud to announce that Dr Sergio Salazar is the founding Branch President, and Dr Fernando Pena Torrez is, the founding Branch Secretary-Treasurer for Bolivia.

2018 news bolivia 1 2018 news bolivia 2

WPSA Past President Edir de Silva & WPSA Treasurer Francine Bradley (on Right) pictured before Gala dinner for the new Bolivian Brach with (in the front row) founding Pres. & Secretary of WPSA - Bolivia: Dr. Sergio Salazar and Dr. Mirtha Rivadineira, respectively, as well as other AMEVEA officers and invited guests in the back row

Dr. Carlos Lopez Coello (President of WPSA-Mexico) and Dr. Francine Bradley (WPSA Treasurer) with a group of Bolivian veterinary students.

In between travels, I have finalized the Treasurer’s Report of the 2017 books, which I will present at the upcoming Board Meeting. The 2017 financials were reviewed by the Committee of Drs. Mickey Hall (Clemson University) and Karen Schwean-Lardner (University of Saskatoon). A proposed budget for 2019 has been prepared and will be reviewed at the Board Meeting.

Looking forward to seeing many of you at the European Poultry Conference in Dubrovnik,

Dr Francine Bradley


Branch Development Programme

In the Board meeting held during WPC2016 in Beijing, China, the Board decided to increase the funds available for Branch Development by making a formal call for Branch Development Proposals. In 2018 we approved proposals from Croatia and Senegal.

For more information click here.

Next deadline for submission of Branch Development Proposals is January 1st.


Obituaries

Recently several former board officers, International Poultry Hall of Fame (IPHF) and/or MacDougall award recipients have passed away.

  • Rose-Marie Wegner (Assistant Editor 1963-1972, Secretary General 1984-1996, MacDougall Award 1994, IPHF 2000)
  • Paul Hocking (IPHF 2016)
  • Donald Shaver (IPHF 1988)

Rose-Marie Wegner

1924-2018

wegnerProfessor Dr Rose-Marie Wegner was born on 16 March 1924 in Pegnitz/Tilsit. After an apprenticeship in agriculture from 1943 to 1945 she studied general agriculture in Halle/Saale and in Bonn. She received her Diploma in Agricultural Science from the University of Bonn in 1950 and graduated at the same University in 1952. Thereafter she was employed as a scientific assistant at the Institute of Animal Husbandry and moved in 1961 into the special field of Poultry and Small Animal Sciences. After five years of research and teaching in poultry, rabbits and fur animal production, she was appointed Professor and head of the Breeding and Management of Small Animals section. From January to June 1966 she was guest professor at the poultry science department of Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio. In 1976 she accepted the position of Director of the Federal Institute for Small Animal Research in Celle, where she worked until her retirement in 1989.
Rose-Marie Wegner joined the WPSA in 1952 when the German Branch was first established. She was elected as board member of the German Branch in 1962 and as secretary in 1972. In 1984 she was elected as secretary of WPSA and served in this position until 1996. She worked very hard over these years for the Association and it was not easy in those days as the automatisation level was low and the financial position of WPSA was poor, resulting in her personal sponsorship of the international organisation over many years. For this the WPSA has great respect for her work and contribution to the association.
In the beginning of her scientific career, Rose-Marie Wegner worked in poultry nutrition. Later she focused on rural work on poultry management systems. As a member of the working group IX, Poultry Welfare and Management, of the European Federation of WPSA she was in close cooperation with colleagues of other countries. In 1985 she organised the International Symposium on Poultry Welfare in Celle. She was actively involved in the development of non-cage systems for laying hens, including get-away cages and aviaries. Under her leadership the Institute of small animals in Celle became an important centre for the development of management systems. At that time the welfare of laying hens was a highly political issue in Germany and Europe, and as director of the research station, Rose-Marie Wegner was exposed to criticism from welfare oriented NGOs as well as of public media and egg industry. By virtue of her friendly but resolute approach, she was able to act as mediator between welfare organisations, farmer organisations and governmental authorities.
As a scientist and secretary of WPSA she was in continuous contact and shared ideas and information with many poultry institutes worldwide. On the basis of her scientific work and her merits as secretary of the WPSA she was accepted in the International Poultry Hall of Fame at the World`s Poultry Congress in Montreal 2000. To acknowledge the meritorious service as secretary of the Association she received also the Macdougall Award in Glasgow in 1994. Furthermore she was awarded the Order of merits of the Federal Government of Germany.
After her retirement she became an Honourable Member of the German Branch and continued participating in the activities and meetings of WPSA.
Rose-Marie Wegner passed away 13 April 2018 at 94 years of age.

Paul Hocking

1948-2018
hocking iphf 2016Paul Hocking was born in 1948 and grew up on a mixed farm near Exeter in Devon. He read agriculture at Reading University and obtained a postgraduate Diploma in Genetics at Edinburgh University in 1970. From 1970 to 1977 he worked for a secretariat providing services to cattle breeding societies. His work on a selection programme for dairy shorthorn cattle formed the basis for his PhD awarded in 1978 by Reading University. After 3 years lecturing at Reading he spent the next 2 years as a research fellow at the Animal Research Centre in Ottawa. It was there that he started to transfer his genetic interests from cattle to poultry. In 1983 he joined the Nutrition Department at the Poultry Research Centre in Edinburgh with the remit to study the topic of feed restriction in breeding birds. He remained there for the rest of his career seeing many changes, with the centre by the time of his retirement having been absorbed into the Roslin Institute and subsequently the Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Science in the University of Edinburgh.

Paul quickly made a name in what became known as the broiler breeder paradox. The large body of work that defined the reproductive biology of broiler breeders and its control by feed restriction made him the go-to person for broiler and turkey breeder reproductive and welfare research. All Paul’s work was characterised by well-designed experiments and careful conclusions that led to sound understanding. This standing was recognised by the European Food Standard agency, with him serving on their Panels on Animal Health and Welfare of broilers and broiler breeders and in judicial reviews in the UK on breeder welfare. Paul embraced the genomic revolution and was in the forefront of setting up the populations needed to identify genes for Mendelian and quantitative traits in poultry. He also found new applications for his talents in understanding eye defects and disease susceptibility. Paul was diligent in carrying a piece of work through to its completion and was author or co-author of over 200 papers. He was a sought-after speaker and had travelled around the world on his reputation - travelling was something he much enjoyed. His work was recognised by the award of the Gordon Memorial Medal in 2013 giving his widely acclaimed lecture on the subject of ‘The unexpected consequences of genetic selection in broilers and turkeys: problems and solutions’.

Paul made a huge contribution to the committees and societies in our science community. He was a prominent figure in the UK branch of the World Poultry Science Association (WPSA). He served as its President and played an important role in several of the Poultry Science Symposia organised by the Branch. Paul also made a major contribution to the European Federation of WPSA. He was Vice President from 2006 to 2010 and the UK representative on Working Group 3 (Genetics). He organised the 7th Symposium of the Group in Scotland. He was a Council Member of British Poultry Science and in 2010 became its Joint Editor.
Paul was popular with his colleagues and with his thoughtful, friendly demeanour was a welcome collaborator on many projects. His unique style of after dinner jokes has been imitated but not matched. His service to the science and community that underpins such a major industry has left a lasting legacy. All these things, except the jokes, were recognised when Paul was elected to the International Poultry Hall of Fame at the World Poultry Congress in Beijing in 2016.

Paul had latterly decreased his work load to part time, preparatory to moving back to his roots in Devon. He had started his new life there, much preferring the milder climate to that of Edinburgh. It is a great pity that the rapid onset of a cancer deprived him of more years of retirement. He leaves a wife, Denise, son Chris and daughters Michelle and Jenny. He will be much missed by them and also his many friends and colleagues around the world.

Donald Shaver

1920-2018

Donald ShaverOne of the first Canadians inducted into the International Poultry Hall of Fame, Donald Shaver, founder of Shaver Poultry Breeding Farms Ltd., has died, a few days short of his 98th birthday.
Donald Shaver was born and grew up in Galt, now part of Cambridge, Ontario. As a teenager he kept chickens in the backyard of his urban home, and in a vacant lot next door.
He joined the Canadian army in the second World War, achieved the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, and was part of the force that liberated The Netherlands in 1945.

After the war, he extended his interest in poultry breeding and established a hatchery and feed mill in Galt. He assembled a large collection of White Leghorn lines purchased from other breeders and began crossbreeding experiments that led to the development of the Shaver Starcross 288. The outstanding performance of this hybrid encouraged Shaver to expand his operations and begin selling parent stock to franchise hatcheries in Canada and the United States. He built a larger hatchery and established a breeding farm adjacent to his home on the outskirts of Galt. By the mid 1960’s new farms were added, and a much larger hatchery, as the business expanded around the world.

At its height, Shaver Poultry Breeding Farms Ltd. was selling breeding stock in more than 90 countries. Subsidiary companies were established in the US, Great Britain, France, and Germany. There were joint ventures in Pakistan, New Zealand, India and Barbados. The company expanded into brown egg layers and meat chickens, which were sold alongside the highly successful white egg Starcross 288. By the mid 1970’s there were four breeding farms in Cambridge, and two hatcheries. Breeding development work took place in France and Great Britain as well as in Canada.

Donald Shaver was himself responsible for a large part of the Company’s success and expansion. He travelled extensively, probably spending between one third and one half of his time overseas. While at home he worked 16 hours seven days a week, and expected similar commitment from his staff.

Initially, most of the genetics input came from consultants, of which Dr R.K. Cole of Cornell University was the most active. In-house geneticists were hired beginning in the 1960’s and two were employed at the time of Donald Shaver’s retirement in 1985.

Early on, during a period of rapid expansion, Cargill Inc. of Minneapolis became part owners of Shaver Poultry Breeding Farms. When Donald Shaver retired in 1985, they became sole owners and soon sold the Company to ISA in France, and they in turn were taken over by what has now become Hendrix Genetics. This Company still maintains two of the breeding farms and a busy hatchery in Cambridge.
Shaver also established a beef breeding business and it became quite successful, selling frozen semen and embryos internationally. However, when one case of mad-cow disease occurred in Alberta in 1995, the international market shut down and the beef business closed.

After retirement, Donald Shaver maintained his lifelong advocacy for sustainable agriculture. He made his final presentation on this topic in 2016. He was also involved as a Director in energy, insurance, communication and manufacturing. He was Chairman of Canada Development Investment Corporation until 2008.

Among many awards, Donald Shaver received honorary doctorates from the Universities of McGill, Guelph and Alberta, and was an Officer of the Order of Canada. He is survived by two sons and two daughters, grandchildren and great-grandchildren.


epc2018 website 

 
  XV EUROPEAN POULTRY CONFERENCE  

   Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17-21 September 2018 


The Croatian Branch has finalised the preparation for EPC 2018 which will be held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, on September 17-21, 2018. EPC 2018 will have a very interesting scientific programme, so you are warmly invited to join us and contribute to the Congress!

The Conference will be held in the Valamar Hotel & Resorts in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from 17-21 September, and they anticipate that more than 1,000 participants from all over the world will be in attendance to improve their knowledge of poultry research and production.

More information can be found on the web site www.epc2018.com

Conference topics

  • Economics and Marketing
  • Nutrition
  • Breeding and Genetics
  • Egg Safety and Quality
  • Poultry Meat Quality and safety
  • Reproduction and Incubation
  • Poultry Health
  • Poultry Housing and management
  • Poultry Welfare
  • Turkeys
  • Education an Information
  • Physiology
  • Family Poultry Production
  • Antibiotic Resistance
  • Other

EPC2018 Programme at a glance

MONDAY, 17TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Welcome cocktail and Opening Ceremony

TUESDAY, 18TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon

WEDNESDAY 19TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon
Gala dinner

THURSDAY, 20TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Workshops in the afternoon
Closing ceremony

FRIDAY, 21ST SEPTEMBER 2018
Technical tour and Youth programme

Plenary Speakers and the titles of their Lectures

(Alphabetical order)

Barbut, Shai: New insights on breast myopathies
De Cesare, Alessandra: Metagenomic insights into the dynamics of microbial communities in poultry and poultry products : current challenges and future opportunities.
Humphrey, Tom: Campylobacter infection compromises broiler health, welfare and performance.
Norton, Tomas: Application of precision livestock farming technologies in the poultry sector.
Nys, Yves: How scientific innovation may improve egg production and quality on the development of non-food uses of eggs.
Ryhlil, Ivan: Microbiota, chicken gut health, and antibiotic reduction/resistance.
Savic, Vladimir: Viral infections of poultry – the globally challenging situation.
Siegert, Wolfgang: Non-essential amino acids – the forgotten nutrients.
Sossidou, Evangelia N.: Managing on-farm health and welfare risks to promote sustainability in poultry.
Steenfeldt, Sanna: Alternative protein sources for poultry nutrition.
Tixier-Boichard, Michelle: Are there limits to selection in poultry: theoretical, biological, ethical, environmental?
Yalcin, Servet: Preincubation and incubation conditions, hatching time and broiler growth.

WPSA’s Croatian Branch members are looking forward to welcoming you to Dubrovnik

Helga Medic, Secretary, Croatia Branch


European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and the end of 2018.
News from a number of European Federation's working groups is provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

The next European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN2019) will be organised by the Polish Branch, and will be held in Gdansk, Poland from 10-13 June 2019. We will look forward to seeing all of you there.

WG4

Eggs and Egg Quality

WG4 currently has representatives from 21 countries and meets every 2 years at a key WPSA event. Every other year the group holds its own joint ‘EGGMEAT’ symposia with WG5 (Poultry Meat Quality). The aim of these symposia is to bring like-minded people together to discuss hot topics in the field of egg and meat quality.

2019 eggmeat bannerEGGMEAT2019: The Turkish Branch of WPSA will host our next EGGMEAT symposium in Çeşme-Izmir, Turkey from the 23rd - 25th June 2019. Çeşme is a coastal town located at the end of Western Anatolia and is surrounded on three sides by the Aegean Sea. It is a prominent centre of international tourism in Turkey, famous for its excellent holiday accommodations, restaurants and entertainment facilities. Further details about EGGMEAT2019 are available on the conference website http://www.eggmeat2019.com/index.html#divdavet.

EPC2018: Members of WG4 attending EPC2018 are cordially invited to attend the next meeting of the group which will take place on Thursday 20th September 2018. Key items for our agenda will be the scientific programme for EGGMEAT2019 and Horizon 2020 funding opportunities under work programme 2018-2020 ( http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/wp/2018-2020/main/h2020-wp1820-food_en.pdf ) . Details of the venue and time of our meeting will be made available during the conference.

For further information about WG4 membership and associated activities please contact Prof Maureen Bain ().

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2019 eggmeat banner
The ‘XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ in Çeşme, İzmir, Turkey between 23 -26 June 2019. Visit http://www.eggmeat2019.com to keep you updated. Special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.

WG10

Turkeys

Meeting of Work Group 10 of WPSA (Turkey)
Turkey Production and Health: Challenges and opportunities
Berlin, Germany, 18th - 20th May 2017

To strengthen the dialog between persons involved in the different production stages, especially veterinarians and agriculturists, but also economists, and to exchange new results of scientific works and practical experiences, we have organised in Berlin since 2000 on behalf of the European Federation’s Working Group 10 on Turkeys international symposia. The aim of these symposia has been to stimulate the exchange of current information and ideas related to turkey production and health as well as to focus attention on specific problems and encouraging new approaches to solve them.

The 2017 symposium, was held between 18th - 20th May 2017 with the title ‘Turkey Production and Health: Challenges and Opportunities.’ It was attended by 92 scientists and experts from 19 countries (Algeria, Austria, Brazil, Canada, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Morocco, Nigeria, Syria, Sweden, The Netherlands, Tunis, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States of America).

Currently several factors and problems face and influence the production of turkeys worldwide. Today’s intensive turkey production involves areas of conflict between consumer protection, animal welfare and economics; and it requires a lot of knowledge about breeding, husbandry practices, nutrition, diseases, slaughter and marketing, as well as knowledge regarding government regulations and legislations related to turkey production and health. Many human foodborne bacterial infections have been linked to poultry. Control and/or elimination of these organisms present a great challenge. The development of antibiotic resistant bacteria also is a continuous public health concern. On the other hand, only a few authorised pharmaceutical veterinary products will be available for the treatment of turkeys as food producing animals. Vaccination today and in the future is regarded as one of the most beneficial interventions to prevent diseases. The use of future progressive vaccine production can significantly reduce the cost of vaccines, ensure better efficacy, and allow easy and rapid intervention to face the steady mutation of the microorganisms involved. Furthermore, the development of efficient vaccines against bacterial infections will lead to a reduction of the use of antibiotics and subsequently will reduce the development of resistant bacteria. In general, consumer expectations for high quality products will strongly influence future production methods. This means that farmers, veterinarians, stockholders and all other partners involved in the production chain need to share more responsibilities.

At the 2017 symposium, 29 oral presentations were held in several different sections. Topics related to current and future challenges of turkey production and health in several countries were given. Other papers covered existing problems and solution throughout the entire production chain from the hatchery to the slaughterhouse. These included the effects of stress, light, and rearing management, as well as stocking density on animal welfare aspects and performances. In addition, several papers were presented that dealt with the effects of feed quality, litter quality, and footpad health on performance. Other papers dealt with current health problems and their diagnosis, as well as with problems related to antibiotic resistance and control methods. Special attention was given to histomoniasis and avian influenza (H5N8), and problems affecting trade with turkey and turkey products. The proceedings (181 pages) with the complete articles in English was published by Mensch & Buch Verlag (ISBN 3978-3-86387-884-9)

Last but not least, I would like to express my gratitude to all individuals who worked in the planning and co-ordination of the symposium, especially the staff of the Institute of Poultry Diseases at the Free University Berlin.

The 10th ‘Hafez’ International Symposium on Turkey Production will be held in Berlin, Germany; May/June 2019. I hope to see you in Berlin.

Prof. Dr H. M. Hafez
Chair of Working Group 10
World’s Poultry Science Association
Federation of European Branches
Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin
Königsweg 63
14163 Berlin, Germany


Asia Pacific Federation

Asia Pacific Federation Meeting

The Asia Pacific Federation held its General Meeting on 26th March during the Asian Pacific Poultry Conference in Bangkok. This was well attended by delegates from nine of the Federation branches as well as the President of WPSA, Dr Ning Yang and the General Secretary of WPSA, Dr Roel Mulder.
The current President, Senior Vice President and Junior Vice President of the Asia/Pacific Federation, their four-year terms at an end, stepped down. In the following election of officers of the Federation Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue from the Thailand branch was elected as the new President with Mr Chuang Ma from the China branch elected as Senior Vice-President and Dr Nasir Mukhtar from the Pakistan branch elected as Junior Vice-President.
The office of Secretary is not an elected one, so in due course a new Secretary will be chosen and announced by the Presidents. The outgoing Secretary is Dr M. Abdollahi from the New Zealand branch.
The Immediate Past President, Mr Alan Gibbins from the New Zealand branch, who had served in this role for 12 years congratulated the new leadership of the Federation and wished them and the Federation well for the future.
Under another agenda item, the selection of host for the upcoming 12th APPC was made. This was gained by the China branch. The meeting attendees thanked the China branch for taking on this huge responsibility.
Other discussions at the meeting focussed on the Federation’s Constitution and a draft protocol for the selection of hosts for future Federation conferences.

Alan Gibbins, President Asian/Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

The next Ratite Science Symposium is being planned for 2020. Anyone who is involved in ratite research and is interested in joining the Ratite Working Group is asked to contact Anel Engelbrecht at .

Anel Engelbrecht


World's Poultry Science Journal

You are likely aware that the last few years have seen academic publishers engaging with scholarly collaboration networks in various ways, trying to balance their popularity with authors and researchers against concerns over large-scale copyright infringement. Cambridge University Press, along with SpringerNature and Thieme, has just signed an agreement with ResearchGate to foster responsible sharing - see our joint statement here. Other publishers took part in the negotiations and are working to have a deal in place soon.

Click here for the full article.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • Anthony Ike - The benefits of supplementation with antibiotic alternatives on Newcastle disease virus titres in poultry
  • Heder Lima - Vitamin A in the diet of laying hens: enrichment of table eggs to prevent nutritional deficiencies in humans
  • Ali Aygun - Poultry semen cryopreservation technologies
  • Vladimir Titov - The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the body growth rate of birds
  • Aisha Khatoon - An extensive review of experimental ochratoxicosis in poultry: I. Growth and production parameters along with histopathological alterations
  • Bruno Vieira - Combination of phytase and organic acid for broilers: role in mineral digestibility and phytic acid degradation

Summaries

The benefits of supplementation with antibiotic alternatives on Newcastle disease virus titres in poultry

A.O. EMECHETA, A.C. IKE, C.J. ONU, C.D. EZE and C.V. OLOVO

Newcastle disease is one of the most important diseases of poultry with wide distribution and high fatalities. An infection with a virulent strain can cause up to 100% fatality in a susceptible flock, with devastating economic losses. In-feed antibiotics are not directly effective against Newcastle disease virus (NDV), but they may assist in prevent associated production problems. With in-feed antibiotics being controlled or banned, prebiotics, particularly those sourced from spices, and probiotics have been investigated as potential alternatives for maintaining seroconversion in poultry vaccinated against NDV. Certain prebiotics have a positive effect on anti-NDV antibodies but using spices as sources of prebiotics gave no clearly defined results. Garlic extract was reported to increase the mean haemagglutination inhibition (HI) titre of NDV by 0.6 after two weeks of supplementation, increasing titres by 4.0 in the vaccinated group compared to an increase of 3.4 in vaccinated unsupplemented group. However, onion-based compounds did not improve anti-NDV antibodies. The majority of studies have found that probiotics improved antibody levels and seroconversion to NDV vaccines in poultry. A commercial probiotic, containing a mixture of Bacillus species and Saccharomyces boulardii when used at a concentration of 100 g/ton was found to significantly increase the anti-NDV titre (log2) from 5.00 to 5.50. Another commercial probiotic, consisting of a combination of bacteria, reduced mortality by 6.6% at a concentration of 1 g/kg. Additional studies are needed to define the conditions and forms in which both the pre- and pro-biotics work best with respect to NDV control.

Vitamin A in the diet of laying hens: enrichment of table eggs to prevent nutritional deficiencies in humans

H.J.D. LIMA and L.A.Z. SOUZA

The concentration of vitamin A in egg yolk is directly related to its inclusion in the diet of laying hens. The vitamin A concentration of the egg yolk is 79 µg/100 g or 263 UI/100 g, and the concentration in 60 g eggs increased from 59 to 75 µg in response to an increase in dietary vitamin A supplementation. Currently, the level of vitamin A recommended for laying hens is 900 UI/day or 9,000 UI/kg feed and 15,000 UI/kg of egg mass. The bioavailability of preformed vitamin A in the egg ranges from 90 to 100%, accounting for about 15% of the daily recommended dietary intake for humans, while bioavailability may vary from 10 to 67%. The table egg is a functional food for humans that can be enriched with vitamin A, and its consumption could be an alternative to prevent and reduce the prevalence of deficiencies, especially in risk groups, such as children and the elderly.

Poultry semen cryopreservation technologies

H.B. ÇİFTCİ and A. AYGÜN

Several techniques have been developed for the preservation and improvement of genetic resources to maintain genetic diversity. Among those techniques, semen cryopreservation is thought to be the best and successfully applied by dairy and beef industries, but so far, it has not been established in the poultry industry. This is because poultry sperm cells have a unique shape and membrane fluidity, differing from those of mammalian sperm. Also, poultry sperm membranes contain higher quantities of polyunsaturated fatty acids than mammalian sperm, and hence may require more antioxidant protection. Due to the peculiarity of poultry sperm cells, commonly used cryoprotectants for cryopreservation have a contraceptive or toxic effect. This renders the fertility of frozen poultry sperm to become highly variable and not reliable enough for use in commercial production or preservation of genetic resources. The average fertility of frozen/thawed poultry sperm ranges between 2-80%. Therefore, this paper reviews the possible reasons for the lower success of poultry sperm cryopreservation.

The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the body growth rate of birds

V.YU. TITOV, A.M. DOLGORUKOVA, V.I. FISININ, E.N. BORKHUNOVA, G.V. KONDRATOV, N.A. SLESARENKO and I.I. KOCHISH

It has been established that embryogenesis is accompanied by the intense production of nitric oxide (NO). Based on available data, the rate of NO production is roughly equal in all embryos of the same poultry species. However, the rate of NO oxidation to nitrate in embryos of meat breeds is higher than in embryos of egg breeds. In broiler embryos about 90% of all produced NO is oxidised to nitrate. In embryos from egg breeds only several per cent of the NO oxidised to nitrate and the other NO is stored in the embryonic tissues included in NO donors. The intensity of NO oxidation in bird embryo is not depended on sex, age of the layer and feeding regime. Intensity of oxidation varies by no more than 10% within a breed strain or cross. Breeding to increase meat productivity is always associated with an increase in the intensity of NO oxidation in the embryo. There is no direct relationship between the increase in NO oxidation and the live weight gain. It can vary from hundreds of percent to several percent depending on the breed. Moreover, morphological differences between breeds with high and low intensity of embryonic NO oxidation are manifested only after hatching, as synthesis of NO is much lower than in the embryo. It has been presumed that NO oxidation is associated with the synthesis or activation of the factor(s) involved with enhanced growth of meat tissue. This is predetermined genetically and can be partly induced by exogenous stimulants, such as green light. The rate of embryonic NO oxidation can therefore be a useful criterion in practical selection of poultry and in the evaluation of growth enhancers acting at the embryonic level.

An extensive review of experimental ochratoxicosis in poultry: I. Growth and production parameters along with histopathological alterations

A. KHATOON and Z. ABIDIN

The presence of certain mycotoxins within poultry feed has a negative impact upon the growth and the quality of the final product in the form of meat and eggs. More than 300 different chemically diverse mycotoxins have been identified, but ochratoxins and aflatoxins are considered to be most harmful to the poultry industry. Ochratoxin, more importantly ochratoxin A (OTA) is produced by different species of Aspergillus and Penicillium spp. which are present as storage fungi within the stored grains and feed ingredients. Body weight gain has been found to decrease in a dose dependent manner when infected at rates of 0.5-29.4 mg/kg for 7-60 days in different experimental studies. Decreased feed intake has been observed at levels of 0.5-4 mg/kg OTA fed for 21-60 days, while egg production, hatchability, eggshell thickness and egg mass production is severely affected when 0.5-4 mg/kg OTA in feed was fed for 28-84 days. However, 0.5-20 mg/kg OTA given for between two and 10 weeks of age was sufficient to produce histopathological alterations in the liver, kidney, thymus, bursa of Fabricius, spleen, lungs and heart. The research shows that OTA adversely affects every organ in birds and, in the following review, OTA associated alterations in growth parameters, production performance and histopathological disturbances of different body organs are discussed.

Combination of phytase and organic acid for broilers: role in mineral digestibility and phytic acid degradation

B.S. VIEIRA, J.G. CARAMORI JUNIOR, C.F.S. OLIVEIRA and G.S.S. CORREA

The following review covers current and classical knowledge regarding the positive effects of organic acids on phytase activity and phytate P availability in broiler chickens. Despite the improvements achieved for phytase stability under gastrointestinal conditions, intrinsic characteristics of phytic acid, dietary components and the digestive tract favour phytate formation and, consequently, inhibit the degradation of phytic acid and other inositol phosphates by phytase. Organic acids, more frequently citric acid, have been shown to decrease phytate establishment and enhance phytase activity. When supplemented alone, citric acid increased P retention by 16 to 34% and phytate P retention by 105% in broilers. When combined with phytase, 3.27% better tibia ash has been reported. From the available data, it appears that combined use of phytases and organic acids deserves greater consideration in modern poultry nutrition.



Branch News

Algeria

On the behalf of the organising and scientific committees, of the combined 5th National Symposium and the 2nd Maghrebin Journee’s of Poultry Science, the Algerian Poultry Science Association (APSA) invites its colleagues to participate in this event.

The meeting will be held from 2-4 November 2018 in Constantine at the El-Khayem Hotel. The topics of discussion will include:

Poultry welfare
Poultry feeding and nutrition
Prophylaxis and pathology
Hygiene and quality of the poultry products
Reproduction and selection

For more details on this event, please visit our web site: http://symposium2018.simplesite.com/. We look forward to welcoming you to the city of bridges ‘Constantine’ on November 2 to 4.

Dr O. Bennoune, Algerian Branch Secretary

Austria

The Austrian Branch of WPSA is organising its first WPSA-AT Meeting for the 24th of November 2018 in Vienna. This will be a one-day meeting, which will take place at the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences and will cover ‘The Use of Antibiotics in Laying Hen Operations'.

Simone Schaumberger, Austria Branch Secretary

Bangladesh

The 11th International Poultry Show & Seminar-2019 of World's Poultry Science Association-Bangladesh Branch (WPSA-BB) is going to be held on the following schedules:

11th International Technical Seminar on Poultry - 2019
Date: 5th-6th March, 2019
Venue: Dhaka Regency Hotel & Resort
City: Dhaka, Bangladesh

Contact:
Prof. Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam
Convener
Professor, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Vet Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh
Email:

11th International Poultry Show-2019
Date : 7th-9th March, 2019
Venue: International Convention City Bashundhara (ICCB), Dhaka
City: Dhaka, Bangladesh

Contact:
Md. Mahabub Hassan
General Secretary, WPSA-BB
Email: ,
Website: www.wpsa-bb.com 

&
Mr. Zahidul Islam
Convener
Email :

China

On 20-21 August 2018, members of the China Branch of WPSA attended the 10th executive committee meeting of the Chinese Association of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, CAAV – Poultry Branch in Xinyang, Henan Province, China. The secretary of WPSA-CN provided our planned agenda for WPSA-CNs session, and the potential invited speakers for the 19th Annual Conference of Poultry Science to be held in 2019. Meanwhile, preparation is underway for a Symposium on Chicken Quality, and plans for the 2018 annual meeting of CAAV are also being discussed.

Dr Jiangxia ZHENG, China Branch Secretary 

France

20WPC blocmarque blocdates

The French Branch of WPSA is delighted to invite you to participate in the upcoming World Poultry Congress that will be held from the 16-20 August 2020 in the attractive city of Paris. Information can be found on the web site http://www.wpcparis2020.com/

Please notice that the organisers propose an Early Sponsoring period for the 2020 World Poultry Congress. The Congress will be held in Paris and will attract more than 3000 attendees from all over the world: experts, scientists, researchers, production specialists will participate in presenting and discussing their most recent findings. The early sponsoring will allow our partners to have the benefit of longer visibility (three years before the event), larger opportunities in the sponsoring of activities, as well as eligibility for a 15% discount in 2018. If you are interested and want to know more about this opportunity, please contact us at  or

For more information: http://www.wpcparis2020.com/ 

Yves Nys, President–WPSA France

Israel

The 53rd Annual Conference of the Israeli Branch will take place at the end of November 2018 in Tel Aviv. During that 2-day conference, we plan to hold about 15 sessions covering a variety of scientific topics and issues concerning the poultry industry. During the conference, Israeli companies from various sectors of the poultry industry will present their unique products and technological innovations.

We expect to host about 550 participants.

Yitzhak Malka, Israel Branch Secretary

Italy

During its April annual meeting, the general assembly of the Italian Branch elected its officers for the next three years (2018-2021):

  • President: Martino Cassandro (University of Padua)
  • Vice-Presidents: Franco Calini (Consultant for feed industry)
  • Secretary/Treasurer: Massimiliano Petracci (University of Bologna)
  • Members: Francesco Biguzzi, Cesare Castellini, Silvia Cerolini, Paolo Chignola, Margherita Marzoni Fecia Di Cossato, Achille Schiavone, Federico Sirri, Ghassan Sayegh.
  • College of the revisers: Valentina Ferrante, Nicolaia Iaffaldano, Alex Franzoni

Massimiliano Petracci, Branch Secretary

Japan

The 2018 Autumn Meeting of JPSA will be held at Tohoku University in Sendai, Miyagi, during 5–6 September. The meeting will contain an open symposium, as well as council and general meetings. A symposium will be held on the revision of the Food Sanitation Law and its influences on the poultry industry. Detailed information on the fall meeting will be provided on the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/oshirase/?lang=en).

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS, the official journal of JPSA, Impact Factor: 0.771) always welcomes the submission of reviews and original papers. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to have access to its published articles.

JPSA wants to contribute to poultry science in Japan and all over the world by enhancing its international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA always welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit our JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

Naoki Goto, Secretary Japan Branch

Pakistan

2018 news pakistan septThe Pakistan Branch of WPSA will organise a two day ‘National Poultry Symposium on Poultry Health & Welfare (NPSPHW)’ on 11-12 December 2018 to be held in the University Auditorium at PMAS Arid Agriculture University, 46300 Rawalpindi (Islamabad) Pakistan. The organising committee for NPSPHW would like to invite delegates to participate in this Symposium’s events that will be held in this beautiful city of Pakistan. Scientists, experts, researchers and other personnel involved in the poultry industry should attend to share their most recent findings. If you are interested and want to know more about this wonderful opportunity, please contact Asst. Prof. Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Email: , Cell: +92 (0) 300720074.

Nasir Mukhtar, Vice-President of the Pakistan Branch

Spain

The Spanish Branch will be holding its LV Symposium Cientifico De Avicultura on October 3-4, 2018 in Madrid, Spain.

Contact: Secretaría Técnica
E-mail:  
Website: www.wpsa-aeca.es 
Teléfono: + 34 983 474 494
Móvil: + 34 617 331 513

Juan Antonio Játiva, Secretaría AECA-WPSA

South Africa

The South African Branch will hold the 36th Scientific Day on Wednesday 31 October 2018 at the CSIR Conference Centre in Pretoria, South Africa. Theme of the meeting is 'Latest Developments in Layer and Breeder Production'.

Programme

  08h00-08h45 Registration and Coffee
First Session Chairperson Dr Nickey Tyler
  09h00-09h05 Welcome - Johan du Plessis/Nicky Tyler
  09h05-09h50 Prof Martin ZuidhofUniversity of Alberta, Canada - Precision feeding: Perfecting broiler breeder flock uniformity
  09h50-10h30 Prof Maureen BainUniversity of Glasgow, UK - The science of eggshell quality and it's assessment
     
Tea break 10h30-11h00  
     
Second Session Chairperson Mr Dean Backhouse
  11h00-11h40 Mr Peter Arts - Hendricks-Genetics, NetherlandsThe latest developments in layer & breeder production
  11h40-12h20 Prof Sergio VieraUniversity Rio Grande do Sul, BrazilMicro mineral broiler breeder nutrition reassessed
  12h20-12h50 Dr Fambies Van BiljonSovereign Foods, South AfricaAI in South Africa
     
WPSA AGM  12h50-13h10 Mr Johan du Plessis
     
Lunch  13h10-14h00  
     
Third session  Chairperson Ms Gay Boomgaard
  14h00-14h45 Prof Martin ZuidhofUniversity of Alberta, CanadaPrecision feeding: Practical insights from every bird's unique story
  14h45-15h30 Prof Maureen BainUniversity of Glasgow, UKStabilizing eggshell quality in extended laying cycles
  15h30-16h00 Dr Peter PlumsteadChemunique, South AfricaLimestone quality and effects on calcium and phosphorus digestibility
     
Acknowledgement 16h00-16h15 Mr Jannie Maritz

 For more information, email:  or contact Mr Johan du Plessis at +27 (0)82 322 5066

Sri Lanka

The Sri Lankan branch of WPSA, in collaboration with Sri Lanka Veterinary Association, and the US Soya Bean Export Council conducted their second seminar for the year on Poultry Nutrition & Management for the membership on 6th April 2018 at Hotel Topaz Kandy. This was conducted as a part of the branch’s continuous effort on uplifting the knowledge of the branch’s members. About 100 WPSA & SLVA members participated in the seminar programme.

Dr Paul Rose, Reader in Poultry Science, National Institute of Poultry Husbandry, Harper Adams University was the main speaker for the seminar. Dr S.S.P Silva, Director Veterinary research institute (VRI) Sri Lanka, Dr Dilan Satharasinghe Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Vet. Medicine & Animal Science, & Athula Mahagamage Regional Technical Representative USSEC, were also among the panel of speakers.

2018 pakistan sept 1

Seminar for key medical practitioners in Kandy

The Sri Lanka Branch (WPSA-SL), in collaboration with the Sri Lanka Medical Nutrition Association, conducted a seminar on ‘Protein for a Healthy Nation’ for key medical practitioners in Kandy district, on 25th May 2018 at the Hotel Topaz Kandy. This seminar was organised by WPSA – SL as a part of its continuous attempt to build demand for chicken and eggs, island wide. Over 85 Medical officers (including consultants) were present & they actively participated in the programme.
Dr Gamini Jayakody, a consultant community physician from the central provincial director’s office in Kandy provided a good lecture on ‘The importance of protein consumption in preventing disease.’ Prof. N.S Kalupahana, a Professor from the Human Nutrition Faculty of Medicine University of Peradeniya provided another lecture on ‘Myths on nutrition related to Diabetes and non-communicable diseases.’ Finally Dr Chin How Cheong, a Poultry Veterinary Consultant in Singapore, led a discussion on ‘Myths & misconceptions related to chicken & egg consumption’.

2018 pakistan sept 2 2018 pakistan sept 3a 

The Sri Lanka Branch, again in collaboration with the Sri Lankan Veterinary Association, and the US Soya Bean Export Council conducted their third seminar for the year on Poultry Nutrition & Management Techniques from 11th June to 13th June 2018 at Hotel Topaz Kandy. The seminar was conducted as a part of our continuous effort to uplift the knowledge of the membership. Over 100 WPSA & SLVA members participated in this programme.

Professor Ravi Ravindran of Massey University in New Zealand was invited as the main speaker for this three day programme. Dr S.S.P Silva, the Director of the Veterinary Research Institute (VRI) in Sri Lanka, and Dr Nimal Priyankarage, also served with the registration.

Other individuals included on the panel of speakers included: Prof S. P. Gunarathne, Senior Lecturer, Department of Farm Animal Production; Dr Dilan Satharasinghe, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Vet. Medicine & Animal Science; Dr GSKN Gamlath, Consultant Veterinarian for poultry breeder Operation; and, Athula Mahagamage, Regional Technical Representative USSEC.

Educational & Trade mission to the Netherlands
The Embassy of the Kingdom of The Netherlands, in collaboration with Sri Lankan Branch of WPSA organised an educational & trade mission to the Netherlands for key poultry veterinarians & medium scale broiler & layer companies in Sri Lanka. This training visit was conducted from 17-24 June in parallel with the VIV Europe in Utrecht the Netherlands. Twenty two WPSA-SL members were participants in this mission.

During this programme, participants were provided comprehensive training and hands on experience with regard to on poultry management from farm to the end product, with practical exposure to spme of the latest poultry management techniques in the Netherlands. Barneveld College, the Dutch Poultry museum, and the VIV Exhibition were among the key visited sites.

2018 pakistan sept 4

Togo

The Regional Centre of Excellence for Poultry Science (CERSA) and the World’s Poultry Science Association - Togolese branch (WPSA-Togo) will organise Panafrican Poultry Conference (PPC) from 13th to 17th May 2019. This conference will take place at Campus of University of Lome, Togo. More than 200 delegates from Togo, regional and international countries are expected to attend the conference.
Several experienced speakers drawn from both international, regional and national academia and poultry industry will be on hand to discuss the topics. Well known invited speakers will highlight bottlenecks of African poultry industry and it importance in the world. In total, six (06) thematic areas will be covered including: 1) Egg and meat processing, 2) Environment and management, 3) Feeding-Nutrition and Metabolism, 4) Genetics, 6) Reproduction and incubation and 4) Socio-economy. The programme for the PPC will be posted on CERSA web site (www.cersa-togo.org) and its links.
All those involved in poultry science and industry are encouraged to submit original research, teaching and extension papers. Information about abstracts submission will be available on www.cersa-togo.org in few weeks.

Turkey

The Turkish Branch is fully engaged in the organisation of the XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII. European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products to be held in the Aegean resort town of Çeşme (İzmir) between 23-26 June 2019.

If you are interested in participating in or in serving as a sponsor for these symposia, please visit www.eggmeat2019.com or contact Prof. Dr Servet Yalçın at or Prof. Dr Rüveyde Akbay at .

We look forward to welcoming you at the symposia next summer!

Assoc. Prof. Dr Cengizhan Mızrak, Secretary of the WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

33rd Poultry Science Symposium

The proposal for the 33rd Poultry Science Symposium is to discuss the topics of prebiotics, probiotics and the poultry microbiome, against the background of a post-antibiotic era. The tentative date for the 33rd PSS would be August 2020, with the preferred venue of Cambridge. As further planning progresses more details will appear on the WPSA UK website at www.wpsa-uk.com

Stephen Lister, UK Branch Secretary

USA

The USA and Canadian Branches of the WPSA jointly sponsored the annual WPSA lecture held during the Poultry Science Association Annual meeting in July in San Antonio, TX. The speaker was Rick Kleyn of Spesfeed (Pty) Ltd. from Rivonia, South Africa. He presented the topic ‘The current state and future demands of the poultry industry: Will we meet our commitments?’. His presentation was both very informative and challenging to all in attendance. His core message addressed the challenges of the food industry to meet the demands for food security, provide the products that consumers want and act in a sustainable manner.

Also, during the PSA annual meeting, the USA and Canadian Branches hosted a joint annual luncheon promoting fellowship and interaction between the branches.

The USA Branch also conducted its annual business meeting in San Antonio, with a majority of the Board members present. One of the key upcoming activities is a planned Branch election to replace two of our Branch Board members with terms expiring in January, 2019

Bob Buresh, USA Branch Secretary

2018 PTS Watt

 

 

Volume 46, March 2019  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting 2019
The annual board meeting will be held 18-19 July 2019 in Montreal, Canada, at the end of the annual Poultry Science Association meeting.

WPSA presence at exhibitions and conferences
WPSA was present at the International Production and Processing Expo (12-14 February 2019) in Atlanta, USA. 5-6 March and 7-9 March 2019 WPSA will be present at the bi-annual Poultry Show and seminar in Dhaka, Bangladesh. After this meeting WPSA will exhibit at VIV Asia (13-15 March 2019), Bangkok, Thailand, the 1st Panafrican Poultry Conference (13-17 May), Lomé, Togo, Victam Europe (12-14 June), Cologne, Germany, European Symposia on Poultry Nutrition (10-13 June), Gdansk, Poland and the European Symposia on the Quality of poultry meat, eggs and egg products, (23-26 June), Cesme, Turkey. Promotional materials of WPSA, the World’s Poultry Science Journal, WPC 2020 in Paris, France, other symposia and conferences will be on display. We expect to meet with many members during these events.
Details on all meetings and exhibitions can be found in the Calendar on the website. Members and all interested persons are invited to attend the events and to meet many other WPSA members and representatives.

During VIV Asia, members and the board of the Asia Pacific Federation of WPSA will meet. 

WPSA programmes
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the travel grant programmes, the speakers’ bureau programme and proposals for Branch development can be found on the WPSA website. Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications have to be rejected.

Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organizes training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. 

In 2019 the following courses are planned:

More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.

Dr Roel Mulder

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

Ah, it’s a new year and there are new record books. Faithful Branch Treasurers, I have many blank pages waiting for me to record your payments of Branch dues! The records in the 2018 record books have been compiled and forwarded to our Certified Public Accountant (CPA). Dr Mulder has also compiled the records from the Dutch accounts and those too are going in to our CPA.

It has been my pleasure to be working with some of our Latin American Branch officers. They have some exciting programmes planned for 2019, and are working to make good use of all the WPSA resources. Congratulations to our Branches in Africa and Europe who had their Speakers' Bureau and Branch Development applications approved for events happening this spring and early summer.

In mid-February I joined fellow Executive Committee (EC) Members (Drs. Mulder, Yang, and Buresh) at the International Poultry Production Exposition (IPPE) in Atlanta. We had a very productive EC meeting and started plans for this summer's Board Meeting. WPSA had a booth in Hall C at IPPE. It was an excellent opportunity to explain our organization to visitors and to greet members. Many of those individuals had travelled from around the world and included WPSA officers and members from Bolivia, Ghana, New Zealand, and many other countries.


As we look at the final page of the 2018 calendar, I send my wishes to all of you that you end the year in good health and remain active in your local Branches throughout 2019.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer


Branch Development Programme

In the Board meeting held during WPC2016 in Beijing, China, the Board decided to increase the funds available for Branch Development by making a formal call for Branch Development Proposals. In the second half of 2018 and the beginning of 2019 we approved proposals from Algeria, Turkey, Pakistan, Mexico, France and Togo.

For more information click here.

Next deadline for submission of Branch Development Proposals is July1st.


Obituaries

Henk Hupkes

Henk Hupkes, 6 June 1947 - 25 November 2018

hupkes henk cropOn Sunday November 25, 2018 the Dutch branch of the WPSA lost her charismatic member Henk Hupkes. Henk started his poultry career at Meyn Food Processing Technology B.V. in 1982: his graduation in Mechanical Engineering from the Technical University Delft provided a good basis for his diverse tasks. Henk provided an indispensable bridge between a poultry processing equipment manufacturer and the scientific world. In 1982 became member of WPSA NL and he was member of the Board of WPSA NL from 1986 to 1992. He was member of the organizing committee of the successful WPC 1992 in Amsterdam, after which he became member and secretary of the Board of the Foundation for Promoting Poultry Science until his death in November 2018. From 1982 to 2010 he attended about all WPC’s and EPC’s, as well as the symposia of Working Group 5 (Poultry Meat). In all cases his presence was undeniable due to his eagerness to learn, his friendly and optimistic attitude, and his laughter. Since 2015 Henk suffered from cancer, a battle he couldn’t win. He finally lost the battle at the age of 71 years. Henk is badly missed by his loved ones and his many friends inside and outside the W PSA. He is remembered with respect, warmth and gratitude.

Jim McNab

Jim McNab, 5 April 1940 – 1 January 2019

mcnab cropIt is with great sadness that I have to announce the death of Dr Jim McNab, who died suddenly on January 1st. He was born in Comrie, Perthshire to Mary and Donald, in April 1940, and was much loved by his parents and his sister Mary. 
Jim excelled in school, at Morrison’s Academy in Crieff. Outside studies he played for the school’s 1st rugby team and enjoyed playing the clarinet. He was also an ‘extra’ in the 1953 film ‘Johnny on the Run’. 
From 1958 to 1965, Jim attended the University of Edinburgh with great enthusiasm and enjoyment. According to his good friend Dennis, academic issues were never a problem. After graduating with an Honours Degree in Chemistry he moved on to do his PhD in 1962, adopting three ‘Objectives’, the same ones most Graduate students pursued in the 1960s, namely a PhD in three years, a post-doctoral appointment in North America and finding the love of one’s life. He achieved the last of these when he met Carol during the first month of his PhD. He duly graduated in 1965 and set out for Boulder, Colorado, returning briefly for his marriage with Carol in October 1966. After a year in Colorado, they returned home and Jim spent a year back at Edinburgh University before he joined the Nutrition Department at the Poultry Research Centre (PRC) in Edinburgh in October 1968. His research covered many aspects of poultry nutrition, including the digestion of carbohydrate and protein and developing methods for feedstuffs evaluation. He studied feed quality enhancement and assessments of non-traditional feeds. 
In 1993, Jim became the head of the large Department of Nutritional and Environmental Studies at Roslin Institute, the successor to PRC. The work of his department included behaviour, welfare and other environmental topics, as well as nutrition. He gave good leadership to this widely-based department and battled hard at senior staff meetings at the Institute where the essentially applied nature of his department’s work was regarded somewhat less favourably than some of the seemingly more exotic sciences carried out in others.
Owing to increasing pressure on government research funding, the idea of expanding commercial income from aspects of Jim’s research was proposed, including his methods for feedstuff evaluation assays. In 1997, Roslin Nutrition, a spin-out company from Roslin Institute, was born. Jim and Doug Currie were charged with managing the company, which in 2002 became a completely independent research company, which is still thriving today.
Jim was a well-known and popular figure in the poultry nutrition world and a regular speaker at industry and scientific conferences. His other activities at work included responsibility for many national and some international projects, supervising numerous PhD students, co-editing British Poultry Science for 10 years and, for a shorter period, editing World’s Poultry Science Journal. He was very active in the UK branch, organising symposia and conferences. Jim retired from the Roslin Institute in 2001 and from Roslin Nutrition in 2005.
Outside work, Jim enjoyed playing rugby, squash and bridge. He was a keen vegetable gardener and latterly an enthusiastic cook. He was a proud and loving father to his two sons, Donald and Scott and he adored his four grandchildren
When his wife Carol was asked for her thoughts she said: Jim is remembered as having a great sense of humour: being reliable, generous, loving; positive, honest and forthright; a good man, a great dad; an intellectual, wise, clever man; a kind patient and a wonderful person.
On a personal note, Jim was a mentor during my PhD, training me in various ME measurements and becoming a good friend, as well as being a previous editor of WPSJ. He is survived by his wife Carol and his children and grandchildren. I would like to thank Carol for her great help with preparing his obituary. Our thoughts are with the family at this difficult time.


World's Poultry Congress 2020, Paris, France

20WPC blocmarque blocdatesFrench Branch Announces Website for the Next World Poultry Congress
WPCPARIS2020

Dear Member of WPSA,

You will find below a first global communication to launch officially our 2020 campaign. We let you read and take the details of this event to block the dates on your calendar. Very importantly, we would really have you spread this message to your poultry network: colleagues in France or in the world, institutions, sponsors, partners… The more we communicate this event, the more successful it will be from a scientific and social standpoint.

We are really pleased to launch this first campaign now: 540 days remains – 18 months – 1 year and half. We count on your support,

On behalf of the Organizing Committee

Christophe Bostvironnois, President WPSA France

Dear Madam/Sir :

Christophe Bostvironnois, President of the French Branch of WPSA, and Michele Tixier-Boichard, Chair of WPC2020 are pleased to invite you to participate in and attend the World Poultry Congress that will be held in Paris, France, on 16-20 August 2020. Come and join the 3000 delegates who are expected to attend.

Renowned speakers from all continents of the world will be involved with WPC2020 and will speak on the following topics:

• Nutrition
• Breeding and Genetics
• Egg Quality
• Poultry Meat Quality
• Reproduction
• Hygiene and Pathology
• Waterfowl
• Poultry Welfare and Management
• Turkeys
• Education and Information
• Physiology

An extensive communication strategy has been put in place as well as various promotional tools. The congress will be continually promoted through the official website, at related international and national meetings as well as e-newsletters in order to ensure a successful event.

Take part in this most prestigious World Poultry Congress to be held in Paris in 2020 and confirm your participation NOW to receive a 10% DISCOUNT for being an early sponsor (deadline June 2019). Whatever your business is, the WPC 2020 has a sponsorship package that will help you meet your targets.

Full details about sponsorship and exhibition package options are available in the Sponsorship and Exhibition Brochure.

Feel free to contact Isabelle Brochot , Sponsoring Manager, Tel: +33(0)1 44 64 15 29 should you need any further specific needs.

Kind regards,

Christophe Bostvironnois
Michèle Tixier Boichard

http://www.wpcparis2020.com/ 

Sponsors who already confirmed their participation:

2020 wpc sponsors


European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and the end of 2019. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from a number of European Federation's working groups is provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG1

Economics and Marketing

The European Federation’s Working Group 1 will hold its next symposium at the University of Vechta in Germany on October 9 - 11, 2019. The symposium will cover: Research on Poultry Economics, and Recent Trends and Developments in the EU on Poultry Production and Future Perspectives. For more information contact Chairman Peter van Horne, Wageningen University & Research in the Netherlands, e-mail .

Peter van Horne, Chairman European WG1

WG2

Nutrition

The next European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN2019) will be organised by the Polish Branch, and will be held in Gdansk, Poland from 10-13 June 2019. We will look forward to seeing all of you there.

WG4

Eggs and Egg Quality

2019 eggmeat banner

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

The next ‘XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ in Cesme-Izmir on 23-26 June, 2019. Prominent invited speakers from American and European Institutions have already confirmed their participation. They will address emerging issues on various aspects of poultry meat and egg production. For more information about the symposia programmes, please visit the symposia website (http://www.eggmeat2019.com/). Registration is still open and special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.

2019 eggmeat bannerMassimiliano Petracci

WG6 & WG12

WG6 Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)
&
WG12 Fundamental Physiology & Perinatal Development (PDP) in Poultry

2019 ifrg pdp

The French Branch of WPSA is dedicated to promote knowledge and understanding of all aspects of poultry science and poultry production. It is organizing the Combined Meeting of the ‘Incubation and Fertility Research Group’ (IFRG/WPSA Working Group 6) and the ‘Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry’ (PDP/WPSA Working Group 12) in Tours, August 2019.

On behalf of the French Organizing Committee and the WG-6 and 12 working Groups of the European Federation of WPSA branches, we are pleased to invite you to attend the IFRG - PDP 2019. This congress will take place in Tours, France, on August, 28 to 30, 2019, at hotel ‘Univers’. The Website is currently under construction

Barbara Tzschentke

WG10

Turkeys

The 10th ‘Hafez’ International Symposium on Turkey Production will be held in Berlin, Germany; 6-8 June 2019.

It is my pleasure to invite you to participate in this meeting and to ask you to give a paper on subjects related to the following topics:

1) Current and future development on genetic and nutrition
2) Current production situation and related problems
3) Rearing management and health related problems
4) Animal welfare
5) Consumer protection and product safety
6) The influence of legislations on the turkey health and production

Presentations (15 min) should deal with one of the main topics of the symposium and cover new research data or recent field observations.

The official language is English. Simultaneous translation will not be available

For further questions, please don’t hesitate to contact me.

Sincerely

Prof. Dr H. M. Hafez
Chair of Working Group 10
World’s Poultry Science Association 
Federation of European Branches
Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin
Königsweg 63
14163 Berlin
Germany
E-mail: 


Asia Pacific Federation

Asia Pacific Federation Meeting

The host for the upcoming 12th APPC was named during the General Meeting, and the China Branch will host that event.

Dr. Sakchai Sriboonsue President, Asian Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

The next A/P Ratite Working Group meeting will be held on 6 March 2019, at 16:00 in the conference room on the Oudtshoorn Research Farm, South Africa. Please let Zanell Brand know if you are interested in attending – .

There will be Ratite Research Sessions during the upcoming World Poultry Congress in Paris, France from 16-20 August 2020. Please send any suggestions for contributions and topics to .

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to: .


Anel Engelbrecht, Chair


World's Poultry Science Journal

You are likely aware that the last few years have seen academic publishers engaging with scholarly collaboration networks in various ways, trying to balance their popularity with authors and researchers against concerns over large-scale copyright infringement. Cambridge University Press, along with SpringerNature and Thieme, has just signed an agreement with ResearchGate to foster responsible sharing - see our joint statement here. Other publishers took part in the negotiations and are working to have a deal in place soon.

Click here for the full article.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • Woo Kim - Keel bone injury in laying hens: the prevalence of injuries in relation to different housing systems, implications, and potential solutions
  • Felipe Dalólio - Methionine: comparing methionine hydroxyl analogues for broilers, with focus on different thermal environments
  • Mohamed Abd El - Hack - The application of the microalgae Chlorella spp. as a supplement in broiler feed
  • M. Alagawany - Use of liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) in poultry nutrition: Global impacts on performance, carcass and meat quality
  • Paymaneh Davoodi - In-silico investigation of genomic regions related to ascites and identifying their pathways in broilers
  • János Kozák - Variations of geese under domestication
  • M. Alagawany - Fertility and hatchability in duck eggs: a review
  • Hamada Elwan - Red yeast (Phaifia rhodozyma) as a source of Astaxanthin and its impacts on productive performance and physiological responses of poultry
  • M. Alagawany - Heracleum persicum: chemical composition, biological activities and potential uses in poultry nutrition

Summaries

Keel bone injury in laying hens: the prevalence of injuries in relation to different housing systems, implications, and potential solutions

E. HARDIN, F.L.S. CASTRO and W.K. KIM

Increased pressure on the poultry industry by animal-rights organisations and environmentally-conscious consumers has led to the rising popularity of cage-free housing system for hens. One of the main dangers of cage-free housing systems is the possibility for laying hens to damage their keels. Keel bone fracture incidence rate ranges up to 85%, and can lead to extensive pain in any bird, and potentially be the cause of the death for a hen in a cage-free environment. It was reported that kneel bone damage observed in flocks housed in non-cage systems was 30 to 95% while in furnished cages it was 15 to 55%. The purpose of this review is to compare the prevalence of the problem found in the three main housing systems (conventional, enriched cage, and cage-free), discuss if such damage could affect the behaviour and production of laying hens, and provide potential solutions for reducing the prevalence of keel bone damage. Keel fractures can negatively affect a hen in its day-to-day life by causing pain and restricting its movements. The prevalence of keel bone damage varies considerably among the studies due to differences in the system design, genetic line, age and method for determining the keel damage, which makes difficult to compare the systems. The genetic selection, adequate nutrition and modifications in the house design have shown to be useful tools in reducing keel bone damage in laying hens.

Methionine: comparing methionine hydroxyl analogues for broilers, with focus on different thermal environments

F.S. DALÓLIO, V.R.S.M. BARROS, L.F.T. ALBINO, P.H.R.F. CAMPOS, J.N. SILVA and S.R.F. PINHEIRO

Supplementation of methionine (Met) in broiler chicken diets is essential to support productive performance and optimise carcass yield. Met is the first limiting amino acid in corn and soybean-meal based diets for poultry. The DL-Met form is the main source used in broiler diets, but other sources such as acid free hydroxy-analogous methionine (HMA-FA) are available. Studies have indicated that the molar bioequivalence of HMA-FA is approximately 88% compared with DL-Met at 99% for growth traits. However, differences in absorption and metabolism between Met sources can influence their efficacy, especially when broilers are exposed to high temperatures. The substitution of DL-Met by HMA-FA is a potential strategy to mitigate the negative effects of heat stress because it is passively absorbed in the upper portion of the gastrointestinal tract. This review highlights the effects of substituting HMA-FA for DL-Met in diets for broiler chickens reared in different thermal environments.

The application of the microalgae Chlorella spp. as a supplement in broiler feed

S.A. ABDELNOUR, M.E. ABD EL-HACK, M. ARIF, A.F. KHAFAGA and A.E. TAHA

Chlorella (vulgaris spp.; CLV) is a genus of unicellular freshwater microalgae that are fit for human consumption and are used as additives with high nutritional value in feed for agriculturally important animals. Chlorella spp. are characterised by their simple cultivation, high productivity and levels of protein and other nutrients. Investigations have shown that the growth performance of broilers can be positively affected by the addition of very low amounts of CLV biomass (0.5-1.0% of the diet) to feed. The effect of CLV on growth and development is considered to stem from its high protein content (60.6%) and nutritional value. Results have shown enhanced body weight gain (2.7%), better feed conversion ratio (lowered by 2.8%), meat colour and breast muscle weight (20.1%) in CLV-supplemented chicks compared to control birds (control breast weight 19.1%). Additionally, a significant decrease in drip loss (2.26%) from breast muscle was observed with CLV supplementation and levels of blood total protein, albumin, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol significantly increased (P<0.05), while the levels of liver enzymes indicative of oxidative damage (alanine aminotransferase, ALT) decreased by 23.2%, indicating better liver function. In terms of immunity, blood lymphocytes were increased in broilers fed a diet supplemented with liquid CLV (17.9 x 103/µl) compared with birds supplemented with dry CLV (13.5 x 103/µl). Additionally, the levels of IgA, IgG, and IgM were elevated by 29.7%, 69.1%, and 32.3%, respectively, in broilers that consumed feed containing CLV. Similarly, the intestinal diversity and abundance of Lactobacillus spp. were significantly increased (9.9 ± 1.88 and 8.99 log10 CFU/g, respectively) by dietary supplementation with liquid CLV compared to that in non-treated chicks (8.7 ± 1.22 and 8.51 log10 CFU/g, respectively). However, energy digestibility was increased significantly by 1.29% in CLV-treated chicks compared to the control chicks. This review highlights the findings associated with the utilisation of CLV biomass as a feed supplement and its effect on broiler growth and health.

Use of liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra) in poultry nutrition: Global impacts on performance, carcass and meat quality

M. ALAGAWANY1*, S.S. ELNESR2 and M.R. FARAG3

Supplementation of poultry diets with medicinal plants containing bioactive molecules have shown promising results in promoting growth performance, enhancing feed efficiency, and improving carcass traits and meat quality. There are many studies using herbal plants and their derivatives involving liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra), while studies using only liquorice are very limited. Liquorice contains bioactive components such as glycyrrhizin and flavonoids, and has been linked to many pharmacological effects like immunomodulatory, anti-oxidant, antiviral and anti-inflammatory activity. Supplementation of liquorice in poultry diets had beneficial impacts on growth and performance by improving organ development. In addition, there are appetite and digestion stimulating factors in liquorice. Dietary liquorice supplementation at level of 2.5 g/kg showed the best results in broiler chicken, and demonstrated it can be safely used in poultry diets. Addition of liquorice in diets up to 0.5% inclusion before sexual maturity enhanced performance of laying hens. Furthermore, broilers receiving drinking water containing 450 mg/l liquorice under heat stress significantly improved feed conversion and economic efficiency. Abdominal fat in broiler chickens was decreased when liquorice was included at 2 g/kg in feed or 0.3 g/l in drinking water. Broiler chickens with access to drinking water containing 450 mg/l of liquorice increased the dressing percentage, with or without giblets. Carcass organoleptics were improved in birds receiving drinking water with liquorice at levels of either 1, 2 and 4 mg/ kg body weight. This review describes the chemical composition, health benefits and beneficial applications of the liquorice herb and its effect on growth and productive performance, carcasses and meat quality, which will be useful for researchers, physiologists, nutritionists, veterinarians, scientists, pharmacists, pharmaceutical industries, and poultry breeders.

In-silico investigation of genomic regions related to ascites and identifying their pathways in broilers

P. DAVOODI and A. EHSANI

The importance of ascites in the poultry industry warrants a comprehensive systematic review and in-silico modelling to explain responses seen in previous studies in this field. By identifying the genes which are effective and relevant to different indicator traits of ascites in poultry, genes were separated base on chromosomes to determine the most effective chromosome in ascites. Consequently, 12 chromosomes have been discovered as containing effective regions on ascites incidence. Meanwhile, 24 genes including MPPK2, AT1, RhoGTPase, MC4R, CDH6, NOS3, HIF-1A, OSBL6, CCDC141, BMPR2, LEPR, AGTR1, UTS2D, 5HT2B, SST, CHRD, TFRC, CDH13, ACVRL1, ARNT, ACE, ACVRL1, MEF2C, and HTR1A affect ascites according to published studies. The results show that chromosome 9, with the presence of six related genes, chromosomes 1, 2 and 7 with three related genes and Z containing two genes have the most influence on the sensitivity to the ascites syndrome, respectively.

Variations of geese under domestication

  • J. KOZÁK

Man has been in interrelationship with wild water fowl for thousands of years. Yet, in that time, only two species of wild geese have been domesticated (13.3% of all true geese); the Greylag goose (Anser anser) in the fourth millennium B.C. and the swan goose (Anser cygnoides) in the second millennium B.C. From these two species, numerous breeds (181) have been developed. Compared to other domestic animals, the goose has varied less during domestication, aside from a few modifications in appearance, reproductive traits, internal organs and behaviour. It has increased in body weight, and hence became a non-migratory bird. Compare to the greylag goose (gander 2.8-4.1 kg, goose 2.5-3.8 kg body weight), the body weight of the Toulouse gander has increased by 331-421%, and the Toulouse goose by 286-364%. The African goose developed higher body weights (gander by 285-362%, goose by 292-311%) compared to the weight of the swan goose (gander 3.5 kg, goose 2.8-3.5 kg body weight). Conformation traits have changed, whereby the natural grey feather colour has changed to white in some breeds. Furthermore, sexual maturity has accelerated, and prolificacy increased. Egg production of a significant proportion of the European goose breeds has increased by 600-1000% compared to the greylag goose (5-6 eggs/goose). For example, egg production of the Chinese goose has increased by 875-1200% compare to the wild swan goose (5-8 eggs/goose), and the monogamous partnership typical of wild geese has turned into polygamous matings.

Fertility and hatchability in duck eggs: a review

M.E. ABD EL-HACK, C.B. HURTADO, D.M. TORO, M. ALAGAWANY, E.M. ABDELFATTAH

The ducks are waterfowl belonging to the Anatidae family of cosmopolitan distribution. In production, obtaining ducklings at one day old is a major issue. Ducks are highly proliferating birds, and can lay between 45 to 150 eggs, white, blue or green depending on breeds. Obtaining day-old ducklings can be done by natural incubation with a broody duck or artificially in an incubator. Pekin eggs have greater hatchability than Muscovy eggs. The eggs of the Muscovy have lower values for hatchability (22.7% or less). During artificial incubation, fertility and hatchability are the most important indicators that must be controlled. Many factors are related to successful production, including environmental conditions during incubation. Among the elements determined by producers are housing and management system, season, nutrition, management of breeding stock, storage of eggs before incubation, fertility and cleaning eggs and equipment. According to some reports, laying hens have 78% hatchability compared to Pekin duck eggs in the spring, while in summer it is around 46.5%. The best hatchability is observed during the winter (57.68%), whilst during the summer it decreases to 54.14%. The reproductive characteristics of flocks, age, external and internal quality of eggs, male:female ratios, and presence of lethal genes are factors that directly involve breeders. The ratio 1:6 has been used satisfactorily in cases of shortages of males, although ratios of 1:4.3 to 1:10 cause reduced egg fertility of 75.9 to 49.6%. There are different methods used to improve the hatchability of duck eggs. Dipping eggs into some nutrient mixes (vitamins and amino acids) during the incubation period is one of the tools used to improve hatchability.

Red yeast (Phajfia rhodozyma) as a source of Astaxanthin and its impacts on productive performance and physiological responses of poultry

H.A.M. ELWAN, S.S. ELNESR, Y. ABDALLAH and A. HAMDY

The red yeast Phaffia rhodozyma is considered as a useful source of astaxanthin (ASX) which is a carotenoid pigment widely used in the feed industry. Poultry cannot synthesise carotenoids, so they must obtain these pigments from diet supplementation with sources such as red yeast, as a source of ASX. Astaxanthin has health benefits including the protection against oxidative damage in cells, enhancement of the immune response and protection against diseases by scavenging oxygen free radicals. It has activities approximately 10 times stronger than that of other carotenoids and 100 times greater than α-tocopherol against reactive oxygen species. In recent years, Phaffia rhodozyma has become an important microorganism for its use in both the pharmaceutical industries and food. Dietary Phaffia rhodozyma addition at the level of 10 and 20 mg/kg in broiler diets positively increased weight gain by 4.12 and 6.41% respectively. The inclusion of ASX rich red yeast (100 mg/kg) in broiler diets for 14 days improved T-cell proliferation and IgG production by 111.1 and 34.6% respectively. However, the optimum level or feeding duration of dietary ASX rich red yeast addition for enhancing poultry productive, physiological and immunological responses has not been determined.

Heracleum persicum: chemical composition, biological activities and potential uses in poultry nutrition

L. CHANGXING, D. DONGFANG, Z. LIXUE, M. SAEED, M. ALAGAWANY, M.R. FARAG, M. CHENLING and L. JIANHUA 

Heracleum persicum (golpar) is an endemic medicinal plant that is commonly known as hogweed or Persian hogweed. It contains flavonoids and furanocoumarins that probably could stimulate both cell- and antibody-mediated immune responses. Besides, golpar has a substantial immunostimulatory effect on beta-lymphocytes and macrophages that played important role in antibody synthesis. Its extract at a supplementation level of 1- 2.5 ml/l in drinking water showed a remarkable increase in the total immunoglobulins (Ig) (70%), immunoglobulin G (IgG) (100%) and immunoglobulin M (IgM) (94%) titres and an increase in antibody titre against Newcastle disease virus (96%) in broilers. In addition, supplementation positively affected the feed intake (9.4%), weight gain (14.7%) and food conversion ratio (FCR) (8.7%) in broilers. Moreover, in several studies, it has potential as an antifungal, antidiabetic, hypocholesterolemic and growth enhancer agent; which endorsed its extensive contents of phytochemicals (terpenoids, triterpenes, furanocoumarins, volatile substances, flavonoids and alkaloids). It has a positive effect on the levels of glutathione (GSH), peroxidation lipids (MDA), the total antioxidant capacity of plasma or ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP) and glutathione s-transferase (GST), in addition to modulatory effects on liver enzymes including alanine transferase (ALT) and aspartate transferase (AST). After reviewing the published literature, it was apparent that golpar has multidimensional biological effects. Nevertheless, little research is available on the effects of golpar on productive performance and other health-related parameters in avian species. Hence, this review encourages veterinarians and poultry researcher to undertake further work to demonstrate the promising beneficial effects of golpar at effective levels to potentially replace the synthetic antibiotic growth promoters in commercial poultry diets.



Branch News

Bangladesh

The Bangladesh Branch of WPSA will hold its 11th International Technical Seminar on Poultry – 2019 on the 5th and 6th of March 2019 at the Dhaka Regency Hotel & Resort, in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Seminar details should be forth coming soon..

Contact: Prof. Dr. Md. Rafiqul Islam, for additional details.
Convener: Professor, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Vet Science, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh
Email:

France

French Poultry Research Conference (13th Edition)

https://www.itavi.asso.fr/jra/2019 

The conference will take place on March 20-21, 2019 in Tours (France). This biennial Poultry meeting is held under the auspices of the French branches of WPSA and WVPA. It brings together more than 500 attendees from universities, research institutes and the Poultry industry.

The French Branch of WPSA will hold its general assembly during the meeting, on March 20, at 17:15.

The co-organisers for the conference include ITAVI (French Poultry institute), INRA, ANSES and CTCPA (French Technical Center for the Food Industry).
The first day of the conference will be on March 20, and will consist of plenary lectures on a number of broad topics. The second day, will consist of parallel sessions covering Sustainability - Economy and Sociology - Rearing System and Animal Welfare - Nutrition - Hygiene and Products Quality - Genetic and Reproduction. Each session will start with an invited review followed by selected communications. Poster and oral presentations will be in the French language, but the proceedings will include an English version of the abstracts.

World's Poultry Congress 2020

20WPC blocmarque blocdates

The French Branch is also delighted to invite you to participate in the upcoming World.s Poultry Congress 2020 that will be held from the 16th to the 20th of August 2020 in the attractive city of Paris. Information can be found on the Congress website http://www.wpcparis2020.com/

Please notice that the organizers propose an Early Sponsoring period for the 2020 World Poultry Congress. The Congress will be held in Paris and will attract more than 3000 attendees from all over the world: experts, scientists, researchers, and production specialists will participate in presenting and discussing their most recent findings. The early sponsoring will allow our partners to have the benefit of longer visibility (three years before the event), larger opportunities in the sponsoring of activities, as well as eligibility for a 15% discount in 2018. If you are interested and want to know more about this opportunity, please contact us at or

Yves Nys, President–WPSA France

Germany

For 2018, the annual meeting of the German Branch was held at the University of Vechta, hosted by the Science and Information Centre for Sustainable Poultry Production. Topics of the meeting included housing systems for broilers, the analysis of spectra of natural light, in-ovo sex determination, using male day-old chicks for meat production, and the crises on fipronil. During the meeting, Dr Peter Behr took his leave after 20 years of being the vice president of the branch. Prof. Dr Silke Rautenschlein was elected to be the new vice president of the branch.

Young scientists were supported by travel grants in order to attend the European Poultry Conference in Dubrovnik, including Kathrin Toppel, University of Applied Sciences Osnabrück; Sonja Hillemacher, University of Bonn; and Vera Sommerfeld and Susanne Künzel, from the University of Hohenheim.
The study trip following the EPC included Montenegro, Serbia, Bosnia and Croatia. All 20 participants were impressed by the country as well as by the kindness of the locals.

This year‘s annual meeting of the German Branch will be held in Gießen from March 12th to 13th, hosted by the Clinic of Birds, Reptiles, Amphibians and Fish. Topics will be addressing mobile housing systems, regarding management, networking and science as well as the veterinarian’s point of view. Animal Welfare labels, three-dimensional use of housing inventory and nutrition for broilers are further talks. Excursions will be offered to biological production systems and mobile housing systems, and to the clinic itself.

Israel

The Israeli branch will hold a one-day Symposium on March 5th, 2019 at the Volcani Institute of the Ministry of Agriculture. The symposium will focus on the following topics concerning the impacts of poultry production on the environment:

  • Overview of poultry operations within environmental complexes
  • Regulations regarding the removal of wastage and leachate from poultry operations
  • Survival of Salmonella during compostation and stabilization of poultry manure
  • Environmental impacts of poultry production
  • The Ministries of Agriculture and Environmental-Protection supporting the promotion of new solutions to carcasses and leachate removal
  • Composting poultry carcasses in sealed plastic sleeves inside the poultry house - a ‘contingency solution’ for mass mortality events
  • Practical experience with various commercial systems for removal of poultry carcasses

We expect to host 100–120 participants from all disciplines of the Israel poultry sector: academia and research institutes, poultry producers, veterinary services, extension service and commercial companies serving the industry.
During the symposium, three graduate students will be awarded prizes for their presentations at our recent Annual Conference (November 2018).

Yitzhak Malka, Israel Branch Secretary

Italy

The Italian Branch of WPSA has organised the 55th edition of its annual meeting that will be held on March 29th, 2019 in Forlì in conjunction with the 51th International Poultry Exhibition Fair (Fieravicola). For the first time, the Italian Branch Annual Meeting has been jointly organised together with the Italian Branch World Veterinary Poultry Association (WVPA) and it will deal with ‘Microbiota: perspectives and applications in the poultry production chain’. This emerging topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers.

PROGRAMME

09:00  Opening address
Gian Luca Bagnara, President of Forli Fair
Martino Cassandro, President of Italian Branch of WPSA
Mattia Cecchinato, President of Italian Branch of WVPA
09:10 Microbiome-host: the complex transgenomic interaction, Patrizia Brigidi, Dept. of Pharmacy and Biotechnology, University of Bologna, Italy 
09:40 Current perspectives of the chicken gastrointestinal tract and its microbiome, Daniel Borda Molina, Institute of Animal Science, University of Hohenheim, Germany 
10:25 Coffe break
10:45 Sequencing strategies to investigate the dynamics of microbial communities in poultry: state of art and future opportunities, Gerardo Manfreda, Dept. of Agricultural and Food Sciences, University of Bologna, Italy
11:30 Field experience on the use of a multi-species symbiotic on gut health and production parameters in broiler breeders and their progeny, Zoi Prentza, Dept. of Poultry Diseases, University of Thessaly, Greece
12:15 How can probiotics affect birds and their microbiome in commercial poultry production? Daniel Petri, Global Product Line Manager – Microbials, BIOMIN Holding GmbH, Austria
13:00 Discussion and Conclusions

Contact person

Massimiliano Petracci
Dept. of Food and Agricultural Sciences – University of Bologna
Tel. +39 0547 338128, Fax: +39 0547 382348
Email:

Any additional information needed can be obtained from our website: www.wpsa.it 

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

2018 december italy 

Massimiliano Petracci, Branch Secretary

Lebanon

The Lebanon branch of WPSA is pleased to announce that its president Dr Nuhad Daghir recently received the Golden Medal for Education from his Excellency, the President of the Lebanese Republic. This award was given to Dr Daghir in recognition of his services to Education in general and to the development of the agricultural sector in Lebanon. The ceremony was held at the Grand Serail on December 26, 2018 , and was attended by the Secretary General of the Council of Ministers, the Secretary General of the Lebanese National Research Council, the Dean of the faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences at the American University of Beirut, Dr Daghir’s family and several dignitaries. The Minister of Culture who represented the Lebanese President spoke about the achievements of Dr Daghir and his research contributions to Lebanon and beyond and the many students that he has influenced throughout his career. Dr Daghir then responded by thanking him and the President of the Republic for honouring him. He said that this recognition is not only for him but for all scientists in Lebanon who are working under very difficult conditions. Dr Daghir also thanked all of his students and particularly his graduate students who have helped in his research output. He stressed that research in Lebanon should be more supported and that the Lebanese National Research Council should receive more funds in order to serve better its mission. Finally Dr Daghir thanked all members of his family and particularly his wife for all of her support. The ceremony was followed by a reception during which Dr Daghir introduced his children and grandchildren to all those present.

Nada Usayran, Secretary, WPSA Lebanon Branch

Malaysia

The Malaysian Branch will co-organise the following International Conference as one of its main activities for 2019.

INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS ON ONE HEALTH AND AAVS-MYOHUN-WPSA (MALAYSIA)-SEAOHUN MEETING 2019

Dates: 24-28 June 2019
Venue: Marriott Hotel, Putrajaya.
Theme: Enhancing Global Health & Wealth.

Please refer to Malaysian website ( http://wpsa.my/ ) for more information about our past and future activities.

Assoc Prof Dr Jalila Abu
Honorary Secretary WPSA (Malaysia)

Mauritius

The Mauritius Branch of the WPSA organised a talk on “Perspectives on Salmonella Infection” which was delivered by Emeritus Professor Simon Shane from North Carolina State University on 17 October 2018. The talk was attended by some 100 persons from the Industry, Research Institution, Academia and Veterinarians both private and Public.

Further to initiative taken by the association for the running of a post graduate diploma course on Poultry Production and Health by the University of Mauritius (UoM), a memorandum of understanding has been signed between the UoM and the WPSA (Mauritius Branch). The course is expected to start in March 2019 after approval by the senate.

Micheline Seenevassen Pillay
Branch Secretary

South Africa

The South Africa branch held its 36th Scientific Day in Pretoria in November 2018, with a record number of 402 attendee’s. The programme was focused on layers and breeders, and comprised a number of excellent speakers. Prof Martin Zuidhof from the University of Alberta gave two presentations on precision feeding and entertained the audience with some great video’s and anecdotes of individual feeding! Prof Maureen Bain from the University of Glasgow gave new insight into egg shell quality and ways to assess it, a topic becoming so relevant with the extended laying cycles expected of commercial layers. Peter Arts, of Hendrix Genetics, presented latest developments in breeding and also emphasized the advanced genetics in extended laying cycles and egg production achievable currently. Prof Sergio Viera from the University Rio Grande do Sul made presentation on the mineral requirements of broiler breeders, and the challenges in estimating requirements. Dr Fambies van Biljon discussed current concerns with Avian Influenza, and Dr Peter Plumstead presented his work on limestone quality and its impact on calcium and phosphorus availability and digestibility. The event provided a wonderful chance to network and catch up with old friends over lunch and tea. The AGM was also held during the day where the Barnard-Gous scholarship was presented to Sifiso Mthembu of UKZN to continue with his MScAgric in Poultry Science.

Save the date for the next Scientific Day which will be held on 30th October 2019 at the CSIR in Pretoria.

Nicola Tyler, Secretary, South Africa Branch

Sri Lanka

An Awareness programme on poultry sector & the opportunities for future veterinarians

On Thursday the 13th December 2018 a workshop was held in the auditorium of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science (FVMAS) where an awareness programme on poultry sector was organised for Veterinary undergraduate students of FVMAS. The workshop was organised by the WPSA-SL in collaboration with the faculty carrier guidance unit. Over 200 students participated in this programme.

Dr Prabath Samaratunge, President WPSA-SL, talked to the students on ‘Carrier opportunities in the poultry sector’ while Dr Susantha Mallikaarachchi, Director Hayles Agro, gave an inspirational lecture on ‘How to become the most desirable job candidate for the private sector’.

Dr Madura Munasinghe, Dean of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Science & the senior staff of the faculty participated in this programme.

2019 march srilanka 1  2019 march srilanka 2 
 Dr Prabath Samaratunge President WPSA-SL
conducting his lecture on ‘Carrier opportunities
in the poultry sector’
Dr Susantha Mallikaarachchi (Director Hayles Agro)
conducting his lecture on ‘How to become the most
desirable job candidate in the private sector’.

 

Seminar on ‘Protein for a Healthy Nation’ for key medical practitioners

World’s Poultry Science Association Sri Lanka branch (WPSA –SL) in collaboration with Sri Lanka Medical nutrition Association & United States Soybean Export council (USSEC- Sri Lanka), has successfully conducted a seminar on ‘Protein for a Healthy Nation’ for key medical practitioners on 25th January 2019 at Hotel Jetwin Blue Negombo.

This was organised by WPSA – SL as a part of their continuous awareness programmes for chicken and eggs, island wide. Over 120 number of medical practitioners including medical nutritionists from MRI Borella, Consultants of Hospital Ragama & Negombo & Gampaha were participated for the programme.

Dr (Mrs) Renuka Jayatissa President Sri Lanka Medical Nutrition Association & Head of Department of Nutrition, Medical Research Institute has conducted her discussions on ‘Importance of protein for humans’ & ‘Modification of lifestyle for better health’ while Dr Athula Mahagamage Consultant – USSEC/ Sri Lanka educated the audience on ‘Road Map of the Poultry Production and Poultry management & processing’. Finally Dr Prabath Samaratunga -President, WPSA- SL has conducted his discussion on ‘Myths & misconceptions related to chicken & egg consumption’.

2019 march srilanka 3 
 Panel of lecturers conducting the Q & A session

Kaundika Wanigasundara, Secretary, Sri Lanka Branch (

Turkey

The Turkish Branch is fully engaged in the organisation of the XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products to be held in the Aegean resort town of Çeşme (İzmir) between 23-26 June 2019.

If you are interested in participating in or becoming a sponsor for these symposia, please visit www.eggmeat2019.com or contact Prof. Dr Servet Yalçın at or Prof. Dr Rüveyde Akbay at .

The Turkish Branch is a stakeholder of the biannual Food Safety Congress, and Branch President Prof. Dr Rüveyde Akbay is a member of the Congress Organising Committee. She attended the Advisory Board meeting held in Istanbul this January where the trade press was invited for a briefing about the XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products. Our Board members in Istanbul were also present.

Prof Dr Akbay took part in the Poultry Research Working Group Project Evaluation Meeting of the General Directorate of Agricultural Research and Policies between 17-22 February 2019 in Antalya. She gave a presentation about the Egg & Meat symposia and invited all the participants to attend.

We look forward to welcoming you at the symposia this summer!

Assoc. Prof. Dr Cengizhan Mızrak, Secretary of the WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

33rd Poultry Science Symposium

The proposal for the 33rd Poultry Science Symposium is to discuss the topics of prebiotics, probiotics and the poultry microbiome, against the background of a post-antibiotic era. The tentative date for the 33rd PSS would be August 2020, with the preferred venue of Cambridge. As further planning progresses more details will appear on the WPSA UK website at www.wpsa-uk.com

USA

The USA Branch is honoured to announce the election of three new Board members, each of whom will serve a four year term. The new members include Dr Todd Applegate (University of Georgia), Dr Darrin Karcher (Purdue University), and Dr Robert Van Wyhe (AB Vista). We would also like to recognise and thank our three outgoing Board members for their service to WPSA and the USA Branch, including Dr Chris Ashwell (Branch President), Dr Olivia Faulkner and Dr Bob Taylor. Additionally, Dr Sami Dridi (University of Arkansas) will serve as the USA Branch President for the next 2 years.

Dr Bob Buresh, Secretary, USA Branch

Travel Grant Programme

For information about the Travel Grant Programmes click here.

 

Travel Grants can only be requested for WPSA events.

Only WPSA members can apply.

 

Travel Grant application forms

Speakers' Bureau Programme

For information about the Speakers' Bureau Programme click here.

 

Gold Sponsors