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Newsletter June 2022

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Volume 58, June2022  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpc2022 postponed

 

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

World’s Poultry Congress 2020 Paris, France

The World’s Poultry Congress, 7-11 August 2022 in Paris, France, is WPSA’s most important meeting. Having been postponed for two years, the organization of the event is now well on track. Important dates include: 7 August, with the opening session that will include a celebration ceremony for the inductees into the International Poultry Hall of Fame, plus the announcement of the winners of WPSA’s Paul Siegel and Education Awards, and the winners of the Cliff Carpenter International essay competition. The 9th of August will include the Council Meeting for the membership, with its election of new WPSA Board officers and directors for the years 2022-2026 (who will conduct and oversee the operation of WPSA during those years), and the selection of the country and venue for the next World’s Poultry Congress that will be held in 2026. It is hoped that current hostilities and travel restrictions, will not prevent your participation in WPC 2022.

For more info on the World’s Poultry Congress please consult www.wpc2022.org.

The world is re-opening slowly for meetings and exhibitions. The Mediterranean Poultry Summit, 8-10 June in Cordoba, Spain, is the first meeting in June, 2022, followed by an International Symposium in Bangladesh and Pakistan. Next week, one of the largest in-person exhibitions, VIV Europe in Utrecht, The Netherlands, will stake place. WPSA will be present, and we also plan to be present at Victam Asia; at the Animal Nutrition and Health meeting in Bangkok, Thailand; as well as at the Poultry Africa meeting that will be held in Kigali, Rwanda. Please check wpsa.com for more details related to these meetings.

Additional news can be found on the WPSA Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/) and website. A special section of that page is now reserved for webinars from associations, and for use by our supporting sponsors and advertisers. Information on new activities that you would like to have included can be sent to .

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

I have a quick, but important reminder for all who plan to apply for WPSA Travel Grants. If you wish to have a competitive and accepted application, you must follow the very clear guidelines on the WPSA website. We transact all business in US dollars. When you are finding your low cost, economy air fare, click the Currency Button to ‘US$’, or if you are using a travel agent, instruct him/her that the quote must be in US$. You cannot get a quote in a foreign currency and then list your request in US$, without showing a conversion. The easiest method is to let the airline website and/or travel agent do the work for you.

If you do not have personal funds to cover a trip to a WPSA event, be FRUGAL in how you plan your trip expenses. Do not book a room at the most expensive host hotel! Do not ask for funds for daily lunch when it is already included in your registration fee.

Major professors and Branch secretaries: please carefully review all of the applications coming from your students and/or other Branch members. If the application has not followed the guidelines, it will not be accepted.

WPSA is dedicated to assisting members (especially students) attend WPSA conferences and congresses. However, it is very disheartening to us when poorly completed applications are submitted, and then have to be rejected.

 I look forward to seeing you in Paris. I will be especially pleased to congratulate in person our successful Travel Grant recipients.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress

Palais de Congrès, August 7-11, 2022, Paris, France

The French Branch of WPSA completes the preparations for the face to face 26thWPC in Paris, 7-11 August 2022. The programme starts on Sunday 7 August, afternoon, with an opening conference by Adisseo on “Water: Key for sustainable nutrition”. It will then feature a combination of plenary sessions and parallel sessions until Thursday 11 August. The up to date list of invited speakers and detailed programme are available online at https://wpcparis2022.com/

In addition, the WPC2022 will set up a live channel for a subset of sessions and make all sessions available in replay, to make sure that everybody will make the most of the programme. It will also give an opportunity, for those who would be impeached to join in Paris, to benefit from the scientific programme.

Among the 630 abstracts accepted following the second and third calls, 189 have been selected for oral communication in 52 sessions and 441 for eposter presentation. The abstracts submitted to the first call and accepted in 2020 together with the webinars’ replays are already available to registered participants on https://viewr.wpcparis2022.com/

Registrations at late fee apply now https://wpcparis2022.com/registration/, giving access to the replays of all webinars and to the face-to-face event in Paris 2022.

The Paris Congress Centre is fully equipped to warrant the safety of all participants so that the organising committee looks forward to receiving a large number of participants on site.

Michael Duclos, Chairman of the Scientific Committee 26th WPC
Michèle Tixier Boichard, Chair of 26th WPC
Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2023. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

espnThe next ESPN will take place from 21 to 24 June, 2023 in Rimini, Italy. The Italian Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science.

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The European Symposium on Poultry Genetics has been postponed to 8-10 November 2023. It will take place at the Maritim Airport Hotel in Hannover.

WG4

Eggs and Egg Quality

Along with the organizers of WPC2022, the WG4 Committee organized a webinar on ‘Egg Quality to Value’ based on the accepted abstracts for the WPC that had been submitted in 2019. This was done in an attempt to get in touch with those scientists who were waiting for the Covid delayed World Congress.

The webinar was held on November 9th, 2021, and it included a very interesting programme that covered genetic, analytical, freshness, and quality aspects of eggs. The detailed programme for the webinar can be viewed at: https://wpcparis2022.com/webinar-egg-quality/.

For those of you who are registered for the 26th WPC in Paris in 2022, but who missed the live webinar, replay is available at the following link: https:/wpcparis2022.com/webinars/.

Enjoy the presentations!

Christina Alamprese & Joel Gautron, Chairs of WG4

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2023 Eggmeat logo EMQ 2023

The next ‘XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat‘ will be conjointly held with the ‘XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’. Eggmeat Symposium will be organized by Polish Branch (Dr.Paweł Konieczka - Chairman of the Scientific Committee) and it will be held between September 7 to 9, 2023 in Kraków. Such events provide a unique opportunity for scientific community, practice sector, and for all associated with the poultry sector to exchange recent advances, hot topics and upcoming challenges in the fields of the quality aspects of poultry meat, eggs and their products. Location of the Symposium in Kraków, which is one of the most recognized cities of Poland shall provide excellent opportunities not only for gathering and exchange knowledge but also for behind-the-scenes conversations in the magic places of the City. Special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.

Next WG5 member meeting will be held during World's Poultry Congress 2022 in Paris where a couple of specialized sessions will be specifically dedicated to poultry meat quality topics such as ‘Meat Construction of meat quality’ and ‘Meat processing’.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA

WG6

Reproduction

The IFRG working group for incubation and fertility of the World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA working group 6) is organizing the IFRG 2022 meeting from October 13-14, 2022 in Leiden, The Netherlands.
Abstract submission is now open.

For more information visit the website.

WG9

Poultry Welfare and Management

The Poultry and Welfare Management WG9 will have its annual Meeting in Iceland, on June 14-15, 2022

The future ‘XI European Symposium on Poultry Welfare’ will take place in Prague from June 26th to 29th 2023. It will be the occasion to present recent outcomes about poultry welfare. Indeed, due to Covid-19, since the last symposium in France in 2017, no symposium was organized. Save these dates and plan to attend!

Please contact Michel directly for the venues and times of these two meetings.

Michael Virginie, Chair, WG9


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis)

A Ratite Research Session is being planned for the World Poultry Congress that has been re-scheduled in Paris, France from August 7 – 11, 2022. The actual date for the Ratite Session has not yet been determined, but please send any suggestions for contributions and/or topics that you have to 

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

World's Poultry Science Journal

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • O.M. Oso - Evalutation of light emitting diode characteristics on growth performance of different poultry species: a review
  • O.M. Oso  - Influence of LED bulb on reproductive and production performance of different poultry species: a review
  • R. Hamilton - An examination of the reliability of published prediction equations for the characteristics of eggs and strength of their shells and, also other quaistions and concerns
  • P. Davoodi - A meta-analysis comparing the composition and quality differences between chicken meats producted under the free-range and conventional systems
  • K. Kljak - Overview on recent findings of nutritional and non-nutritional factors affecting egg yolk pigmentation
  • R. Portillo-Salgado - Guajolote - A poiultry genetic resource native to Mexico
  • T. Bhattacharya - Signature of Indian native chicken breeds: a perspective
  • S. Elnesr - Impact of chitosan on productive and physiological performance and gut health of poultry
  • M. Arain - The role of early feeding in improving performance and health of poultry: herbs and their derivatives
  • N. Taufek - Current status of dietary Moringa oleifera and its application in poultry nutrition
  • M. Alagawany - Nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics in poultry nutrition: an updated review

Summaries

 

Evaluation of light emitting diode characteristics on growth performance of different poultry species: A review

O.M. OSO, K. METOWOGO, O.E. OKE and K. TONA

Agriculture and climate are highly interdependent. Light-emitting diode (LED) is a climate-2 friendly bulb that has been considered as a promising replacement for conventional lighting in 3 poultry production due to its efficient energy utilisation. Poultry responds to different light 4 characteristics such as source, intensity and wavelength. The review on the effect of LED bulb on 5 different species of poultry birds revealed that there is a knowledge gap on the effects of LED 6 bulbs characteristics on turkeys. Also, there is a dearth of information on the impact of LED on 7 ducks, geese and quails. However, studies on broiler production showed that the effect of LED 8 light on birds can be influenced by wavelength, correlated colour temperature (CCT), age, sex and 9 season of the year. LED bulbs can safely be used as a replacement for conventional lights since no 10 advert effect of LED light has been highlighted in the literature. It has generally been observed 11 that monochromatic green and blue light colour accelerate growth performance in broiler birds. 12 Green and blue colour mixing/switch at certain stages of production further boost the growth 13 performance compared to single colour lighting. The effect of light spectrum in poultry has not 14 been fully explored. Future researches can bridge the knowledge gap on the effect of ultraviolet 15 light spectrum on different poultry species and the use of poultry-specific LED adapted for avian 16 spectral sensitivity can be further researched.

Influence of LED bulb on reproductive and production performance of different poultry species: A review

O.M OSO, K. METOWOGO, O.E OKE and K. TONA

Light is the most critical factor in the poultry environment due to avian spectral sensitivity which greatly differs from that of humans. The review on the reproductive and production responses of poultry birds to LED reveals a paucity of information on ducks, geese and quails. Limited studies exist on the effect of LED on guinea fowl, turkeys and breeder birds. Reproduction in poultry birds appears to be more influenced by wavelength rather than other LED characteristics. Poultry birds are critically sensitive to wavelength. Red LED improves sperm quality in roosters and egg production in laying hens and quails without a significant impact on egg qualities while blue LED also appears to favour production in ducks. Studies are needed on how best shorter wavelength (ultraviolet light) can be maximized in poultry. Further research should focus more on making the scientific information available on the impact of LED on guinea fowl, turkeys and breeder birds.

A comparison of the various equations published for the estimation of characteristics of hen’s eggs, the importance of reporting the compression rate for shell strength measurements, and the distinction between specific gravity and density in relation to eggs

R.M.G. HAMILTON

Prediction equations allow the estimation of dependent variable from the value obtained from the measurements of an independent variable. Comparisons of estimates obtained for of 85 equations that were published for the prediction of shell strength parameters were made. Egg weight, specific gravity, length, width and thickness were the independent factors use to estimate surface area (SA), egg volume (EV), shell weight, percent shell, sphericity, thickness, compression and impact fracture strength, and shape index. Values (n = 5 to 20) from published results were used to create a data set for the testing of these equations.

Comparisons, based on coefficient of variation (CV), among the calculated estimates obtained with the majority of the equations (72) showed the variability was small, especially those for SA and EV, However, the CV for other equations (7) showed their estimates varied over wide range; whereas, the estimates for the remainder (6) were outside the expected acceptable range. Ten equations, as published, required an ‘adjustment factor’, either multiplication or division, in order to produce an estimate that was within the expected range.

It is essential that the rate of compression used to measure compression fracture strength of egg shell be reported because, since the egg shell is a brittle material, the value obtained when fracture strength is measured by compression is dependent on the compression rate. Without knowing the compression rate, it is not possible to establish whether the difference among published shell strength measurements is actual or due to differences in compression rates.

There is a need to clarify that the ‘saline flotation method’ measures the density of the egg, NOT specific gravity. Also, the use of various abbreviations for the same shell strength variable causes confusion that could be clarified by the development of standardized abbreviations. Finally, more care is needed to ensure the original authors are cited when reporting the sources of prediction equations.

A meta-analysis comparing the composition and quality differences between chicken meats produced under the free-range and conventional systems

P. DAVOODI, A. EHSANI, R. VAEZ TORSHIZI and A.A. MASOUDI

Inconsistent results about the effects of free-range and conventional systems on economic carcass characteristics and the chemical composition of chicken meat have been reported. Free-range chicken meat has been presumably known as more nutritious and healthier than conventionally meat products so it has become highly present in the marketplace. In this study, due to an extensive systematic review plus meta-analysis, the effect of conventional and free-range rearing systems on meat quality and carcass traits have been evaluated based on thirty-nine included studies. A high level of heterogeneity was seen among studies, therefore, statistical analyses of random-effect models have been conducted to calculate summary statistics for the standardized effect size of the difference between free-range and conventional rearing systems. As a result, free-range significantly influenced abdominal fat yield, meat yellowness, protein, and fat content of breast meat. However current meta-analysis showed that free-range had no significant negative effect on carcass weight, breast yield, leg yield, initial/ultimate pH, meat redness, cooking loss, drip loss, water holding capacity, and ash. In addition, two subset analyses according to sex (male, female, and both sexes) and comparison type (slow-growing, fast-growing) clarified a part of sources of heterogeneity. Eventually, this study reported conclusive results that free-range significantly increased meat-related traits typically yellowness and protein of breast meat and conversely decreased abdominal fat yield, and fat content of breast meat. In conclusion, free-range meat products can be characterized by different appearances due to the lower proportion of abdominal fat and yellower breast meat, also healthier and more nutritious because of lower fat concentration and higher protein content.

Nutritional and non-nutritional factors affecting egg yolk pigmentation

D. ZURAK, P. SLOVENEC, Z. JANJEČIĆ, D. BEDEKOVIĆ, J. PINTAR and K. KLJAK

The colour of the egg yolk is one of the most important sensory characteristics among consumers and is often perceived as a health and quality component of the product. Carotenoids found in hen diet are the main components contributing to the yolk pigmentation, and therefore, nutrition is a major factor influencing the yolk quality and colour. The ratio of yellow and red carotenoid pigments is of great importance in achieving the desired yolk colour. The difficulties associated with the optimum carotenoid concentration in the diet arise from the considerable variation in amounts in feeds and bioavailability from the sources used, synthetic or phytochemical. In addition, the carotenoid content in phytochemical sources is not always constant, and it is necessary to consider their interaction with other components in the diet, as well as denaturation during processing or loss during prolonged storage. Laying hens are unable to synthesise carotenoids de novo and depend on their supply through the diet. For this reason, pigmentation can decrease due to reduced diet intake, which a number of factors can influence. The housing system affects yolk pigmentation due to differences in applied nutritional management. In addition, reduced diet intake, carotenoid utilisation for health defence and reduced absorption occurs in response to stress conditions and various diseases. The objective of this review was to summarise the recent findings in available literature data on nutritional and non-nutritional factors affecting egg yolk pigmentation.

Guajolote – A poultry genetic resource native to Mexico

R. PORTILLO-SALGADO, J.G. HERRERA HARO, J. BAUTISTA-ORTEGA, A.J. CHAY-CANUL and F.A. CIGARROA VÁZQUEZ

The Guajolote is a native North American poultry, originally domesticated in Mexico, from where it was exported to Europe, and from there to the rest of the world, becoming the genetic base of the breeds and varieties of turkeys that are known in the present. However, the phenotypic and productive characteristics of Guajolotes have been poorly studied, which has limited its racial recognition. This review describes the current knowledge on the historical distribution, morphological, morphometric, and phaneroptic characteristics of Guajolotes, as well as the productive performance and quality attributes of Guajolote meat and eggs. Due to the long process of evolution, Guajolotes have a good capacity for adaptation and high rusticity that allows it to reproduce under different environmental and management conditions. It has unique morphological peculiarities and great variability in terms of its morphometric and phaneroptic descriptors. This bird has a marked sexual dimorphism in favour of males. Females are excellent natural incubators, they start laying from between 6 and 8 months of age, laying an average of 16.7 ± 3.6 eggs per laying season. Males have a good capacity to convert food into meat and can reach a live weight of between 5499 ± 148 to 5835 ± 173 g at week 30 of age, having a carcass yield of 79%. The nutritional quality of meat and eggs of Guajolote is even higher than that of chicken. In conclusion, Guajolotes are poultry with characteristics of high biological and productive value; however, better management strategies are required to maximize its genetic potential for the benefit of the food security of small and mid-size producers that depend on this poultry genetic resource.

Signature of Indian native chicken breeds: A perspective

M. KANAKACHARI, H. RAHMAN, R.N. CHATTERJEE and T.K. BHATTACHARYA

Native chicken in India assumes a significant role in contemplating rural economy. The local birds play major role in providing subsidiary income and nutritional security to the people of India. A total of 19 native chicken breeds have been reported and registered in India by ICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, India, which is the nodal agency of Government of India for registering breeds of livestock and poultry. At present, the Indian native chicken population is 37.2% of the total poultry population, which contribute around 17.8% of the total egg production in the country. The Indian birds have many unique traits such as natural broodiness to hatch chicks, better adaptability to hot and humid tropical climate, resilience to some of the deadly diseases such as Newcastle disease, IBD etc., black coloured meat of Kadaknath chicken, running fast and flying, fighting habit to protect themselves from the predators, tenderness of meat similar to red meat, low mortality at high temperature and humidity when exotic birds mostly die, survival on scavenging and perform at low input diet. The major objective of this paper is to compile the characteristics of Indian native chicken breeds comprehensively so that by going through this article, the stakeholders may categorize any birds of India in a particular indigenous breed group or any other group or non-descript groups. In this article, we reviewed signature of Indian chickens to differentiate them from the exotic and other breeds of chicken. We have delineated phenotypes and molecular parameters of Indian chickens along with their performances. We have deciphered genetic distance of some of the Indian chickens from the exotic chickens revealing their unique position in the cluster. It is concluded that the breed signature has potential to distinguish Indian chicken population from exotic ones for the breed identity.

Impact of chitosan on productive and physiological performance and gut health of poultry

 

S.S. ELNESR, H.A.M. ELWAN, M.I. EL SABRY, A.M. SHEHATA and M. ALAGAWANY

The general trend in the poultry industry considers animal welfare and the quality of final products. The prevalence of antibiotic resistance, along with increased public concern about superbugs, resulted in considerable interest in the use of natural and safe alternatives in poultry production to lessen the risk of resistance transfer to humans via the food chain. Some feed additives such as chitosan may confer additional cytoprotective impacts. Chitosan is a biosynthetic polysaccharide that is the deacylated derivative of chitin. Chitosan is one of the promising natural polymers and additives that has attracted great attention due to its biological properties such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, antioxidant, antimicrobial, non-toxicity and anti-inflammatory activity. Chitosan has been shown in recent publications to be an effective feed additive for poultry health and an antibiotic growth promoter alternative. Thus, it can be concluded that chitosan is one of the natural feed supplements expected to enhance the overall health and productivity of different poultry species. This review contributes to updating our knowledge on producing chitosan, its characteristics, and dietary chitosan influences on the productive performance and gut health of poultry.

The role of early feeding in improving performance and health of poultry: herbs and their derivatives

M.A. ARAIN, F. NABI, Q.A. SHAH, M. ALAGAWANY, S.A. FAZLANI, M. KHALID, F. SOOMRO, F.M. KHAND and M.R. FARAG

The key objective of poultry husbandry is to provide safe and nutritious food for the growing population. The technique of delivering various nutrients, nutraceuticals, vaccines, immunostimulants, phytochemicals and medicinal herbs via the in ovo route is gaining wide attention among scientists worldwide for improving poultry productivity, boosting immune response and safeguarding the health. Embryonic growth in poultry has been manipulated through direct administration of biological compounds into embryonated eggs during the mid and late phase of incubation. This shows potential to enhance hatchability, superior nutritional status, higher chick quality, improve post-hatch performance and ultimately reduce the challenges associated with infections and oxidative stress, as well as minimize the use of synthetic antibiotic growth promoters in poultry production. In the last two decades, several studies have demonstrated that the in ovo supplementation of herbs and their derivatives such as chicoric acid, rosmarinic acid, astragalus polysaccharides boost immunity, upregulates antioxidant defence, and improves the health status and production output of poultry birds, making herbal compounds an alternative to antibiotic growth promoters. In ovo injection of herbs and their phytochemicals has shown diverse advantages, including improvements in weight gain, feed efficiency, growth rate, decreased morbidity and mortality of embryos, boosted immunity, and improved health status of poultry birds. Furthermore, in ovo injection of herbal compounds has shown better protection against a number of infectious pathogens than post-hatch supplementation. The current review aimed to provide a promising insight for the promotion of in ovo technology in order to supply natural biological compounds/phytochemicals directly into the developing embryo to achieve an improvement in post-hatch growth, immune responses, antioxidant defence and highlights the future of in ovo technology as a strategy to minimize the use of AGPs and improve the health status and production performance of poultry.

Current status of dietary Moringa oleifera and its application in poultry nutrition

NORHIDAYAH MOHD TAUFEK, SITI NUR NABILA ZAINOL ARIFFIN, NORHAFIZA MOHD ARSHAD and MOHD SHAHMI HAKIMI MAZLISHAH

The increasing demand for poultry products has driven the utilisation of more conventional crops as poultry feed. To achieve economically viable and environmentally friendly poultry production, attempts have been employed to incorporate medicinal plants such as Moringa oleifera in their diet. The high nutritional factor, including high protein content, the abundance of micronutrients and various phytochemicals has contributed to the rapid use of M. oleifera in the poultry diet. Notably, its application has a significant impact on poultry health and husbandry. The following paper reviews M. oleifera on their efficacy, potential limitation and effect on target poultry species. Furthermore, recognising the impact of utilising different processing methods on this plant could offer poultry and feed producers considerable benefits.

Nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics in poultry nutrition: An updated review

M. ALAGAWANY, S.S. ELNESR, M.R. FARAG, K. EL-NAGGAR and M. MADKOUR

Nutrition has long been recognized to cause metabolic changes in muscles, such as tissue remodelling, increased protein turnover, and muscular atrophy. From a production standpoint, these modifications have an impact on production efficiency and meat quality. As a result, they are extremely valuable economically. Nutritional constraints related to specific dietary components and management measures can be difficult to determine quickly. Nutritional Genomics describes the nutrient-gene interactions, as it includes two areas; nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics. The term ‘nutrigenomics’ refers to the study of the effects of nutrients/bioactive foods on an individual's gene expression. In the other hand, nutrigenetics describes that the genetic profile has impact on the response of body to bioactive food components by influencing their absorption, metabolism, and site of action. The inclusion of nutrients and nutraceuticals in poultry production can enhance gene expression of different genes related to health, metabolism, growth, immunity, and antioxidants. This review aims to shed the light on the definition of nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics in poultry nutrition.

 

Branch News

Argentina

13th International Seminar on Poultry Science – 11th Poultry & Swine Exposition (Argentina)

The Argentinean Branch of WPSA was one of the sponsors of the 13th International Seminar on Poultry Science, so member of our Association had a 10% discount in the registration fees. This scientific meeting took place in Buenos Aires, Argentina, during the 11th Poultry & Swine Exposition, from March 9th - 11th, 2022 (https://www.avicola.com.ar/seminario). The Argentina Chamber of Poultry Producers (CAPIA, and MBG & Event) organized the seminar. This seminar was attended by nearly 600 participants (producers, students and professionals), thereby being one of the most important events for the Argentinean poultry community. The entire seminar was presented in Spanish, with four presentations being made in English with simultaneous translation into Spanish.

WPSA provided one of the expert speakers, Prof. Peter Van Horne, who was supported by the WPSA Speakers Bureau programme. He provided one of the 12 conference presentations that covered the topic ‘World trade in poultry products: opportunities, challenges and consumer evaluation’.

Webinar ‘Ninth Poultry Conference’The Argentinean Branch of the World´s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) is one of the sponsors of the webinar ‘Ninth Poultry Conference’, with the slogan ‘review from farm to fork’. This meeting took place online in the YouTube channel of ‘Red Alimentaria’. It was organized by Red Alimentaria and Isidro Molfese in April 29th, 2022. The thirteen lectures were given in Spanish (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-IARXqJVEdc&t=30461s). The topics included different aspects from poultry production. This event was free of charge and attended by different producers, students, technicians, and professionals from different parts of the world.

13th Series of Technical Conferences in Poultry Science

The Argentinean Branch of the World´s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) is one of the sponsors of the seven modules of conferences of 13th Series of Technical Conferences in Poultry Science. These scientific meetings take place in Concepcion del Uruguay, Entre Rios, Argentina, between May and November, 2022. The Poultry Department (INTA-EEA Concepción del Uruguay) organizes these conferences. Each conference module has two lectures and is given in Spanish. The topics for this year include different aspects from poultry production. These events are free of charge and attended by producers, students, technicians, and professionals from different parts of Argentina.  Update, May 22nd, 2022

Bernardo Iglesias, Secretary, Argentinean Branch

Austria

Webinar hosted by the WPSA-Austria Branch

On May 19th the WPSA-Austria Branch organized a webinar to cover different aspects of the ‘Ukraine war – Consequences for Poultry Production in Austria’. In this regard, 5 speakers were invited to provide a 10-min statement each of their point of view on this situation to initiate a discussion by the audience.

The subjects covered by Siegfried Pöchtrager and Friedrich Leutzendorff had a view on the markets and the consequences of export stops for grains and oil seeds from Ukraine and Russia. Stored grains and oilseeds cannot be transported outside the Ukraine and the sowing of new crops in 2022 is partially interrupted. The consequences are an increase in the market price of commodities in the short but also in the long term. In addition, increased energy costs, lack of fertilizers, general mobilisation for the war, and destroyed infrastructure will further contribute to higher prices for consumers. Production conditions like the avoidance of import of genetic modified organisms (GMO), palm oil, and the regulation of using 50% corn in poultry diets as the cereal source may contribute for further discussion as the long-term shortage in supply chains becomes clearer. In Austria, which may look for alternatives for the feed industry, and which may pay the higher prices for those commodities, consumers will face higher food prices at food retailers. Worldwide however, the higher prices may be a trigger for a new severe hunger crisis.

Besides the grain sources, other component needs for poultry diets like mono-calcium-phosphate (MCP) are also currently in short supply. The prices of this component increased almost 5-times in a few days. Current MCP storage will cover the need for 2022, but beyond this the supply is uncertain. In this regard, the statement of Jochen Krieg about the use of phytase in poultry diets provided a good overview about the limits of using phytase in current diets for poultry when there is a shortage of MCP. The increase in phytase addition to substitute for MCP does not provide a linear response in P-digestibility. The maximum release occurs at about 2,000 FTU/ kg DM of feed. For laying hens, the addition of phytase in the diet from 18 week to 72 week of age may reduce the need for MCP by up to 2.5 g MCP/bird/laying period. However, the P/Ca ratio needs to be observed.

 Another aspect of the Ukraine war is the supply of grains and oil seed for the organic farm sector. Doris Hofer presented a statement about the consequences for the organic market in Austria. She mentioned that the import of organic products, grains and oil seeds from outside the European Union is not common for the organic farm sector. The main issue, however, is the shortage of protein-rich dietary components for the livestock sector in general and for essential amino acids especially Methionine. However, like for the supply of specific ingredients like phosphor, for organic farming the long-term shortage of phosphor sources is an increasing concern. Although imports for limiting ingredients like protein sources are regulated within the organic farm sector, with an expected increase of the proportion of organic farming in Europe, the demand for feed components produced under organic farm regulations will increase too, thereby increasing consumer prices. All speakers, as well as the attendees agreed that currently all consequences of such supply shortages are not yet foreseeable. Therefore, the WPSA-Austria branch plans to follow up on this discussion with a comparable event in autumn 2022.

Dr Christine Potthast, Secretary, Austria Branch

Bangladesh

Mr. Md Mahabub Hassen from WPSA Bangladesh branch has invited the Bangladesh WPSA branch members, and other poultry industry personnel to attend an ‘International Seminar & Policy Discussion on Safe and Sustainable Poultry Production in Bangladesh,’ that will be held on 10-11 June, 2022 at the International Convention City Bashundhara (ICCB) in Dhaka. Environmental concerns related to poultry production in Bangladesh have become an important issue. The Poultry industry needs to follow and adjust its management practices in order to live better with the surrounding society. Interesting discussion can happen at this seminar.

Brazil

Benefits of autogenous vaccines will be theme of a FACTA symposium in September

Aiming at spreading technical and scientific knowledge to professionals and students in the poultry sector, FACTA WPSA-Brazil will organize the Symposium ‘Autogenous Vaccines’ ion September 13th and 14th.
The event will elaborate on the benefits of autogenous vaccines, personalized products produced from isolated microorganisms identified in the animals of a specific establishment affected by diseases.
Since some pathogens are capable of transforming into new strains, autogenous vaccines can offer more efficient protection against such variants. In these cases, autogenous vaccines offer producers an efficient mechanism to rapidly respond to such changes by using the most recent isolates, taken from sick birds from their own poultry houses. 

FACTA refreshes the sector with the FACTA Symposium on Salmonella in October

In order to foster debate and refreshment in the sector on the theme, a ‘FACTA Symposium on Salmonella’ will be organized in October 4th and 5th.
Salmonella will always be a trending theme, given its high occurrence in bird flocks and the zoonotic potential of some serological variants. Factors relating to the poultry chain, markets, and the pathogen maintain the relevance of continued debate on the subject. For example, there are new professionals entering the market, different demands from importing countries, emergence of new products to control bacteria, as well as a change to the resistance profile on the environment and the prevalence of serological variants in specific regions.

FACTA Symposium will debate trends in layer poultry farming

Between November 8th and 10th, FACTA organizes a space for debate in the layer poultry sector with a Symposium that will cover market trends, production, demand, management and sanitation aspects, and prospects for 2023.

Carla Palermo - FACTA WPSA Brazil (), Event & Communications

Colombia

The XXXV International Poultry Seminar is an academic event organized by the Colombian Association of Veterinary Doctors and Specialist Poultry Technicians (AMEVEA) that allows technicians and professionals to be updated on the latest research and trends that have been developed around the Poultry sector. From 15-16 June 2022, the first face-to-face seminar after two years of inactivity due to the pandemic will be held in Bogotá - Colombia.

You can find more information on the website.

France

The French Branch of WPSA will hold its general assembly 9 June 2022 online, with the presentation of its annual reports and the election of 4 new administrators.
On this occasion, the branch will welcome a keynote lecture in French on ‘Cellular meat: state of the art and perspectives’, by Marie-Pierre Elies-Oury, Sghaier Chriki, and Jean-François Hocquette .

The French Branch of WPSA is busy completing the preparations for the face to face 26th WPC in Paris, 7-11 August 2022. The Paris Congress Centre is fully equipped to warrant the safety of all participants so that the organising committee looks forward to receiving a large number of participants on site.

Dr Michel DUCLOS, Secretary of WPSA French Branch and Dr Christophe BOSTVIRONNOIS, President of WPSA French Branch

Germany

This year's spring meeting for the German Association included both a Board Meeting and the General Meeting which took place on March 15 and 16, 2022, in Hannover in hybrid farm. The board members met in person at the Bayer Lecture Hall at the TiHo Hannover, but due to Covid concerns, the participants for the general meeting and the lecture session only met via zoom. For the general meeting 90 persons and for the conference 160 persons had registered.

Those participating in the general meeting elected new board members for the branch board, except for president Michael Grashorn who will continue to be in charge. Six members retired from the board after many years of membership, and their commitment was duly honoured at a joint dinner: they included: Dr Ingrid Halle, Dr Klaus Damme, Prof. Dr Hafez M. Hafez, Klaus Mechow, Dr Thomas Redmann, and Prof. Dr Hanz-Wilhelm Windhorst. Four new board members were elected, thus contributing to the desired rejuvenation of the board, including: Dr Franca Müller from the University of Giessen; Dr Petra Thobe, Thünen Institute; Prof. Dr Rudi Preisinger, Lohmann Breeders; and Prof. Dr Jens Tetens, University of Göttingen.

Current topics from all areas of poultry science were again addressed at the lecture conference. The genetic background of feather pecking in laying hens was covered by Prof. Dr Jens Tetens, University of Göttingen. Pollution of the area close to the house in the free-range management of laying hens was covered by Prof. Dr Jürgen from the eß, University of Kassel. Dr Léni Corrand, Selari from de Veterinaires Abiopole addressed the impact of avian influenza in duck farming in France; and Dr Juli Marggraff, Thüringer Tierseuchenkasse covered The occurrence of sternal lesions in laying hen flocks. In addition, an insight into the current research projects at the Experimental and Educational Center for Poultry Husbandry in Kitzingen was provided by Dr Philipp Hofmann. The conference event was rounded off by two short presentations by this year's dissertation sponsorship award winners; including the dissertation by Dr Carolin Adler (University of Bonn) that compared two different floor systems for broiler fattening; and by the work by Dr Ruben Schreiter (HTW Dresden) which dealt with the influence of environmental enrichment on young and laying hens.

Even if the personal contact between the participants was missing, it was still a very informative and successful event. Special thanks go to Dr Silke Rautenschlein and her team for the on-site organization. The next spring meeting is scheduled for March 14 and 15, 2023 in Berlin. Hopefully, that meeting will again have 100% in person attendance!

The Presidium and the Board wish all members all the best until the next reunion.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, German Branch

Israel

The 55th annual Poultry Scientific Conference of the Israeli Branch was held on March 7-8, 2022, at the Pastoral Hotel in Kibbutz Kfar Blum located in the Upper Galilee. The conference was attended by 462 participants: scientists and students from the academia and research institutes, poultry producers, veterinarians, extension specialists and professionals from commercial companies serving the poultry industry in Israel.

During the 2-day conference, 51 lectures were presented in 10 sessions covering the leading poultry science disciplines: Nutrition; Management; Welfare; Environment protection; Health; Immunology; Genetics, Reproduction, Incubation and Fertility; Layers production; Broilers production­­­­­­­­­. We had a diverse group of lecturers which included well known professors and young researchers from academia, including veterinarians, nutritionists, experts from the industry sector, producer representatives, and graduate students. Three students were awarded prizes for their research presentations.

The opening ceremony was dedicated to the memory of Mr. Yoram Brown who served for many years as one of the central figures and Treasurer of the WPSA-Israel Branch.

The future of the broiler industry was in a round table discussion involving some of the leading representatives from the different sectors of the industry. The conference was honoured to host an overseas guest speaker, Mr. Tim Lambert from Canada, who shared a video lecture he had developed showing his extensive experience with the Canadian quota system of the Canadian egg industry, when he served as the CEO of Egg Farmers of Canada. His lecture was followed at the closing session by a lively round table discussion, focusing on the future reform for the Israeli egg quota system.

An award of appreciation was given to Bnayahu Mandel for his great contributions as the treasurer of the WPSA-Israel branch for the last 25 years, and for his activities in the Poultry Producers Organization as secretary. Twenty Israeli companies exhibited unique products for the poultry industry: including pharmaceuticals, feed additives, housing equipment, climate control, etc. The evening social activities included a lecture by a popular TV journalist on his experiences reporting on agriculture and other current issues in the Galilee region of Israel.

Yitzhak Malka, Secretary, WPSA Israel Branch

Italy

The 56th Annual Meeting of the Italian branch of WPSA took place on April 22th, 2022 at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy). It delt with ‘Are we pushing broilers to their biological limits?’.

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This emerging topic was explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers, moderated by Prof Martino Cassandro, President of the Italian Branch of WPSA.

  • Ilkka Leinonen (Natural Resources Institute Finland), Applying energy balance modelling to assess the limits
  • Birger Svihus (Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway), Is gut functionality a limitation for maximizing growth?
  • Filip Van Immerseel (Ghent University, Belgium), Why classical broiler production yields animals with high sensitivity to intestinal inflammation and infection?
  • Massimiliano Petracci (University of Bologna, Italy), Fast muscle growth and meat quality issues,
  • Avigdor Cahaner (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel), Consequences of the breeding of broilers for rapid growth and high breast meat yield, and their genetic mitigation

Presentations of the lectures are available on the following webpage: http://www.wpsa.it/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=51&Itemid=183.

On the day before the annual meeting, WG2 members visited the ‘Rimini Conference Center’ where the 23rd edition of the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) will be hosted from June 21st to 24th, 2023. The city of Rimini is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. The many attendees will include both poultry research scientists and practitioners, with leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available on the Symposia website: https://www.espn2023.eu/.

2023 espn logo 

Our Branch also participated to the First edition of the Fieravicola Poultry Forum & B2B which was took place on 4-6 May 2022 at the Rimini Expo Centre. This event was promoted by Fieravicola in collaboration with Assoavi (the Association of Italian egg producers) and Unaitalia (National Union of Meat and Egg Food Chains). The conference organized by the Italian Branch of WPSA was dedicated to the hot topic especially for EU egg producers dealing with “New technologies and perspectives of in-ovo sexing”. The meeting was moderated by Prof. Martino Cassandro (President of Italian Branch of WPSA) and it was opened by a lecture by Joel Gautron (INRAE, France) followed by the presentations of Gianluca Bagnara (Assoavi) and Yael Alter, CEO & Co-founder of Soos Technology. Slides of presentation (in Italian) are available on the following website

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Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2022 Spring Meeting of Japan Poultry Science Association (JPSA) was held with online style during 28–29 March. More than 100 people were connected to the meeting. The meeting contained the presentations of original research findings, a symposium, a seminar, and a general meeting. The symposium was held on March 28 during 13:00 to 17:30 as per Japan standard time. The presentations of research findings and the general meeting were organized from 9:00 to 17:00 on March 29. Besides, the seminar was held during lunch hour (12:00 – 13:00) on March 29. JPSA would like to appreciate all attendees for joining the meetings.

The presentation of original research findings contained 40 titles including 20 titles of the candidates for the Excellent Presentation Award of young researchers. The Excellent Presentation Awards were given for the following presentations: 1) ‘Multi-Omics analysis of the effect of different housing systems on laying hens’ by Nonoko Nozaki (Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology); 2) ‘Development of a cryomedium containing dimethyl sulfoxide for cryopreservation of chicken primordial germ cells’ by Natsuko Hamai (Hiroshima University); 3) ‘Effects of ad libitum feeding of a bran-based diet on rest reaction and reproductive organs in Japanese quails’ by Saori Tamada (Aichi Agriculture Research Center); 4) ‘Effects of brown rice and sake lees on growth performance and meat quality in broiler chickens’ by Koki Nishikawa (Kobe University); and 5) ‘Anti-inflammatory response of olive-derived polyphenol in LPS-activated chicken splenocytes’ by Kanade Otani (Tohoku University). JPSA congratulates the presenters who achieved the Excellent Presentation Awards in the Spring Meeting 2022.

Two symposia were organized during JPSA 2022 Spring Meeting. The first one was entitled ‘The insect feeds, as nobel ingredients for aquaculture and livestock diet’. The organizers were Dr Yoshiki Matumoto, Kagawa University, and Dr Noboru Manabe, Osaka International University, and the speakers were Dr Yoshiki Matumoto, Kagawa University; Dr Yasuhiro Fujitani, Research Institute of Environment, Agriculture and Fisheries, Osaka Prefecture; Dr Takeshi Miura, Ehime University; and Dr Kiyonori Kawasaki, Kagawa University. The second one was entitled ‘Metabolomics in chicken eggs’. It was organized by Dr Tatsuhiko Goto, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine; and Dr Shozo Tomonaga, Kyoto University. The speakers were Dr Mami Fukuoka, Kewpie Corporation; Dr Masataka Wakayama, Keio University; Dr Tsuyoshi Shimmura, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology; and Dr Tasuhiko Goto. The topics of these symposia were very timely, and many of young scientists joined the meeting and participated with vibrant discussions.

The Young Members' Executive Committee of JPSA held the seminar entitled ‘Using of guanidinoacetic acid in animal feed’ during 12:00 – 13:00, on March 29. Two speakers made the presentations. Dr Hitroshi Kojo, Sumitomo Chemical Corporation, talked about ‘Introduction of the new feed additive - guanidinoacetic acid’. Then, Dr Yoshiyuki Ohta, Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University, presented about ‘Broiler nutrition and guanidinoacetic acid’. The seminar also had many attendees.

The ‘Excellent Paper Award’ on the published papers in the Journal of Poultry Science (JPS) in 2021 was presented in this meeting. Ryosuke Makino, Maaya Uda, Syoko Shuto, Kazumi Kita, and Tetsuya Tachibana, entitled ‘Influence of dietary metformin on the growth performance and plasma concentrations of amino acids and advanced glycation end products in two types of chickens’, 58 (2): 110–118, and Tomohito Iwasaki, Takafumi Watanabe, Yasuhiro Hasegawa, Marina Hosotani, and Takeshi Kawasaki, entitled ‘Nutrition during the early rearing period affects the incidence of wooden breasts in broilers’, 58 (3): 177–185 were given the awards.

In the spring meeting, the new board members of JPSA have been elected for serving in the next two years. Dr Takashi Bungo (Okayama University of Science) has been elected as the new President of the JPSA. Dr Kan Sato (Tohoku University) has been elected as the new Vice-President of the JPSA, and Dr Naoki Goto (Hendrix Genetics Layers) has been re-elected as the Vice-President of the JPSA. The secretaries of the JPSA are Dr Atsushi Murai (Nagoya University), Hiroki Furuta (Nippon Veterinary and Life Science University). The treasure of the JPSA is Dr Makoto Yamazaki (Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science, NARO). In addition, the Editorial Board Members for the JPSA journals (‘The JPS’ and ‘Japanese Journal of Poultry Science’) are: Dr Kazuhisa Honda (Kobe University) took the charge as the Editor-in-Chief, and Dr Tomohiro Sasanami (Shizuoka University) became the co-Editor-in-Chief. The Editorial Managers are Dr Takeshi Ohkubo (Ibaraki University) and Dr Fuminori Kawabata (Hirosaki University). Moreover, Dr Naoki Goto continues to be the secretary of WPSA Japan branch.

JPS, the official scientific journal of JPSA, obtained the Impact Factor of 1.425 (2021 Journal Citation Reports, Clarivate Analytics). The JPS is also a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and the articles of the journal can be accessed through PubMed search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/3725/). Moreover, JPS is available on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) database (https://doaj.org/toc/1349-0486).

JPSA welcomes the submission of original research articles and review papers to the JPS using the following website: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the full published articles.

JPSA would like to contribute to the Poultry Science in Japan and over the globe by enhancing the international activities with the members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID pandemic has still made a tough situation in many areas of the world; however, it seems to be getting better. Please take good care of yourself until it’s over!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

Pakistan

Dr Nasir Mukhtar from the Pakistan branch reported activity which was arranged in Pakistan for WPSA members, academics and industry. The 4th National Poultry Training Workshop on Advanced Artificial Insemination Techniques for Broiler Breeders was successfully held on 10-12 May, 2022, at PMAS Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi – Pakistan.

Poland

The XXXII International Poultry Symposium of PB WPSA 'Science for poultry practice - poultry practice for science', will be held from 5-7 September 2022 at the Krasicki Hotel in Lidzbark Warmiński (Centrum Konferencyjno-Wypoczynkowe "ZAMEK" Sp. z o.o., Pl. Zamkowy 1/7, 11-100 Lidzbark Warmiński, Poland).

PRELIMINARY SYMPOSIUM PROGRAMME
• Opening ceremony - September 5, 2022 (Monday)
• Deliberations in sessions - 5-7 September 2022 (Monday-Wednesday)
• The General Meeting of WPSA Members - September 6, 2022 (Tuesday)
• Summing up and closing the meeting - September 7, 2022 (Wednesday)

More information on the website www.wpsa.pl.
Or you can contact the organizers at 

Thailand

The Thailand Branch, led by the APF President, Dr Sakchai Sriboonsue, arranged our annual WPSA Thailand branch meeting on-line during November 2021. The topics covered were related to poultry products, such as chicken meat and eggs, and immunity. Speakers were invited from the Food Science Technology area in order to broaden our knowledge and the audience. We also had a panel discussion on ‘Poultry product safety’ with a government official, a feed producer and a university professor on the panel to provide their views on how we should handle and control safety in the poultry meat we produce during the Covid-19 pandemic. Lastly, we provided an opportunity for four university students to present their research work.

Dr Charoen Parcharianon, Secretary, Thailand Branch

Turkey

During its last board meeting, the WPSA Turkish Branch decided to put forward our candidacy for hosting one of the European Federation’s working group summits and to start with the necessary deliberations.
We also decided to organise some scientific panels/conferences etc. in order to revive our branch activities, which have been quite static since the start of the Covid pandemic.
Upon the request of some African countries, we have also agreed to form a scientific committee specialised in poultry production techniques to be sent to those countries to improve their production capacities

Prof. Dr Kâzım Şahin, Secretary, WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

Over April 13th and 14th, 2022, the U.K. Branch was very happy to hold its first in person meeting in over two years. Everything went smoothly, and it was great to meet up with old friends, colleagues and contacts again. The meeting was a great success — with all 63 of the participants enjoying the opportunity to network again after the restrictions imposed by COVID-19. As in previous years, the meeting was held in conjunction with the annual meeting of the British Society for Animal Science, which allowed those in attendance the option to attend that organisation’s sessions on other species.

Delegates attending in person made up about one-quarter of the Branch’s total membership. For those unable to be there in person, remote access to the presentations was offered for a reduced registration fee. Over the course of the meeting, 21 presentations were given in six sessions, including four invited speakers. Topics ranged from poultry nutrition and welfare to the potential in feeding processed animal proteins. Commemorating Robert Gordon — one of the country’s most eminent poultry scientists — the annual Gordon Memorial Lecture was given by Professor Christine Nichol of the Royal Veterinary College, University of London. Her chosen topic was ‘Whither hen welfare?’

The Annual General Meeting of the branch members saw the terms end for Branch President, Professor Emily Burton, and for Vice-President, Dr Helen (Nell) Masey-O’Neill. Despite a number of huge challenges over their four-year terms of office, both provided tremendous leadership for the Branch while they were serving. As a token of the members’ appreciation and thanks, both were presented with flower bouquets before the annual meeting closed.

Taking on the position of President for the U.K. Branch is a renowned poultry veterinarian, Dr Stephen Lister. Dr Jessica Martin will serve as the new Vice President for the Branch.

With great anticipation, the Branch is now looking forward to our next Poultry Science Symposium, which will be held at the University of Cambridge. The theme for the Symposium is: ‘Pre and Probiotics: Nutritional, Veterinary and Production Perspectives’. Originally scheduled for the year 2020, this 33rd Poultry Science Symposium will now be held on 22nd - 24th August 2022. Registration will open soon. Further details are available on the following website: https://www.wpsa2022.org/. The U.K. Branch looks forward to welcoming you to this fascinating conference at one of the U.K.’s oldest and most prestigious universities!

Jackie Linden, WPSA UK Branch Secretary

USA

The USA and Canadian Branches of the WPSA will again jointly sponsor the WPSA lecture, that will serve as the keynote lecture for the Poultry Science Association annual meeting this summer on July 11-14 in San Antonio, Texas. The lecture will be held on Monday, July 11. The speaker will be Professor Ian Dunn from the Roslin Institute and the topic of his lecture will be ‘Practical Genetic Inspired Tools to Improve the Skeletal Quality of Laying hens; Nutrition, Management and Selection’. For information on this year’s annual Poultry Science Meeting, Registration, and Programmes, see: www.annualmeetingeventspoultryscience.org.

Dr Bob Buresh, USA Branch Secretary

World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)

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WVEPAH is a branch of the ‘European Association for Veterinary Specialization’ (EAVS), a non-profit organization registered in Luxembourg since 1989. In 1992 EAVS created the ‘European School for Advanced Veterinary Studies’ (ESAVS, www.esavs.org) which offers high quality continuing education and is officially affiliated with the University of Luxembourg. WVEPAH has a similar structure as the ESAVS and is also affiliated with and supported by the OIE and includes OIE standards and regulations in its training programmes.

WVEPAH programmes consist of a series of courses in a particular field of poultry health and production. A typical study programme is composed of two online courses.

Courses include pre-recorded courses and LIVE meetings. Each course is taught by course masters who are internationally recognized specialists in their field and have excellent didactic skills.

The courses are designed for those professionals in the poultry industry who wish to broaden their knowledge in the area of poultry health and production with strong emphasis on health management. Intensive training is provided at an advanced level with major emphasis on a case oriented and problem-solving approach.

Participants of WVEPAH programmes acquire new skills and knowledge which they can immediately apply in their daily field activities.

Participants also have the possibility to pursue a Certificate in Animal Health: Poultry Production diploma, after completion of the two modules, including a section on regulation taught by the OIE, and the submission of the analysis of 25 clinical cases. This diploma is delivered by the University of Luxembourg and the regulatory aspects are validated by the OIE.

List of courses, dates, registration conditions see: www.wvepah.org.

Newsletter December 2020

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Volume 53, December 2020  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpsj editor vacancy 300x218      

 

The World's Poultry Science Journal is looking for a new Editor

 

2020 wpc

2020 wpc

 

World's Poultry Congres 2021

8-12 August 2021, Paris, France

 

 

Registration for WPC2021

Registration for WPC2021 is open. Click here for details.

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting and latest news

The board of WPSA held a virtual meeting early October. Annual reports from the president, secretary, treasurer, federation presidents and the Journal editor were discussed. The latest news about the World’s Poultry Congress in 2021 in Paris, France, was presented. The preparations are continuing, the programme is almost finalised and depending on the worldwide COVID-19 situation the congress will be held from 8-12 August 2021.
Several committees (International Poultry Hall of Fame, Paul Siegel Research Award, Education Award, Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Award) finalised their work for WPC2021, the results will be kept confidential.

More information on WPC2021: www.wpcparis2021.com.

The financial situation of WPSA is in good shape, total number of members is 8165, with 76 national branches. We thank our sponsors and advertisers for their generous support.
As branches have been suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic, the board will give as much as possible support to them. Branches are invited to contact the secretariat with proposals.

Starting 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal is hosted and produced by Taylor & Francis Publishers. The transition from the previous publisher was well underway, than the COVID-19 pandemic came and caused an unprecedented disruption to the global distribution network. Restrictions in international freight carriage and slow operating or even closed postal services caused considerable delays. The print and distribution of the journal was resumed mid-May. The March, June and September issue have been mailed, the December issue is ready.

During the board meeting Dr Lucy Waldron announced her resignation as editor of the WPS Journal. Dr Waldron has been active in this position for almost 13 years and the board thanked her for her commitment and service to the association. A search for a new editor will start soon. On this moment Dr Julie Roberts, Australia, is our acting interim editor and together with the help of the members of the editorial board and of Taylor & Francis the next issues will be produced.

For more communication news can also be found on the WPSA website and our Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/). A special calendar for  webinars from associations and our supporting sponsors and advertisers has been added on the website. New activities can be sent to

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

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I write this short report from my ‘biosecure nest.’ It is with relief that I report that while some members of the WPSA flock have experienced COVID-19 in their families, all are fully recovered or recovering. I would like to think that the biosecurity practices we have taught in the poultry industry, have made us excellent students and early adopters of COVID-19 prevention and treatment practices.

Your WPSA Executive Committee has continued to work at home. Our travel wings remain clipped and we are doing our best to keep in communication with Branches and individual members. I am delighted to report that the Secretary of the Bolivia Branch, Fernando Peña Torrez, has initiated a programme to increase WPSA’s visibility and service-to-members in Latin and South America. Details on his programme will be described in upcoming newsletters.

May you and your family end 2020 in safety, and start the New Year in good health and with the hope of effective COVID-19 vaccinations for all who need them.Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress

Palais de Congrès, August 8-12, 2021, Paris, France

REMINDER: THERE IS ONLY TILL DECEMBER 31, 2020 TO SUBMIT A NEW ABSTRACT AND TO ENJOY THE BENEFIT OF REGISTRATION AT THE REGULAR WPC2020 PRICE for WPC2021!

20WPC blocmarque blocdatesThe organising committee is actively working to welcome the WPSA community to Paris. We are working on all options to insure a large group of participants for the meeting. The sanitary crisis will not prevent us from holding the event in Paris, 8 to 12 August 2021, https://wpcparis2021.com/

Please look at the preliminary programme with the updated list of invited speakers Synopsis – world poultry congress | 2021 | PARIS (wpcparis2021.com). All authors who submitted abstracts in 2019 and were asked to modify their texts will receive a final answer within a few days.

The submission site remains open for new abstracts, until 31 December 2020. Do not miss this chance to present your recent work.

Registrations that were already made for WPC2020 are valid for WPC2021. The same regular fee holds for new registrations until 31 December 2020. WPC2021 will give all members of WPSA the opportunity to join together to celebrate the 100 years that World Poultry Congresses have been held, since the first WPC was organised in 1921.

wpc2021 100

Let's celebrate! 

 

Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Chair of WPC2021

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The next European Poultry Conference will be held in Valencia, Spain in 2022.

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2022. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

2021 espn

In order to avoid overlapping with the WPC that has been changed to August 8 - 12, 2021, the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) has been moved from 2021 to take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 5 to 8 September, 2022. Our Branch would like to thank VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. Despite this difficult situation, we also much appreciate sponsors and partners who are confirming their support for our event. Of course, we will work hard during the coming months to ensure the postponed edition of the 23rd ESPN is a success. The city of Rimini is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and will help forge the future of poultry meat science. Additional details are available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2022.eu/

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The 12th symposium on Breeding and Genetics is being planned. It will take place in Hannover, 8-10 November 2022, and will be hosted by the German Branch. We would be pleased if you save this date and plan your participation. Further information will follow in due course.

Steffen Weigend, Chairman of the European Federations Working Group 3

WG4

Quality of Eggs and Egg Products

Due to the postponement of the World’s Poultry Congress caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, the WG4 meeting has been re-scheduled to take place during WPC2021 in August 2021, in Paris. Members who want to suggest topics to be discussed are more than welcome and can send their suggestions to the Chairpersons (; ).

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2021 Eggmeat logo EMQ

As for all European Symposia, the next 'XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat' conjointly held with the 'XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products' have been postponed to June 8 to 10, 2022, thanks to the cooperation with the Polish Branch. The venue will be the same in Kraków, Poland, and the conference website is already available. The next WG5 member meeting will be held during World's Poultry Congress 2021 in Paris.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA

WG6

Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)

Due to the spread of the Covid-19 virus, which has created lots of uncertainty for traveling, WG6 (IFRG) has postponed its 2020 meeting and has rescheduled it for October 14-15, 2021 at the Holiday Inn in Leiden, The Netherlands. For more information see the website.

Ampai Nangsuay, Secretary WG6

WG10

Turkeys

The 11th 'Hafez' International Symposium on Turkey Production will be held in Berlin, Germany; May/June 2021. I hope to see you in Berlin.

Prof. Dr. Dr. H. M. Hafez, Institute of Poultry Diseases, Free University Berlin, Chair WG10


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG3

Ratites

There will be Ratite Research Sessions during the upcoming World Poultry Congress in Paris, France from 8-12 August 2021. Please send any suggestions for contributions and topics to .

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

 

7th Mediterranean Poulty Summit

2021 7mpsDue to the current health situation and the uncertainty generated by the covid-19, the organizing Committees of the 7th Mediterranean Poultry Summit have decided to postpone again the event until October 6-8, 2021.

This difficult and sad decision is taken after a first postponement. At that time, we thought that the 6-month period contemplated for carrying out the MPS was enough time for the health situation to be controlled throughout the world. However, the world situation and the restrictions on capacity indoors suggest that a new postponement is the best option.

I hope the situation changes in one year and we can meet again face to face.

Thank you for your patience and support.

Warmest regards,

Carlos Garcés Narro

Details for the conference are shown on the website summit’s website: www.mpn-wpsa.org.

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

From 2020 the World’s Poultry Science Journal will be published by Taylor & Francis. If you have requested an online subscription as part of your membership, you have received an email from Taylor & Francis with instructions how to access WPSJ online from the new website www.tandfonline.com/TWPS. Please ensure that you add '@tandfonline.com' to your safe senders list to ensure these types of emails are not sent to your spam folder or blocked by your service provider. Should you have any questions about your online access please contact ”.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • E. Baéza - Characteristics of processed poultry products
  • R.A. Swick - Dietary calcium and meat and bone meal as potential precursors for the onset of necrotic enteritis
  • R. Toroghi - Implementation of high-level biosecurity measures can reduce the baseline antibody titers of Newcastle disease in non-integrated layer flocks in northeast Iran
  • E. Baéza - Use of algae in poultry production: a review
  • H. Lukanov - Domestication changes in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica): a review
  • S. Elnesr - Nutritional significance of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) and its beneficial impact on poultry
  • A. Salamon - Factors affecting the production of double-yolked eggs
  • S.A. Mtshali - A review of adaptive immune responses to Eimeria tenella and Eimeria maxima challenge in chickens
  • I.C.S. Araújo - Thermal manipulations of birds during embryogenesis

Summaries

Characteristics of processed poultry products

E. BAÉZA

Poultry is now the most consumed meat, in terms of volume. A main factor for the continuous increase of poultry production is the huge development of cut pieces and processed products. The nutritional quality of such products is quite variable. For example, the protein and lipid contents of chicken nuggets are between 9.8 and 31.0% and 7.5 and 25.0%, respectively. Different ingredients, such as vitamin E, thyme or rosemary essential oils can be used during processing to increase the shelf life of products by decreasing oxidation susceptibility and/or limiting microbial contamination. For example, adding 0.2% thyme essential oil caused a 40% decrease in TBARS value (an indicator of lipid peroxidation) in chicken nuggets stored at -20°C for six months and a 41.0% decrease in the number of Staphylococcus aureus in sausages fermented for 28 days. To answer consumer and/or public authorities’ requests, recipes for processed products can be modified to decrease, for example, their fat or salt (sodium chloride) contents. The quality of processed products mainly depends on technological processes, and preservation and cooking conditions. For instance, high cooking temperatures during frying or roasting can induce the formation of undesirable compounds which are harmful for consumers. Finally, poultry meat has high protein content and low lipid and saturated fatty acid levels. Its nutritional characteristics are, therefore, rather favourable for the health of consumers, but for the most processed products (nuggets, cordons bleus, kebabs) the industry has completely modified these characteristics to make food rich in carbohydrates, lipids and salt, which are not desirable.

Nutritional precursors for necrotic enteritis

H.K. ZANU, S.K. KHERAVII, M.R. BEDFORD and R.A. SWICK

Necrotic enteritis (NE) is an enteric disease of poultry caused by Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens). The incidence of NE has increased in several countries as a result of restrictions on the use of in-feed antibiotics. This disease may be triggered by a combination of coccidiosis and the presence of undigested nutrients in the hindgut providing nutrients and high pH that favour the proliferation of pathogens. Meat and bone meal (MBM) inclusion rates above 4% and higher dietary calcium (Ca) inclusion rates above 1.0 % may potentially favour the overgrowth of enteric pathogens, including C. perfringens. High levels of elastin, collagen and keratin from MBM are refractory to gastric digestion and may act as nutrient substrates for C. perfringens. Such proteins are metabolised by C. perfringens by putrefactive fermentation, producing trimethylamine and ammonia, that affect gut health and increase the pH of digesta. Digesta pH may become elevated by feeding a diet high in Ca, as this nutrient has a high acid-binding capacity. Calcium interacts with phytic acid, forming mineral-phytate complexes that decrease the activity of exogenous dietary phytase. This reduces digestion and increases the influx of nutrients into the hindgut. Similarly, smaller particle sizes (dgw <75 μm) and high solubility of some Ca sources could increase digesta pH and chelation of Ca by phytic acid and decrease nutrient digestibility. Whether the practice of overfeeding Ca in order to ensure this nutrient is not limiting for bone development may be putting the bird at risk of a NE outbreak is not known. This review discusses the potential for dietary MBM to exacerbate NE in broiler chickens. The impact of Ca level and particle size to affect gut pH and phytase efficacy are discussed, with inferences to alter the onset of NE.

Implementation of high-level biosecurity measures can reduce the baseline antibody titres of Newcastle disease in non-integrated layer flocks in northeast Iran

R. TOROGHI, I. SALAMATIAN, M.R. BASSAMI, N. IRANKHAH, A. EMARLOO, A. MAHOUTI and S. GHAVI

Newcastle disease (ND) is an OIE listed viral infection that has spread throughout developed and underdeveloped countries, either as an endemic or epizootic disease. ND has been endemic in several developing countries in non-integrated poultry production systems. Serological baselines of poultry diseases can be established and monitored as a useful and reliable tool to design effective strategies for prevention and control of infectious diseases, yet almost no comprehensive report on serological baseline values is yet available. This review covers the situation of ND in northeast Iran during 2009-2018, and ND serological baselines of layer flocks in Khorasan-e-Razavi Province in Iran are presented for the first time. The mean haemaglutination inhibition (HI) titres for NDV throughout the production cycle of layer flocks in the two periods 2009-2015 and 2016-2018 were around 9.5 Log2 (range 7.9 to 11.4) and 7 Log2 (range 6 to 9.1), respectively. In addition to a 2.5 Log2 decrease in HI antibody titres, a significant decline was seen in the rate of incidence, mortality and clinical manifestations of respiratory diseases, especially ND. Interestingly, layer flocks reached a significant milestone in the adoption of biosecurity practices during the first emergence of highly pathogenic avian influenza in the early months of 2016. It was concluded that increased application of biosecurity in non-integrated poultry production systems of developing countries may take priority over the other control/preventive measures against ND. There is a need for other control and prevention studies to be promoted in developing countries, empowering them to formulate and adopt strategies that move beyond the conventional approaches and aim at international health and trade.

Use of algae in poultry production: a review

E. COUDERT, E. BAÉZA and C. BERRI

Algae represent a large and new source of nutrients with other health benefits as supplements in animal feed formulations. ‘Algae’ is a generic term that groups brown, green, and red types of both macro- and micro-algae. These marine plants may play a key role in the future for poultry production, as they constitute a new and valuable nutrient source, thanks to their nutritional composition and richness in as polyphenols, polysaccharides and fatty and amino acids. Many studies have evaluated the advantages and inconvenience of using micro- and macro-algae in poultry nutrition and their ability to improve animal health and, thus, welfare. This review describes the main nutritional characteristics of algae and the current knowledge on their effects in poultry production, impacts on animal health, growth performance and product quality (eggs and meat). The increase in laying rate and egg weight can reach +4.0 to 8.6 percentage points and +1.3 to 1.5 g, respectively. The increase in body weight of broilers and decrease in feed conversion ratio can vary from 5% to 22% and from 4% to 15%, respectively. According to the literature, a dietary incorporation rate of 2% for microalgae or a range between 1% and 5% for macroalgae is suitable for both laying hens and broiler chickens, even though these ranges greatly depend on the type of algae used and the expected benefits for poultry production.

Domestication changes in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica)

H. LUKANOV and I. PAVLOVA

Domestic quail (Coturnix japonica domestica) is a domesticated gallinaceous bird that originated in East Asia with ancestor the wild Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Subsequently to domestication, quails have undergone a number of morphological, ethological and productive changes that make them quite different from those of their wild ancestors. These reflect greater intraspecific differences than even in the differences between species in the genus Coturnix. Unlike the wild quail, a variety of other plumage colours are seen in the domestic quail, the most popular being variations of golden, tuxedo, extended brown and recessive white. The average live weight of the wild Japanese quail varies within 85-110 g, whereas the domestic quails are about 45% to more than 250% heavier, depending to their productive type. Major differences are visible in the migratory, sexual, nesting and brooding behaviour, and other ethological reactions such as vocalisation, mating calls, aggression and fighting. A number of productive parameters have been affected by domestication. Wild Japanese quails lay about 5-14 eggs per clutch, with 2-3 broods per year. Domestic quails could lay more than 250 eggs per year with average egg weight increase of 20% in egg production to 100% in meat production compared to their ancestors. This review summarises how domestication and human impact affect a number of features, significantly altering the Japanese quail. The aim is to emphasise the changes that occurred during the domestication of Japanese quails, supporting the proposal of using the term ‘domestic quail’. (Coturnix japonica domestica).

Nutritional significance of aloe vera (Aloe barbadensis Miller) and its beneficial impact on poultry

A.A. EBRAHIM, S.S. ELNESR, M.A.A. ABDEL-MAGEED and M.M.M. ALY

The purpose of any supplement in the diet is to take advantage of its beneficial effects on performance, development, health, with the aim of stabilisation of digestion along with improved feed efficiency. Aloe vera is one such supplement. Its use has increased in nutrition and veterinary uses because of its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic and antifungal properties. These activities come from various biologically active constituents, including minerals, vitamins, sugars, enzymes, anthraquinones or phenolic compounds, saponins, amino acids, lignin and sterols. Supplementation with aloe vera in poultry diets improves productive performance, enhances digestion and reduces disease incidence. Research has shown that dietary supplementation of aloe vera (0.1-1.0%) positively increased body weight by 7-25%, and improved immunological indices by 10-50%. Feed treatment with 0.5-1% aloe vera reduced harmful bacteria in the gut by 24% and increased beneficial bacterial populations by 30%. This review includes information on the inclusion of aloe vera in poultry feed, and how it may be useful as a natural supplement without side effects to maximise overall poultry productivity.

Factors affecting the production of double-yolked eggs

A. SALAMON

Double yolked eggs are a rare phenomenon in domestic poultry and game birds, generally ~1-2% of the eggs are double-yolked (DY) over the laying cycle. The production of such eggs is influenced by several factors from which the most important ones include genetics, selection for multiple ovulations, female age, light exposure and nutrition. It is known that higher body weight is the result of selection, and has been correlated to the increase in multiple ovulations. The increased incidence of DY eggs is a consequence of the multiple ovulations, which are more prevalent in the first 10 weeks of laying, when up to 25% of follicles develop as pairs, because the regulation of follicle maturation and ovulation is not fully established. This regulation involves endocrinological and physiological changes, which are mediated by light, and management during rearing and laying is crucial to reduce DY eggs. Restricted feeding (~50% daily feed intake of ad libitum) results in decreased follicle production and multiple ovulations, hence reduces DY egg production. Feed should contain less protein (<16%) to control body weight gain. However, if DY egg production is the goal, birds should be fed ad libitum with high protein (>16%) to achieve higher body weights. Furthermore, applying photostimulation early (6-12 weeks of age for domestic fowl), increasing photoperiod to 13-16 hours of light and light intensity (>80 lux) can help prevent DY.

A review of adaptive immune responses to Eimeria tenella and Eimeria maxima challenge in chickens

S.A. MTSHALI and M.A. ADELEKE

Adaptive immune responses in poultry against the invading parasites are complex, involving both specific and non-specific immunity. Attempts in finding new vaccine candidates for Eimeria parasite infection control are continuing, and any promising candidates that have been discovered so far are only effective against homologous infection. Different genes are involved in coccidiosis protection and take part in Eimeria infections. Expression library immunization (ELI) is a novel method for systematic screening of genomes to identify new vaccine candidates. Some of these antigens have yielded promising results, with rEtIMP-1 and EtIMP1-CD40L reducing oocysts output with 66% and 78% respectively in chickens challenged with Eimeria tenella by inducing immune responses. The significance of cytokines in inducing immunity against the invading parasite cannot be ignored, as they provide support to both innate and adaptive immune responses. Adaptive immune responses and genes expressed in response to E. maxima and E. tenella challenges are important. Possible immunogenic vaccine candidates derived from Eimeria antigens have potential for control, diagnosis and treatment strategies for coccidiosis.

Thermal manipulations of birds during embryogenesis

B.T.A. COSTA, T.S.B. LOPES, M.A. MESQUITA, L.J.C. LARA and I.C.S. ARAÚJO

Broilers are subject to adverse environmental conditions, especially temperature, which decreases performance and increases disease vulnerability. Understanding how the mechanisms involved in thermoregulation of the embryo function is essential for improving production. Studies have shown that thermal manipulation should occur late during embryonic development (14th to 18th day of incubation) and factors, such as hormones, neurotransmitters and cytokines, are involved in programming the thermoregulatory system. Several methodologies have been applied in experimental situations regarding the frequency, intensity and duration of thermal stimuli during the embryonic period. Hatching yield can be improved, despite different handling strategies, however, there are still divergent results regarding the ability of birds to adapt to thermal stimuli. Thermal management can alter vascular development and hormone levels in embryos. In contrast to high temperature thermal manipulation, using lower incubation temperatures can positively influence the quality of newly hatched chicks. In general, positive results were observed for thermal manipulation by cold or heat when embryos were stressed for 2 to 6 h/day. Higher hatchability and performance under normal conditions was observed in experiments using temperatures from 36.4 to 36.7oC. Better performance was seen under heat stress conditions in the final phase (21-35 days) when using temperatures from 39.2 to 39.5oC. Thermal manipulation modulates the expression of heat shock proteins (HSP), which vary with stimulus type (heat/cold), breed, tissue and bird age. Finally, thermal manipulation can be effective in helping birds adapt to the breeding environment; however, it is necessary to refine certain points. The present review found thermal manipulation during embryo development was effective at increasing hatchability and performance of broilers.

Branch News

France

The officers of the branch’s board met by video conference on 25 September 2020. The next meeting will take place in December 2020. See http://wpsa.fr/qui-sommes-nous/conseil-administration

The 2021 general assembly of WPSA-France will take place online 18 March 2021, during a scientific session called ‘WPSA Thursday’ dedicated to the topic ‘Resilience of the poultry production chain following one year of COVID-19’.

The Branch renews its call to all members for their participation in WPC2021 in Paris on 8-12 August 2021, and for the preparation for this event, which will also mark the centenary of WPSAs World Poultry Congresses.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, and Michel Duclos, secretary WPSA France 

Germany

Due to the ongoing pandemic, we will hold our annual Spring Conference for the German Branch in a digital format on March 19, 2021. Please make a note of this on your calendar.

The XII European Symposium on Poultry Genetics is being planned for Hannover, 08 – 11, 2022. Information will follow.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, Germany Branch

Italy

2020 fier avicolaThe next annual national meeting will be organized in conjunction with the 2021 edition of FIERAVICOLA which will be held at the Rimini Expo Centre from 4 to 6 May. General information on the International Poultry Exhibition is available on the website: https://www.fieravicola.com/en/.

The Italian Branch will host the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) which will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from 5 to 8 September, 2022. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2022.eu/.

2022 ESPN logo

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2021 Spring Meeting of the Japan Poultry Science Association (JPSA) will be held in online (web) style. All activities during the meeting, including presentations of original research findings, a general meeting, and the council meeting, will be organised on the web at the end of March. Details will be announced soon on the JPSA web site (https://jpn-psa.jp/). In the meantime, registration for the presentations of original research findings will be started at the beginning of January 2021, and the deadline will be January 26th, 2021. The details for the registration will also be informed via the JPSA web site.

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS - the official journal of JPSA, IF: 0.880), the official scientific journal published by JPSA, became a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and articles published in the journal can now be accessed through the PubMed search engine. We welcome the contribution of original research articles and reviews to the JPS using the following web site: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the published articles.

JPSA would like to contribute not only to poultry science in Japan, but all over the world by enhancing activities with members from other countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges for publishing their papers in the JPS will be set at the regular membership price. JPSA welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID-19 pandemic has created a tough situation in the world, but JPSA hopes things will get better soon. Please take good care of yourself!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

Russia

Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Serguiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognises the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad. All are welcome to attend the courses in Serguiev Posad.

Tatiana Vasilieva, Secretary

United Kingdom

New Opportunity: The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award

The UK branch is pleased to announce a new Academic Career Advancement Award in memory of Professor Gordon D Rosen. Gordon contributed a highly logical and very descriptive approach to animal nutrition from the 1960s through to just a few years before his death in 2015. A full obituary for him is available in volume 71 of World’s Poultry Science Journal. He was an inspirational person whose curiosity and gently framed yet penetrating questions made him a legend. There is a generation of scientists influenced by his presence – always in the front row – of scientific meetings, and now his wife Vanda would like to encourage other scientists to develop their own inquisitiveness through this new award.

The GD Rosen Academic Career Advancement Award provides £2000 each year to fund an academic adventure. With this aim, the award is open in nature, while particularly encouraging people to become multidisciplinary in their approach to research. The award is open to UK branch members who are within their early career spanning from 2 years to 5 years post PhD viva. Examples of proposals might include a request to attend an academic conference (particularly one outside your core field), support for an educational tour of another country or global region, support to visit another institution to learn a new technique or approach, or support to publish a major research output in a journal requiring publication fees.

Proposal forms and conditions of the GD Rosen Award can be found on the WPSA-UK website.

Deadline for applications: 30th January 2021

 

Volume 55, September 2021  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpc2022 postponed

 

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

The World’s Poultry Congress is postponed to 7-11 August 2022. On 10 August 2021, the day of the official opening of the Congress when hold this year, a webinar was organized by the WPC team to celebrate 100 years of World’s Poultry Congresses. During the webinar the names of the inductees of the International Poultry Hall of Fame - Prof Achille Franchini, Italy, Prof Rob Gous, South Africa, Prof Hafez Mohamed Hafez, Germany, Dr Gerald Havenstein, USA and Dr Bob Pym, Australia- and the winners of the Paul Siegel Research award – Prof Samuel Aggrey, USA- and WPSA Education award – Prof Kokou Tona, Togo- were announced. The official award session will take place in Paris 2022. The webinar can be watched here.

During WPC2022 also the next Council meeting is planned. Official voting will be for members of the WPSA board and for the city and country of the next World’s Poultry Congress. Branches will be informed about procedures and time schedules later this year.

Travel restrictions still exist but the first signs that parts of the world re-opens for meetings and exhibitions are visible. Nevertheless as we have discovered the possibilities of online meetings, several national branch and international scientific meetings are online. On September 1, 2021, there was a Virtual Leadership Conference focusing on Africa. Speakers on behalf of WPSA were Mrs Comfort Acheampong, Ghana and Mr Peter van Horne, The Netherlands.

The One-Health conference (8-9 September organized by the Pakistan branch) and webinars to be hold by many other branches are the examples.

More communications and other news can be found on the WPSA Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/) and website. A special calendar is now reserved for webinars from associations and our supporting sponsors and advertisers. New activities can be sent to .

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

From a professional standpoint, this quarter has been very quiet. It was another summer without the usual in-person scientific society events that we all anticipate. It was a true gift that the organizers of the World’s Poultry Congress 2020, developed a webinar celebrating the Centenary of the World Poultry Congress.
The webinar definitely got the viewer in the mood for next summer’s long anticipated Congress in Paris. My personal congratulations to all of the new members of the International Poultry Hall of Fame. In addition to the esteemed Dr Hafez, I was delighted to see my former WPSA Board Members (Drs Franchini, Gous, Havenstein, and Pym) inducted.
During the webinar, Dr Mulder also announced that Dr Samuel Aggrey was the first recipient of the Paul Siegel Research Award. Well done, Dr Aggrey. As a member of the United States of America Branch of WPSA, I was so proud that the Research Award now bears the name of Dr Siegel. However, I know that Dr Siegel’s many former students, colleagues, and friends around the world will argue that he is truly a ‘global’ member of WPSA!
Slowly I am seeing organizations and societies start to announce their 2021 in-person meetings. I leave you with the wish that we all will be traveling during the coming year, and that we will be able to personally greet each other at our favourite meetings, conferences, and at the World’s Poultry Congress.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress

Palais de Congrès, August 7-11, 2022, Paris, France

wpc2021 100On 10 August 2021, a special webinar took place online to celebrate the Centennial Anniversary of WPC and launch the 26th WPC. The event was a success with 762 unique connections during the live event and 1875 views as replay.

The Secretary General of WPSA, Dr Roel Mulder, the President of the 26th WPC, Dr Michèle Tixier-Boichard, and the Chairman of the Scientific Committee, Dr Michel Duclos, chaired the meeting from a studio at the ‘Palais des Congrès de Paris’.

The session started with a talk from the President of WPSA, Dr Ning YANG, online from Beijing. Two keynote speakers then addressed major challenges for the poultry sector:

- Dr Les SIMS (Asia Pacific Veterinary Information Services Pty Ltd): Control and prevention of avian influenza in a post-COVID-19 world - time to reconsider the role of vaccination

- Dr Anne MOTTET (FAO): Sustainability in the global poultry sector and opportunities for agroecological transitions

The Secretary General then presented the WPSA awards.

Five colleagues were distinguished for the International Poultry Hall of Fame: Dr Achille Franchini (Italy), Dr Rob Gous (South Africa), Dr Hafez M. Hafez (Germany), Dr Gerald B. Havenstein (USA), Dr Robert A.E. Pym (Australia).
Pre-recorded videos prepared by Eddy Decuypere, for the WPSA Education Award, by Werner Bessei and Todd Applegate, for the WPSA Paul B. Siegel Research Award, completed the presentation. The recipients were respectively Dr Kokou TONA (Togo) and Dr Samuel E. Aggrey (USA).

20WPC blocmarque blocdatesThose recipients who were able to connect online addressed their thanks to the association for these distinctions.

An original video reminding the history of WPC from the first congress in The Hague, The Netherlands 1921 to the last event in Beijing, China 2016 was then presented. The countries and the people organising these events were thus highlighted and the dynamics of the Poultry Science community was celebrated.

Dr Michèle Tixier-Boichard then closed the webinar and announced the following events, a series of webinars from September 2021 until June 2022 and the face-to-face event in Paris, 7-12 August 2022. She finally thanked all those who supported the organisation of those events and especially the early sponsors for their continuous support despite the two successive postponements of the 26th WPC, and formulated her deep wish to meet all members in Paris 2022.

The webinar can be viewed as replay on the WPC website.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Chair of WPC2021

International Poultry Hall of Fame

For WPC2022 the following distinguished poultry scientists were selected to the International Poultry Hall of Fame. The official recognition of inductees will take place during the World’s Poultry Congress, 7-11 August 2022.

Achille Franchini

Professor Achille Franchini (Italy)

IPHF 2020 franchiniAchille Franchini, graduated in Veterinary Medicine and specialized in Avian Pathology. He spent his entire academic career at University of Bologna, and he was Full Professor of Poultry Science at the Faculty of Agriculture for over 20 years (1988-2012). During this period, Prof. Franchini served as Head of several key research infrastructures, such as ‘Animal Breeding Institute’ (1996-2000), ‘Research Centre on Technology and Hygiene of Intensively Reared Small Animal Species’ (2006-2012), and ‘Department of Food Science’ (2001-2006 and 2009-2012). Prof. Franchini began making contributions toward understanding relationship between nutrition and health in avian species when he was still studying for his Master’s degree, and he continues for more than forty years with the publication of more than 200 scientific publications in the field of poultry science with special emphasis on: i) effect of vitamins, as antioxidant components of diet, on some cellular functions of the immune system and performance in broilers and turkeys; ii) feeding strategies for improving nutritive quality of poultry meat and eggs; iii) molecular characterization of food-borne pathogens (Salmonella and Campylobacter); iv) phenotypic and genotypic studies on antibiotic resistance in Salmonella typhimurium; and v) control of Salmonella in poultry by competitive exclusion and dietary supplementation of organic and inorganic acids. He was also among the first Italian animal scientists to understand the importance of joining international research networks and developing participation to EU funded projects. Indeed, he joined the European FLAIR project ‘Prevention and control of potentially pathogenic microorganisms in poultry and poultry meat processing’, and he was a member of the Management Committee of COST Action 97 – ‘Pathogenic microorganisms in poultry and eggs’ (1994 to 2000) and COST Action 920 ‘Foodborne zoonosis: a coordinated food chain approach’ (2001-2006). Prof. Franchini also participated in EU projects such as CAMPYCHECK, POULTRYFLORGUT and RESCAPE. He also promoted the formation of Alma Food - Integrated Research Team at University of Bologna and as a member of the board, he chaired the National Technology Platform ‘Italian Food for Life’ as a reference point for research in the Life Science area and main partners for the European Technology Platforms. From the beginning of his career, Prof. Franchini was a very active member of Scientific Societies in the poultry sector. From 1979 to 1985, he joined the Board of the Italian Society for Avian Pathology, and in 1980 he was one of the founders of the ‘Avian Immunological Study Group’. However, most of his career was dedicated to the World's Poultry Science Association. In 1999, he promoted as member of the Board of the Italian Branch and as chair of the organizing committee, the organization of the XIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat & VIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products, which was held in Bologna. In 2003, he was elected as President of Italian Branch of the WPSA, and he strongly promoted internationalization of the activities of the Italian Branch. Annual meetings of Italian Branch started to host several foreign researchers. In addition, special technical meetings, where especially poultry industry people went to learn about latest developments, were organized by inviting the most relevant scientists. Before his mandate, Italian Branch was only partially involved in the organization of International Congress, while in the following years several conferences have been held in Italy (XII European Poultry Conference, VIII Poultry Welfare Symposium, Incubation and Fertility Research Group Meeting, VIII European Symposium on Poultry Genetics, XXI European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat & XV European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products). Before EPC2006, he served as President of the European Federation (2006-2010). During his mandate, he gave high impulse to reinforce the activities of WG’s within European Federation and to strengthen further the role of the European Federation within World's Poultry Science Association. He was also one of the founding members of the Mediterranean Poultry Network. He was also national member of WG5 ‘Poultry Meat Quality’ for almost 20 years.

Rob Gous

Professor Rob Gous (South Africa)

gous robAfter an academic career spanning 37 years, Dr Rob Gous retired from the University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, in 2007 and is now an Emeritus Professor and Senior Research Fellow at that university. He continues to conduct research and supervise postgraduate students, his research interests being in the development of simulation models for growing broilers, turkeys and pigs, and for laying hens and broiler breeders. His career ticks all the boxes associated with the aims of the World’s Poultry Science Association. He was involved in university education for 37 years, teaching all aspects of poultry science to undergraduate students and then supervising many during their postgraduate training. He has also assisted in the training of postgraduate students in Brazil, Australia, the Netherlands, and the USA. He has published the results of his research extensively in the scientific literature, receiving many accolades and awards for the work he has done. The simulation models that he has developed are being used around the world in both industry and for teaching purposes at universities. He was instrumental in overturning the conventional wisdom related to the lighting of broiler breeder pullets and hens, and as a result of the practical research that he has conducted, he has been invited to many conferences and meetings around the world. He has spent much of his academic life assisting in ensuring that the WPSA remains active and relevant – he chaired the South African Branch of the WPSA for over 20 years and was a Vice-President of the World Branch of the WPSA for four terms, during one of which he was the Senior Vice-President.

Hafez M. Hafez

Professor Dr Hafez Mohammed Hafez (Germany)

HafezProf. Dr H.M. Hafez was born in 1947 in Egypt. He conducted his studies of veterinary medicine at the Veterinary Faculty of the University of Egypt in Cairo. Between 1971 and 1975 he worked as a scientific assistant at the Institute for Poultry Disease at the same University and subsequently gained his degree as a Master of Veterinary Science. In 1981, he was given the doctoral degree at the Justus-Liebig University in Giessen, Germany. From 1981 to 1985 he served at the Diagnostic State lab in Stuttgart, and in 1987 he was promoted to a leader position of the poultry and virology unit of this institution. In 1994, he submitted his dir. habilitatus (Dr med. vet. habil.) thesis at the department of Poultry Diseases, the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, Germany, and achieved the degree for the field of poultry diseases and hygiene at the same university. Since 1996, he is honour professor at University of Hohenheim, and since 2009 at the Alexandria University in Egypt. In 1997, he moved to Berlin after being hired as a full professor for poultry diseases and served as the director of the Institute of Poultry Disease of the Free University of Berlin, Germany, for many years. In March 2016, he officially retired but continued to serve the University as a guest professor at the Institute of Poultry Diseases until today. Professor Hafez is a Certified Specialist for Poultry diseases since 1982, for Microbiology since 1989, and Animal Hygiene since 1996. He was recognized as a Diplomate for Veterinary Public health (EDVPH) in 2005, and later in 2009 as a Diplomate of the European College of Poultry Veterinary Science (ECPVS), for which he was also a founding member and one of the past presidents. Furthermore, he is engaged in the World Veterinary Poultry Association (WVPA), for which he was elected as a president in 2005. Professor Hafez is well known as the organizer of the International Symposia on Turkey Diseases as well as Turkey Production, which he hosted for many years. In 2019, he hosted the 13th ‘Hafez’ International Symposium on Turkey Diseases in Berlin. With his personal engagement within the WPSA, nationally within the German group but also internationally as chair of working group 10 (turkeys) of the European Branch of the WPSA, he can be recognized as an international poultry specialist with outstanding professional performance in the field. Professor Hafez is considered as an internationally known and frequently consulted poultry specialist. He was recognized for his achievement by being awarded a variety of prices. To name a few: the Karl-Fritzsche-Award for the area of infection medicine of the Germany Veterinary Society e.V. (DVG) in 1993, or repeated awards from the agricultural academy of the Veterinary University of Wroclaw, Poland in 2000 and 2002. He showed a significant engagement in postgraduate education and supported more than 80 doctoral students, and participated as a PI or Co-PI in many national and international research projects. His professional network is exceptional, with connections to many countries worldwide. During the last years, his research focused on not only bacterial diseases of poultry and welfare aspects, but also addressed poultry diseases of international importance such as Avian Influenza. He contributed to the knowledge and understanding of poultry diseases and the field of poultry sciences with over 300 publications and countless lectures and presentations at national and international conferences.

Gerald Havenstein

Dr Gerald B. Havenstein (USA)

HavensteinDr Havenstein received his B.S. in Agriculture (focusing on Poultry Science) in 1961 from Kansas State University. He then moved to Madison, WI to acquire his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees (1966) in the Department of Genetics from the University of Wisconsin. Following a year as instructor of Genetics at the University of Wisconsin, he joined Heisdorf & Nelson (H&N), a major global egg-type breeding company, as staff geneticist. After serving H&N for 10 years, he was named their Director of Genetics Research in 1976. In 1986, Dr Havenstein was chosen to serve as the Department Chair for the Department of Poultry Science at Ohio State University. During his last year in that position, he also served as the Chair and Interim Assistant Director of the Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Center in Columbus and Wooster, Ohio. In early 1989, he was offered Head of the Department of Poultry Science at North Carolina State University where he served until 2005. He spent the next 3 years at NCSU on a half-time basis publishing several research papers with faculty colleagues. He also developed and published a ‘History of the Department of Poultry Science and other Poultry Related Programs at North Carolina State University, 1881-2010’, which summarized poultry related research, teaching, and extension accomplishments at the university. Dr Havenstein has authored and co-authored approximately 160 peer reviewed journal articles and other publications. Most were published during the 20 years he served as University Department Head. One of the publications that he and his colleagues authored and published in 2003 was honoured as being one of the most cited papers ever published in the journal Poultry Science (Growth, livability and feed conversion of 1957 versus 2001 broilers when fed representative 1957 and 2001 broiler diets; G.B. Havenstein, P.R. Ferket and M.A. Qureshi; Poultry Science (2003) 82:1500-1508). Throughout his career, Dr Havenstein has been actively involved in the World’s Poultry Science Association, several state Poultry Associations, the Poultry Science Association, the Poultry Breeders of America, and the U.S. Poultry & Egg Association (formerly known as the Southeastern Poultry & Egg Association). He served on the Board of the USA Branch of the WPSA and as its President from 1998 to 2004. He also served as Vice President on the Board of WPSA from 2008-2012. Since 2007, he has served as the editor for the quarterly newsletter of the WPSA, which serves as the primary method of effective communication between the organization and its global branches and membership. Attendance and participation in international conferences and congresses were real highlights for Dr Havenstein. He attended seven World Poultry Congresses (New Orleans, Rio de Janeiro, Amsterdam, Montreal, New Delhi, Istanbul and Brisbane), several European Poultry Conferences, and other WPSA conferences organized by the European Poultry Working Groups. He also attended at least 12 Turkey Conferences hosted in the U.K. by Turkeys Magazine.

Bob Pym

Dr Robert (Bob) A.E. Pym (Australia)

IPHF 2020 pymDr Robert Pym graduated with a Bachelor of Rural Science from the University of New England, Armidale, Australia in 1965. He then joined the New South Wales Department of Agriculture as a Livestock Research Officer in poultry genetics at the Poultry Research Station at Seven Hills in Sydney. Over the next 19 years, his research focussed on genetic and physiological aspects of feed utilisation efficiency and body composition of meat chickens. His work on feed efficiency was instrumental in the adoption of direct selection for food utilisation efficiency initially by Australian poultry breeding companies, and subsequently had a major impact on feed efficiency selection by a significant number of the large international breeders. His MSc in 1971 (University of New South Wales) and PhD in 1977 (University of New England) were both focussed on this area of study. In 1984, Bob moved from Seven Hills to the University of Queensland in Brisbane, where he was appointed Senior Lecturer in Poultry Science in the School of Veterinary Science. His research continued in the above areas until the mid-1990s. Bob’s novel selection ideas and his open sharing of his results have been acknowledged as having had a substantial impact upon the carbon footprint and the economic viability of the global broiler industry. In the late 1970s, Bob developed an interest in small-scale family poultry farming in developing countries and over the years since then has been involved in courses and development projects in a number of countries including Indonesia, South Africa, The Philippines, Cambodia, Myanmar and Lao PDR. This led to a sabbatical with FAO in Rome in 2005, during which time he worked closely with FAO personnel involved in support of small-scale family poultry farmers in developing countries, culminating in a major programme and workshop in this area at the 23rd World’s Poultry Congress in Brisbane in 2008. He was one of the driving forces behind the establishment of the 1st Working Group of the World’s Poultry Science Association’s (WPSA) Asian Pacific Federation on Small-scale family poultry farming and organised the Asian Pacific Federation working group symposium on Avian Influenza and Small-scale Family Poultry Farming in Bangkok in March 2007, to coincide with the 8th Asian Pacific Poultry Conference. Up until his retirement from the University of Queensland in December 2008, Bob lectured to Veterinary and Agricultural Science students on poultry husbandry, genetics and breeding, monogastric nutrition, poultry reproduction and monogastric production systems. He has supervised some 23 successful postgraduate candidatures (12 PhDs), in a range of areas. He has published widely in the above research areas and has been invited to speak at numerous international conferences and meetings since the early 1980s. Bob was President of the Australian Branch of WPSA from 1993 to 2009, was a member of the Australian Egg Industry Research and Development Council from 1989 to 1998 and was the recipient of the Australian Poultry Award in 1995. He has been periodically Editor of the annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium since 1998 and has been on the International Editorial Board of the World’s Poultry Science Journal since 1990. In 2000, he headed the successful bid for the 23rd World’s Poultry Congress and was Chair of the Congress which was held in Brisbane from 30 June to 4 July 2008, where he was elected President of WPSA. Over the subsequent four-year term of his WPSA presidency to 2012, Bob promoted the role of WPSA in facilitating efficient and sustainable poultry production in developing countries through information transfer and improvements in capability and communications. He was instrumental in the formation of the African Poultry Network and has continued his close involvement in promoting the development of the poultry industry and research and teaching capability throughout Africa. As a reflection of this involvement, at the 1st African Poultry Summit in Abeokuta, Nigeria in 2011, Bob was presented with an ‘Outstanding Leadership Award’ plaque by the Nigerian branch of WPSA ‘In Recognition of your Contribution to the Development of the Poultry Sector in Africa’. Bob coordinated and contributed extensively to the major revision of the WPSA Constitution and By-Laws, undertaken by the WPSA Board in 2010. As immediate Past-President of WPSA from 2012 to 2016, Bob continued to promote the development of poultry science in developing countries, through the organisation of meetings, securing financial support for identified key developing country poultry scientists to attend focus meetings, advocating for and securing the opportunity for older WPSA scientists from developing countries to obtain financial support to attend WPSA conferences and meetings, personal attendance and presentations at WPSA-organised seminars and conferences in developing countries, and direct involvement in poultry development projects in developing countries. He was appointed chair of the WPSA Board’s Africa Actions sub-committee in 2013.

WPSA Awards

To mark the success of the 1992 World’s Poultry Congress in Amsterdam, the Netherlands Branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association established a series of special scholarship awards. The awards, worth €11,000 (currently about US$12,500) are normally made in each of three categories representing the WPSA’s three main areas of activity: Research, Education and Industry/Organization. The Foundation decided to give its final award during the World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France in 2022 and asked WPSA to sponsor future awards. WPSA accepted and renamed the Research Award, the Paul Siegel Research Award. The Paul Siegel Research Award went to Professor Samuel Egyir Aggrey (USA), and the Education award went to Professor Kokou Tona (Togo). No awards were made this year in the category Industry/Organization. The official recognition of the awardees will take place during the World’s Poultry Congress, 7-11 August 2022.

Paul Siegel Research Award

aggreyFor two decades, Professor Samuel (Sammy) Egyir Aggrey (University of Georgia, Athens, USA) has conducted basic and fundamental research in quantitative, molecular and cellular aspects of feed and nutrient utilization in meat type (broiler) chickens. The biological measure of feed efficiency, residual feed intake (RFI) was introduced in 1965 and remained a black box for over a half a century because it combined the efficiency of maintenance and efficiency of growth into one component. Professor Aggrey dissected the components of RFI, delineated what had been a black box, and offered additional tools for genetic improvement. Based on the molecular dissection of feed efficiency, it became apparent that feed efficiency is highly related to protein (nitrogen) utilization efficiency. Whereas mammals use the ornithine cycle for nitrogen recycling, avian species use the purine biosynthesis pathway. Professor Aggrey showed that chickens use both the purine biosynthesis and the salvage pathways to recycle dietary nitrogen and further offered the molecular mechanisms utilized by both feed-efficient and inefficient birds in nitrogen recycling. Professor Aggrey has also been developing biomarkers for heat stress, coccidian infection and gut health in the era of antibiotic free production. Professor Aggrey co-edited ‘Poultry Genetics, Breeding and Biotechnology’ and was the lead editor for ‘Advances in Poultry Genetics and Genomics’.

Education Award

tonaProf. Kokou Tona started his research career after completing his MSc in Tropical Animal Production at the Institute of Tropical Medicine Prince Leopold, Antwerpen, Belgium in 1998. Having completed his PhD in Applied Biological Sciences at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium, Prof. Tona has gone through the ranks at the University of Lomé and became a full Professor since 2015. Having played a pivotal role in securing a World Bank grant for the establishment of the Regional Centre of Excellence in Avian Sciences (CERSA) at the University of Lomé, Prof. Tona became the Director of the Centre, which has made tremendous impacts in the region, focusing on Masters, PhD and short course programmes of over 180, 60 and 1000 students, respectively, from about 13 countries in Western, Central and Eastern Africa. The vision of the Centre is to develop and improve capacity building in the agricultural sector in general and in the poultry industry in particular, in order to consolidate food security in West Africa. Prof. Tona has been instrumental in developing a functional curriculum for the Centre, which has received international accreditation for the Masters programme. The research of Prof. Tona has focussed on the following: avian physiology; technical knowledge of hatchery management and day-old chick production on industrial scale; improvement of poultry production through adapted management practices in sub-Saharan Africa; and development of the Tona-scoring system for measuring one-day-old chick quality. He developed a renowned method of chick quality scoring in the year 2003, which has been accepted globally. He has also been involved in the development of short course modules for poultry industry and implementation in West African countries, training poultry industry stakeholders in different countries, advisor and monitoring for poultry industry stakeholders in the sub-region. organization of poultry symposiums in Togo having attendance from different countries, and Organization of the first Pan-African Poultry Conference in 2019 (PPC 2019). Prof. Tona has over 100 articles published in reputable journals to date. He has successfully supervised numerous undergraduate, Masters, PhD, and Postdoctoral students. He established the Togo WPSA branch in 2007 and also successfully hosted several international conferences in Togo. The award will further enable him support for development of the Bioethics and Animal Welfare Masters programme.

Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Competition

At the 2019 Board meeting held during the Poultry Science Association (PSA) meeting in Montréal, Canada, it was decided to start the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay competition. For the XXVI World’s Poultry Congress in Paris, France in 2022, five travel awards of US$2,000 each will be made available on a competitive basis to full time graduate poultry science students. The original essay of up to 2000 words addressed the topic ‘The possible role of the World’s Poultry Science Association in education’.

The official recognition of the awardees will take place during the World’s Poultry Congress, 7-11 August 2022.

For WPC2022, the winners of the Cliff D. Carpenter International Essay Competition are:

Brooke C. Bodle (USA)
Marcos Antonio Nascimento Filho (Brazil)
Velusamy Madhupriya (India)
Andrea Azucena Rubio Molina (USA)
Micaela Sinclair-Black (South Africa)

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2023. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

espnIn order to avoid overlapping with WPC in 2022, ESPN will take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 21 to 24 June, 2023. Our Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science.

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The European Symposium on Poultry Genetics has been postponed to 8-10 November 2023. It will take place at the Maritim Airport Hotel in Hannover.

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

Following the decision of the Organizers of WPC2022 to value and accept the abstracts received in 2019, and as well as to bridge the centenary of the WPC and the 26th WPC in August 2022, WG5 is organizing a webinar on next 12 October 2021. The two sessions will be held from 11:00 to 12:30 CET and 14:00 to 15:30 CET by including abstracts submitted respectively on ‘Construction of meat quality’ and ‘Meat processing’ topics.

2023 eggmeat logoAs for all European Symposia, the XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat conjointly held with the XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products have been postponed to 2023, thanks to the cooperation of the Polish Branch. Those Symposia will be held from 8 to 10 September 2023 at the same venue as previously planned in Kraków, Poland, and the website is already available for those Symposia. Our next WG5 member Meeting will be held during World's Poultry Congress 2022 in Paris.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA

WG6

Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)

Due to the current situation and uncertainties, especially for international travelling, the 2021 meeting will be held in virtual format.

The Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG) invites you for the upcoming IFRG E-meeting, which will be held on the 14th and 15th of October, 2021. For each day we will have a meeting during 13:00h to 15:30h Central European Time (UTC +2).

The IFRG meeting provides an ideal platform for researchers and industry people to meet and share the latest research findings, new indeas and information. Although the pandemic situation prevents us to achieve the full benefit of a physical meeting, we hope to sustain the goals of the group with the E-meeting. Due to the limited time of the meeting, the focus of the meeting wil be relating to Fertility, Embryonic development, Egg incuation, Epigenetics and Chick quality.

We as organizing committee are exited to welcome you to join our first IFRG E-meeting!

For more information see the website.

Ampai Nangsuay, Secretary WG6


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG1

Small Scale Family Poultry Farming

A new team is being formed for the Asian/Pacific Federation’s WG1 that is centred around Small Scale Family Poultry Farming.

Backyard poultry production is a very important part of many African and Asian Pacific countries, for the production of meat and eggs. Therefore, Small Scale Family Poultry Farming (SSFPF) is an important working group for WPSA’s Asian/Pacific Federation. The SSFPF is reorganizing its team to include many members of the Asia/Pacific Federation. As a part of that effort, it has been decided that WG1 will also organize a World Native Chicken Conference, and will attempt to repeat that conference every two years. As the new leader of WG1, I invite and encourage all researchers and other WPSA members who are interested in this topic to join and participate in WG1. This working group can play a very important and vibrant role for many vulnerable rural economies in many countries.

Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Chair, APF WG1

For Correspondence: Dr Nasir Mukhtar Group Leader of WG1 ‘Small Scale Family Poultry Farming’
(Department of Poultry Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi-Pakistan)
WhatsApp/Mob: +92 (0) 3007200074 Email:

A/P WG3

Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis)

A Ratite Research Session is being planned for the World Poultry Congress that has been re-scheduled in Paris, France from August 7 – 11, 2022. The actual date for the Ratite Session has not yet been determined, but please send any suggestions for contributions and/or topics that you have to 

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • Z. Janjecic - Hrvatica - Croatian native breed of poultry
  • M. Rehman - Physiological role of arginine in growth performance, gut health and immune response in broilers: a review
  • T. Bhattacharya - Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and their role in poultry
  • L.A. Arias Sosa - A reveiw on the productive potential of the Muscovy Duck
  • M. Bouyeh - A Review of the effects of niacin on broiler productivity
  • V. dos Santos - Essential oils as sanitizers for hatching eggs
  • N. Morgan - Importance of considering non-starch polysaccharide content of poultry diets
  • M. Zampiga - Importance of feed efficiency for sustainable intensification of chicken meat production: implications and role for amino acids, feed enzymes and organic trace minerals
  • O. Olgun - The importance of nutrition in preventing heat stress at poultry
  • V.H. Ferreira - How can the research on chicken cognition improve chicken welfare: a perspective review

Summaries

 

Hrvatica - Croatian Native Breed of poultry

G. DUVNJAK, Z. JANJEČIĆ, M. DRAŽIĆ and D. BEDEKOVIĆ

Intensification of poultry production has led to the cessation of use of many local breeds resulting in their replacement with high-yielding breeds or hybrids. A description of native populations and their distinctive properties are the basis for their conservation. This paper presents the current knowledge about the origin, external characteristics and production indicators of the Croatian native breed of poultry – the Hrvatica. The breeding of the Hrvatica began in the first half of the 20th century, in an area alongside the river Drava, by crossing domestic hens with Leghorn roosters and later with the Wellsummer breed. After the breed almost vanished, a breeding program was established to focus on four variants with different plumage colours. Today, the total population of breeding animals is estimated at 5000 to 6000. The Hrvatica is a dual-purpose breed and successfully tolerates free-range farming throughout the year. It is modest in its nutritional needs and, with enough pasture, provides quality and tasty meat. The body weight of adult roosters ranges from 2.2 kg to 2.6 kg and adult hens weigh from 1.6 kg to 1.8 kg. The breed is characterized by good egg-laying, with pronounced maternal instincts. Egg-laying, depending on the housing and feeding conditions, ranges from 200 to 220 eggs per year. Eggs have a distinct, elongated shape with an average shape index of 74% and an average weight of 51 g. The eggshell is light-coloured.

Physiological role of arginine in growth performance, gut health and immune response in broilers: a review

F. HASSAN, M.A. ARSHAD, S. HASSAN, R.M. BILAL, M. SAEED and M.S. REHMAN

Arginine (Arg) is one of the metabolically versatile essential amino acids. Dietary supplementation with Arg has been shown to stimulate the secretion of insulin-like growth factor while improving growth performance and feed efficiency in broilers. In addition to its role in protein synthesis, Arg is also a precursor of nitric oxide, creatine, and polyamines. It also modulates lipid metabolism by reducing total body fat accumulation to improve meat quality and antioxidant defence. Moreover, it is considered as an essential amino acid for chicks due to the absence of a functional urea cycle in birds at an early age. Arginine plays a crucial role in metabolic pathways associated with immune-competence and growth. Dietary supplementation of Arg at 12 to 15 g/kg of diet resulted in linear increase in body weight gain from 7.5 to 17% in broilers fed soybean meal-based diets. Arg acts as a key vasodilator that opposes the onset of pulmonary hypertension in broilers and is particularly beneficial under high altitude and hypoxia conditions. Dietary Arg supplementation reduces ascites-related mortality under low ambient temperatures and attenuates adverse effects of heat stress and high stock density. Moreover, in ovo feeding of Arg increased levels of secretory immunoglobulin A revealing its potential to modulate immune barrier function leading to enhanced overall immunity and intestinal health of birds. The NRC recommended levels of Arg are 1.25%, 1.10%, and 1.00% (of the broiler diet from 1-3, 4-6 and 7-8 weeks, respectively). However, other studies have reported 101, 103 and 107% of NRC recommendation of Arg for maximum feed efficiency, growth performance, and optimal immune function, from 1-3, 4-6 and 7-8 weeks, respectively, under thermoneutral conditions. This review provides insights into the optimal supplementation of Arg above NRC recommendations to improve growth performance, meat quality, and immunity of broilers.

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) and their role in poultry

D. DIVYA and T.K. BHATTACHARYA

The chicken is considered to be a major inexpensive protein producer of animal origin across the world. Enormous progress has been attained to improve production and reproduction by intense genetic selection, but it has resulted in indirect introduction of unwanted characteristics such as a strain on the birds’ skeletal system. Several genetic and non-genetic factors affect bone growth and integrity. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGFβ) superfamily and comprise one of the multifunctional growth factors involved in organogenesis. Briefly, BMPs are known to play varied roles in embryogenesis, limb morphogenesis, cardiac myofibrillogenesis, odontogenesis, folliculogenesis, tissue-homeostasis, and left-right chick patterning. Yet, few BMPs have been detected and assessed in the chicken and were found to be located/placed differently on the chromosome like mammals. Chicken BMP4, BMPR1A, BMP7, BMP8A, BMP1-like and BMP10; BMP2 and BMP5; BMP3, BMP15 and BMPR1B; BMP6 and BMPR2 are located on chromosomes 5, 6, 20, 23, 22, 3, 2 and 7, respectively. BMP’s 1-like, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7 and BMP’s specific receptors (BMPR1A, BMPR1B and BMPR2) are expressed in osteoblasts and chondrocytes implicating their important role in osteo-chondrogenesis in chickens. However, some of the BMPs such as BMP2, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 15 were also, surprisingly, detected in ovaries (granulosa and theca cells) and BMP2, 4 and 7 and BMPR1A, BMPR1B and BMPR2 in retinal pigment epithelium indicating their function in ovarian follicles and eye development in chicks. A number of antagonists have been identified as having a role in the signalling cascade of the bone morphogenetic proteins pathway. This review discusses the BMPs so identified in chickens and their signalling and functioning for further use in improving skeletal strength and health of chickens.

A review on the productive potential of the Muscovy Duck

L.A. ARIAS SOSA and A.L. ROJAS

Muscovy ducks (Cairina moschata) are one of the most exploited species in the duck farming industry due to their large size, meat quality, and considerable economic value for small farmers and large factories. This study reviews the available information on its productive potential and the factors likely to impact it. Although this species can achieve high meat yields, not all management systems seem to be capable of obtaining “optimal” growth, especially in developing countries. This situation occurs because the optimal weight of this duck is highly dependent on proper management conditions and its genetic background. Domestic production of male Muscovy ducks results in live weights ranging from 2.0 to 2.9 kg. When bred under improved conditions they can achieve a live weight ranging from 4.5 to 5.1 kg with an additional increase of up to 6.5 kg with a 2-week forced-feeding program. Other producers utilize crossbreeding with Peking ducks in order to produce sterile mule ducks that have lower sexual dimorphism, adequate meat yields, and even superior foie gras yields. There have also been several studies on the use of natural supplements in these species; however, only some probiotics have shown an impact on productivity. Another important aspect when procuring adequate yields is to ensure the proper health of the individuals. Although Muscovy ducks are generally more resistant to pathogens than chickens, they are not exempt from suffering infections. They can be affected by several parasites such as nematodes that reduce their productivity and can lead to death in severe outbreaks. Viral infections can also lead to high mortalities and substantial economic losses such as the highly pathogenic avian influenza (20-100 % mortality), parvoviruses (10-90 % mortality), reoviruses (10-53 % mortality), and herpes viruses (10-100 % mortality).

A review of the effects of niacin on broiler productivity

A. AHMADIAN, M. BOUYEH and A.R. SEIDAVI

Vitamins are a significant component of poultry diets, and their absence in the diet results in disorders in growth and performance. Niacin is a form of vitamin B that acts as a catalyst in many of the body's vital processes and is essential for maintaining normal body function. This article reviews the effect of niacin and its accessible forms (nicotinic acid and nicotinamide) on growth, performance, blood parameters, carcass quality, the immune system, and microbial flora in broilers. Addition of niacin to the diet enhances the performance and health of broilers. A supplement of 1.5 to 33 mg/kg/DM nicotinic acid in broiler diets increased their final weight (620 g compared to 221g in unsupplemented chicks). Niacin and nicotinic acid were effective both in increasing carcass weight and decreasing abdominal fat, although in most cases the differences were not statistically significant. A supplement of 150 mg/kg nicotinic acid in combination with chromium chloride and copper sulphate effectively reduced the cholesterol in the breast and thigh muscle of broilers. The presence of nicotinic acid (6 to 33 mg/kg/DM) in broiler diets markedly reduced leg disorders (6.3% compared to12.8% in chickens not receiving nicotinic acid). In general, the addition of niacin and its derivatives in broiler diets helps maximise performance in broilers.

Essential oils as sanitisers for hatching eggs

G. DA S. OLIVEIRA, V.M. DOS SANTOS and S.T. NASCIMENTO

Sanitising hatching eggs can reduce the negative effects of microorganisms on bird survival. Formaldehyde gas is commonly used for sanitising hatching eggs. However, handling of and exposure to formaldehyde threaten human and animal health, as this compound can have serious harmful effects. Thus, there is a growing body of research on safe natural compounds, such as essential oils (EOs), as alternatives to formaldehyde. Based on the research carried out to date, EOs may be applicable in the poultry industry since eggs sanitised with EOs were found to have significant reductions in the number of total aerobic mesophilic bacteria (up to 80.77%) and fungi (up to 69.33%) on shells, with hatchability rates significantly improved by up to 12.59%. Notably, to obtain positive results from the application of EOs on eggs, several factors must be considered, such as the time of application and the concentration of the sanitising compound. Further research on the use of EOs as sanitisers for hatching eggs is recommended, as reducing use of synthetic chemicals is essential because of their undesirable effects.

Importance of considering non-starch polysaccharide content of poultry diets

H.T. NGUYEN, M.R. BEDFORD and N.K. MORGAN

The contribution of dietary fibre in feed ingredients is still inadequately accounted for during feed formulation, despite extensive evidence of its impact on bird performance, litter quality and digestibility of other nutrients, and its high level in plant-derived feed ingredients. True dietary fibre is defined as the total quantity of non-starch polysaccharides (NSP) and lignin. In contrast to other nutrients, NSP vary substantially in composition, both among different feed ingredients and among batches of the same ingredient. Consequently, NSP display variable characteristics in final feeds. NSP have traditionally been recognised as anti-nutritive, through their impact on digesta viscosity and as a nutrient diluent in poultry rations. However, more recently, there is growing interest in their capacity to stimulate gastrointestinal function, improve gut health and act as a source of energy, partially via prebiotic properties. Recent developments in methods for measuring NSP have increased precision when estimating the dietary fibre component of feed ingredients and diets, yet there is still a lack of application of NSP values in both research and industry diets for poultry. Determining the fate of fibre post-ingestion is challenging, due to the complexity of its structural components and limited understanding about how fibre interacts with other dietary nutrients within the intestinal tract environment. The aim of this review is to highlight the importance of considering NSP values when formulating poultry rations, based on evidence from scientific studies presenting the direct impact dietary NSP has on gastrointestinal health and bird performance.

Importance of feed efficiency for sustainable intensification of chicken meat production: implications and role for amino acids, feed enzymes and organic trace minerals

M. ZAMPIGA, F. CALINI and F. SIRRI

Broiler chicken production is expected to increase significantly in the next decades to satisfy the poultry meat demand of a growing world population. In this scenario, one of the most important challenges for the poultry industry is to enhance bird productivity while remaining economically and environmentally sustainable. Feeding represents the major cost in raising of broiler chickens and has important implications for environmental impact, either directly or indirectly. Therefore, improving broiler capacity in converting ingested feed into body growth, which is generally referred to as feed conversion efficiency (often abbreviated to feed efficiency), is fundamental to promoting a sustainable intensification of poultry production. In this review, we highlight the importance of feed efficiency improvements in terms of overall sustainability for the broiler chicken production chain. Furthermore, the potential of feed additive-based nutritional strategies, such as the dietary administration of crystalline amino acids, proteases, phytases and organic minerals, is critically discussed in light of their role in supporting the sustainable intensification of this crucial livestock sector.

The importance of nutrition in preventing heat stress at poultry

O. OLGUN, A.F. ABDULQADER and A. KARABACAK

High production causes birds to be more sensitive to stress. Poultry are exposed to heat stress due to high ambient temperature in summer and being housed in hot regions of the world. Producers suffer economic losses as heat stress negatively affects the optimum productivity of the birds. Some adjustments in the diet can be effective in counteracting the negative effects of heat stress in poultry. Enriching the diet with vitamins E and C, and trace minerals such as selenium and zinc which benefit antioxidant and immune systems; addition of electrolytes that maintain acid-base homeostasis; increasing dietary energy, protein, amino acid, and calcium levels to prevent nutrient deficiencies are all effective feeding arrangements in reducing/eliminating the negative effects of heat stress in poultry. Consequently, it was observed that nutrient supplementation to diets of poultry exposed to heat stress can reduce the effect of heat stress and increase bird performance, meat quality, egg production, eggshell quality, and positively affects the immune and digestive systems.

How can the research on chicken cognition improve chicken welfare: A perspective review

V.H.B. FERREIRA, V. GUESDON and L. CALANDREAU

A recent definition of animal welfare states that "the welfare of an animal is its positive mental and physical state related to the fulfilment of its physiological and behavioural needs in addition to its expectations. This state can vary, depending on the animal's perception of a given situation" (ANSES 2018). This definition confirms the importance of taking the individual animal perspective (i.e., its cognition) into consideration, in order to properly assess its welfare. Cognitive abilities of domestic chickens have been extensively studied in recent years, but few of these studies focused on the relationship between chicken cognition and welfare issues commonly found on chicken production systems. Considering the chickens' cognitive abilities offers new and different perspectives on the welfare problems faced by chicken production. Combined with applied research, cognitive studies can generate impactful and science-based strategies to solve these problems better. In this short non-systematic review, we focus on cognitive research aimed at understanding three widespread welfare issues in poultry production: uneven range use in free-range broiler chickens and laying hens, feather pecking in laying hens, and the unfulfilled behavioural and physiological needs in broiler breeders. Knowledge of chicken cognitive abilities is critical to ameliorate chickens' rearing conditions and develop systems and practices that are more respectful of animal welfare.

 

Branch News

Australia

CONGRATULATIONS! - Dr Robert (Bob) Pym inducted into the WPSA International Poultry Hall of Fame

Dr Robert (Bob) Pym was recently inducted into the WPSA International Poultry Hall of Fame. These inductions were scheduled for WPC2020. However, with the deferral of WPC to 2021 and then 2022, it was decided to announce the awards during the webinar which was held on August 10. The awardees will be presented with their awards, in person, at WPC2022.

Bob is well known to many, if not most, WPSA members. He was the organizer of WPC2008 which was held in Brisbane, Australia and then the International President from 2008-2012, followed by Immediate Past President from 2012-2016.

Bob has had a highly distinguished career in the New South Wales Department of Agriculture and at the University of Queensland where he conducted research focussed on genetic and physiological aspects of feed utilisation efficiency and body composition of meat chickens. In the late 1970s, Bob developed an interest in small-scale family poultry farming in developing countries and over the years since then has been involved in courses and development projects in a number of countries including Indonesia, South Africa, The Philippines, Cambodia, Myanmar and Lao PDR, leading to a sabbatical with FAO in Rome in 2005. Bob was President of the Australian Branch of WPSA from 1993 to 2009 and received the Australian Poultry Award in 1995. He was periodically Editor of the annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium since 1998 and has been on the International Editorial Board of the World’s Poultry Science Journal since 1990.

In addition to his many achievements, Bob has been a supportive colleague to researchers and industry personnel, always putting the interests of others ahead of his own. He is widely acknowledged as being a ‘good bloke’ who can always be relied upon.

On behalf of all the members of the WPSA Australia Branch, I congratulate Bob on being inducted into the WPSA International Poultry Hall of Fame. It is an acknowledgement of his numerous contributions to the poultry industry within Australia and around the world.

Julie Roberts, President, WPSA Australia Branch

Brazil

The 38th FACTA WPSA-Brazil Conference 2021 confirms its success with great attendance

The FACTA WSPA-Brazil 2021 Conference was a historic moment for Brazilian aviculture, gathering more than 190 attendants day. From June 22nd through the 24th, national and international lecturers made presentations to attendees from 15 countries, relaying highly technical information of great relevance to the poultry sector. The event's 38th edition offered live translation into Portuguese and Spanish; and, although the presentations were made remotely, attendants had the opportunity of interacting by sending questions to moderators, which were then posed to the lecturers during the debates.
FACTA's president, Ariel Mendes, stated that the Conference demanded great efforts by the Foundation's board to overcome a number of hurdles. Based on this year's theme, technology in the field and outside of it, the Conference sought to meet the demands of our current time and it was a great success. This is well demonstrated through more than 340 registrations from several countries and the extension of our collaboration network to encompass aviculture in Latin America.
FACTA's event director, Rodrigo Garófallo Garcia, added that the event's success, and the maintenance of its high attendance through all three days, was due to ‘a confluence of excellent ideas from all of FACTA's team, assertive action, and highly committed lecturers, motivated to make the event be the great accomplishment that it was’. 

FACTA organizes International Coccidiosis Symposium: The APINCO Foundation for Poultry Science and Technology (FACTA) will promote and produce an International Coccidiosis Symposium (ICS) on October 07, 2021, from 8:30 am until 5:30 pm, completely online.

Even though it is widely known that coccidiosis is not an easy disease to control, primarily because of possible failures in the anti-coccidian programmes adopted. A complete control and prevention programme that makes use of different strategies is indicated. In this context, the ICS will bring forward a possible instrument for aviculture to develop new strategies, and therefore to maintain and improve the level of control that has been reached after years of scientific and technological development. With this objective, FACTA has put together a wide-ranging technical and scientific programme that addresses the coccidial control needs of producers from Brazil and other poultry meat producing countries.

Throughout the ICS, specialists from the poultry sector will debate various aspects involved in the poultry production chain regarding coccidiosis. Other important themes for updating veterinarians and other professionals about the importance of coccidiosis will also be addressed, as well as biosecurity measures and production prevention practices.

FACTA completes 32 years: The APINCO Foundation for Poultry Science and Technology (FACTA) completed 32 years of work on August 10th of this year. The foundation was created to support and share new applied knowledge and technologies for the sustainable development of the poultry sector, and it continues to be a non-profit organization that is faithful to the objectives of its creator and idealizer, APINCO (Brazilian Association of Broiler Day-Old Chick Producers).

FACTA fulfils its objectives by organizing technical qualification events, training technical and operational workers with specific courses, sharing poultry knowledge through specialized publications; and, by stimulating technical, scientific, and technological progress of the poultry sector by presenting awards.

FACTA Podcast: In its effort to share technical and scientific knowledge among the poultry sector, FACTA WSPA-Brazil has been producing a series of podcasts regarding relevant themes for Brazilian aviculture. This year, between April and May, seven podcasts were recorded.

In 2020, FACTA WSPA-Brazil recorded 19 podcasts that covered various themes, such as Covid-19 prevention in poultry processing plants. The topics covered included biosecurity, immunomodulation benefits, NIR technology, and Gumboro Disease prevention, among others. The content of these podcasts is now available and can be accessed through FACTA's online platforms.

https://open.spotify.com/show/5ri5Jd00IrlgeW8EohqDlh?si=kZzpMOl5TjCH9N3p_8qFIQ&utm_source=whatsapp&dl_branch=1&nd=1

Carla Rizzo Palermo, Event & Communication, FACTA – WPSA Brazilian Branch

France

The French branch of WPSA was proud and happy to celebrate the centenary of the World’s Poultry Congress. This was done during a special online event held on Tuesday 10 August 2021. The recording can be viewed on the WPC website https://wpcparis2022.com

The priorities of the French Branch for the coming months are:

  • to run a series of online webinars to valorise the abstracts submitted to the 26th WPC in 2019 and accepted in 2020 and publish these in an abstract book.
  • to organise the face-to-face WPC meeting in Paris, 7-12 August 2022

The Branch is grateful to all those who helped and continue helping in the organisation of these events and especially to the early sponsors for their continuous support despite the two successive postponements of the 26th WPC.

The Branch will make every effort to welcome the largest possible number of delegates at the ‘Palais des Congrès de Paris’.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, and Michel Duclos, secretary WPSA France 

Germany

The German Branch of WPSA is very proud to congratulate Prof. Dr H.M. Hafez on his appointment as a new member of the International Poultry Hall of Fame. The German Branch nominated Prof. Hafez because he has contributed significantly to the world-wide poultry industry - above and beyond the call of duty. He has contributed greatly to our knowledge and understanding of poultry diseases, as well as to the overall field of poultry science, with over 140 publications in peer reviewed international journals, and countless lectures and presentations at national and international conferences. He has also been widely engaged with WPSA’s German branch, but also internationally through his chairmanship of the European Federation’s Working Group 10 (Turkeys) of WPSA. He is recognized as an international poultry disease specialist with outstanding professional performance in his field.

Congratulations, Prof. Hafez!

The XII European Symposium on Poultry Genetics is being planned for Hannover, during 2022. Information will follow.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, Germany Branch

Hungary

The Hungarian Branch in cooperation with the Poultry Product Board of Hungary is currently organizing the 19th ’World Egg Day’ conference. The date for that conference will be 8th October 2021 and it will be held in Budapest. We have a arranged a general lecture with a speaker from Rabobank, and five other speakers from different fields such as animal health, feeding, diseases, and egg processing.

Györgyi Molnár, Secretary, Hungarian Branch

 For further information concerning the venue, registration, etc., please contact:

Györgyi Molnár PhD.
+3630 561 7103
Agricultural Secretary
Poultry Product Board
Hungary

Indonesia

Indonesian Branch of WPSA will host a National Poultry Webinar related to the theme ‘Overcoming turmoil in the Poultry Industry’ on Wednesday, September 15, 2021, from 8:00-17:00
The theme was developed in an effort to provide information to the public regarding the current situation for poultry businesses in Indonesia. MIPI hopes this seminar will produce a way to resolve some of the problems facing the Indonesian poultry industry. The opening will be provided by the Chairman of the Indonesia branch of WPSA, Prof. Dr Arnold P. Sinurat, M.S. He will be followed by a Keynote presentation by the Director General of Indonesia’s Livestock Services, Dr Nasrullah, M.Sc. Four other presentations during the first session, will be made by: Ir Achmad Dawami, the General Chairman of the Poultry Breeding Company Association (GPPU); Mr Desianto B. Utomo Ph.D., the General Chairman of the Association of Animal Feed Companies (GPMT); and, Singgih Januratmoko, SKH, MM, the General Chairman of the Centre for Poultry Market Information (Pinsar Indonesia). The second session will include presentations by a number of speakers that will cover topics related to different aspects of Poultry Breeding, Poultry Feed and Feed Ingredients, Poultry Management, Poultry Health and Poultry Welfare, Socio-Economics, and others.

A collaboration between the MIPI Banten, West Java, and Jakarta regional commissions with the IPB University was conducted via The 5th International Summer Course 2021
This course was held virtually on 12-23 July 2021 (http://iptp.fapet.ipb.ac.id/?page_id=4317). The theme of the course was ‘New Normal Challenges and Opportunities: Global Interconnectivity for Animal Production’. In this regard, WPSA provided a prominent speaker in Dr Vincent Guyyonat (Managing Director at FFI Consulting, Canada) who spoke on ‘Trends for the Poultry Industry: What can The Chicken and Egg Sectors Expect from The Post-COVID19 World?’ For the summer course (which can be seen at: https://youtu.be/QHNl5zz8ZM ), he was named as the 2nd winner of ‘The Most Favourite Lecturer Award’ by the participants. The Summer Course was attended by 292 participants from Indonesia (33 universities) and 95 participants from 20 other universities distributed throughout 14 countries, including: Bangladesh, Malaysia, the Philippines, Thailand, Taiwan, China, Japan, Pakistan, Nepal, Australia, Turkey, Hungary, the Netherlands, and Bolivia.

The MIPI Banten, West Java and Jakarta regional commissions of Indonesia also held an internal webinar gathering event on Saturday, 7 August 2021 from 10:00-12:00
The purpose of that event was to allow the 22 members of the internal regional commissions to get to know each other. Those 22 members also discussed the regional programme plans for 2021.

Maria Endo Mahata, Secretary of Indonesia Branch

Italy

2020 fier avicola

The Italian Branch has supported the organization of the meeting ‘Sustainable development perspectives of poultry production’ which will be held at the Rimini Expo Centre on 7 September in conjunction with the 2021 edition of FIERAVICOLA. General information on the International Poultry Exhibition is available on the website: https://www.fieravicola.com/en/.

The Italian Branch is also working on the organization of the 23rd edition of the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) that will be held at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) from 21 to 24 June, 2023. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the Poultry Nutrition Symposium, and its modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for this event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, plus leading speakers from around the world will be joining together to explore the past, share the present, and to help forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2023.eu.

espn

At the same Rimini venue, the 56th edition of the Annual Meeting of the Italian Branch of WPSA will be held on April 22, 2022, and it will deal with ‘Are we pushing broilers to their biological limits?’. This emerging topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers.

Finally, the Italian Branch wishes to convey warmest congratulations to Prof. Achille Franchini on his being named as one of the new members of WPSA’s International Poultry Hall of Fame. Dr Franchini has provided excellent leadership for many years for both the Italian Branch and for the European Federation of WPSA, as well as worldwide. We thank him for his expertise, hard work, and many contributions to Poultry Science. This is a very well-deserved recognition.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2021 Autumn Meeting of JPSA will be held online style (zoom meeting) hosted by Tohoku University on Thursday, September 16 from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm, Japan standard time. The meeting contains 26 original research presentations and a general membership meeting. In addition, an awards ceremony for the Excellent Paper Awards for papers presented in 2020 will be held. All activities will be on a live stream. The meetings programme is now available on-line at: https://jpn-psa.jp/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/Schedule-2021-9-16-en.pdf. The deadline for registration is September 14. More details are available on https://jpn-psa.jp/en/meeting-information/. JPSA will welcomes wide participation from all over the globe.

The Young Members' Executive Committee of JPSA will hold an online seminar entitled: ‘What Kind of Research is now Required at the Poultry Farming Site? – in Japan and Other Countries’ from 0:10 pm - 1:10 pm, on September 16. This is also the lunch hour for the Autumn Meeting. Knowing the needs of poultry production sites is indispensable for getting effective returns on research results, but researchers have less opportunities to know the current state of production sites. In this seminar, Mr Hayakawa, Asia-Pacific Regional Manager of DSM Nutritional Products, will provide a lecture on ‘The Knowledge Needed Now at Poultry Production Sites in Japan and Overseas’.

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS), the official scientific journal of JPSA, obtained the Impact Factor of 1.425 from the Clarivate Analytics on June 30, 2021. JPSA would like to express a deep gratitude to all who made support and cooperation. The JPS is also a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and the articles of the journal can now be accessed through the PubMed search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/3725/). Moreover, JPS is available on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) database (https://doaj.org/toc/1349-0486).
We welcome the submission original research articles and review papers to the JPS using the following website: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the full published articles.

JPSA would like to contribute to Poultry Science in Japan and over the entire world by enhancing our international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID-19 pandemic has still made a tough situation in the world, but JPSA hopes things will get better soon. Please take good care of yourself!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

New Zealand

The New Zealand branch of WPSA will be holding its 2021 NEW ZEALAND POULTRY INDUSTRY CONFERENCE in Nelson, New Zealand on the 5th and 6th of October 2021. For details contact Reza Abdollahi at:

Reza Abdollahi, Secretary, New Zealand branch

Pakistan

A meeting of the Central Executive Board of the WPSA-Pakistan branch was chaired by the President, Mian J.M. Javaid on 3rd July 2021 at Rawalpindi-Pakistan. The members of the Board decided that WPSA-Pakistan will offer fifteen scholarships to students from different Universities in Pakistan. For timely and prompt decisions, a core committee was constituted with following members;

Mr J.M. Javaid President, WPSA-Pakistan
Mr Waqar Alam President, WPSA-PB, Southern Zone
Dr Asim Mehmood President, WPSA-PB, Northern Zone
Dr Fareeha Talha President, WPSA-PB, Women Wing
Dr Nasir Mukhtar Secretary General, WPSA-Pakistan.

In addition, a meeting calendar was also announced to allow for smoother functioning of WPSA branch’s activities. The venue and dates of the next General Body Meeting and he Central Executive Board meetings will be as follows: The 1st Central Executive Board Meeting will be held at 11:00 am in Khanewal on Saturday the 27th Nov. 2021; the 2nd General Body Meeting will be held in Islamabad at 3:00 pm on Saturday the 26th of March 2022; and, the 3rd Central Executive Board Meeting will be held in Karachi at 11:00 am on Saturday 28th May 2022. Mian J.M. Javaid (President) and Dr Nasir Mukhtar (Secretary General) paid thanks to the participants with his concluding remarks.

Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Secretary, Pakistan Branch

Senegal

The Senegal branch of WPSA is in the process of organizing a meeting for the branch that will be called: Poultry Senegal 2022. Hopefully, that meeting will take hopefully take place during May, 2022 in partnership with the Senegal Ministry of Agriculture. More details will be provided in the coming months. For more information and/or input related to the planning of the meeting, see contact information below.

Prof. Ayao Missohou, Secretary Senegal branch
Ecole Inter-Etats des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaires (EISMV), Dakar, Sénégal
Phone: 00221338651008, 00221338651022, 00221775751140
E-mail: 

South Africa

The SA branch is pleased to congratulate Prof Rob Gous on the prestigious honour of his being inducted into the International Poultry Hall of Fame. Due to a delay in the Paris WPC, this occurred on August 10, 2021 during a virtual WPC Webinar which recognized his contributions, and that of four other members, to the world-wide poultry industry. This is a great achievement and Prof Gous’ significant contributions are applauded.

The local organizing committee for the SA branch will be holding a virtual event for 2021 on the 24th and 25th November. Our programme will follow shortly, but we have some international speakers lined up as well as local students who will be presenting their work on an online platform which will be accessible to many.

Nicola Tyler, Secretary, South Africa Branch

Sri Lanka

The Sri Lanka Branch is organizing a series of webinars as Zoom sessions, because of the health restrictions prevailing in our country due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The theme of the series is: ‘Strategic Approaches to Overcome Emerging Challenges for the Sri Lankan Poultry Industry’. The series is being conducted in the local language (Sinhala), because the information being provided is of benefit to the majority of our participants who are local stakeholders of the poultry industry.

The first session of the series was held on 10 June 2021 on the topic ‘What is Covid-19 Bubble Concept, and How It Can Be Applied to the Poultry Industry’. The resource person for that session was Dr Dilan Satharasinghe, Senior Lecturer on the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science at the University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.

The second session of the series is being held on 27th August on the topic: ‘Current Raw Material Shortage for Poultry Feed and Alternatives Available with Special Reference to Wheat.’ The resource persons for the second session are two poultry nutritionists: Dr Susil Silva (BV Sc, PhD Poultry Nutrition), the Director General of the Department of Animal Production & Health; and, Dr Nimal Priyankarage (BV Sc, PhD in Poultry Nutrition, MPAM), the Registrar of Animal Feeds, in the Department of Animal Production & Health.

The third webinar will be scheduled for September, and will cover the topic ‘Value Addition and Extra Income from Poultry Manure’.

These sessions and the proceedings of the scientific sessions held on 7th May 2021 can be viewed on the Sri Lanka branch’s Facebook page, and on the following U-tube channel https://youtube.com/channel/UCflceVNk8Zkn8pzgBtwp_zw.

Dr Mrs A.L. Godwin, Secretary WPSA-SL

USA

 

dara rosita
Dr Rosita Dara with the engraved
vase that was given to her by the
USA and Canadian branches for
providing the WPSA Lecture at the
July 2021 online Poiultry Science Meeting

WPSA’s USA and Canadian Branches sponsored the annual WPSA Lecture during the 2021 Virtual Annual Meeting of the Poultry Science Association. The speaker was Dr Rozita Dara from the School of Computer Science at the University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada. The title of the lecture was ‘Utilizing Big Data in Poultry Smart Farming: Opportunities and Challenges’. Her lecture discussed the impact of emerging digital technologies in poultry farming and opportunities they provide in terms of enhancing production and farm management. She also reviewed technology and operational requirements that enhance adoption and trust in farm technologies and addressed challenges such as interoperability, data security, and sustainability. Dr Dara’s WPSA Lecture addressed a very timely topic and served as an excellent and impactful keynote address for the PSA Annual Meeting.

Dr Bob Buresh, WPSA Senior Vice President and USA Branch Secretary

World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)

wvepah oie uni lu

WVEPAH is a branch of the ‘European Association for Veterinary Specialization’ (EAVS), a non-profit organization registered in Luxembourg since 1989. In 1992 EAVS created the ‘European School for Advanced Veterinary Studies’ (ESAVS, www.esavs.org) which offers high quality continuing education and is officially affiliated with the University of Luxembourg. WVEPAH has a similar structure as the ESAVS and is also affiliated with and supported by the OIE and includes OIE standards and regulations in its training programmes.

WVEPAH programmes consist of a series of courses in a particular field of poultry health and production. A typical study programme is composed of two online courses:

  • Module I: «Key Disciplines in Poultry Health / Regulation Module OIE (WOAH)»

 &

  • Specialized Module II: «Broilers, Egg Layers, Turkey or Waterfowl health and production»

Courses include pre-recorded courses and LIVE meetings. Each course is taught by course masters who are internationally recognized specialists in their field and have excellent didactic skills.

The courses are designed for those professionals in the poultry industry who wish to broaden their knowledge in the area of poultry health and production with strong emphasis on health management. Intensive training is provided at an advanced level with major emphasis on a case oriented and problem-solving approach.

Participants of WVEPAH programmes acquire new skills and knowledge which they can immediately apply in their daily field activities.

Participants also have the possibility to pursue a Certificate in Animal Health: Poultry Production diploma, after completion of the two modules, including a section on regulation taught by the OIE, and the submission of the analysis of 25 clinical cases. This diploma is delivered by the University of Luxembourg and the regulatory aspects are validated by the OIE.

List of courses, dates, registration conditions see: www.wvepah.org.

Volume 54, March/June 2021  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpc2022 postponed

 

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

Board meeting and latest news

The worldwide COVID-19 pandemic has caused a disturbance of all our activities, whether these were national branch meetings, international scientific meetings or participation in exhibitions. Also contacts within branches sometimes are difficult. Several branches have organized online meetings, examples are the Indonesia and Sri Lanka branch. The Pakistan branch has formed a women wing of the branch. More on their recent activities is elsewhere in this newsletter.

The board will give as much as possible support to branches in order to keep them prepared for the post COVID-19 era. Proposals are invited by the secretariat.

The board of WPSA held a virtual meeting specially focused on the World’s Poultry Congress 2020, to be held 8-12 August 2021 in Paris, France.

The worldwide COVID-19 situation and the many travel restrictions (travel and issuing visas) are of big concern. With these concerns the organizers expect that the hybrid Congress they planned will not be possible. The World’s Poultry Congress now is postponed to 7-11 August 2022.  More information on WPC2022: www.wpcparis2022.com.

The postponement of WPC has consequences for many other meetings, already planned for 2022. The World Waterfowl Conference, planned for 2022, hosted by the Indonesia branch will now be hold in 2023. Most of the new dates for international meetings, as the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, the Pan African Poultry Conference and the Asia Pacific Poultry Conference (16-18 November) in 2022 as well as dates for many European Federation working group symposia in 2023 are not yet confirmed. Please check the WPSA website calendar.

The World’s Poultry Science Journal hosted and produced by Taylor & Francis Publishers is now almost back on track. The June issue is now being finalised and ready for print.

WPS Journal editor.
Starting 1 June 2021, the WPSA board has appointed Dr Tom Porter, University of Maryland, USA, as the editor of the World’s Poultry Science Journal.

WPSA recently has joined the International Poultry Welfare Alliance (www.poultrywelfare.org). More details about the participation will become available soon.

More communications and other news can be found on the WPSA Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/) and website. A special calendar is now reserved for webinars from associations and our supporting sponsors and advertisers. New activities can be sent to .

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

No wing web stab or eye drop, but I am grateful to state that my arm has been injected twice with the Moderna COVID-19 vaccine. Having said that, I realize that much of the world’s population is still unvaccinated and in lock-down. 

While it may not be possible (or legal) for you to hold a normal/large meeting in your country, you certainly can be doing other projects to support your Branch members. I encourage you to think of ways to keep your members connected to WPSA and to your Branch during the pandemic. There may possibly be information that you would like all of your members to receive in hard copy form. It may be that your university(ies) with poultry programmes have worked out protocols so students can be in the classroom. If so, maybe your Branch can sponsor an event for the students and introduce them to WPSA. Obviously, all these activities require funds. WPSA has its Branch Development Programme available, and there are funds there that the Branch can apply for to improve your programmes.

I encourage Branch officers to visit the WPSA web site (www.wpsa.com) and then go to ‘Support for Branches’ and ‘Branch Development Proposal.’ Information can be found there on how to apply for these funds, and lists of recently funded applications are there for your perusal that you can use as a potential guideline for the development of a proposal for your branch. As I sit here, I am ready to wire funds for approved applications, but I remind you: You must apply in order to have the possibility of receiving Branch Development Funds!

I wish you a safe and healthy spring.

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress - rescheduled

Palais de Congrès, August 7-11, 2022, Paris, France

The highest priority of the French Branch of WPSA and the organizing committee of the 26th World’s Poultry Congress is to organize a successful congress, avoiding health hazards and welcoming participants from all continents.

Unfortunately, since the beginning of 2021, we are still facing a major sanitary crisis worldwide, and a lot of uncertainty remained with regard to travel and meeting requirements in the coming months.

Therefore, after consulting the members of the WPSA board, as well as the WPC sponsors, the Organizing Committee decided to postpone the 26th WPC to August 7 to 11, 2022 in Paris. The registrations recorded until now remain valid for the new dates. Awardees of the special programmes will be contacted directly to enquire about their possibilities.

Yet, we will celebrate the centenary of WPC with an on-line event on August 10, 2021 which will be open to all WPSA members.

Furthermore, we are going to value the abstracts received and accepted, by organizing monthly webinars from September 2021 to June 2022, to bridge the centenary of the WPC and the 26th WPC on August 2022. Webinars will be open to registered participants only. A ‘Centenary book’ with all abstracts is also planned with the support of the WPSA board.

In addition to the abstracts received in 2020, we will call for new abstracts in September 2021, in order to set up the final scientific programme for the 26th WPC next year.

We will be so happy to finally meet all of you in Paris in August 2022.

Until then, be safe, and watch our website for coming updates.

20WPC blocmarque blocdates 

wpc2021 100

Let's celebrate! 

 

Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Chair of WPC2021

 

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2023. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

In order to avoid overlapping with WPC in 2022, ESPN will take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 21 to 24 June, 2023. Our Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science.

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The European Symposium on Poultry Genetics has been postponed to 8-10 November 2023. It will take place at the Maritim Airport Hotel in Hannover.

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

As for all European Symposia, the next ‘XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ conjointly held with the ‘XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ have been postponed to 2023 (new date will be rescheduled asap) thanks to the cooperation with the Polish Branch. The venue will be the same in Kraków, Poland and website is already available. The next WG5 member meeting will be held during the World's Poultry Congress 2022 in Paris.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA

WG6

Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG)

Due to the current situation and uncertainties, especially for international travelling, the 2021 meeting will be held in virtual format.

The Incubation and Fertility Research Group (IFRG) invites you for the upcoming IFRG E-meeting, which will be held on the 14th and 15th of October, 2021. For each day we will have a meeting during 13:00h to 15:30h Central European Time (UTC +2).

The IFRG meeting provides an ideal platform for researchers and industry people to meet and share the latest research findings, new indeas and information. Although the pandemic situation prevents us to achieve the full benefit of a physical meeting, we hope to sustain the goals of the group with the E-meeting. Due to the limited time of the meeting, the focus of the meeting wil be relating to Fertility, Embryonic development, Egg incuation, Epigenetics and Chick quality.

We as organizing committee are exited to welcome you to join our first IFRG E-meeting!

For more information see the website.

Ampai Nangsuay, Secretary WG6


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG1

Small Scale Family Poultry Farming

A new team is being formed for the Asian/Pacific Federation’s WG1 that is centred around Small Scale Family Poultry Farming.

Backyard poultry are an essential component of African and Asian Pacific countries. Small Scale Family Poultry Farming is an important working group of the Asian Pacific Federation of the WPSA. In future, SSFPF will reorganise its team at the Asia Pacific Federation level. In line with this, it has been decided that the working group-1 ‘Small Scale Family Poultry Farming’ will aim to organise a National Chicken Conference every two years. Therefore, as a new group leader, I invite all relevant researchers and WPSA members to participate in this most important working group which can play a vital role in the vulnerable rural economy.

Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Chair, APF WG1

For Correspondence: Dr Nasir Mukhtar Group Leader of WG1 ‘Small Scale Family Poultry Farming’
(Department of Poultry Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi-Pakistan)
WhatsApp/Mob: +92 (0) 3007200074 Email:

A/P WG3

Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis)

A Ratite Research Session had been planned for the World Poultry Congress that had been scheduled in Paris, France from 8-12 August 2021. Since the WPC has now been re-scheduled for Paris on August 7 – 11, 2022, that Ratite Session will also be re-scheduled. Please send any suggestions for contributions and/or topics to 

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

Tom E. Porter appointed as new Editor of the World’s Poultry Science Journal

porter tom 100 133Starting 1 June 2021, the WPSA Board has appointed Dr Tom Porter, University of Maryland, USA, as the editor of the World’s Poultry Science Journal.

Dr Tom Porter received his PhD in Animal Physiology from the University of Minnesota in 1988. He conducted research as a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Department of Anatomy & Cell Biology at the Medical University of South Carolina. In 1993, he joined the Department of Poultry Science at Texas A&M University as an Assistant Professor, and in 1997, he was recruited to the Department of Animal and Avian Sciences at the University of Maryland, where he was subsequently promoted to Associate Professor and Professor. He served two terms as Chair of the Department of Animal and Avian Sciences at the University of Maryland. Dr Porter served for six years as Editor-in-Chief of the journal Poultry Science, and he was named Fellow of the Poultry Science Association in 2016.

Dr Porter’s research interests centre on molecular and cellular endocrinology in poultry. Early in his career, he demonstrated that the production of steroid hormones in the ovaries of birds requires three different cell types, a situation which is different from that in mammals. One major focus of his research over the past 28 years has been on the mechanisms controlling cellular differentiation within the anterior pituitary gland during chick embryonic development. The overall goal of this research is to improve growth characteristics in broiler chickens through an increased understanding of the regulation of the bird’s own growth hormone production. A second major focus in Dr Porter’s laboratory has included genome-wide analysis of gene expression in the neuroendocrine system. The long-term goal of this research is to increase our understanding of global patterns of gene expression in the hypothalamus and pituitary gland and to identify the genes and gene networks controlling growth rate, body composition and feed intake in broiler chickens. Dr Porter is the author of 107 refereed scientific papers, 23 book chapters or reviews, and 155 abstracts. His publications have been cited more than 3,200 times.

The WPSA Board want to thank Prof Julie Roberts for stepping in as Interim Editor for the past months.

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • R.M.G. Hamilton - Relationship Between Egg Shell Breakage and Laying Hen Housing Systems – An overview
  • F. Kleyn - Future demands of the poultry industry: Will we meet our commitments sustainably in developed and developing economies?
  • R.A. Alhotan - Commercial poultry feed formulation: current status, challenges, and future expectations
  • K. Honda - Peripheral regulation of food intake in chickens -adiposity signals, satiety signals, and others
  • D. Narinç - Chick quality: An overview of measurement techniques and influencing factors
  • R.Z. Abbas - Probiotics as Therapeutic, Antioxidant and Immunomodulatory Agents against Poultry Coccidiosis
  • F. Khajalib - Flavonoid antioxidants in the chicken meat production: Potential application and future trends
  • C.O. de Oliveiraa - Olive pomace for the feeding of commercial poultry: effects on performance, meat and eggs quality, haematological parameters, microbiota and immunity.
  • U. Kaka - Effect of feeding fermented and non-fermented palm kernel cake on the performance of broiler chickens: A review
  • R. Prabakaran - Wealth from poultry waste: an overview
  • J. Kozák - Goose production and goose products
  • P.K. Das - Role of backyard poultry in South-East Asian countries: post COVID 19 perspective
  • S. Haunshi - Kadaknath: A popular native chicken breed of India with unique black colour characteristics

Summaries

Relationship between egg shell breakage and laying hen housing systems – An overview

R.M.G. HAMILTON and W.L. BRYDEN

Egg shell breakage is and remains a source of economic loss to the egg producer. In general, about 3% of the eggs laid by hens housed in battery cages or in free-run systems have cracked shells. This number increases about another 1% for hens kept in enriched cages or housed free-range and a further 1 to 2 % for those in aviaries. The range of cracked shells reported was from 2 to 12%, but there were few published reports for most production systems. The occurrence of dirty shelled eggs is about 2 to 3% higher that the incidence of eggs with cracked shells. Shell breakage is also influenced by manufacturer of enrich cage systems. The highest impact eggs receive as they move from the hen to the retail store is in the laying house; overall, eggs receive impacts that average about 13G. The material used to make egg cartons (paper pulp or plastic foam), the cases in which the cartons are shipped (cardboard or wire), and the location of a carton within the shipping case (top, middle or bottom) affect the occurrence of shell breaking when eggs are transported. Even apparently weak impacts to egg shells may cause microcracks to develop and if the impacts are stronger visible cracks become apparent or they may rupture the mammillary membranes which will allow the egg’s content to escape.

Future demands of the poultry industry: Will we meet our commitments sustainably in developed and developing economies?

F.J. KLEYN and M. CIACCIARIELLO

The world’s population is expected to reach 9.8 billion people by 2050. Increases in population size, coupled with socio-economic changes such as urbanisation, age demographics, and increasing affluence levels, will double the demand for poultry products by 2050. The primary objective of agribusiness is to ensure food security for the global population at affordable prices. Concurrently, there is a desire that all food products be produced sustainably. The poultry industry is well-positioned to achieve adequate nutrient-dense food provision because chickens are efficient converters of energy and nutrients into edible product. Poultry production plays an essential role in local food security and the alleviation of poverty in the absence of other nutrient-dense foods. The poultry industry possesses the technology, skills and capital to meet the expected demand targets. However, the demand for poultry products that fulfil the environmental, social and financial standpoints of sustainability will increase. Public opinion will prevent us from using many of the technologies required to achieve these goals. Consumers will need to change their expectations, behaviour and spending patterns in the best interests of sustainability.

Commercial poultry feed formulation: current status, challenges, and future expectations

R.A. ALHOTAN

Poultry nutrition has evolved tremendously over the past 100 years. Feed formulation, the applied side of nutrition, has gone through vast improvements from simple hand formulations to computerised formulations using modern software equipped with advanced capabilities, which allows for high accuracy, easy integration, and flexibility. In general, the modern commercial feed formulations are based on the concept of ‘least-cost’ and produced using linear programming, which requires the user to have sufficient knowledge in the nutritional requirements of birds, and ingredient compositions and prices. Stochastic programming can also be used in high uncertainty situations, such as nutrient variation in feedstuffs, to increase the confidence of meeting the requirement of a particular nutrient. Although profit-maximising models were recommended to maximise profitability in poultry production, their use is still limited. Several challenges are encountered when formulating feeds such as nutrient variability, ingredient shortages, ingredient price fluctuations, antibiotic-free production, and meeting the requirements of constantly changing genotypes. Adopting innovative technology has helped nutritionists and mill managers overcome most of the challenges that they face. In the future, poultry feed formulation is likely to receive more enhancements like implementing the true protein and net energy system and considering advanced profit-maximising models. The feed formulation solutions’ suppliers are expected to introduce more high-tech enhancements to the formulation solutions in response to the growing demands of the feed industry. Such enhancements should maximise profitability, meet nutritional needs more accurately, and reduce environmental pollution for more sustainable poultry production.

Peripheral regulation of food intake in chickens -adiposity signals, satiety signals, and others

K. HONDA

Broiler chickens eat more feed and grow faster than layer chickens. However, hyperphagia-induced excessive accumulation of body fat in broiler chickens has become a serious problem in the modern poultry industry. Species specificity in terms of the physiological role of appetite-regulating hormones and neuropeptides can make it difficult to understand the mechanisms underlying the central regulation of food intake in chickens. Therefore, although the appetite regulatory system of chickens has been a focus of research in recent decades, the mechanisms underlying the hyperphagia of broiler chickens is not fully understood. Our previous studies demonstrated that peripheral hormones significantly suppress food intake in chicks. These findings suggest that postprandial elevation of peripheral anorexigenic hormones play important roles in appetite regulation in chickens. This review provides an overview of recent findings on the role of peripheral hormones in the regulation of food intake in chickens and propose the new insight of avian-species specific system of peripheral regulation of food intake and promising strategies for reducing body fat mass in broiler chickens.

Chick quality: An overview of measurement techniques and influencing factors

D. NARINÇ and E. AYDEMIR

The production quantity of poultry products is increasing in the world economy with every passing day. The increase in chick quality is synonymous with the increase in the number of saleable chicks in terms of the poultry industry. In addition, in order to obtain high-quality products, one should start production with high-quality chicks as well as providing the ideal environmental conditions starting from the first day of incubation. The additive gene effects on chick quality are very low, whereas environmental factors have a large effect. Environmental factors affecting chick quality can be classified as egg storage period and conditions, age and genotype of breeder flock, incubation conditions, incubation types and post-hatch handling. Both quantitative and qualitative methods are used to determine chick quality. The quantitative methods employed include such morphological measurements as chick weight, chick length, leg length, chest circumference, and the diameter of shank. The qualitative methods used to determine chick quality are visual assessment-based methods which are called the Pasgar score and the Tona score. In recent years, the Tona and Pasgar methods have been used frequently in studies carried out with respect to measuring the effects of various environmental practices on chick quality. This paper aims to review the studies carried out concerning chick quality, the factors influencing chick quality, and the determination of chick quality and makes some suggestions for future studies to be conducted on chick quality assessment.

Probiotics as therapeutic, antioxidant and immunomodulatory agents against poultry coccidiosis

M. MOHSIN, R.Z. ABBAS, G. YIN, Z. SINDHU, A. ABBAS, Z. HUANG, M.T. ALEEM, Z. SAEED, M.Z. AFZAL, A. EJAZ and M. SHOAIB

Avian coccidiosis is an important parasitic disease of birds, caused by genus Eimeria, and having great economic importance. The estimated global economic loss due to coccidiosis is up to US$3 billion annually. Approximately 80% of these losses are associated with performance parameters, including decreased weight gain, heavy mortality, poor feed conversion ratio and the remaining 20% of losses include the cost of prophylaxis and treatment measures. This disease has been controlled by different anticoccidial agents, but synthetic drug-resistance is the major issue due to which researchers are trying to develop modern alternate effective approaches. Moreover, drug residues cause health hazard issues for poultry product consumers, which have led to the cessation of such practices in developed countries. Control through vaccination can be considered as a good practice, but due to the high cost and complexity of Eimeria species, development of a cost-effective vaccine has proved challenging. Among other options, probiotics have shown favourable effects against coccidiosis. Use of probiotics can reduce 70-80% of losses faced by the poultry industry worldwide. They have shown excellent results due to their antioxidant, immunostimulatory and positive effects on intestinal health of infected birds. Furthermore, details about the expression of the host biological responses against poultry coccidiosis and how probiotic supplementation assists in improving these responses in chickens are described in this review.

Flavonoid antioxidants in chicken meat production: Potential application and future trends

F. RAFIEI and F. KHAJALI

Meat-type chickens (broilers) are highly prone to oxidative stress because of genetic selection for their growth rate and because of the environmental conditions in which they are reared. Oxidative stress has significant impacts on chicken meat quality and safety. As such, antioxidants are often added to the diets of chickens to prevent oxidative stress and to ensure the quality and safety of the meat. This paper discusses sources of oxidative stress (pro-oxidants) in the chicken meat industry, from the raising of live birds to the production of chicken meat. The potential of flavonoids – the biggest group of natural antioxidants – is also explored with a discussion of their natural sources, bioavailability, and their potential application in the chicken meat industry.

Olive pomace for the feeding of commercial poultry: effects on performance, meat and eggs quality, hematological parameters, microbiota and immunity

C.O. DE OLIVEIRA, A.A.P. ROLL, F.M. GONÇALVES, D.C.N. LOPES and E.G. XAVIER

The present study aims to gather the research carried out worldwide in the last two decades with the use of olive pomace in the diet of broilers, laying hens and laying quails to highlight the nutritional importance of such biomass and its effective use in poultry nutrition. The olive pomace from the extraction of olive oil has important chemical properties from a nutritional standpoint such as a high concentration of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. In addition, it can be a significant source of fatty acids (12 – 22%), minerals and phenolic compounds. Thus, combining the use of olive pomace and seeking to adapt it to animal feed in a sustainable way, research has been carried out around the world with the use of olive pomace in the diet of commercial birds. The results presented in different studies demonstrate that the inclusion of up to 10% of olive pomace in the diet of broiler chickens, commercial laying hens and Japanese quails does not negatively affect the performance of the birds and improves the quality of meat, such as odour and flavour. Additionally, an increase in the egg weight and yolk index has been observed when olive pomace is supplied up to 9% in diets. The inclusion of olive pomace can also alter the lipid profile of the chicken meat and egg yolk, increasing the series of monounsaturated fatty acids and reducing the saturated ones. Haematological parameters of the different categories of birds do not change regarding albumins, globulins, total proteins, haematocrit, aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) with up to 20% olive pomace in the diet. The gut microbiota of birds that receive olive pomace in their feed is altered and broilers have better antibody titres for Infectious Bronchitis and Gumboro.

Effect of feeding fermented and non-fermented palm kernel cake on the performance of broiler chickens: A review

M.I. ALSHELMANI, U. KAKA, E.A. ABDALLA, A.M. HUMAM and H.U. ZAMANI

Palm kernel cake (PKC) is a by-product of oil extraction from palm fruits and has been included in poultry diets as an alternative to soybean meal and yellow corn. Due to its high content of fibre, coarse texture and gritty appearance, the use of PKC in poultry nutrition is limited. In order to increase the nutritive value of PKC, there is a tendency nowadays to create solid state fermentation (SSF) by using cellulolytic microbes. This paper reviews the impact of feeding fermented and non-fermented PKC on the performance of broiler chickens. Recent studies have reported that SSF by cellulolytic microorganisms improved the nutritive value of PKC. The nutrient digestibility has been increased significantly in PKC fermented using Paenibacillus polymyxya ATCC 842 or Weisella confusa SR-17b. The availability of valine, histidine, methionine and arginine was 70.42, 71.50, 71.92 and 81.15%, respectively, in PKC fermented using P. polymyxa ATCC 842. The digestibility of crude protein (CP) increased by 61.83% and 59.90% in PKC fermented using P. polymyxya ATCC 842 or W. confusa SR-17b, respectively. In addition, body weight gain (BWG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) improved significantly in broilers fed 15% fermented PKC compared to those fed 15% non-fermented PKC (2000.43 g versus 1823.23 g and 1.75 versus 1.91, respectively). The intestinal Enterobacteriaceae decreased (4.03 CFU/g) and lactic acid bacteria increased (5.56 CFU/g) in birds fed 15% PKC fermented by P. polymyxa ATCC 842. Therefore, fermented PKC can be included in a broiler diet up to 15%, replacing part of soybean and yellow corn in the diet, leading to a decrease in the overall cost of poultry feeding.

Wealth from poultry waste: an overview

R. PRABAKARAN and S. EZHIL VALAVAN

Poultry production generates a huge volume of waste from hatchery, poultry farm, processing plant etc. which carry potential health hazards as they lead to air, water and land pollution. Disposal of these wastes by processing and recycling offers greater scope. Hatchery waste meal contains up to 44.63% of crude protein and 26.46% of crude fat and hence can be profitability used as an animal feed source. Appropriately processed dried poultry manure / litter would help in reducing the dependence on chemical fertilizers. India produces about 38.33 million tons of poultry manure annually sufficient to fertilize about 3.56 million hectares of farmland. While composting and combustion of poultry litter have been tried, biogas production could also be a good alternative. Poultry by-product meal (PBPM) obtained by rendering showed very high protein (63.7%) and fat (24.5%) contents and could be a cost-effective feed ingredient for monogastric animals that would also ensure efficiency of production. Biodiesel production from chicken fat by the transesterification process also offers good potential and India is keen on taking advantage by incorporating 5% of biodiesel in diesel to bring down its dependence on crude oil imports. Effective and efficient disposal of poultry waste will ensure sustainability of poultry production in developing countries.

Goose production and goose products

J. KOZÁK

Goose keeping can expand the choice of basic food materials and provides materials (feather and down) for light industry. There are various ways to produce goose meat using preferably white feathered breeds. Intensively reared broiler geese attain a slaughter weight of 5 kg by 56-63 days of age; under semi-intensive keeping they reach a slaughter weight of 6 kg by 16 weeks of age, and under extensive keeping (grazing) they can be slaughtered by 22-24 weeks of age. Fattened liver is produced with 9-24 weeks old liver type (Landaise) geese via cramming (force feeding) for 14-21 days by which time the liver weight can reach 600-1000 g. Goose fat is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) and along with goose meat can be considered as functional foods. The fattened goose liver is a delicacy, while goose eggs are mostly used as propagating material albeit with occasional consumption in some Asian countries. Most of the worldwide feather and down production originates from slaughtered geese; only 1-2% of the global production is removed manually. At scalding, the percentage of feather in body weight amounts to 3.8-5.5% in broiler vs. 3.4-5.3% in fattened goose, respectively. The feather and down obtainable from young geese (8-10 weeks old) per capita at their natural moulting time is 80-100 g on the first occasion. Six to seven weeks later it amounts to 100-130 g and after another 6-7 weeks 140-170 g, respectively. In the EU only those countries where it is and was a traditional practice are allowed to harvest feathers from and force feed geese. Some believe the objection and ban of these activities are scientifically unfounded.

Role of backyard poultry in South-East Asian countries: post COVID-19 perspective

P.K. DAS and I. SAMANTA

The potential growth of the poultry industry was halted globally during COVID-19 although poultry birds were not affected directly by the virus. Distress in the poultry industry during the pandemic is primarily due to restriction of movement imposed on various items such as poultry feed, chicks, medicine and vaccines, and poultry products both locally and globally particularly in Asia, where 10 countries executed national lockdowns and 12 countries employed localized lockdowns. Rumours about spreading of SARS-CoV-2 virus through poultry meat caused further collapse in the domestic market economy. The export market of poultry products has declined in certain regions like Asia, Europe and North America. It is expected that worldwide chicken meat trade may be lowered by 4 percent although there is increased demand for animal protein among consumers. Hence, an integrated approach is needed to revive the poultry industry. Apart from commercial poultry maintained in integrated farming systems with moderate to high level of biosecurity, there is a ‘backyard’ or ‘village level’ poultry sector with minimal biosecurity. In the backyard sector, native birds or locally available breeds are maintained and the birds or their products are mostly consumed locally. The strategy to adapt backyard poultry as an alternative system to generate income not only augments poultry production but also guarantees the availability of animal protein to the poorer section of the society, as well as improving the purchasing capacity of this section, and guards against the ‘reverse migration’ of labour during the post COVID-19 period. Furthermore, smallholders could play a vital role in fulfilling the demand for animal products in developing countries. Some initiatives to distribute chicks, feed and medicine for rearing among the marginal farmers were detected in India, Bangladesh and Cambodia during lockdown to mitigate the catastrophic effect of COVID-19 on the rural economy.

Kadaknath: A popular native chicken breed of India with unique black colour characteristics

S. HAUNSHI and L.L.L. PRINCE

Kadaknath is the most popular and unique native chicken breed of India. This breed is experiencing higher demand in recent times due to its unique characteristics and perceived health benefits of its meat and eggs. The entire bird including plumage, skin, shank, and internal organs is black. The black colour of this bird is due to hyperpigmentation associated with the fibromelanosis caused by the Fm gene. Three varieties of the Kadaknath breed have been identified based primarily on plumage colour: jet black, pencilled and golden. Kadaknath is a small-sized bird with small shanks (51.5 mm at 8 weeks). It attains the body weight of 865 g at 20 weeks. Cocks and hens weigh about 1500 and 1200 g, respectively, at 40 weeks. The average age at first egg is high (185 days) and the egg production potential of this breed is somewhat less (50 to 55 eggs in 40 weeks). Egg production up to 52 weeks was 90 to 105 eggs and the annual egg production is estimated to be in the range of 120 to 140 eggs. This breed has good fertility (80 to 85%) and hatchability (83 to 90%) status. Eggs are small in size (42 to 45 g) but have good shell quality (10.47% shell) with light brown to brown coloured shells, and low yolk to albumen ratio (0.51). Consumers prefer Kadaknath meat due to its desirable flavour and lean meat (0.11 to 0.52 % abdominal fat) as compared to broiler meat (1.74 to 1.85% abdominal fat). Increased demand for healthier meat among modern consumers has led to the rearing of Kadaknath birds in intensive and semi-intensive systems around the major cities in India. The current paper describes the growth, production, and reproduction performance, status of immune-competence, carcass characteristics, meat quality, egg quality traits and future research needs of the Kadaknath breed.

 

Obituary

Professor Dr. agr. Johannes Heinrich Petersen

29 August 1934 – 4 February 2021

Johannes PetersenOn February 4, 2021, Prof. Dr. Johannes Petersen passed away at the age of 86. For decades he had a decisive influence on German poultry science. Johannes Petersen was born on August 29, 1934, in Hörpel, Soltau County, and grew up on a farm in Lower Saxony. After practical training in agriculture and attending the Albrecht-Thaer-Seminar in Celle, he became a ‘state-certified farmer’ in 1958. He then studied agricultural science with the focus on animal production at the Technical University of Berlin, graduating in 1963. At the Berlin Institute for Animal Production, he received his doctorate in 1969 with a topic on egg shell stability measurement. Here he took up an assistant professorship for small animal breeding and special biometry and habilitated in 1977 for the teaching field of small animal breeding. Shortly thereafter, he moved to the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität in Bonn, where he was appointed Professor of Small Animal Breeding and Husbandry at the Faculty of Agriculture. He represented this department until his retirement.

In his research, Johannes Petersen distinguished himself by critical expertise and high scientific standards, both in experimental performance and biometric evaluation. In small animal research, Johannes Petersen covered almost all animal species and worked on areas of genetics, product quality, husbandry, ethology, animal welfare, environment and business management. A major focus was on studies in laying hens. In addition to the long-standing research foci ‘Emission reduction in laying hen husbandry’ and ‘Egg quality’, he investigated the interactions between lighting programs and feeding, in particular, the results of which have also found their way into practice. Even after his retirement, Johannes Petersen continued his scientific activities as author and consultant as well as in professional associations.

Against the background of his extensive practical training, Johannes Petersen was able to convincingly convey the liaison function between science and practice. Thus, he was co-editor of the journal ‘Archiv für Geflügelkunde’ (European Poultry Science) for many years and organized the handover of the editorship from Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Siegfried Scholtyssek to Prof. Dr. Martina Gerken and to private lecturer Dr. Michael Grashorn in 1998. He also acted as editor of the ‘Jahrbuch für die Geflügelwirtschaft’ for many years.

He was a long-time member of the German Branch of the World's Poultry Science Association (Deutsche Vereinigung für Geflügelwissenschaft e.V.) and brought his expertise and mediating skills to the board. He served as President of the German Group from 1996 to 2002. During this time, he contributed significantly to organizing the European Poultry Conference (EPC) in Bremen in 2002, which was very successful and contributed significantly to the reputation of the German Group in the world organization. Together with Prof. Dr. Martina Gerken, he was also the editor of the chronicle on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the German Association for Poultry Science e.V. in 2003. The chronicle reflects in the best way the whole spectrum of scientific research of the association members in poultry science.

In addition to his professional commitment, Johannes Petersen, as a committed Christian, took on a variety of tasks, especially in the Evangelical Lutheran Church, which he deepened after his retirement. His special interest was the Lutheran Theological College Oberursel.

In addition to his distinctive professional abilities, Johannes Petersen was highly respected for his humane manner, always respectful of others, and his personal integrity. He achieved his goal of reconciling scientific work and supportive assistance in an outstanding manner. With his attitude toward scientific diligence, his commitment and his great personality, he remains a lasting role model. The German Branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association will always keep him in grateful and honorable memory.

Lüneburg, February 2021

Dr. Michael Grashorn, Prof. Dr. Martina Gerken and Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Südekum based on the laudation by Prof. Dr. Franz Ellendorff on the occasion of the 65th birthday of the deceased.

Branch News

Australia

Australian Poultry Science Symposium

The 32nd Annual Australian Poultry Science Symposium (APSS) was held as a ‘virtual’ meeting on February 9-10, 2021. APSS is organised by the Poultry Research Foundation of the University of Sydney and the Australia Branch of the WPSA. This annual meeting is normally held as a face-to-face meeting in Sydney, most recently in the downtown Sheraton Grand Sydney Hyde Park Hotel. However, for 2021, the decision was made to change to a fully on-line ‘virtual’ symposium because of the covid-19 pandemic. For the 2020 symposium, there was an initial registration of 280 people, 20 of whom withdrew their registration because of the impact of the early stages of the pandemic. At the 2021 ‘virtual’ symposium, the total number of registrants was 250 and sponsorship was maintained at its usual high level, indicating the extent of participant and sponsor commitment to the holding of the meeting.

The virtual meeting was extremely well delivered. The evening before the symposium proper, there were opportunities to meet with the sponsors at their respective online booths as well as opportunities for networking with random groups of people set up online for short chat sessions. For the main part of the symposium, all presentations were pre-recorded as videos to ensure that the programme was not disrupted in the event of any IT problems. Even the posters had short video presentations attached to the on-line posters and the opportunity for live interaction with the poster presenters. The sections of all sessions were followed by a live question and answer (Q & A) session and participants had the opportunity of asking questions as a presentation was being screened, as well as during the live Q & A.

The virtual event made use of Centium Software, the EventsAIR platform and the live Aircast Studio. Touchpoint Meeting Services provided the direct support to the event.

All recorded presentations and sessions continue to be available to paid registrants for a period of 60 days following the symposium.

Invited speakers from outside of Australia were:

  • Dr David Marks (Indonesia) ‘Antibiotic stewardship in east and south east Asia: the trials and tribulations of a field veterinarian’
  • Dr Maarten de Gussem (Belgium) ‘Gut health in poultry production: holistic approach leading to novel insights in 2021’
  • Dr Robert Renema (Canada) ‘Balancing research, innovation and experience to manage the modern broiler breeder’
  • Dr Kenneth Anderson (U.S.A.) ‘Layer nutrition associated with different production systems’

Invited speakers from within Australia were:

  • Professor Paul Hemsworth ‘Laying hen welfare in Australia’
  • Professor Rachel Ankeny ‘Australian community values and layer hen welfare’
  • Dr Sam Abraham ‘Bugs have no boundaries: antimicrobial resistance challenges in Australian poultry’
  • Dr David Cadogan ‘Alternative methods of feeding layers’
  • Dr Rebecca Forder ‘Maternal stress, the potential impact on broiler breeders and subsequent chick development’

Past proceedings of the APSS, including those from 2021, are available at: https://www.apss2021.com.au/proceedings.

All participants agreed that the virtual symposium was a great success. However, of course, they missed having the usual face-to-face contact and the social gatherings. We are hopeful that the 2022 symposium will be a ‘hybrid’ event with participants attending in person if they are able to but offering online participation for those who are unable to attend in person.

Julie Roberts, President, Australia Branch

Brazil

FACTA WPSA-Brazil confirms 38th FACTA Conference FACTA in 2021

In accordance with its mission of diffusing technical and scientific knowledge in the poultry sector, FACTA WSPA-Brazil confirmed that the 38th edition of its Conference will be held in 2021, entirely online and between June 22nd and 24th.  Following last year's event example, which brought together more than 400 attendees from 16 countries, the Foundation chose to keep the event online, as it was considered a success by the participants and in light of the uncertainties surrounding the next semester.

Themed "Aviculture, recalculating...", the Conference will address relevant issues in the productive sector's adaptation to keep in business, as well as the new ways in which poultry products have started being sold since the start of the pandemic. "We believe that the Conference will be a good moment for us to evaluate the changes that occurred and reprogram processes and procedures", specifies FACTA's president, Ariel Mendes.

In addition to the Conference, FACTA will also host the "FACTA Symposium on Salmonella: Updating control and trends" on April 27th and 28th, which will be held online for the first time.

FACTA resumes special Podcast series on aviculture

In the first trimester of 2021, the APINCO Foundation for Poultry Science and Technology continues its special Podcast series on aviculture. The first episode will already be available on the first week of March in FACTA's digital platforms. 19 podcasts were recorded in 2020, addressing varied themes such as Covid-19 prevention in poultry processing plants, biosecurity, immunomodulation benefits, NIR technology, Gumboro disease control, among others. 

FACTA elects its new board members

FACTA's Trustee Council elected two new members for the 2021/2022 biennium: Ariel Antonio Mendes is now the institution's president director and Silvio Hungaro, its financial and managing director.

Ariel Mendes is a veterinary doctor with a Bachelor's degree from UFPR (Federal University of Paraná), Master's from UFRGS (Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul), PhD from UNAM (National Autonomous University of Mexico) and a post-doctoral fellowship in the Poultry Science Department of the University of Arkansas (USA), with over 40 years dedicated to research and the strenghtening of Brazilian and Latin American aviculture.

Silvio Hungaro is a veterinary doctor with a bachelor's degree from FMVZ-USP (Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny - University of São Paulo), having worked in numerous renowned companies in the sector.

The new president director explains that in 2021 the Foundation will continue with the symposiums, seminars and courses, particularly online, which enables reaching people from all over the world and particularly Latin America, FACTA's current priority. It will also focus on face-to-face trainings for contracted poultry growers, in association with the industries and cooperatives that work in the sector.

Heading FACTA in the last six years, professor Irenilza de Alencar Nääs makes the transition for the new board, remarking on the great satisfaction of having served for three terms as the entity's president. The complete board is now as follows: Ariel Mendes, President Director; Anselmo Micheletti, Executive Director; Silvio Hungaro, Financial and Managing Director; Ibiara Correia Almeida Paz, Courses and Publications Director; Marcelo Fagnani Zuanaze, Marketing Director; Rodrigo Garófallo Garcia, Events Director and Eva Hunka, Special Projects Director.

FACTA Library

The FACTA Library has a new title in its collection, the "Doenças das Aves" (Poultry Diseases) book. In its third edition, the publication is authored by Raphael Lucio Andreatti Filho, Ângelo Berchieri Júnior Edir Nepomuceno da Silva, Alberto Back, José Di Fábio and Marcelo A. Fagnani Zuanaze.

The book, coordinated by FACTA, addresses the evolution of poultry medicine that took place in recent years. 120 professionals (from both private companies and renowned educational institutions committed to the poultry sector) were involved in the book’s broad review, which also included new chapters, considered essential for its update.

The FACTA Library has a collection with original works about incubation, broiler breeders' management, poultry production, poultry diseases, among other titles, some of them with international repercussion.

To explore the collection, access: http://facta.org.br/catalogo-de-produtos/

Colombia

The Colombian Association of Veterinarian and Animal Husbandries Specialist in Poultry – AMEVEA, is delighted to receive approval from the World’s Poultry Science Association to become the Colombian branch of WPSA as of 2021.

AMEVEA is a non-profit organization founded 52 years ago, which aims to maintain continuous education in professionals specialised in poultry through the development of academic activities including: seminars, courses, symposia and virtual conferences. It also supports research projects in poultry, in alliances with universities.

Dr Luis Carlos Monroy, vice-president of AMEVEA’s board of directors was chosen as president of the Colombian Branch and the Secretary is Dr César Augusto Pradilla, executive director of AMEVEA.

Our members come from different backgrounds: there are veterinarians, animal husbandries, biologists and microbiologists, all of them with extensive field experience in poultry.

France

jeudis de la wpsaThe 2021 general assembly of WPSA-France took place online 18 March 2021. Four new members of the Board were elected on that occasion. The Branch also held at a scientific session on that date called ‘WPSA Thursday,’ dedicated to the topic ‘Resilience of the poultry production chain following one year of COVID-19’. The event was freely accessible to all 2021 members of the French Branch of WPSA, who can access all documents at https://www.wpsa.fr/12-qui-sommes-nous/79-jeudi-de-la-wpsa-2020

In its subsequent online meeting, the board elected Christophe Bostvironnois as president, Michel Duclos as secretary, Catherine Hamelin as treasurer, Michel Lessire and Michele Tixier-Boichard as vice-presidents.

Christophe Bostvironnois, President, and Michel Duclos, secretary WPSA France 

Germany

The German Branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association held its Annual Meeting online on March, 9th to 10th 2021, due to the pandemic situation. In total, 120 members attended the scientific presentations that covered specific topics from AI, to measuring dust, to in-ovo sexing. The speakers and their topics included:

  • Timm Harder, from the Institute for Virus Diagnostics, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Institute for Animal Health: Cyclic re-emergence of high pathogenicity avian influenza epidemic in Europe – any lessons learned?
  • Birgit Spindler, from the Institute for Animal Hygiene, Animal Welfare and Farm Animal Ethology, University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover Foundation: Possibilities of automated recording of animal welfare indicators in poultry
  • Carolin Adler, Inga Tiemann, and Wolfgang Büscher from the Institute for Agricultural Engineering, University of Bonn: Elevated perforated areas in broiler housing – the universal solution?
  • Jörg Hurlin, from Agri Technologies GmbH, Visbek: Sex determination in the egg – chances and limits.
  • Falko Kaufmann, Focus Applied Poultry Science, Osnabrück University of Applied Sciences: Brother cocks – opportunities and limits.
  • Silke Rautenschlein, from the Clinic for Poultry, University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover Foundation; and Inga Tiemann, from the Institute for Animal Science & Institute for Agricultural Engineering, University of Bonn: Dual-purpose chickens – opportunities and limits.

Practical prizes from the Ulmer Verlag publishing house were presented to Christiane Ahlers and Martin Huchler for: Keeping laying hens with untrimmed beaks - a view of the flock is not enough; and, to Christiane Keppler, Inga Garrelfs and Birgit Spindler for: Dealing with and injured pullets and laying hens. - Decisions about life and death.

A Master’s Thesis Award was presented to Senta Becker from the Institute for Agricultural Engineering, University of Bonn: Evaluation of two flooring systems regarding their dust emissions in broiler production and comparison of two dust measuring systems.

Many thanks to the presenting authors, and also to the audience! See you next time, hopefully in Berlin,

The XII Euroepan Symposium on Poultry Genetics is being planned for Hannover, 8-10 November 2023. Information will follow.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, Germany Branch

Hungary

The Hungarian Branch in cooperation with the Poultry Product Board of Hungary is currently organizing the 19th ’World Egg Day’ conference. The date for that conference will be 8Th October 2021 and it will be held in Budapest. We have a arranged a general lecture with a speaker from Rabobank, and five other speakers from different fields such as animal health, feeding, diseases, and egg processing.

Györgyi Molnár, Secretary, Hungarian Branch

 For further information concerning the venue, registration, etc., please contact:

Györgyi Molnár PhD.
+3630 561 7103
Agricultural Secretary
Poultry Product Board
Hungary

India

The India Branch sponsored a ‘National e-Quiz competition on Eggs’ on October 9 2020 in conjunction with our annual World Egg Day. The competition was organized by the Department of Poultry Science at Maharashtra Animal and Fishery Sciences University, Nagpur, India.

Indonesia

Indonesian Branch of WPSA held the 5th Virtual Congress and elected New Committee for 2020 – 2025

WPSA-Indonesia (MIPI), which is a branch of the World’s Poultry Science Association (WPSA), was founded in 1992. MIPI received its legal status in August 2, 2020 and since then the organization is legally known as the Indonesian Poultry Science Association or Perkumpulan Masyarakat Ilmu Perunggasan Indonesia (MIPI).

MIPI welcomes all Indonesians who have an interest in poultry science, businesses, and government officers. MIPI disseminates knowledge and technology on all aspects of poultry production by organising technical seminars and scientific conferences. MIPI tries to harmonise the relationships between scientists, government officers, poultry farmers, and people working in the poultry industry.

On December 23, 2020, MIPI held a congress virtually. The congress was opened by MIPI President Prof. Dwi Sunarti, followed by a presentation of a scientific seminar with two speakers: Dr Nasrullah, the Director-General of Livestock and Animal Health Services, Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia, and Dr Roel Mulder, the Secretary of the World’s Poultry Science Association.

The Indonesian government hopes that MIPI can participate in solving problems faced by the poultry industry in this country, such as problems of unstable supply and demand on poultry meat in Indonesia.

The WPSA Secretary Dr Roel Mulder described general information about WPSA, such as its mission and vision. He also described the outlook for the global poultry industry such as the perspective on COVID-19 impact on the egg industry, which is currently in a difficult situation due to the covid-19 pandemic. The Covid 19 pandemic has caused a big drop in food service and tourism industries and has increased feed costs.

The 5th MIPI congress elected the executive committee for the 2020-2025 period. The committee consists of Prof. Ir. Arnold Parlindungan Sinurat, PhD as the President of WPSA Indonesia, Dr Chutaemil Marom as Vice President, Prof. Dr Ir. Maria Endo Mahata, MS, as Secretary, Yopi Safari, S.Pt as vice Secretary, and Dr Ir. Rd. Triana Susanti, M.Si as Treasurer.

The new committee discussed some programmes to be executed this year such as strengthening the organisation, renewing the membership, and conducting some online seminars or discussions. MIPI is also preparing to host the 7th World Waterfowl Conference to be held in Indonesia in 2022.

Italy

2020 fier avicola

The next annual national meeting will be organized in conjunction with the 2021 edition of FIERAVICOLA which will be held at the Rimini Expo Centre from 7 to 9 September. General information on the International Poultry Exhibition is available on the website: https://www.fieravicola.com/en/.

The Annual Meeting will be jointly organized together with the Italian Branch World Veterinary Poultry Association (WVPA).

In order to avoid overlapping with WPC in 2022, ESPN will take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 21 to 24 June, 2023. Our Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2023.eu/.

espn

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2021 Spring Meeting of the Japan Poultry Science Association (JPSA) was held online (web) style on Saturday, March 27 from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, Japan standard time. The meeting included 43 original research presentations, a general meeting, and ceremonies for the JPSA Award and the JPSA Incentive Award. All activities were on a live stream. Although the meeting was our first experience with the online style, it was a great success.

During the Spring Meeting, Awards for Excellent Presentations were given under the categories of ‘student member’ or ‘regular member aged 30 yrs. or below’ for the following presentations: 1) ‘Analysis of innate immune response in the duck RIG-I knocked-in DF-1’ by Kennosuke Ichikawa (Hiroshima University); 2) ‘Sensitivities to weak and strong acids in chicken oral tissue’ by Saki Ishibashi (Hirosaki University); 3) ‘Effects of supplementation with the lactic acid bacterium fermented sweet potato-shochu distillery by-product on growth performance and meat quality of broiler chickens’ by Daichi Sonoda (Kagoshima University); and 4) ‘Investigation of nutritional factors inducing fatty liver and analysis of its pathogenic mechanism in laying quail’ by Daiki Mori (Nagoya University). JPSA congratulates the presenters who received the Excellent Presentation Awards during the JPSA’s Spring Meeting 2021.

The JPSA Award was also presented to Dr Atsushi Asano (University of Tsukuba) during the Spring Meeting. In addition, JPSA Incentive Awards were presented to Dr Takahiro Nii (Hiroshima University), Dr Fuminori Kawabata (Hirosaki University), and Dr Mei Matsuzaki (Hiroshima University).

A meeting of the Young Members' Executive Committee of JPSA was held through an online seminar entitled ‘How to Conduct an Effective Referee Reading’ on March 26, which is just one day before starting the 2021 Spring Meeting. Peer review is an important process to ensure the quality of academic journals, and it is one of the most important tasks for researchers. In this seminar, it was discussed about the principles and tips of effective peer reviewing by two Professors, Dr Kazuhisa Honda (Kobe University), the current editorial board chair, and Dr Takashi Bungo (Hiroshima University), a former editorial board chair of the Journal of Poultry Science (JPS). This seminar provided very useful information, especially for our young scientists. There were also good discussions during the seminar.

The 2021 Autumn Meeting of JPSA will be held online style (zoom meeting) and will be hosted by Tohoku University on Thursday, September 16 from 9:00 am to 5:00 pm, Japan standard time. The details for the Autumn Meeting are available on the JPSA Homepage at https://jpn-psa.jp/en/meeting-information/. JPSA will welcome a wide participation over the glove.

The JPS, the official scientific journal of JPSA (IF: 0.880), became a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and the articles published in the journal can now be accessed through PubMed’s search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/3725/). Moreover, JPSA is also available on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) database (https://doaj.org/toc/1349-0486).

We welcome the reception of original research articles and review papers to the JPS using the following website: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access the full published articles.

JPSA wants to contribute to the Poultry Science in Japan and over the globe by enhancing its international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges for such members to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at the regular membership price. JPSA always welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit our JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID-19 pandemic has made a tough situation in the world, but JPSA hopes things will get better soon. Please take good care of yourself!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

Pakistan

DR MUHAMMAD ASLAM

1 August 1953 – 21 December, 2020

2021 june aslam muhammadAt the end of the day, it is not about what you accomplished or how much wealth you attained, but it is about who you have lifted up and who you have made feel better. It’s about what you have given back to this world. It’s about how hard you worked and what you worked hard for. And that is what he used to say: ‘Work like labour, live like king.’ We were walking in the fields full of fruit and pine trees which he had planted. I asked him why he had planted those trees which would take years and years to grow. ‘You and I may not be able to reap the benefits of these trees but the coming generations will.’ I did not understand that until now. He did not plant them for himself, he was simply stating that someone would be sitting in the shade today because someone had planted a tree a long time ago.

Dr Aslam was the epitome of being the person who always thought of giving back to the people in some way. He was a very down to earth man, always smiling and helping others. I would ask him often: "Abu, what is the reason behind your success? I spent more than what my pocket had on people.” He replied. He was a friend, a father, a husband and a businessman. To many, he was a source of comfort, for others, he was a source of guidance. But for me, he was a reflection of my own self, passing everything of him onto me.

Every successful businessman has his own story, his own struggle to the top. Dr Aslam had his own story. In the 1970s, the young Dr Aslam had left his village from the district of Okara to pursue further studies in Lahore. The young man ended up securing a place in UVAS, Lahore and graduated from there as a DVM. Later on, he graduated from Rawalpindi medical college as an MBBS doctor. The young graduate then started a small poultry farm in 1981 that housed only a couple of thousands of birds, delivering and selling the products himself on a rented van. At that time, the poultry industry was emerging in Pakistan. With hard work, dedication and honesty he established one of the biggest poultry companies in Pakistan. He always adapted latest innovations & technologies and set high standards for himself and his team, which resulted in high quality products, some of the principles that he had laid for the company. And that is the foundation on which the company stands on today. Looking after the employees was the basis running his company. He would say, “The business has to grow every year to give better benefits to employees.” He was declared businessman of the year in 2011 by RCCI.

Dr Aslam acted on his ideology of giving back to society throughout his life, he was a very charitable man. He built District Public School, Gogera based on that principle; to provide excellent education to the underprivileged by spending from his own pocket when needed. He also did charitable donations to Allied hospitals, Rawalpindi as the Chairman of the board to strive and make the visiting patients’ lives much easier. Today, they possess some of the most modern medical equipment in the country. As a representative of Flood relief Committee Rawalpindi, he raised and distributed over 15M rupees to flood victims, benefitting over 600 families. He would also distribute Cheque at doorsteps of needy people in all in all the union councils of Rawalpindi. Additionally, he remained Chairman Public Safety Commission, district Rawalpindi for three years, serving and providing to hundreds of families.

As the pioneer of the poultry industry of Pakistan, he remained the chairman of PPA several times during his career and contributed substantially towards the betterment of the industry. Dr Aslam did not just leave behind a legacy that would be remembered for generations, but he also left behind people who feel his absence daily. He did not leave amassing a great wealth but he left amassing the blessings and prayers of many. And that is what a visionary is supposed to be; to live forever in the hearts of everyone yet, still not be around. May Allah Grant him the highest of ranks in Jannah, Ameen!

Positions held:

  • Executive Member Islamabad Chamber of Commerce & Industry
  • Chairman, Pakistan Poultry Association
  • Member Punjab Bait-ul-Maal Council, Lahore
  • Chairman Public Safety Commission, District Rawalpindi
  • Convener Flood Relief Committee, Rawalpindi
  • Member Punjab Poultry Board
  • Member Human Rights Commission, District Rawalpindi
  • Chairman Board of Management Rawalpindi Medical College/Allied hospitals
  • Life Member of World’s Poultry Science Association

WPSA Women wing

WPSA Pakistan branch is the first WPSA branch in the world to have its women wing. Like elsewhere in the world, female students are slowly dominating the veterinary, animal husbandry and Poultry Sciences Universities and will also change the ratio in the Poultry Industry.

Keeping this situation in mind, WPSA Pakistan branch female member Dr Fareeha Talha floated the idea of a women's wing. The idea was approved by the executive body WPSA Pakistan branch and the women wing was developed with Dr Fareeha Talha elected its first president.

Dr Fareeha Talha is the first female veterinarian from the north of Pakistan and the first female veterinarian entrepreneur in the poultry industry of Pakistan. She has the vision to support females related to the poultry industry for entrepreneurship and to facilitate female students and researchers to be more innovative and practical in solving problems related to poultry industry. Dr Fareeha Talha aims to develop better liaison between industry, academia and poultry research institutes. Keeping in view the social norms of the country, women can be the best researchers, poultry lab workers, farm managers and feed mill nutritionists.

The WPSA Pakistan branch women wing's first executive and general body meeting was held on 11th Feb 2021. The executive body outlined their programmes for 2021 which included national level seminars, consumer awareness on poultry products among females as they have most say in the kitchen, membership drive for females related to industry, organising awareness lectures for females on entrepreneurship in poultry industry and providing opportunities for them.

WPSA Online Lecture Series 2021

The WPSA Online Lecture Series 2021 - Coaching and Nurturing Young Talent has started with the first presentation on Poultry Disease by de joint Secretary of WPSA-PB Women Wing, Dr Sumaira Ali on May 22, 2021.

Dr Shahzad Naveed Jadoon, Director/CEO Alltech Pakistan opened the meeting by sharing the key principles of WPSA-PB (World’s Poultry Science Association Pakistan Branch), which are: Research, Education and Organization. He appreciated the dedicated zones of WPSA-PB including Northern, Southern, Research and Development and Women wing and their valuable contributions towards the improvement of poultry industry Pakistan. He shared that the purpose of arranging this Online Lecture Series is to convert the challenge of limited interaction because of COVID-19 into a learning opportunity. He added that the main objective is to support the young talents and provide them with an opportunity to polish and improve their skills, learn from experiences and share their knowledge and ideas. He stated that two sessions per month will be scheduled.

Dr Sumaira Ali gave a brief presentation on Infectious Laryngotracheitis Diseases in Poultry and elaborated its devastating impact on commercial poultry and local small scale poultry farms. She discussed its etiology, transmission, clinical signs and diagnosis, also shared the preventive measures and vaccination programmes that could be effective in lowering the severity of the disease caused by virus.

Dr Fareeha Talha, President Women Wing WPSA-PB attended the session and thanked Dr Jadoon for his idea of coaching and nurturing young talent. She stated that WPSA-PB’s aim should be to promote the young scientists, researchers and young talent. She emphasized that WPSA-PB should be a blend of veterinarians, researchers, scientists and youth, people from diverse backgrounds rather than relaying on only poultry companies. The first step is always the hardest, but women wing has come forward and initiated the run. She thanked Dr Sumaira for her presentation.

Calendar

12-6-2021

Dr Aayesha Riaz

Application oof gene editing in poultry diseases prevention

27-6-2021

Prof Dr Akram Munir

Impact of viral diseases on poultry performance and profits

3-7-2021

Dr Mehr U Nisa

Recent advancements and future aspects in poultry nutrition

17-7-2021

Dr Irum Bhugio

Use of kitchen waste for backyard poultry

25-7-2021

Dr Zahra Zaman

Marek’s disease in poultry & its prevalence in backyard poultry

31-7-2021

Dr Roheela Yasmeen

Effect of particulate matter & gaseous emission on poultry farmers

7-8-2021

Dr Fareeha Talha

Opportunities for women in the poultry sector

14-8-2021

WPSA family

Impendence celebration with WPSA family

21-8-2021

Dr Hidayaullah Soomro

Use of turmeric in induce molting techniques on performance of layer management as alternative source

28-8-2021

Mr Shahid Bokhari

Importance of hatchery ventilation

 

Russia

Scientific communication with industry: The VNITIP Federal Scientific Centre of the Russian Science Academy in Serguiev Posad, Moscow Region, recognizes the importance of scientific communication with the industry and has a programme to encourage this effort. Every year more than 1000 experts from Russia and abroad attend lectures from leading scientists in poultry industry areas, exchange experiences and discuss innovations from local and foreign poultry science efforts in Ptitsegrad. All are welcome to attend the courses in Serguiev Posad.

Tatiana Vasilieva, Secretary

South Africa

AI has reached our shores and with covid the Poultry Industry has had a tough time lately. The SA branch of the WPSA did not have their annual Scientific Day in 2020 but we are excited to announce that we will host an online conference over 2 days in November 2021. We have a great range of speakers lined up and are partnering with an experienced  company to manage the online event. We will distribute information regarding registration soon.

Sri Lanka

The Sri Lanka Branch of the WPSA had scheduled the 19th Annual Scientific sessions in 2020, but had to postpone it due to the Covid 19 pandemic. Even this year due to the spread of Covid 19, it was impossible to hold these sessions, because meetings and gatherings were not allowed. Keeping to the Sri Lankan health guidelines the Scientific Session was held successfully on 7th May 2021 as a virtual meeting with Zoom technology. Around 67 participants attended the virtual meeting. The Secretary General of WPSA Dr Roel Mulder also participated.

There were 7 papers presented as follows:

  • A comparison of growth performance and feed cost of broilers fed diets supplemented with a phytogenic growth promoter – by Leelaratne B.S.S., Atapattu N.S.B. Mm, Kumara R.P., and Premasiri H.P.
  • Assessment of current welfare status of broilers in Anuradhapura district, Sri Lanka – by Dodangoda D.G.I.L., Kumari M.A.A.P, Dissanayake S.P., and Somasiri S.C.
  • A survey on public perception on utilization of Black Soldier Fly Larvae (BSFL:Hermetia illucens) in waste management and poultry feeding in Ratnapura District, Sri Lanka by Ellawidana E.W.D.M., Perera R.N.N., Lakmini P.K., Priyadarshana M.K., and Magamage M.P.S.
  • Detection of an outbreak of Inclusion Body Hepatitis in commercial broiler chickens in North Western and Western Provinces in Sri Lanka – by Perera G.I.S., Fernando P.S., Bandara W.M.P., Karunarathne G.M.C.R., Wijekoon W.M.S.K., and Dulakshi H.M.T.
  • Antimicrobial resistance of E Coli isolated from commercial layer and backyard chicken farms from two Veterinary Divisions in Kalutara district in Sri Lanka. – by Gunathilaka G.A.D.K.K., Kottawatta K.S.A., Thilakaratne D.S., and Kalupahana R.S.
  • Effect of the coconut- shell biochar incorporation on ammonia emission from broiler litter – by Lavanniya K., and Atapattu N.S.B.M.
  • Two incidents of Infectious Bursal Disease in small holder poultry layer farms despite vaccination.- by Rathnayake R.M.I.M., De Silva N., Kalupahana A.W.

Dr Mrs A L Godwin, Secretary WPSA-SL

Turkey

For obvious reasons known to all, the WPSA-Turkey Branch has been unable to hold activities at the desired level. However, since the beginning of 2021, two board meetings have been held through video conferencing. In these meetings, in order to maintain common interest in our branch, matters such as organising meetings on current issues related to poultry, combating misinformation about poultry products that appear from time to time in the media, and cooperation with relevant official organisations and NGOs were discussed.

We hope to continue our activities after these difficult days are over and life returns to normal.

Prof. Dr Kâzım Şahin, Secretary, WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

UK Branch annual meeting

UK Branch annual meeting went online (almost) without a hitch. Like so many events over the past year, the United Kingdom (U.K.) Branch opted to hold its annual meeting online in April.

Number of registrations was 120 — rather more than have attended the branch’s regular Spring Meetings in recent years. Actual attendance was almost constant at between 62 and 68 throughout the two days.

Main themes of the four invited presentations were slow-growing poultry, and opportunities for value-added poultry products. From Wageningen University in The Netherlands, Dr Peter van Horne described how slower growing broilers were introduced onto the Dutch market, while the future of slower growing breeds was explored by Dr James Bentley (Hubbard SAS). ‘Opportunities and challenges for added-value chicken meat’ was the title of a presentation by Dr Francesca Soglia of the University of Bologna in Italy. From Switzerland, Dr Isabelle Gangnat of the ETH Zurich discussed further opportunities for higher value meats, specifically chicken.

In addition to these invited talks, the meeting programme included 26 scientific presentations. These covered original research on a range of topics including nutrition, health and bird welfare.

The President’s Prize for the best long presentation went to Salvatore Galgano of Scotland’s Rural College (SRUC). His talk was entitled ‘Peracetic acid pre-cursors for non-antibiotic modulation of gut microbiota and possible modulation of performance in broilers’.

For the best short talk, the President’s Prize was awarded to Rebekah McMurray of Queen’s University Belfast. The title of her presentation was ‘The effect of Agrimonia pilosa Ledeb, Anemone chinesis Bunge and Smilax glabra Roxb on performance, nutrient digestibility and gastrointestinal tract microbiota of broilers’.

Both of these recipients receive a certificate and cash award.

Overall, this first experience for the UK branch in holding its Spring Meeting remotely went very smoothly. This was thanks in no small part to the hard work and dedication of the Programme Committee, expert technical support by Webmaster Richard Harris, and cool coordination by Branch president, Professor Emily Burton.

Poultry Science Symposium postponed to 2022

Sadly, the 33rd Poultry Science Symposium (PSS) organized by the UK Branch — scheduled originally for August 2020, and then the same month this year — has been postponed for a second time. The chosen venue is the University of Cambridge, which informed the branch in April that it will not host any conferences in 2021.

This has come as a bitter disappointment. However, it is the branch’s determined aim to hold the meeting when the situation allows. Discussions are ongoing with Clare College to secure an alternative date in 2022.

Theme of the Symposium will be ‘Pre- and probiotics: Nutritional, veterinary and production perspectives. Latest information will be posted on the event web site: https://www.wpsa2020.org/.

Jackie Linden, UK Branch Secretary

USA

The USA and Canadian Branches of the WPSA will again jointly sponsor the annual WPSA Lecture that will be held on Monday, July 19 during the Virtual 2021 Poultry Science Association Annual meeting. The speaker will be Dr Rozita Dara from the School of Computer Science at the University of Guelph, Ontario, Canada. The topic of the WPSA Lecture will be ‘Utilizing Big Data in Poultry Smart Farming: Opportunities and Challenges’.

The coalition of North American branches (USA, Canada and Mexico) is excited to announce our intent to revise and re-submit our bid to host the XXVII World’s Poultry Congress in 2026 in Toronto, Canada. The revised bid will accommodate the postponement of the WPC until 2026 due to the postponement of the XXVI WPC in Paris until the summer of 2022.

Dr Bob Buresh, WPSA Senior Vice President and USA Branch Secretary

 

Volume 56, December 2021  Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein,  

 

wpc2022 postponed

 

 

Executive Committee

Secretary's Report

mulder roel

The dates for the World’s Poultry Congress are 7-11 August 2022. The organizers are preparing an up to date scientific and social programme. During the months leading up to the 2022 event date, those who have already registered can take advantage of their registration by watching webinars on several topics.

As announced earlier, during the Congress official awards sessions will be held for the inductees of the new members for the International Poultry Hall of Fame, and for the winners of the Paul Siegel Research Award and for the Education Award.

Also During the Paris Congress our next Council meeting will be held. Official voting will be held for new members of the WPSA board, and for the city and country where the next World’s Poultry Congress will be held. Branches and members will be informed about procedures and time schedules for the Council Meeting in the near future.

We have been dealing with worldwide, and sometime unannounced and changing travel restrictions due to the Covid pandemic. The first signs that parts of the world have re-opened for meetings and exhibitions are visible, and WPSA participated in VIV MEA in Abu Dhabi, UAE. A lecture programme was conducted with papers on WPSA today and tomorrow, with speakers from CID lines, Delacon and Aviagen on biosecurity in hatcheries, the importance of the science of phytogenic products and the occurrence of myopathies in broilers, respectively. The booth at that exhibition was well attended with many visitors from Bangladesh, India, Iran, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, UAE, and several European countries.

In November, we had our first visitors in a long time to be welcomed at our WPSA office in Beekbergen. Representatives from the Belgium and Togo branches were the first to come and spend time with us.

Besides the World’s Poultry Congress that will be held in Paris on August 7-11, the following two meetings are also scheduled for 2022: the 7th Mediterranean Poultry Summit, Cordoba, Spain, 8-10 June, and the 12th Asia Pacific Poultry Conference, Haikou, China, 1-3 November.

More communications and other news can be found on the WPSA Facebook page (https://www.facebook.com/wpsa.world/) and website. A special calendar is reserved for webinars from associations and our supporting sponsors and advertisers. New items and activities that we might potentially send out through these methods can be sent to.

Dr Roel Mulder, General Secretary

Treasurer's Report

bradley francine new

In the United States we just finished our Thanksgiving holiday. I want to express thanks to all the hard-working Branch officers who have sent in their respective Branch dues. In the same vein, WPSA continues to be blessed with generous business people in the poultry and allied industries who support our Journal.

2021 december 4HMy first in-person large event this year was the 4-H National Poultry and Egg Conference, held the third week of November in Louisville, Kentucky. High school students from across the country who participate in the land grant universities’ 4-H youth programme, came to Louisville as state champions in Avian Bowl, Chicken BBQ, Egg Preparation Demonstration, Poultry Judging, and/or Turkey BBQ. They, as well as the volunteer Poultry Specialists who officiate, were so happy that the Conference was back on. The United State of America Branch of WPSA is a long and faithful sponsor of the Conference. This is a great investment in the future of the industry, as we now have members of the Poultry Specialists’ Committee, as well as speakers at our Career Workshops, who are 4-H alumni of the Conference.

I send my end of the year good wishes to all WPSA members. May we all enjoy a safer and healthier 2022.-

Dr Francine Bradley, Treasurer

26th World's Poultry Congress

Palais de Congrès, August 7-11, 2022, Paris, France

wpc2021 100

The French WPSA Branch, in collaboration with the international Scientific Committee and the Board of WPSA, is actively working on the preparation of the face-to-face 26thWPC in Paris, 7-11 August 2022. The programme will feature a combination of plenary sessions and parallel object-oriented and specialized sessions, as initially planned. In addition, we will set up a live channel for a subset of sessions and we will also record all sessions to make them available in replay, to make sure that everyone will make the most of the programme. It will also give an opportunity, for those who would be impeached to join in Paris, to benefit from the scientific programme.

Abstracts submitted in 2019 and accepted in 2020 are made available to registered participants only:

  • in webinars organised until June 2022. All registered participants can select the webinars they wish to attend live, and/or view these as replay from a few days after the event. See https://wpcparis2022.com/webinars/
  • as e-posters on the webinars’ platform, see https://viewr.wpcparis2022.com/
  • in a book of abstracts that will be published online; only abstracts with at least one registered author will be included in this book.

These abstracts will not be presented anymore during the face-to-face event.

2020_wpc_200x200.jpgNew call for abstracts is open until 31 December 2021. This is the last chance to present new data at the 26th WPC in Paris, don’t miss it (https://wpcparis2022.com/submission-2/).

The abstracts submitted to the second call in 2020, and accepted in 2021, and the abstracts submitted to the third call in 2021, and accepted in 2022, will form the basis for the programme of the face-to-face event in Paris, 7-11 August 2022.

Registrations at regular fee will end after 31 December 2021, the late fee will apply thereafter (https://wpcparis2022.com/registration/).

By exception, the presenting author of an abstract submitted to the third call will benefit of registration at the regular fee up to one month after receiving the acceptation of their abstract by the Scientific Committee.

All registered participants will have access to the face-to-face event in Paris 2022.

 Christophe Bostvironnois, President French Branch
Michael Duclos, Secretary, French Branch
Michèle Tixier Boichard, WPC2020, Chair of WPC2021

Poultry Educational Resources

In her role as one of the Vice Presidents of the WPSA, Julie Roberts from the Australian Branch has compiled a list of Poultry Educational Resources which are available free of charge via the internet. Some of the web sites listed also have resources for sale. However, the focus of this list is resources which are free and therefore available to all members.

The list is posted on the WPSA website, and will always be a ‘work in progress’ as some resources become available and added, or others, if they are out of date or no longer available, will be removed from the internet list.

If members are aware of other resources that are available that could be added to the list, please contact Mrs Dorien Velner at the main office by email: with the title of the resource, how to access it and a short description.

All entries will be checked on a regular basis to make sure that they continue to be available, however if you find any irregularities, please contact us at

 

European Federation

The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and on into 2023. A list of most of our upcoming conferences may be found on the WPSA Calendar at www.wpsa.com
News from several European Federation Working Groups are provided below.

WPSA European Working Group News

WG2

Nutrition

espnIn order to avoid overlapping with WPC in 2022, ESPN will take place at the same planned venue, Palacongressi in Rimini, from 21 to 24 June, 2023. Our Branch would like to thank again VET International and Palacongressi of Rimini for their cooperation and understanding during this time. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science.

WG3

Breeding and Genetics

The European Symposium on Poultry Genetics has been postponed to 8-10 November 2023. It will take place at the Maritim Airport Hotel in Hannover.

WG4

Eggs and Egg Quality

Along with the organizers of WPC2022, the WG4 Committee organized a webinar on ‘Egg Quality to Value’ based on the accepted abstracts for the WPC that had been submitted in 2019. This was done in an attempt to get in touch with those scientists who were waiting for the Covid delayed World Congress.

The webinar was held on November 9th, 2021, and it included a very interesting programme that covered genetic, analytical, freshness, and quality aspects of eggs. The detailed programme for the webinar can be viewed at: https://wpcparis2022.com/webinar-egg-quality/.

For those of you who are registered for the 26th WPC in Paris in 2022, but who missed the live webinar, replay is available at the following link: https:/wpcparis2022.com/webinars/.

Enjoy the presentations!

Christina Alamprese & Joel Gautron, Chairs of WG4

WG5

Poultry Meat Quality

2023 Eggmeat logo EMQ 2023As for all European Symposia, the next ‘XXV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat‘ conjointly held with the ‘XIX European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ have been postponed to 2023 and it will be held between September 7 to 9, 2023 in Kraków, Poland. Such events provide a unique opportunity for scientific community, practice sector, and for all associated with the poultry sector to exchange recent advances, hot topics and upcoming challenges in the fields of the quality aspects of poultry meat, eggs and their products. Location of the Symposium in Kraków, which is one of the most recognized cities in Poland shall provide excellent opportunities not only for gathering and exchange knowledge but also for behind-the-scenes conversations in the magic places of the City.

Our next WG5 member meeting will be held during World's Poultry Congress 2022 in Paris.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary Italian Branch of WPSA


Asia Pacific Federation

WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News

A/P WG1

Small Scale Family Poultry Farming

A new team has been formed for the Asian/Pacific Federation’s WG1 that is centred on Small Scale Family Poultry Farming. Since backyard poultry production is a very important part of many African and Asian Pacific countries, for the production of meat and eggs, this is an important working group for WPSA’s Asian/Pacific Federation, and the SSFPF has reorganized its team to include many members of the Asia/Pacific Federation. As a part of that effort, WG1 is organizing a World Native Chicken Conference, and will attempt to repeat that conference every two years. As the new leader of WG1, I invite and encourage all researchers and other WPSA members who are interested in this topic to join and participate in WG1. This working group can play a very important and vibrant role for many vulnerable rural economies in many countries.

Dr Nasir Mukhtar, Chair, APF WG1

For Correspondence: Dr Nasir Mukhtar Group Leader of WG1 ‘Small Scale Family Poultry Farming’
(Department of Poultry Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi-Pakistan)
WhatsApp/Mob: +92 (0) 3007200074 Email:

A/P WG3

Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis)

A Ratite Research Session is being planned for the World Poultry Congress that has been re-scheduled in Paris, France from August 7 – 11, 2022. The actual date for the Ratite Session has not yet been determined, but please send any suggestions for contributions and/or topics that you have to 

Researchers involved in research on any Ratites (ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries or kiwis) are asked to contact the Ratite Group. Please send an email to .

Anel Engelbrecht, Chair

 

World's Poultry Science Journal

Upcoming articles

Articles in upcoming Journal(s)

  • R. Swick - New insights into arginine and arginine-sparing effects of guanidinoacetic acid and citrulline in broiler diets
  • F. Salisbury - Constraints on the modelling of calcium and phosphorus growth of broilers: a systematic review
  • A. Desbrusias - Dietary fibre in laying hens: a review of effects on performance, gut health and feather pecking
  • I. Jahid - Prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics for sustainable poultry production
  • T. Ebeid - Physiological and immunological benefits of probiotics and their impacts in poultry productivity
  • B. Milosevic - Stinging Nettle (Urtica diocia) in broiler nutrition
  • M. Naiel - Practical application of some common agro-processing wastes in poultry diets
  • B. Umar - Fowlpox virus: an overview of its classification, morphology and genome, replication mechanisms, uses as vaccine vector and disease dynamics
  • N. Ogbuagu - Heat stress, haematology and small intestinal morphology in broiler chickens: insights into impact and antioxidant-induced amelioration
  • K. Damaziak - Preincubation and preheating - two different methods but with one purpose for use in hatchery. Can their interaction be twice as effective?
  • F. Dutra - What do we know about the impacts of poultry catching?
  • M. Shaalan - Nanoparticles applications in poultry production: an updated review
  • I. Bozickovic - Possibilities of productive and reproductive performance improvement in geese: part I - genetic factors
  • A. Yakubu - Characterization of indigenous helmeted guinea fowl in Nigeria for meat and egg production
  • T. Gill - Strengthening smallholder engagement and integration in the Rwandan commercial broiler value chain

Summaries

 

New insights into arginine and arginine-sparing effects of guanidinoacetic acid and citrulline in broiler diets

H.T. DAO and R.A. SWICK

Chickens have a high dietary Arg requirement compared to mammalians as they have an incomplete urea cycle and therefore cannot synthesise Arg. Arginine is important for protein synthesis and is also involved in immunity being converted to nitric oxide (NO) at the macrophage level. Nitric oxide is secreted as a free radical during an immune response and is toxic to bacteria, intracellular parasites and also has strong anti-viral and anti-cancer properties. Also, NO serves as a regulating factor for intestinal blood flow, integrity, secretion, and epithelial cell migration. As Arg is a limiting factor for NO synthesis, the increased availability of Arg following dietary supplementation of Arg and/or its metabolites could increase the NO production and subsequent immune status in birds. Such improvements on bird health may become useful for antibiotic growth promoter-free poultry production. The Arg requirement in birds has received special interest due to its large variation in different dietary conditions. Growing evidence suggests that increasing the dietary Arg level and Arg to Lys ratio above currently accepted levels may be necessary to maximise the productive potential of modern broiler strains due to the modulatory effect of Arg on energy and protein metabolism. Also, literature evidence has indicated that crystalline Arg, guanidinoacetic acid (GAA), and citrulline (Cit) can provide Arg activity in chicken diets and are all commercially available. Furthermore, the use of Cit could escape the degradation of enzyme arginase in the intestine and liver resulting in higher Arg levels in the bloodstream and NO production compared to Arg supplementation. The addition of GAA may also provide additional benefits on increasing creatine level and energy metabolism in broiler chickens compared to Arg. This paper will provide new insights into Arg and Arg-sparing effects of GAA and Cit in the broiler diets with a special focus on supplementation of Arg in reduced protein diets.

Constraints on the modelling of calcium and phosphorus growth of broilers: A systematic review

F. SALISBURY, A.J. COWIESON and R.M. GOUS

Deterministic modelling provides an approach to improve the precision of calcium and phosphorus nutrition of broilers. A systematic review of the literature was carried out to establish if data were available for the development of such a model. Two citation index sites were searched, using keywords chosen to return as many suitable studies as possible. The results were filtered to remove extraneous papers. The remaining studies were scrutinised for variables that would quantify the growth of calcium and phosphorus under ideal and non-ideal conditions. In over a thousand papers, few contained response variables that contributed to the development of a model. Serial slaughter with whole body mineral analysis (two studies) and serial bone analysis for ash, calcium and phosphorus (eight studies) could provide the necessary measurements. A preliminary growth model was developed using these data, but further research will improve this model and offer insights into the way in which the broiler utilises the calcium and phosphorus in its diet.

Dietary fibre in laying hens: a review of effects on performance, gut health and feather pecking

A. DESBRUSLAIS, A. WEALLEANS, D. GONZALEZ SANCHEZ and M. DI BENEDETTO

Dietary fibre has traditionally been considered an energy diluting component of laying hen diets. With low energetic value, and sometimes negative impacts on digesta viscosity and gut function, formulations have often aimed to minimize crude fibre contents. Increasing fibre contents can mean that the level of fat required to meet nutritional standards must be increased to account for the decrease in energy, with consequential impacts on feed handling. By contrast, recent research has shown that some dietary fibres can have beneficial effects on laying performance, driven by changes in digestibility, gut structure and function, as well as shifts in the gut microbiota. However, there is often a lack of clarity as to the quantity and type of fibre required to yield production benefits. Broadly, soluble fibres – while largely detrimental to nutrient digestibility – can act as prebiotics, favouring beneficial intestinal microbiomes, while insoluble fibres stimulate intestinal development and may have some preventative effects on feather pecking and cannibalism.

Prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics for sustainable poultry production

R.C. REUBEN, S.L. SARKAR, P.C. ROY, A. ANWAR, M.A. HOSSAIN and I.K. JAHID

Globally, poultry production has been an integral part of human activities, providing a major source of livelihood and food to humans. The continuous increase in the world population with an attendant rise in the demand for safe poultry products requires a global strategy for sustainable poultry production. With growing concerns over antimicrobial resistance, abolition or reduction in the use of antibiotic growth promoters (AGPs), and rising consumer demand for chemical or antibiotic-free products, identifying and applying safe, natural and economical alternatives including prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics for sustainable poultry production has become imperative. The beneficial effects of the dietary inclusion of prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics as AGP alternatives in poultry production include improved poultry health, growth performance and feed efficiency. Generally, the mechanisms through which prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics exert beneficial effects on poultry include competitive exclusion and antagonism of pathogens, modulation of intestinal microbiota, production of antimicrobial substances, stimulation of immune system, and enhancement of nutrients digestibility and intestinal morphology development. The properties and beneficial effects of these emerging alternatives suggest their contribution to the improvement of poultry health, through the stimulation of diverse physiological functions (although not entirely elucidated) with better growth performance and feed efficiency. This review discusses the concept, impacts and mechanisms of the application of prebiotics, probiotics and postbiotics in sustainable poultry production. Their general acceptance and application in the poultry industry will undoubtedly result in more sustainable, safe and economic poultry production for feeding the world.

Physiological and immunological benefits of probiotics and their impacts in poultry productivity

T.A. EBEID, I.H. AL-HOMIDAN and M.M. FATHI

Using antibiotics as growth factors has been banned due to increasing the problem of antibiotic resistance and presence of antibiotics residues in poultry products, which pose a risk to human health. Therefore, probiotics could be utilized as a promising alternative to antibiotic growth promoters because of the increased require for antibiotic-free and organic poultry products. Probiotics are viable micro-organisms used as feed additives. Scientists have paid much attention to the benefits of probiotics due to their ability to preserve a healthy intestinal microbial balance. Probiotic supplementation could enhance the gut structure integrity, physiological function, intestinal immunity and health. Probiotics are also involved in enhancing the antioxidative status via activation of the antioxidative enzymes and reducing lipid peroxidation. Moreover, dietary probiotic micro-organisms are able to stimulate the humoral- and cell-mediated immunity and regulate pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the host. These physiological and immunological benefits of probiotics are translated into a various improvement in growth performance, laying performance, egg quality, meat quality, and meat safety. Interestingly, probiotics have positive impacts on alleviating heat stress in poultry. The current review is an effort to throw the light on the recent findings related to the benefits of dietary probiotics on gut development, nutrient absorption, gut microbiota, antioxidative properties, immune responses and productive performance in poultry.

Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) in broiler nutrition

B. MILOSEVIC, I. OMEROVIC, Z. SAVIC, L. ANDJUSIC, V. MILANOVIC and S. CIRIC

Stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) represents a plant with traditional utilization in medicine in many countries. Despite its potentials stinging nettle is considered by intensive agriculture as a weed, but its biological properties, availability, together with simple processing technology can make it excellent dietary supplement on poultry farms. Nettle supplemented in broiler diets exerts positive effects regarding production performance. Nettle provides nutrients and bioactive components, which stimulate growth and feed utilization, modulate metabolic processes and support immune system in broilers. This review analyses published literature sources investigating the use of stinging nettle in broiler nutrition, which provided sufficient data to confirm its high potential for dietary application in broiler industry. Future research is needed in regard to clarifying and standardization of its phytogenic potential and nutritional value, as it depends on numerous factors, such as climate, vegetative stage, soil, harvesting time and processing technology.

Practical application of some common agro-processing wastes in poultry diets

A. SEIDAVI, M. AZIZI, A.A. SWELUM, M.E. ABD EL-HACK and M.A.E. NAIEL

Technological revolution in the field of agriculture has tremendously generated huge quantities of waste causing environmental pollution. The agriculture wastes can be categorized into different categories, such as crop waste and residues; cereal by-products; sugar beet pulp, starch and confectionary industry by-products; oil cereal industry by-products; grain and legumes by-products. It was found that the Agro-Co-products could be recommended in the poultry diet with low-cost advantages alternative to conventional ingredients. Despite of the high fibre content and low nutrient availability that limit the utilization of these by-products by poultry. Besides, the source of by-product, processing method/enzyme supplementation and animal factors found to be affected the utilization of agro-industrial by-products by poultry. If we could produce valuable products from agriculture wastes by-products through new technological and scientific applications, these by-products could be converted into products with a higher nutritive value than the main feedstuffs. Therefore, the present paper reviews provide a brief discussion on the utilization of some Agro-processing wastes as a source of nutrients in poultry diets.

Fowlpox virus: an overview of its classification, morphology and genome, replication mechanisms, uses as vaccine vector and disease dynamics

B.N. UMAR, J. ADAMU, M.T. AHMAD, K.H. AHMAD, A. SADA and O. ORAKPOGHENOR

Fowlpox virus (FWPV) is a complex cytoplasmic DNA virus belonging to the Family- Poxviridae, Subfamily-Chordopoxvirinae and Genus-Avipoxviruses. The large size of the genome accommodates multiple gene inserts and the induction of abortive infection in mammalian cells and thus makes FWPV a promising vector for vaccine development against several important veterinary and human diseases. The virus is predominantly transmitted via aerosols or biting insects in poultry and causes fowlpox in chickens and turkeys. Fowlpox is a contagious disease of economic importance, with cutaneous and/or diphtheritic forms of infection seen in domestic and wild birds. It occurs worldwide (but is endemic in tropical and subtropical countries only) as mild to severe poultry disease. The disease is controlled via rigorous sanitation and immunisation with attenuated strains of FWPV or the antigenically similar pigeonpox virus vaccines. While most of these vaccines are highly effective in conferring long-lasting immunity, a number of recurrent outbreaks in previously vaccinated flocks have been reported. In recent years, fowlpox outbreaks in poultry flocks have been on the rise mainly due to emerging novel types of FWPV and the pathogenic traits of these strains are reportedly enhanced by integration of reticuloendotheliosis virus sequences of various lengths into the FWPV genome. This has become a hurdle in controlling the disease, thus necessitating the development of newer vaccines with improved efficacy. The present review summarises the overall dynamics of the FWPV including taxonomic classification, replication mechanisms, pathogenicity, provirus integration, its use as recombinant vaccine vector, disease impacts and diagnostics, and also highlighted gaps requiring further research.

Heat stress, haematology and small intestinal morphology in broiler chickens: Insight into impact and antioxidant-induced amelioration

J.O. AYO and N.E. OGBUAGU

This paper reviews adverse effects of heat stress on haematology and small intestinal changes as well as the beneficial effects of antioxidant agents, and probable mechanisms by which the agents ameliorate heat stress. High ambient temperature and high relative humidity cause heat stress, which negatively impacts on production, reproduction, immunity and health of broiler chickens. The cardiovascular system, particularly sensitive to changes in temperature, is an indicator of physiological responses to stressors by broiler chickens. Heat stress decreases small intestinal blood flow, erythrocyte count and haemoglobin concentration and alters the ratio of leucocyte types. Impaired blood flow causes injury to small intestinal morphology, including villi and crypts; impairs digestion, decreases rate of nutrient absorption and bird development, resulting in reduced body weight in broiler chickens. Antioxidant supplementation, involving vitamins C and E, fisetin, betaine, probiotic, taurine and melatonin, boosts the capacity of biological antioxidant barrier to combat reactive oxygen species, which are generated in excess during heat stress. In conclusion, antioxidants, by ameliorating adverse effects of heat stress on haematological and small intestinal changes, are promising prophylactic agents in enhancing productivity of broiler chickens under heat-stress conditions.

Preincubation and preheating – two different methods but with one purpose for use in hatchery. Can their interaction be twice as effective?

K. DAMAZIAK

The increasing demand for simultaneous hatching of a large number of chicks has led to the need for refrigerated egg storage often over 7 days. This results in low embryo viability, low hatchability, and poor quality of chicks. To overcome these negative effects, chick producers follow a preincubation step, i.e., temporary warming of eggs to temperatures above physiological zero. Depending on the length of the planned storage, the age of the reproductive flock, and the poultry species, three different preincubation profiles can be used: single (PI), multiple with an equal number of hours for each PI (SPIDES), and increasing duration of elevated temperature with each successive PI (EG SPIDES). However, this technology does not overcome the negative effects of heating eggs too quickly or too slowly to the required incubation temperature. Currently, this issue increasingly affects commercial hatcheries, which face the challenge of simultaneously raising the temperature of a very large number of eggs. In this case, preheating by a gradual temperature increase, can help. Similar to preincubation, the preheating profile should be adjusted to the duration of egg storage and age and genotype of the reproductive flocks. As both methods have the same goal but different mechanisms of action and are used at different stages of egg storage, the analysis of their interaction will be crucial to further improve hatching efficiency in the future.

What do we know about the impacts of poultry catching?

F.M. DUTRA, R.G. GARCIA, E. BINOTTO and M.F. DE CASTRO BURBARELLI

The global demand for food production, poultry has contributed significantly to the supply of protein. Industries, as an important link in the production chain, aim to serve the consumer market, which increasingly seeks agility, economy, and quality in products and processes, especially for those related to animal and human welfare. This study highlighted the context of broiler chicken catching from the animal, human, and economic welfare perspective. A systematic review about literature was conducted in the three phases: definition of the research protocol, analysis of articles selected, and synthesis of the findings. After selecting descriptors/words and searching databases, inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied, 40 articles was selected. The findings showed that the publications on the subject started in Europe, South Africa, and North America in the 1980s. Poultry Science Journal with impact factor of 2,027 published the most of articles. The authors brought contributions in some areas, such as lesions, dead on arrival (DOA) at the slaughterhouse, and consumer perception on animal welfare (AW). Finally, the mechanized catching has the potential to replace manual catching providing health and welfare benefits for animals and workers, besides cost savings.

Nanoparticles applications in poultry production: An updated review

W.A. ABD EL-GHANY, M. SHAALAN and H.M. SALEM

Nanotechnology is an innovative promising technology that has a great scope of applications as well as a socio-economic potential in poultry industry sector. Nanoparticles (NPs) show advantages of high absorption and bioavailability with more effective delivering to the target tissue compared to their bulk particles. Nanomaterials show variable forms, sizes, shapes, applications, surface modifications, charges and natures. Top-down and bottom-up methods are the common types of NPs preparation. There are different mechanisms through them NPs could exert their action. In poultry field, NPs have been considered in diagnosis of many diseases using different techniques, vaccines preparations and immuno-stimulation, disinfection, production enhancement, detection of food adulteration and antimicrobial activities (antiviral, antibacterial, antiparasitic, antifungal) and antimycotoxins. As a result of enhancement of poultry production and reducing the bacterial load after using NPs, the antibiotics drug resistance obstacle can be overcome. Despite the wide benefits of using NPs in poultry production, some concerns about their safety and hazardous effects should be regarded. Therefore, this review article is focused on NPs’ types, manufacture, mode of actions, different applications with reference to safety and hazards impact.

Possibilities of productive and reproductive performance improvement in geese: Part I - genetic factors

V. DJERMANOVIC, M. MILOJEVIC, S. MITROVIC and I. BOZICKOVIC

Goose is a poultry species modest in terms of breeding conditions, that enters breeding relatively late. These birds are characterized by the lowest production of eggs during the season, lower fertility and lower degree of hatchability than any other species of poultry. The productive and reproductive abilities of geese are depending on genetic and numerous non-genetic factors. The right choice of the genotype, adequate application of the breeding technology and incubation of eggs, as well as thoroughly planned selection, can greatly improve the reproductive properties of geese. Selection of genotypes and selection work for their improvement should be in accordance with regional breeding conditions, which allow maximum expression of genetic potential and conservation of animal genetic resources.

Characterization of indigenous helmeted guinea fowls in Nigeria for meat and egg production

A.J. SHOYOMBO, A. YAKUBU, A.O. ADEBAMBO, M.A. POPOOLA, O.A. OLAFADEHAN, M. WHETO, O.O. ALABI, H.O. OSAIYUWU, C.I. UKIM, A. OLAYANJU and O.A. ADEBAMBO

There is increasing interest in sustainable poultry production in developing economies. This review provides an insight into guinea fowl production in Nigeria as a means of additional high quality poultry meat and egg production. Under the smallholder scavenging system, flock size of the four investigated plumages (Pearl, Lavender, Black and White) of indigenous helmeted guinea fowl in Nigeria typically ranges from 6-9 birds per household, 14-week mean live weight from 917-975 g, dressed weight at this age from 700-737 g and dressing percentage from 74-76%. Under the backyard system of production, mean egg number is typically about 80 eggs per hen/annum while under intensive management it can be up to 147 eggs per hen/annum and egg weight from 29 to 38 g. Under smallholder conditions, hatchability of fertile eggs can range from 70 to 86% while under improved housing and rearing conditions it can be as high as 89%. The present information could be exploited in formulating appropriate management strategies and breeding decisions for sustainable production of hybrid improved guinea fowls, thereby contributing to food security in Nigeria.

Strengthening smallholder engagement and integration in the Rwandan commercial broiler value chain

T. GILL, R. NISENGWE, H. GOERTZ, D. ADER, K. MCGEHEE, R. NSHUTI, A. GUMISIRIZA, M. SMITH and E. URBAN

The emerging broiler value chain in Rwanda has the potential to increase domestic meat supply to meet increasing demand for protein and micronutrients and address the challenge of stunting. Smallholders operate the majority of farm enterprises in Rwanda, but have typically been limited to village poultry production. Meanwhile, larger modern enterprises have been the primary suppliers of broilers to the commercial market. However, hybrid, asset-building broiler operations are a third production model that represent a potential avenue for smallholder poultry intensification. The integration of this model into the Rwandan broiler sector provides greater opportunity for domestic producers to meet Rwandan government targets for supply of animal-sourced foods, while generating livelihood opportunities for smallholders. This paper provides an overview of the commercial broiler value chain and outlines lessons learned from a pilot project that employed this third production model. Challenges to smallholder engagement in the Rwanda commercial broiler value chain cut across input supply, production, post-harvest and marketing, and have been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, multiple opportunities exist to strengthen smallholder engagement and integration into the Rwandan commercial broiler value chain. These include: reducing the recurring costs of production; providing value chain trainings; facilitating microfinancing; reducing post-harvest costs; increasing local demand for broiler meat; and strengthening policies in support of smallholders.

 

Branch News

Argentina

The Argentinean Branch of the World´s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) organized, together with the National Institute of Agricultural Technology (INTA), a free webinar entitled: ‘Trends in intestinal health in poultry’ on November 5, 2021. Three primary presentations were made during the webinar, which was presented in Spanish:

  • Physiology of the digestive system by Fernando Rutz, Pelotas Federal University, Brazil;
  • Enteric inflammatory models and use of biomarkers by Guillermo Tellez, University of Arkansas, USA;
  • Trends in the control of avian coccidiosis by Ernesto Vignoni, Lujan National University, Argentina.

The webinar lasted three hours, and it had nearly 250 participants. The event was recorded and can be viewed through the following link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L8yRHnDaa0Q.

Bernardo Iglesias, Secretary, Argentinean Branch

Brazil

The 2021 edition of the ‘FACTA International Coccidiosis Symposium’ was organized by the APINCO Foundation for Poultry Science and Technology and had the presence of specialists in a subject that, despite being widely known in the poultry sector, still presents big challenges.

The online event had themed panel discussions and debates, which were translated into English and brought together around 225 participants from 17 countries.

According to FACTA's Marketing Director, Marcelo Zuanaze, the Symposium showed how important it is for industrial aviculture to stand together in face of the difficulties that may arise. “In this event, we have reunited a team with unparalleled know-how, representing all links of the aviculture production chain. This means that we are tirelessly working to achieve the highest level of excellence in the sector. For that, we must always stand together, seeking the best alternatives for the sanitary control of our flocks", he argued. 

FACTA WSPA-Brazil 2022 Conference has already been scheduled

The 38th edition of the FACTA WSPA - Brazil Conference has been confirmed. It will take place between May 10 and 11, 2022 at Expo D. Pedro, in Campinas (SP), in a hybrid format. The theme of the event will be ‘Aviculture, the future is now’, continuing a tradition of more than 30 years of promoting high quality debates for professionals and students in the sector who want to be up to date and contribute positively to the global aviculture scenario.

In this edition, the organization will cover topics related to environmental, social, and corporate governance. "We want to create a collective awareness in the poultry sector for it to continuously progress in terms of sustainability", explains Ariel Mendes, FACTA President.

The entity expects more than 400 attendants, who will have the opportunity of hearing the latest words on the theme of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG), as well as expanding their knowledge about the current situation and prospects for the grain market; electricity availability; presentation of a containment model for exotic diseases such as Avian Anemia, Newcastle and Gumboro; trends and changes in the types of aviary products available in the post-pandemic market; workforce training on the use of data collection and house autonation information systems; among others.

FACTA will organize a workshop on infectious bronchitis, laryngotracheitis, and avian influenza

On December 15, FACTA will organize a 100% online workshop on infectious bronchitis, laryngotracheitis, and avian influenza. Set to start at 8:30 a.m., the lectures will comprise: Bronchitis virus and transmission; Current panorama of infectious bronchitis variant strains; Influenza in Europe and its global consequences; Latest advances on laryngotracheitis; Overview of Brazilian laws on bronchitis, laryngotracheitis and influenza; Impacts of bronchitis, laryngotracheitis, and influenza on Brazilian production. There will also be two panels on ‘Infectious bronchitis and laryngotracheitis in Brazil’ and ‘Strategies for the control of laryngotracheitis and bronchitis’

2022: Symposium on broiler production

FACTA begins its 2022 event schedule with a course on industrial aviculture that will take place between February 15 and 24, completely online. The symposium will cover egg incubation (15/02), broiler breeders (17/02), broilers (22/02), and slaughter and processing (24/02).

The themes related to broiler breeders are strongly practice oriented, such as: facilities and equipment; rearing females for maximum productivity; female and fertile egg management; male management for maximum fertility; feed and nutrition programmes; biosecurity and law; residue management in broiler breeder houses; trends in automation.

The content related to incubation and eggs will bring together all areas of technical knowledge related to hatcheries: building aspects, ventilation systems, proper residue management, management practices for fertile eggs, incubators and hatcheries, data collection and analysis systems, disinfection, and contamination control.

The broiler module will approach the following themes: equipment, initial management practices, pickup and transportation, environment, plague control, sanitation and biosecurity, alternative energy production and water usage systems, Salmonella analysis and control.

Finally, the subjects of the slaughter and processing module will be: pre-slaughter, management practices for the suspension and bleeding area, defeathering, evisceration, slaughterhouse water and energy use optimization, traceability, control of chemical and biological meat contaminants.

Carla Palermo - FACTA WPSA Brazil (), Event & Communications

France

The French Branch of WPSA is co-organiser of the JRA-JRPFG (French Poultry Research days) in Tours 9 and 10 March 2022, see https://evenements.itavi.asso.fr/evenement/14emes-journees-de-la-recherche-avicole-et-palmipedes-a-foie-gras. At this occasion the Branch will hold its General Assembly (9 March 2022) and organise a job dating between students and professionals of the poultry sector.

The priority of the French Branch for the coming months remains the organisation of the 26th WPC with

  • a series of online thematic webinars to value the abstracts submitted to the 26th WPC in 2019 and accepted in 2020.
  • A final face-to-face WPC meeting in Paris, 7-11 August 2022: The Branch will make every effort to welcome the largest possible number of delegates at the 'Palais des Congrès de Paris' and offer a complementary online programme.
  • The Branch is grateful to all of those who helped and continue helping in the organisation of these events and especially to the early sponsors for their continuous support despite the two successive postponements of the 26th WPC.

Dr Michel DUCLOS, Secretary of WPSA French Branch and Dr Christophe BOSTVIRONNOIS, President of WPSA French Branch

Germany

The XII European Symposium on Poultry Genetics is being planned for Hannover, during 2022. Information will follow.

Inga Tiemann, Secretary, German Branch

Indonesia

A meeting to initiate research collaboration in poultry nutrition between members of Regional Representative for West Java, DKI Jakarta and Banten - WPSA Indonesia with industry (PT. EW Nutrition Innovations Indonesia) was conducted on the 9th of November 2021 in Bogor. The meeting highlighted the important topics and other technical aspects of upcoming research collaboration that will be run in 2022. This research collaboration is under the Synergy Programme scheme that already discussed in the previous member meeting (28 August 2021).

On the 15th of November 2021, Regional Representative for West Java, DKI Jakarta and Banten conducted ‘Inspirational Idea Competition: My Idea to Develop Indonesian Poultry’ in order to in commemorate The National Chicken and Egg Day. The aim of this competition is mainly to raise spirit of tomorrow people (student) in pronounced their inspirational ideas related to poultry development in Indonesia. The ideas of honourable winners are also being delivered to public by using mass media publications in order to spread the positive vibes of ideas for others. There were 3 judges in this competition, namely: (1). Ir Sugiono, MP (Director of Breeding and Animal Production, Directorate General of Livestock and Animal Health, Ministry of Agriculture of Republic Indonesia, (2). Dr Marissa Grace Haque, S.H., M.Hum., M.B.A., M.H., M.Si. (public figure, lecturer and writer), and (3). M. Domi Sattyananda, S.Pt. (Poultry Indonesia). The competition was participated by junior high school (10.7%), senior high school (21.4%), and graduate student (64.3%).

The Regional Representative for West Java, DKI Jakarta and Banten - WPSA Indonesia will launch a new programme named STARTER (Sehari Terinspirasi in Bahasa or INSPIRED DAY) by organizing a mini webinar on the 18th of December 2021. This programme is designed to deliver sciences, technologies, knowledge’s and experiences among members. The special topic that will be presented in the STARTER series 1 is Recent Advances in Role of Insect in Poultry Nutrition, which will be presented by member of WPSA Indonesia, Dr Yuni Cahya Endrawati, SPt., MSi. (Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University).

Israel

After a 2-year postponement due to the Covid 19 pandemic, we are happy to announce that we are currently busy with preparations for our 55th Annual Conference which will take place on March 6-8 2022, at Hotel Pastoral in Kibbutz Kfar Blum located in the Upper Galilee. During the 2-day conference, we plan to conduct lectures and round table discussions of interest for those connected to poultry science and the poultry industry. Simultaneously with the lectures, approximately 30 companies will exhibit their products and latest innovations in the Poultry industry.

We expect to host about 500 participants, in accordance with the Israeli Ministry of Health guidelines.

Yitzhak Malta, Secretary, Israel Branch

Italy

The Italian Branch of WPSA is organizing the 56th edition of its annual meeting that will be held on April 22th, 2022 at the Palacongressi of Rimini (Italy) and it will deal with 'Are we pushing broiler to their biological limits?'. This emerging topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers such as Ilkka Leinonen (Natural Resources Institute, Finland), Birger Svihus (Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Norway) and Avigdor Cahaner (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel).

espnOn the day before, WG2 members will visit the 'Rimini Conference Center' where the 23rd edition of European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN) will be hosted from June 21-24, 2023. The city of Rimini, is an ideal place for the European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition and the modern as well as eco-friendly Venue is the perfect stage for the event. Many attendees including both poultry research scientists and practitioners, leading speakers from across the world joining together to explore the past, share the present and helping to forge the future of poultry meat science. More details are already available at the Symposia website: https://www.espn2023.eu/.

Massimiliano Petracci, Secretary, Italian Branch of WPSA

Japan

The 2021 Autumn Meeting for the Japan Poultry Science Association (JPSA) was held online (web) style on Thursday, September 16 from 9:00 am to 5:30 pm, Japan standard time. The meeting contained 26 original research presentations, a general meeting, and an online seminar conducted by the Young Members' Executive Committee of JPSA. Although the meeting was an online style, it was a great success.

In the Autumn Meeting, Excellent Presentation Awards were given under the category, ‘student member’ or ‘regular member aged 30 yrs. or below,’ for the following presentations: 1) ‘Elucidation of immune function of avian gut-associated lymphoid tissues via histological studies’ by Ryota Hirakawa (Tohoku Univ. Lab. of Functional Morphology); and 2) ‘Effect of feeding manufacturing processed residues of mixed fermented loquat leaf tea on development and meat quality of Tsushima-Jidori crossbred chickens’ by Shogo Matsunaga (Nagasaki Agri. For. Tech. Develop. Center). JPSA congratulates all of these presenters who received Excellent Presentation Awards during our Autumn 2021 Meeting.

The Young Members' Executive Committee of JPSA made an online seminar entitled ‘What kind of research is required now at the poultry farming site? – in Japan and other countries’ on September 16during 0:10 pm - 1:10 pm, on September 16 during lunch hour for the Autumn Meeting. Although knowing the needs of poultry production sites is indispensable for effectively gaining valid research results, researchers have less opportunity to know the current state of these production sites. For this seminar, Dr Takehiko Hayakawa, Asia-Pacific Regional Manager of DSM Nutritional Products, gave a lecturer on ‘knowledge needed now at poultry production sites in Japan and overseas’. His presentation clearly explained about the differences in focus on poultry research subjects between the researchers in Japan and in other countries. Dr Hayakawa additionally provided some good ideas about the challenges for the poultry industry from a global perspective. It was a very nice online seminar.

The 2022 Spring Meeting of JPSA will be held online style on Tuesday, March 29, 2022. The meeting will contain original research presentations and a general meeting. In addition, award ceremonies for 2021 will also be held. A public symposium that is being put together by JPSA volunteers will also be held on the afternoon of March 28, 2022. Details of the Spring Meeting and symposium will be soon be announced on the JPSA web site (https://jpn-psa.jp/en/meeting-information/). JPSA will welcome a wide participation over the glove.

The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS), the official scientific journal of JPSA, obtained an Impact Factor of 1.425 from Clarivate Analytics. The JPS is also a member of PubMed Central (PMC), and the articles of the journal can be accessed through the PubMed search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/journals/3725/). Moreover, JPS is now also available on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) database (https://doaj.org/toc/1349-0486).

JPSA welcomes original research articles and review papers to be submitted for the JPS using the following website: https://jpn-psa.jp/en/jps-en/. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to access complete published articles.

JPSA would like to contribute to the Poultry Science in Japan and over the globe by enhancing the international activities with the members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcomes new members from all over the world. Please visit the JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to make a tough situation in the world, but JPSA hopes things will get better soon. Please take good care of yourself!

Naoki Goto, Secretary of WPSA Japan Branch

New Zealand

The New Zealand branch of WPSA will be holding its 2021 NEW ZEALAND POULTRY INDUSTRY CONFERENCE in Nelson, New Zealand on the 5th and 6th of October 2021. For details contact Reza Abdollahi at:

Reza Abdollahi, Secretary, New Zealand branch

Russia

The XX International Scientific Conference, organized by the Russian Branch of WPSA, was held from 27-30 September, 2021 in Sergiev Possad near Moscow. The motto of the Conference was: ‘World and Russian poultry production: current state, dynamics of development and innovation prospects’. This Conference coincided with the 90th anniversary of the All Russian Research and Technological Institute of Poultry Husbandry (VNITIP). Established in 1930, VNITIP was the first and leading scientific institution in the country in charge of research and development in fields of poultry genetics and breeding, nutrition, incubation, physiology, technology of rearing and keeping of all species of farm poultry, economics and management in poultry industry. The results of the Institute’s investigations became widely introduced into the practice and acted as a base for establishing of the large-scale industrial type poultry production in the USSR and in Russian Federation. Besides research activities VNITIP acts as the leading educational and professional development centre. Over the past 90 years over 10000 people received here their scientific education and training. The professional development courses of VNITIP are very popular among the representatives of poultry industry. Only during the last 5 years more than 2400 people (poultry enterprises’ directors and specialists) received their trainings in VNITIP.

Currently the VNITIP’s staff consists of 115 people, among them two academics of the Russian Academy of Sciences, one corresponding academician, 14 scientists with degree of Dr Habil., 33 with degree of PhD., 15 Laureates of the Prize of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of science and technology, researchers, economists, engineers and service personnel. The Institute has a postgraduate course, where postgraduate students from various parts of Russia and some foreign countries conduct research and get their scientific degrees. In VNITIP various scientific books and papers were published, methodological recommendations and other scientific literature on poultry production. Priority developments of the Institute's scientists are protected by copyright certificates and patents of the Russian Federation. More than 50 specialists of the Institute are members of the WPSA. On the base of the Institute the International conferences of the Russian Branch of WPSA are held regularly. The current, XX Conference attracted participants and guests from various regions of Russia and foreign countries. It was opened by a welcome speech of the Director of VNITIP Dr Dmitry Efimov. The Scientific Head of VNITIP, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor Vladimir Fisinin made a plenary presentation ‘VNITIP 90 years. Scientists and historical aspects of research investigations’ where he highlighted the history of the Institute, its achievements, areas of current investigations and prospects for the future. The welcome speeches to the Conference participants were made by the representatives of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Ministry of Agriculture, Russian Poultry Union, Poultry Union of Kazakhstan, Poultry Union of Belarus and other organizations.

The scientific programme if the Conference was focused on four sections:

  1. Genetics and breeding of poultry.
  2. Nutrition of poultry.
  3. Technology of egg and poultry meat production. Technology of egg and poultry meat processing. Economical aspects of poultry production.
  4. Veterinary and sanitary aspects of poultry production.

2021 december russiaIn total, more than 120 papers were presented. There were representatives from Russia, Belarus, Netherlands, Germany, Spain, France, Poland, Ukraine, Lithuania, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Czech Republic. Despite the problems caused by the Covid-19 pandemic more than 230 people have taken part in the Conference.

The proceedings of the Conference contain of 783 pages, and included 236 papers. As a comparison in 1968 the proceedings of the Soviet national Branch of WPSA included only 12 papers. This reflects dynamic development of poultry science in Russia and its importance for poultry industry.

The Russian Branch of WPSA would like to thank their partners for their support and cooperation: Russian Academy of Sciences, Russian Ministry of Education and Sciences, Russian Ministry of Agriculture, Russian Poultry Union, German Agricultural Society (DLG), WPSA and our numerous sponsors- companies Big Dutchman, Biotrof, Avivac, Phytobiotics-Rus, Agrovetzaschita, OOO’Research Center-23’, Hendrix Genetics, Bioamid, Innovad, Lalemand, Adisseo-Eurasia, Alltech, Aviagen, Agrotorg, Evonic Chemie, Quadros-Bio, Tocom-Elit, Novogen, BASF, BioMerieux, poultry enterprises Volzhanin, Elinar, Yaroslavsky Broiler, Prioskolye, Belgrankorm, Zernoproduct and other.

Sergey Cherepanov, Tatiana Vasilieva, Russian Branch of WPSA

Saudi Arabia

On behalf of the WPSA (Saudi Branch), it’s a pleasure to inform you that our branch and 'Higher Committee Members of The Middle East and North Africa' will organize the poultry conference titled 'Poultry Production under High Environmental Temperature'.

The conference will be held in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, March 14-16, 2022 at the International Convention and Exhibition Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. 

All information is available at website: https://www.mepc-wpsa.com/.

We look forward to seeing you in Riyadh.

Yours Sincerely,

Prof. Ibrahim H. Al-Homidan (President)
Prof. Moataz M. Fathi (Secretary)
World's Poultry Science Association- Saudi Branch
E-mail:  / 

Senegal

The Senegal branch of WPSA is in the process of organizing a meeting for the branch that will be called: Poultry Senegal 2022. Hopefully, that meeting will take hopefully take place during May, 2022 in partnership with the Senegal Ministry of Agriculture. More details will be provided in the coming months. For more information and/or input related to the planning of the meeting, see contact information below.

Prof. Ayao Missohou, Secretary Senegal branch
Ecole Inter-Etats des Sciences et Médecine Vétérinaires (EISMV), Dakar, Sénégal
Phone: 00221338651008, 00221338651022, 00221775751140
E-mail: 

Turkey

During its last board meeting, the WPSA Turkish Branch decided to put forward our candidacy for hosting one of the European Federation’s working group summits and to start with the necessary deliberations.

We also decided to organise some scientific panels/conferences etc. in order to revive our branch activities, which have been quite static since the start of the Covid pandemic.

Upon the request of some African countries, we have also agreed to form a scientific committee specialised in poultry production techniques to be sent to those countries to improve their production capacities.

Prof. Dr Kâzım Şahin, Secretary, WPSA Turkish Branch

United Kingdom

In the fervent hope that we will be able to meet again in person in 2022, the United Kingdom Branch has recently announced plans for its annual Spring Meeting. The Spring Meeting will take place on 13th-14th April at the De Vere East Midlands Conference Centre near Nottingham. This will be the first time the WPSA has met at this smart and modern conference facility. Once again, our meeting coincides with the annual conference of the British Society for Animal Science. A long-term arrangement, this has helped to provide additional networking and learning opportunities for all delegates.

The upcoming Spring Meeting provides us with the chance to trial a hybrid meeting format. While this involves some additional costs, it will allow delegates to choose for the first time whether to participate in person or remotely. As well as a useful experience for us as conference organisers, it ensures the meeting can go ahead without a hitch, even if travel restrictions were to be imposed again. (We are obviously hoping that doesn’t happen!)

Dates of 22nd -24th August 2022 have been finalised for the re-scheduled 33rd Poultry Science Symposium (PSS) organised by the UK Branch. As originally planned for 2020, the meeting will be held at Clare College, University of Cambridge, U.K., and the theme is ‘Pre- and Probiotics: Nutritional, Veterinary and Production Perspectives’. Put the date in your diary, and watch out for further news on the website, https://www.wpsa2020.org/.

Finally, it is with regret that the Branch recently received news of the death of Shirley Wilson — formerly known as Shirley Murdoch. A long-time supporter of the turkey industry, Shirley organised the Technical Turkeys Conference from 1978 to 2006. This developed to become an essential part of the calendar for the international turkey industry. Apart from COVID-related interruptions, this annual event has continued as the Turkey Science and Production Conference organised by Dr James Bentley.

Jackie Linden, WPSA UK Branch Secretary

World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)

wvepah oie uni lu

WVEPAH is a branch of the ‘European Association for Veterinary Specialization’ (EAVS), a non-profit organization registered in Luxembourg since 1989. In 1992 EAVS created the ‘European School for Advanced Veterinary Studies’ (ESAVS, www.esavs.org) which offers high quality continuing education and is officially affiliated with the University of Luxembourg. WVEPAH has a similar structure as the ESAVS and is also affiliated with and supported by the OIE and includes OIE standards and regulations in its training programmes.

WVEPAH programmes consist of a series of courses in a particular field of poultry health and production. A typical study programme is composed of two online courses.

Courses include pre-recorded courses and LIVE meetings. Each course is taught by course masters who are internationally recognized specialists in their field and have excellent didactic skills.

The courses are designed for those professionals in the poultry industry who wish to broaden their knowledge in the area of poultry health and production with strong emphasis on health management. Intensive training is provided at an advanced level with major emphasis on a case oriented and problem-solving approach.

Participants of WVEPAH programmes acquire new skills and knowledge which they can immediately apply in their daily field activities.

Participants also have the possibility to pursue a Certificate in Animal Health: Poultry Production diploma, after completion of the two modules, including a section on regulation taught by the OIE, and the submission of the analysis of 25 clinical cases. This diploma is delivered by the University of Luxembourg and the regulatory aspects are validated by the OIE.

List of courses, dates, registration conditions see: www.wvepah.org.

WPSA Calendar

For all WPSA meetings see the WPSA Calendar

Travel Grant Programme

For information about the Travel Grant Programmes click here.

 

Travel Grants can only be requested for WPSA events.

Only WPSA members can apply.

 

Travel Grant application forms

Speakers' Bureau Programme

For information about the Speakers' Bureau Programme click here.

 

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