|Volume 42, March 2018||Newsletter Editor: Dr G.B. Havenstein, ghavenst [AT] ncsu [DOT] edu|
Board meeting 2018
The annual board meeting is planned 16-17 September 2018 in Dubrovnik, Croatia, prior to the European Poultry Conference.
WPSA has several programmes to support members and branches. Details on the Travel Grant Programmes, the Speakers’ Bureau Programme and Proposals for Branch Development can be found on the WPSA website (under Support). Criteria for eligibility are published together with the (different) deadlines for the individual programmes. Please follow the instructions as inaccurate, incomplete and late applications will be rejected.
WPSA presence at conferences and exhibitions
WPSA was present at the International Production and Processing Expo in Atlanta, USA and VIV MEA, Abu Dhabi, UAE. In both cases many visitors came to the booth, where promotional materials of WPSA, the WPS Journal and WPC 2020 were displayed. More and more the booth becomes a meeting place for members from several countries.
In the coming months WPSA will be represented at AGRA ME, Dubai, UAE, Victam, Asia, Bangkok, Thailand, and VIV Europe, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
There are a series of upcoming international conferences, for example the Asian Pacific Poultry Conference, Bangkok, Thailand, the Mediterranean Poultry Summit, Torino, Italy, and the European Poultry Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia to which members are invited to attend the event and to meet many WPSA members and representatives. Details on these and other meetings can be found in the calendar on www.wpsa.com.
Cooperation with the organization on World Veterinary Education in Production Animal Health (WVEPAH)
The WVEPAH, a non-profit organization organises training courses on poultry (for 3 à 4 weeks) in several countries. More details are on www.wvepah.org. All activities will also be announced on our website and in the WPS Journal.
Dr Roel Mulder
The last 6 weeks have been busy travel weeks, including two major trips for WPSA. In February I attended the International Production and Processing Expo (IPPE) in Atlanta, USA. I was joined in the WPSA booth by Drs. Mulder, Buresh, Akbay, and Uni. As usual, IPPE had huge crowds, with visitors coming from around the world. I was delighted that my government recognised the importance of our poultry industries, by sending our Secretary of Agriculture, Dr Sonny Purdue. It was good to have many WPSA members stop by our booth and visit. It was exciting to have new faces - folks who introduced themselves and asked about joining our Association. And as your Treasurer, I was most happy to see those members and Branch Secretaries who came by to pay me their dues!
This week I have been in the Napa Valley of California for the Pacific Egg and Poultry Association (PePa) Meetings. As always, the Student Programme of PePa was sponsored by the United States Branch of WPSA. Historically, poultry students from California, Oregon, Utah, and Washington attend this event. This year, two WPSA Travel Grant recipients from our Mexico Branch, joined the student mix. Our Senior VP, Dr Buresh, was on hand to judge the Student Poster Competition and assist me (PePa Student Programme Chair) at the Awards Ceremony.
The WPSA-sponsored students from the University of Guadalajara: Jocelyn Barba and Maria Trujillo, were great representatives of their University and their home WPSA Branch. Both students presented posters, participated in the full convention programme, the student activities, networked with poultry scientists and producers, and even tasted a little of the famous Napa Valley wine!
I am delighted to see more students applying from our Latin Branches. Both Jocelyn and Maria have been charged with promoting the programme to classmates and assisting them with future travel grant applications. Being around these students for the entire convention and seeing how they took advantage of every educational opportunity, I can say that WPSA funds were well spent.
Quote from Jocelyn Barba Rodriguez, Mexico
During my stay in California attending the PEPA convention, I had the opportunity to meet many interesting people with a lot of experience in the poultry industry thanks to Dr Bradley. The lectures were really interesting in which they clarified me what was the role of Mexico in the world industry, I especially enjoyed the conference of Jim Summer, President of the United States Export Council for Birds and Eggs. With its motto ‘Poultry and eggs from the United States feed the world’. I think Mexico has the potential to overcome the parameters that have taxes today. The other conferences were topics on which we may not yet worry in Mexico because we have different objectives. On the second day of the conferences I was interviewed by Mr John Bedell from J. S. West Milling Co. and I got an experience about job interviews, I also had the opportunity to meet and discuss the work of Mr Dave Crockett; I had the honour of making two good friends, Miss Alejandra Figueroa and Myrna Cadena of Davis University, who gave me a little tour of their workplace and their medicine unit. In summary, the experience was enriching in many ways, I met many people with an impressive trip, I have been very fortunate, I would like to thank them for making it possible for me to have the opportunity to go so far.
Quote from Maria Trujillo
I want to thank you for the opportunity that WPSA provided to me. Having attended the PePa Convention has been a truly gratifying experience in my life.
The entire event was quite interesting, from the student poster presentations (my participation in these poster presentations goes without saying), the informational sessions, and the debate between the students over the poultry case reports. Every moment left me with new knowledge which adds to my experience as a future professional in the avian sciences.
In terms of the sessions, I want to mention that the presentation I found very inspirational was that of Marilyn Dolan and Hinda Mitchell titled ‘Social Media, don’t be a hater’, because social media is a good diffuser of information to initiate a campaign in Mexico about the importance of avian production. In this way, the population will value its labour as well as the food that is produced.
During the convention, I had the pleasure of meeting many poultry producers and avian scientists. The individuals I remember most and with whom I had the opportunity to interact were Dr Rocio Crespo, DVM from the Avian Health & Food Safety Lab, WA and Dr Rodrigo Gallardo, DVM, PhD, Associate Professor at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine. I was also able to interact closely with Dave Crockett and his wife, Julie Crockett, business partners of NuCal Foods, an important company for the poultry industry. I had the opportunity to network with students from different universities and I am pleased to say that I made good relationships with some of them, for example, Alejandra Figueroa and Myrna Cadena from the University of California, Davis, as well as Rodrigo López and Cirenio Hisasaga from California State University, Fresno.
Of course, I cannot fail to mention that the experience touring through Napa and the nearby towns was wonderful. Visiting the places that our new friends from UC Davis took us throughout the university and the city of Davis was equally amazing. I returned to Mexico with a piece of California in my heart.
Once again, I greatly appreciate this opportunity.
Dr Francine Bradley
The WPSA Board fully supports the awarding of Travel Grants (both for young WPSA members/students and older members) as well as the assistance for branches utilising the WPSA Speaker’s Bureau programme. Each of these programmes was developed with the intent to provide financial assistance to support members and branches demonstrating legitimate needs in these areas. All submitted applications are sent to the General Secretary of the WPSA for initial review and consideration. Those meeting ALL necessary application requirements are then forwarded to the WPSA Executive Committee for the next step in the application approval process.
To ensure your application receives timely consideration, it is imperative that ALL application conditions stated on the WPSA web site are fully adhered to. Travel grant applications must be submitted at least 3 months prior to the date of the meeting to be attended. As stated in the application conditions, incomplete or late submissions will not be considered for funding. One common oversight with Travel Grant applications is incomplete budget request and justification information in accordance with the stated conditions. Another frequent error is the failure to adhere to page length requirements for supporting documentation. If the conditions state the requirement for a 2-3 page length Curriculum Vitae, submitting more than 3 pages becomes cumbersome to the approval process and this failure to adhere to the conditions can be considered as justification for application rejection. One final reminder is that all budgets and invoices must have costs converted to US dollars, and the total amounts must be presented.
In summary, the WPSA Board encourages all members and branches to utilise these programmes but asks that all members familiarise themselves with the application conditions. Submitting applications in compliance with these conditions will streamline the approval process and reduce the amount of extra work required for all parties involved.
Bob Buresh, Ph.D., WPSA Senior Vice President
In the Board meeting held during WPC2016 in Beijing, China, the Board decided to increase the funds available for Branch Development by making a formal call for Branch Development Proposals. In 2018 we approved proposals from Croatia and Senegal.
For more information click here.
Next deadline for submission of Branch Development Proposals is July 1st.
Dubrovnik, Croatia, 17-21 September 2018
The WPSA- Croatian Branch is fully engaged in the organization of the EPC 2018 that will be held in Dubrovnik, Croatia, on September 17-21, 2018. The submission of abstracts for poster and oral presentations for EPC2018 is now OPEN!! The original abstract submission deadline was the 28th of February, but it has been extended to March 15, 2018. You are warmly invited to submit an abstract of your recent research findings, and to play an active part in the scientific programme by presenting your work at EPC 2018. Join us and contribute to the scientific programme!
Authors and Speakers are required to have Ticket ID in order to register and apply for Abstract presentations. Ticket ID will be provided when conference registration fees are paid, so we encourage you to register for the EPC conference before submitting your Abstract.
The Conference will be held in Valamar Hotel & Resorts in Dubrovnik, Croatia, from 17th to 21st September 2018. The organisers are anticipating the attraction of more than 1,000 participants from all over the world, who are willing to improve their knowledge of poultry research and production.
We encourage you to register before the 30th of April, 2018, in order to take advantage of the early bird rates. Special registration fees apply for WPSA members and students.
More information can be found on the web site www.epc2018.com.
EPC2018 Programme at a glance
MONDAY, 17TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Welcome cocktail and Opening Ceremony
TUESDAY, 18TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon
WEDNESDAY 19TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Oral presentation and Workshops in the afternoon
THURSDAY, 20TH SEPTEMBER 2018
Plenary sessions in the morning
Workshops in the afternoon
FRIDAY, 21ST SEPTEMBER 2018
Technical tour and Youth programme
Plenary Speakers and the titles of their Lectures
Barbut, Shai: New insights on breast myopathies
De Cesare, Alessandra: Metagenomic insights into the dynamics of microbial communities in poultry and poultry products : current challenges and future opportunities.
Humphrey, Tom: Campylobacter infection compromises broiler health, welfare and performance.
Norton, Tomas: Application of precision livestock farming technologies in the poultry sector.
Nys, Yves: How scientific innovation may improve egg production and quality on the development of non-food uses of eggs.
Ryhlil, Ivan: Microbiota, chicken gut health, and antibiotic reduction/resistance.
Savic, Vladimir: Viral infections of poultry – the globally challenging situation.
Siegert, Wolfgang: Non-essential amino acids – the forgotten nutrients.
Sossidou, Evangelia N.: Managing on-farm health and welfare risks to promote sustainability in poultry.
Steenfeldt, Sanna: Alternative protein sources for poultry nutrition.
Tixier-Boichard, Michelle: Are there limits to selection in poultry: theoretical, biological, ethical, environmental?
Yalcin, Servet: Preincubation and incubation conditions, hatching time and broiler growth.
WPSA’s Croatian Branch members are looking forward to welcoming you to Dubrovnik
Helga Medic, Secretary, Croatia Branch
The European Federation has numerous conferences planned between now and the end of 2018.
News from a number of European Federation's working groups is provided below.
WPSA European Working Group News
The next European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (ESPN2019) will be organised by the Polish Branch, and will be held in Gdansk, Poland from 10-13 June 2019. We will look forward to seeing all of you there.
The ‘XXIV European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat’ will be conjointly held with the ‘XVIII European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products’ in Çeşme, İzmir, Turkey between 23 -26 June 2019. Visit http://www.eggmeat2019.com to keep you updated. Special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.
In the last newsletter there was a list of six purposes that all our members, particularly branch committees should work towards. One of these is to develop and maintain branches that are active and engaged. Here’s an idea on how branch committees can do this: Each branch should appoint a “communications” officer. It doesn’t have to be the secretary’s role. It should be someone with energy who likes reporting on things that are happening, someone with a journalistic tendency, perhaps a student member. He /she should report on anything happening in their branch or in any sector of their poultry industry. This need not be through formal channels like this newsletter, but more informally. Local branch news and comment, news about people in the industry etc. could be posted on branch websites or Facebook pages if there is one. News on branch activities, events that are coming up or industry news could be publicised via our association’s website.
This would be a positive move, giving members more value from their membership. We all like to know what’s going on!
The 11th Asia Pacific Poultry Conference, 25-27 March 2018, Plaza Athénée Hotel, Bangkok. This is the premier poultry conference for the Asia Pacific region. The conference themes are Sustainability and Emerging Topics in Poultry Production. Earlybird Registration is open until the end of December. For details www.appc2018.com.
Alan Gibbins, President Asian/Pacific Federation
WPSA Asian-Pacific Working Group News
The next Ratite Working Group meeting will take place in Oudtshoorn, South Africa on the 14th of March 2018, at 12:00 on the Oudtshoorn Research Farm.
Queries can be send to me or Zanell Brand at zanellb [AT] elsenburg [DOT] com.
Members that are doing research on ratites are also urged to contact us.
Articles in upcoming Journal(s)
- Sun Chao - The potentially beneficial effects of supplementation with hesperidin in poultry diets
- Syed Ehthisham-ul-Haque - Current loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technologies for the detection of poultry pathogens
- Werner Bessei - Impact of animal welfare on worldwide poultry production
- Yves Nys - Adapting trace mineral nutrition of birds for optimising the environment and poultry product quality
- Prashant Nighot - Pathophysiology of avian intestinal ion transport
- Mahmoud Alagawany - Nutritional significance and health benefits of designer eggs
- Sun Chao - Health benefits and potential applications of anthocyanins in poultry feed industry
- Asghar Ali Kamboh - Phytochemistry and beneficial impacts of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) as a dietary supplement in poultry diets
- Peter Surai - Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 1. Classification and mechanisms of action
- Peter Surai - Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 2. Modulation of enzymatic activities
- Usama Aftab - The use of NSP enzymes in poultry nutrition: myths and realities
- Shu-Biao Wu - Roles of dietary fibre and particle size in broiler nutirtion
- Yves Nys - Sequential and choice feeding in laying hens: adapting nutrient supply to requirements during the egg formation cycle
Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 1. Classification and mechanisms of action
P.F. SURAI, I.I. KOCHISH and V.I. FISININ
Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) was described as a selenoprotein in 1973 and, since then, a great body of information has been accumulated to validate its important role in the antioxidant defence network in all animals, including poultry. The GSH-Px family includes at least eight members, and four of them (GSH-Px1, GSH-Px2, GSH-Px3 and GSH-Px4) are shown to be selenoproteins in animals. They are characterised by species- and tissue-specificity in their expression and activity. An optimal Se status in tissues/body is key for maximum expression of GSH-Px and therefore, in avian research GSH-Px activity is widely used as a biomarker for determining Se status and requirements. On the other hand, GSH-Px is an inducible enzyme and its activity depends on the level of stress and can be used as an index of antioxidant defences. In poultry production two forms of Se-dependent GSH-Px (GSH-Px1 and GSH-Px4) have received most attention. The aim of this paper is to review GSH-Px properties and functions in relation to poultry biology with special emphasis to its role in chicken adaptation to various stress conditions. Recent advances in selenoprotein identification and characterisation in relation to poultry Se status, dietary sources of Se and stress conditions can shed light on the roles of GSH-Px in avian biology.
Sequential and choice feeding in laying hens: adapting nutrient supply to requirements during the egg formation cycle
A. MOLNÁR, C. HAMELIN, E. DELEZIE and Y. NYS
Conventional feeding systems for laying hens rely on a complete feed available ad libitum in mash, pelleted or crumble form. When complete feeds are used, intake is mainly controlled by the hens’ energy requirement and feed presentation, but the birds cannot adjust their consumption to other nutritional needs and thus over-consume to cover the calcium needed for egg shell formation. Sequential, loose-mix and choice feeding offer birds the opportunity to select different diets in the short term. These feeding strategies have been proposed as alternative feeding systems whose main objectives are to match nutrient supply to individual requirements during the daily changes induced by the temporal sequence of the egg formation. This review discusses some findings related to the use of whole cereals and of alternating low and high energy or protein diets, conditions which may improve feed utilisation efficiency. In addition, the adjustment of calcium and phosphorus levels during the day can have benefits in terms of egg production and quality. This review explores the physiological basis for sequential, loose-mix and choice feeding and evaluates the impact of these systems on egg production and quality.
Impact of animal welfare on worldwide poultry production
Animal welfare has become an important issue in poultry production. Concern about poultry welfare has mainly been expressed in industrialised countries. Since trade of poultry products is highly internationalised, welfare aspects have to be considered by all countries involved. This paper reviews the changes in the attitude to animal welfare in Western societies and the related development of regulations and standards, the impact of high welfare standards on production costs and on international trade of poultry products and finally, the influence of different stakeholders on poultry production and marketing. From the 1960s onwards, animal welfare activities have been focused on farm animals kept under ‘industrial’ conditions, such as caged laying hens. Consequently, the management conditions for laying hens in Europe have been regulated in detail by national laws and EU-Directives. Meanwhile, conventional cages have been banned in the EU and welfare activities are now directed towards other issues, such as beak-trimming and killing day-old chicks of layer lines. All measures which are considered to improve the welfare of animals increase cost of production. Hence, differences in national welfare regulations are expected to relocate poultry production to countries with low welfare standards. There is a tendency that important retailers and food chains use welfare as a marketing argument and establish high price premium labels. Standards which are established and controlled by stakeholders of the poultry market are independent of national welfare legislation. This will lead to harmonisation of welfare standards on an international level. Most welfare labels have been developed by retailers in cooperation with welfare-oriented NGOs. There is a new trend in Germany where retailers and farmers organisations develop welfare schemes and poultry producers are paid an extra allowance for welfare-friendly production. This system ensures that poultry farmers are reimbursed for the welfare-related costs.
Adapting trace mineral nutrition of birds for optimising the environment and poultry product quality
Y. NYS, P. SCHLEGEL, S. DUROSOY, C. JONDREVILLE and A. NARCY
In the past, trace minerals have been inadequately considered by poultry nutritionists, as demonstrated by the scarce availability of literature. The practice of using high safety margins between requirements and dietary concentrations and the relative low cost of these essential minerals are possible reasons for this. Environmental considerations and regulations limiting trace mineral supply and improvements in analytical methods to detect putative contaminants in mineral sources have led to a need to a re-examination of trace mineral requirements. In addition, new knowledge regarding trace mineral roles in bone metabolism, anti-oxidant status, homeostatic regulation, product quality, immunology and the development of novel trace mineral sources have favoured, for the past 15 years, interests in optimising trace mineral nutrition considering other parameters than solely the bird performance. This review analyses the role of essential trace minerals (mainly Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn, I, Se) in broiler and laying hen nutrition. This work aims to highlight the evaluation of trace mineral requirement, the bioavailability of trace mineral sources, especially in regards with phytate antagonism, and the main functions of trace minerals in egg, eggshell and meat quality. The impact of trace minerals on the environment (toxicity to plants and microorganisms) is considered and nutritional means to reduce the risk of environmental contamination will be explored. Finally, the possibilities of poultry product’s enrichment in some trace minerals for the benefit of human health will be explored.
Glutathione peroxidases in poultry biology: Part 2. Modulation of enzymatic activities
P.F. SURAI, I.I. KOCHISH and V.I. FISININ
It is known that glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) belongs to the first and second levels of the antioxidant network and is involved in the regulation of many important cellular pathways including maintenance of the redox balance and signalling. In poultry the GSH-Px family includes four Se-dependent forms of the enzyme, however only GSH-Px1 and GSH-Px4 are well characterised and have received substantial attention as important enzymes participating in chicken adaptation to commercially-relevant stresses. The aim of this review is to analyse the current data on relationships between various stress conditions and the GSH-Px activity in poultry with special emphasis to selenium status and nutritional supplements. Indeed, the published literature indicates that there is a range of different nutritional (Se supplementation, antioxidants, plant extracts, probiotics, drugs, mycotoxins) and environmental (temperature stress, transportation, disease) factors modulating GSH-Px activity and/or expression in different tissues from poultry. These inducible enzymes are involved in adaptation to stress and Se supplementation in optimal concentrations whereby form is key for antioxidant system maintenance under stress conditions in commercial poultry production.
Health benefits and potential applications of anthocyanins in poultry feed industry
L. CHANGXING, M. CHENLING, M. ALAGAWANY, L. JIANHUA, D. DONGFANG, W. GAICHAO, Z. WENYIN, S.F. SYED, M.A. ARAIN, M. SAEED, F.U. HASSAN and S. CHAO
Anthocyanins are flavonoids widely spread in various plant species as a major phyto-pigment. In recent years, interest in using anthocyanins as a feed ingredient has increased markedly owing to their health and other benefits. Anthocyanins possess various pharmacological properties, including anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, anticancer, antidiabetic, neuroprotective, anti-obesity and antioxidant effects. Dietary consumption of anthocyanins has revealed benefits in animal performance. Little is known about health-promoting effects of anthocyanins in avian species, but anthocyanin-rich dried fruits have shown positive effects on certain pathological conditions and health promoting markers in human and other animals. This review aims to gather information regarding health benefits of anthocyanins and highlight therapeutic and potential health beneficial effects of anthocyanins for poultry. Additionally, it explores these biologically important flavonoids as alternative ingredients in poultry feed to replace synthetic nutrients and medicines. The available literature reports studies involving use of anthocyanins focused on human, mice and in vitro models. However, there is a need to explore mechanism of action at molecular level to understand potential beneficial effects of anthocyanins in avian species.
The potentially beneficial effects of supplementation with hesperidin in poultry diets
X. YATAO, M. SAEED, A.A. KAMBOH, M.A. ARAIN, F. AHMAD, I. SUHERYANI, M.E. ABD EL-HACK, M. ALAGAWANY, Q.A. SHAH and S. CHAO
Flavonoids are natural compounds derived from different types of vegetables, fruits, and medicinal herbal plants. Hesperidin, a flavanone (a class of flavonoids) glycoside is found abundantly in citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons tangerines and limes and is known to possess significant benefits, such as anti-inflammatory, anti-stress, antioxidant, growth promoting, anticancer and immunological properties. Hesperidin enhances mucosal and humoral immunity by increasing intestinal intraepithelial lymphocyte numbers, lymphoid organs (thymus, spleen and bursa) indices, as well as improving anti-avian influenza and anti-Newcastle disease antibody titres in poultry. In addition, hesperidin is a strong chain-breaking antioxidant that provides potent cellular antioxidant defence against the damaging effects induced by peroxide hydrogen. As a natural antioxidant, hesperidin could help mitigate heat stress during summer by decreasing heterophil-to-lymphocyte ratios, and quenching reactive oxygen species generated by summer heat stress. The aim of this review was to elucidate the biological effects and health benefits of hesperidin as an alternative of synthetic immune boosters and growth promoters in poultry diets.
The use of NSP enzymes in poultry nutrition: myths and realities
U. AFTAB and M.R. BEDFORD
The use of non-starch polysaccharide (NSP) enzymes has increased in recent years with most of the growth coming from the market segment which uses non-viscous diets. A variety of product choices are available to the feed industry. These range from mono-component, single enzymes, to cocktails of more than one activity, to so-called ‘complex’ enzymes, displaying, in addition to the main activity, several non-targeted (i.e. quality controlled or assured) activities within one product. The relative abundance of the substrate or the number of substrates presented by a given diet may not be viewed as the sole criterion for the fitness of an enzyme solution. An argument can be made that NSP enzymes should not be considered as classical digestive enzymes and any response may not be regarded simply as a function of the extent of in vitro or in vivo substrate hydrolysis. The idea of having additional non-NSP or NSP activities to ‘strengthen’ a xylanase response, as well as the notion ‘complex diet needs a complex enzyme’ appear to lack sufficient scientific backing. Measures based on alternative responses e.g. gut morphology, nutrient or energy digestibility, gut-flora and its metabolites or fermentation profiles, are useful in developing a wider understanding of the phenomenon but require careful interpretation as the stand-alone criteria of usefulness of an NSP enzyme. Performance data is always the ultimate judge of the efficacy of a feed enzyme. This review addresses the practical question of selecting an NSP enzyme. The aim is to discuss the data supporting some of the common views held in the industry today, and how these views significantly influence the process of selecting an NSP enzyme for commercial in-feed application.
Current loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) technologies for the detection of poultry pathogens
S. EHTISHAM-UL-HAQUE, M.A. ZAMAN, M. KIRAN, M.K. RAFIQUE, M.F. QAMAR and M. YOUNUS
Traditional diagnostic capabilities (serology and culture) are not enough to monitor the poultry infections efficiently. For effective control of poultry infections, a regular program incorporating simple and cost-effective molecular diagnostics is necessary. On this rationale, it is possible to present working molecular diagnostic technology that would work equally well in field as well as in the laboratory. Recently, the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has emerged as simple and inexpensive diagnostic tool for the molecular detection of various animal pathogens. To perform LAMP, no specialised instruments (e.g. thermal cycler) are required, permitting its use in developing countries. Various reliable LAMP assays have been reported for the detection of different poultry pathogens. However, still there is a need to improve the sensitivity, specificity, reproducibility, user-friendliness, delivery to end-user and affordability of LAMP assays. This article reviews current LAMP assays available for the molecular detection of important viral, bacterial and protozoan pathogens of poultry. It focuses on the various aspects of LAMP for the diagnosis of important poultry pathogens based upon pathogen type, specimen, target genes, LAMP primer types, detection limits, fluorescent detectors and LAMP chemistry used. This paper provides updates on principle, instrumentation, basic methodology, quantification capability, reagents and kits used currently in performing LAMP.
Roles of dietary fibre and particle size in broiler nutrition
S.K. KHERAVII, N.K. MORGAN, R.A. SWICK, M. CHOCT and S.-B. WU
Increasing the structural components in the diet, namely through including coarse grain particles in diets and manipulating the dietary fibre composition, has been shown to improve gut health, feed utilisation and production efficiency. This is primarily because structural components physically stimulate activity in the fore gut. An example of this is dietary non-starch polysaccharides (NSP), namely insoluble NSP, which have been shown to instigate beneficial effects on gut health, litter quality and nutrient utilisation, by increasing crop and gizzard activity, stimulating digestive enzyme production and enhancing bacterial fermentation in the hind gut. However, there is a lack of consistency with regard to the direct effects of dietary fibre on chicken health and production. The aim of this review therefore is to explore the impact of feeding different sources of fibre and different size grain particles on gut health and microflora, nutrient utilisation, performance and litter quality in broilers.
Nutritional significance and health benefits of designer eggs
M. ALAGAWANY, M.R. FARAG, K. DHAMA and A. PATRA
Designer foods of animal origin are produced either by feeding specific diets, or using new techniques like genetic engineering, cross-breeding. Designer eggs are an important type of functional foods. With the advancement of poultry industry, there is a rising interest in poultry biotechnology for altering the egg composition by genetic and nutritional manipulations for human health. This can be done by modifying cholesterol concentration and its fractions, lipid profile, fatty acids, amino acids and minerals or through adding therapeutic pharmaceutical molecules. Designer eggs provide vegetarian, safe, immune powered, specialty or organic foodstuffs which can have improved vitamins, minerals, balanced ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids, lowered total cholesterol, additional boost of antibodies and essential pigments such as carotenoids. From the relevant scientiﬁc literature, functional eggs can be considered as human designer food. This review describes the concepts of designer eggs and their health benefits and nutritional values.
Phytochemistry and beneficial impacts of cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum) as a dietary supplement in poultry diets
M. SAEED, A.A. KAMBOH, S.F. SYED, D. BABAZADEH, I. SUHERYANI, Q.A. SHAH, M. UMAR, I. KAKAR, M. NAVEED, M.E. ABD EL-HACK, M. ALAGAWANY and S. CHAO
Cinnamon is a common spice obtained from the bark of Cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum zeylanicum). It has been used for culinary, as well as medicinal, purposes since ancient times in various countries. Apart from substantial amounts of several nutrients, including carbohydrates, proteins, choline, vitamins (A, K, C, B3), and minerals, several biological active compounds are present in the extract of oil, which contribute to immunomodulatory, antioxidant, antiviral, lowering blood cholesterol, antimicrobial, lipid-lowering, antihypertension, anti-inflammatory, antitumor, gastroprotective, antidiabetic, neuroprotective and blood purifying properties. Cinnamon roots serve as a hepatic stimulant by improving bile production, eliminating toxins, restoring electrolyte balance and regulating hydration and can be used for enhancing digestion. In addition, nutritional properties of cinnamon powder include positive effects regarding growth, digestion, enhanced activity of gut microflora, improvement of immune response, as well as improved feed efficiency and health improvement of poultry birds. Recently, research focus has been directed towards supplementing broiler diets with cinnamon powder as a phytobiotic in order to replace synthetic growth promoters. After reviewing the literature, it was found that the research at the molecular level to elucidate the mechanisms behind the potential of cinnamon as a feed additive in poultry is limited, despite its promising impacts. Furthermore, supplementation doses vary significantly, i.e., from 0.02 to 7%. So, the aim of this review was to compile the published research related to cinnamon, explore its beneficial properties, find out its optimal dosage for uses by veterinarians, researchers, and nutritionists, as well as its potential to use as a natural feed additive to replace the synthetic antibiotic growth promoters in poultry feed.
Pathophysiology of avian intestinal ion transport
M. NIGHOT and P. NIGHOT
The gut has great importance for the commercial success of poultry production. Numerous ion transporters, exchangers, and channels are present on both the apical and the basolateral membrane of intestinal epithelial cells, and their differential expression along the crypt-villus axis within the various intestinal segments ensures efficient intestinal absorption and effective barrier function. Recent studies have shown that intensive production systems, microbial exposure, and nutritional management significantly affect intestinal physiology and intestinal ion transport. Dysregulation of normal intestinal ion transport is manifested as diarrhoea, malabsorption, and intestinal inflammation resulting into poor production efficiency. This review discusses the basic mechanisms involved in avian intestinal ion transport and the impact of development during growth, nutritional and environmental alterations, and intestinal microbial infections on it. The effect of intestinal microbial infections on avian intestinal ion transport depends on factors such as host immunity, pathogen virulence, and the mucosal organisation of the particular intestinal segment.
12th International Seminar on Poultry Science – 10th Poultry & Swine Exposition
The Argentinean Branch of the World´s Poultry Science Association (WPSA) is collaborating in the organisation of the 12th International Seminar on Poultry Science. This scientific meeting, organised every two years, will be held during the 10th Poultry & Swine Exposition, in Buenos Aires City, Argentina, on May 8-10, 2018. This event is organised by egg and broiler producers associations, CAPIA & CEPA. In general, the participants for this event are Spanish speakers from Latin America. It expects to have more than 2,000 participants (producers, students and professionals), representing one of the most important events of the Argentinean poultry community. The Seminar will be given in Spanish, and English presentations will have simultaneous translation into Spanish by a Veterinarian specialist. The WPSA will provide two expert speakers, supported by the WPSA Speakers’ Bureau programme. For more information, visit www.avicola.com.ar.
The Austrian branch of WPSA was revitalised during a general assembly of the branch members in December 2017, and a new board was elected. Prof. Dr Martin Gierus, from the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna, was elected to serve as President; and Dr Peter Mitsch from Tierarzt GmbH, Vienna, was elected as vice president. The new board is motivated and welcomes both new and old members and is looking forward to bringing the different sectors of the poultry industry together for good discussions and developments!
Simone Schaumberger, Austria Branch Secretary
The French Branch of WPSA is delighted to invite you to participate in the upcoming World Poultry Congress that will be held from the 16-20 August 2020 in the attractive city of Paris. Information can be found on the web site http://www.wpcparis2020.com/.
Please notice that the organisers propose an Early Sponsoring period for the 2020 World Poultry Congress. The Congress will be held in Paris and will attract more than 3000 attendees from all over the world: experts, scientists, researchers, production specialists will participate in presenting and discussing their most recent findings. The early sponsoring will allow our partners to have the benefit of longer visibility (three years before the event), larger opportunities in the sponsoring of activities, as well as eligibility for a 15% discount in 2018. If you are interested and want to know more about this opportunity, please contact us at wpsafrance [AT] wpsa [DOT] fr or N [DOT] Taleb [AT] clq-group [DOT] com.
For more information: http://www.wpcparis2020.com/
The French branch of the WPSA organises its yearly day 'les jeudis de la WPSA' on the 22th of March 2018 in Nantes. This conference involves scientists and poultry experts and explores a particular area. The topic of the year is the Precision livestock farming, automated continuous recording using novel communication technology and Big data in Poultry production. More information is available at http://www.wpsa.fr/index.html.
In March 2017, the French Poultry Science Meeting (JRA) took place in Tours. This event is hold every 2 years in France and brings together more than 500 Poultry experts. More information can be found at http://www.itavi.asso.fr/jra/2017. Video recording was carried out for some of the reviews (in French). They can be watched at http://www.wpsa.fr/presentation/JRA%202017%20.html.
Yves Nys, President–WPSA France
The next edition of the Mediterranean Poultry Summit is approaching (18-20 June, 2018) and prominent invited speakers from European and Middle East will address emerging issues on poultry meat and egg productions, especially dealing with Mediterranean Area. Visit http://www.mpn-wpsa.org/main/ to check the topics of the different sessions and for registration. Of course, special reduced registration fees are available for WPSA members and students.
The Italian Branch of WPSA is also organising the 54th edition of its annual meeting that will be held on April 6th, 2018 in Perugia. This meeting will deal with ‘Farming strategies to reduce antibiotic usage in poultry production’ and this hot topic will be explored thanks to the contributions of a number of prestigious international speakers.
Francesco Tei, Head of the Dept. of Agricultural Sciences, Food and Environment, University of Perugia
Martino Cassandro, President of Italian Branch of World’s Poultry Science Association
Current situation on the reduction of the antibiotic use in animal farming in Italy
Giuseppe Diegoli, Department of Health Policies, Prevention and Public Health Service of Emilia-Romagna Region
Environmental management of poultry farms
Jim Donald, National Poultry Technological Centre, Auburn University (USA)
An innovative system for monitoring poultry health and behaviour
Marian Dawkins, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford (UK)
Experience of a world’s leading poultry producer in the reduction of antibiotic usage
Roy Brister, Tyson Food (USA)
Viewpoint of a leading Italian retailers on the reduction of antibiotic usage
Chiara Faenza, Coop Italia
Dept. of Food and Agricultural Sciences – University of Bologna
Tel. +39 0547 338128, Fax: +39 0547 382348
Email: info [AT] wpsa [DOT] it
Any additional information can be received at our site: www.wpsa.it.
Massimiliano Petracci, Branch Secretary
The Spring Meeting of JPSA, 2018, will be held at the University of Tokyo, Tokyo during 29–30 March. The meeting will consist of original paper presentations, a seminar, and general as well as council meetings. The council meeting will be held on March 29, and the paper presentations as well as the general meeting will be organised on March 30.
The luncheon seminar will be held on March 30. Mr. Jiro Yokoyama of Nosan Corporation will give a talk on ‘Hikari brand iodine-enriched eggs, the story behind the development and the plan for the future’. Hikari brand iodine-enriched eggs are laid by hens raised on iodine-blended feed containing powdered seaweed. Hikari eggs were confirmed to have various beneficial health effects which were not found in iodine alone. The Hikari brand of iodine-enriched eggs is now one of the famous brands of value added eggs. Mr. Yokoyama will present an interesting background story for the Hikari brand of eggs.
JPSA will support two young scientists who will be attending the 11th Asian Pacific Poultry Conference (11th APPC) during 25-27 March, 2018 in Bangkok, Thailand. Mr. Takashi Ono, Graduate School of Hiroshima University, will present a paper entitled ‘QTL mapping for the content of free amino acids in chicken meat by restriction-site associated DNA sequencing’. Mr. Yuki Hakamata, Graduate School of Tohoku University, will present a paper entitled ‘Differences in mitochondrial fatty acid utilization and respiratory complex characteristics between meat-type and laying-type chickens’.
The Journal of Poultry Science (JPS, the official journal of JPSA, Impact Factor: 0.771) always welcomes the submission of reviews and original papers. Free access to download the full-published articles in JPS is available on J-Stage (https://www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jpsa), which provides an excellent opportunity for all to have an access to its published articles. JPSA wants to contribute to poultry science in Japan and all over the world by enhancing our international activities with members from different countries. Thus, JPSA has a membership category for foreign citizens residing abroad as ‘Special International Member’. The page charges to publish their papers in the JPS will be set at a membership price. JPSA invariably welcome new members from all over the world. Please visit JPSA website (http://jpn-psa.jp/?lang=en) for further information.
Naoki Goto, Secretary Japan Branch
The 2018 New Zealand Poultry Industry Conference will be held from 2-3 October 2018 at the Quality Hotel Plymouth International, New Plymouth, New Zealand. The meeting will be organised by World’s Poultry Science Association-New Zealand Branch in Association with the Monogastric Research Centre, Massey University.
A New Face for the WPSA-Pakistan Branch
WPSA’s Pakistan Branch has put together a new administration for 2018.
The new members of the administrative group include:
- Dr Muhammad Sadiq – President (CEO-SB Poultry Pakistan)
- Dr Nasir Mukhtar – Vice President (Assistant Professor Department of Poultry Sciences PMAS-Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi Pakistan)
- Dr Khalid Mahmood Shouq – General Secretary (Editor Vet. News & Views)
- Dr Muhammad Kashif Saleemi -Assistant Secretary / Treasurer (Assistant Professor Department of Vet. Poultry -University of Agriculture Faisalabad Pakistan)
The new administration has established Poultry Science Clubs in 16 Universities of Pakistan. This was done in collaboration with Pakistan’s WPSA Branch office. Our Branch members will be organising an International Conference on the eve of our World Egg Day.
Dr Muhammad Sadiq
SB Poultry PVT LTD
48-C Satellite Town
Chandani Chowk, Muree Road
Phone: +92 51 111 505050
Fax: +92 51 4451191
mail [AT] sadiqbrothers [DOT] com
Dr Nasir Mukhtar
Department of Poultry Sciences
PMAS Arid Agriculture University
Murree Road 46300
DR Khalid Mahmood Shouq
The Veterinary News & Views
Mobile: +92 300 6620616
khalidshouq [AT] gmail [DOT] com
Phone: +92 41 2665352
Fax: +92 41 2562853
Dr Muhammad Kashif Saleemi
Department of Vet. Pathology
University of Agriculture
Mob: 92 (0)300-6644072
drkashif313 [AT] gmail [DOT] com
The Saudi branch meeting will be held on 22 March, 2018 at Qassim University.
Moataz Fathi, Secretary of the Saudi Arabia Branch
The WPSA Turkish Branch is in a period of intense activity. We will organise the 'Niğde International Poultry Congress', situated in the unique geological wonderland of Cappadocia, between 9-12 May 2018 in cooperation with the Niğde University Faculty of Agriculture. Our members of the Organising and Scientific Committees are working at full speed for a very successful congress.
One of the most important meetings of the WPSA European Federation, the XXIV. European Symposium on the Quality of Poultry Meat and XVIII. European Symposium on the Quality of Eggs and Egg Products will be hosted in the Aegean resort town of Çeşme (İzmir) from 23-26 June 2019.
Branch President Rüveyde Akbay attended the International Production & Processing Expo in Atlanta between 30 January – 1 February 2018, and she had the opportunity to meet with industry representatives and colleagues during this important event.
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Cengizhan Mızrak, Secretary of the WPSA Turkish Branch
The 2018 UK WPSA Annual Meeting will be held in Dublin from 9-11 April at Dublin’s iconic Croke Stadium with a theme of ‘Innovation to compete in the global livestock industry’. The joint WPSA / BSAS event will see more than 500 scientists, vets, policy makers and farmers from across the globe gather to hear about the challenges and opportunities facing the livestock sector, and the ways it can innovate to create more sustainable systems. An international line-up of world-leading speakers will discuss the ground-breaking technologies being made in livestock production, as well as the issues that need to be addressed to ensure potential gains in productivity are grasped. Speakers will also discuss how those developments are communicated with farmers and producers, and how the sector can encourage the adoption of new ways of working.
The programme includes an invited session on advances in management of laying hens, followed by a variety of original communications on nutrition, physiology and husbandry and the usually frenetic but absorbing short oral communications on selected poster presentations. This will be followed by the annual Gordon Memorial Lecture delivered by Mike Bedford and titled: ‘The evolution and application of enzymes in the animal feed industry: opportunities and misunderstandings’.
The meeting will finish with the Annual General Meeting of the UK Branch which will see the introduction of a new President, Vice president, Secretary and Treasurer.
We look forward to meeting up with Irish colleagues to explore how the poultry sector can share knowledge, ideas and best-practice as Brexit drives the UK to become more global in the way it deals with critical issues such as trade and policy. As ever, the UK branch annual meeting provides a great opportunity for helping scientists, policy makers and producers to build relationships and networks across the European livestock sector and beyond.
The papers presented at the 2017 Spring Meeting are now published in British Poultry Abstracts – all papers published are available on Open Access using the following links:
Steve Lister, UK Branch Secretary