International Poultry Hall of Fame 1996
During the Council meeting in New Delhi, India on 4 September 1996 the following distinguished poultry scientists were selected to the International Poultry Hall of Fame.
Colin Fisher was born in 1938 in Manchester, England. He was educated in that city at Manchester Grammar School and then went on to study agriculture at the University of Reading. A BSc (Honours Agriculture) degree was awarded in 1960.
At University he developed a strong interest in quantitative genetics and this, combined with some poultry farming experience prior to University, led to the poultry industry becoming a natural home for the rest of his career. Starting initially in the breeding industry with E.F. Fairbairn Ltd at Carlisle, Colin was involved in the early stages of the broiler industry in the UK. However, an industrial takeover - common at that time - led to a return to University to study for a PhD. The University of Reading had been awarded a scholarship to study genetic-nutrition interactions in laying birds and Colin Fisher was the beneficiary of this. He recalls that this was the first time he started to read the nutrition literature seriously and that he found it quite hard going. Fortunately, he was greatly helped by sharing an office with Don Bray, on leave at Reading from the University of Illinois, and of course by the wisdom of his mentor, Trevor Morris. The work for his PhD was completed in 1967 when Colin went to work for a short time in the breeding industry in New Zealand. However, his thesis was completed and the degree awarded only in 1969. To assist with the interpretation of his experimental work Colin invented a statistical device which came to be known, after development in collaboration with others, as the Reading Model. This contributed to the series of experiments at Reading by Trevor Morris and others which largely resolved the problem of determining amino acid requirements of laying hens.
In 1969 Colin Fisher joined the feed industry in the UK and has since worked entirely on nutritional topics. A 2 x 2 factorial career saw two periods in Unilever animal feed concerns and two periods in the Agricultural Research Council's Poultry Research Centre at Edinburgh. Both required rather wide interests in poultry science and also saw an increasing involvement in research management. Colin comments that "Research management is a paradox. On the one hand it is foolish to talk about managing a creative activity, while on the other experience shows that there is a need for guidance and for choosing priorities. I am not sure that my colleagues would have realised it but this contradiction caused me a lot of thought over the lst 15 or 20 years". He completed his formal career as an Assistant Director of the Institute of Grassland and Animal Production with responsibility for pig and poultry research. Unfortunately this was not a very creative time because the AFRC was in the midst of a major reorganization which cost many fine scientists their jobs. It was time for Colin Fisher to leave in 1990.
Since 1990 Colin has worked as an independent consultant. At present this is focused on a part-time post with Ross Breeders Ltd and selling some computer software with colleagues from South Africa and Edinburgh. The association with Ross Breeders has taken him back to his earlier interests in genetics and this he is finding very satisfying.
In the WPSA Colin Fisher has a long association with the UK Branch which he joined in the early 1960s. He was Branch Secretary from 1972 to 1977 and President form 1982 to 1986. In the 1980s he was Chairman of Working Group No. 2 of the European Federation of WPSA Branches and i still a member of the group. Colin has had a close association with the conference programme of the UK Branch, especially the Poultry Science Symposia which, during his period as President, he guided into the UK Branch when the other organizations involved in the series decided to withdraw. In 1994 Colin Fisher was Chairman of the 9th European Poultry Conference held in Glasgow.
Jørgen Fris Jensen was born on 26 September 1927 in Aarhus, Denmark. After a practical education in farming and studies at the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University in Copenhagen he became Master of Animal Science in 1954 and PhD in 1959. He then worked in the Department of Research in Poultry and Rabbits at the National Institute of Animal Science.
In 1972 Fris Jensen was appointed Professor at the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University, the professorship covering the disciplines of poultry breeding and nutrition. At the same time he also became Head of the Department in which he had previously worked. Arising from structural changes in the National Institute of Animal Science, Professor Jensen retired from the post of Head of the Department of Research in Poultry and Rabbits in 1993, but has continued as Professor at the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University in Copenhagen.
J. Fris Jensen has been involved in the work as a number of councils and committees. Since 1976 he has been Chairman of the National council for Feedstuffs and, since 1989, of the National Committee on Feed Additives. For a great many years he has also been a member of the EEC Standing Committee on Agricultural Research and, since 1991, a member of the Danish Animal Ethics Council.
Poultry production has always interested J. Fris Jensen, both from a practical point of view and as a subject for research, and this has made him a valuable link between poultry science and commercial production. These interests also brought him into the WPSA at an early stage on for many years he has been much occupied with the possibilities that this organization provides. Within the framework of the European Federation of WPSA Branches he was one of the main driving forces behind the introduction of symposia and has always stressed the importance of the various tasks undertaken by the Working Groups. He has been a member of the Poultry Meat Quality working group since 1974 and was its chairman from 1976 to 1986. During this time he helped to establish some important procedures and guidelines for the scientific symposia programmes, and these continue to be used by this and other Working Groups. As a Council Member of the European Federation of WPSA Branches and a member of the Executive Committee of the WPSA itself, he has been involved in the management of the whole organization. In 1986 he was elected President of the WPSA European Federation, continuing in this post for two four-year terms until 1994.
J. Fris Jensen has been a prolific author, publishing many scientific articles on poultry production. His work is characterized by stringent accuracy and great practicality, often making it immediately usable by those directly involved in poultry production. He was editor of "Methods of Dissection of Broiler Carcasses and Description of Parts" published by Working Group 5 and "Terms used for Parts of Poultry in Different Languages" (WPSJ 1993; 39: 74-73. These publications continue to be valuable poultry production tools and fine examples of the results produced by an active Working Group.
In 1991, and in recognition of his work in the area of poultry meat quality, J. Fris Jensen received an Honorary Doctorate from Panonia Agricultural University in Hungary. He has also been honoured by the award of the Order of Knight of The Dannebrog, 1st Degree.
Austin Otto Moll dedicated a major part of his life to poultry in general and particularly to furthering the objectives of the WPSA. He was born in 1913 and, sadly, died in New Zealand in 1995. He was a third generation poultryman of German parentage, his father having emigrated to Australia. Otto joined the family business, which involved the manufacture and marketing of incubators and other poultry equipment, in the early 1930s.
Immediately after active service in World Ware II, Otto made the first of many visits to the USA and various other countries to gain up-to-date scientific and practical information that would subsequently be put to use in Australia, not only within his own company but also very much for the good of the poultry industry as a whole. He was responsible for bringing Californian laying cages to Australia, a great advance on systems previously available.
In association with other Otto started the Australian branch of the WPSA in 1956, taking the position of Secretary/Treasurer. He remained in this role for the next 18 years. By 1958, very largely through Otto's efforts, sub-branches had been formed in all major states of Australia and membership stood at 370, which apparently made it the third largest branch in the world at that time. in the same year he led the Australian delegation to the XIth World's Poultry Congress in Mexico City and successfully gained approval to hold the XIIth World's Congress in Australia in 1962. This proved to be a major success with 2500 delegates attending. Otto was the driving force behind the organization of the event.
Otto Mol's massive contribution to the Australian industry was formally recognized in 1964 when he received the first "Australian Poultry Award", presented by the Australian WPSA branch for outstanding service to the poultry industry. Otto continued to serve the branch as Secretary/Treasurer until 1974. During his many years in this position he organized numerous other conferences and many visits to Australia by leading overseas poultry scientists. In the words of one of his contemporaries, Bill Stanhope, "Otto was "Mr Poultry" in Australia at this time of dramatic development for our industry - he did more than any other single person to shake us out of our previous insular and backward way of operating". During this time Otto traveled regularly to countries in south-east Asia and through the Pacific doing business but always, and at his own expense, "spreading the WPSA gospel". He was instrumental in encouraging the formation of the New Zealand branch of the WPSA, helping to write the branch rules and attending the inaugural meeting. He subsequently started another branch in Fiji.
Otto "retired" in 1981 and moved to New Zealand. Subsequently he spent two years in Fiji as Poultry Adviser to the Fiji Ministry of Agriculture. He served for many years on the New Zealand branch Executive Committee and for five years, until quite recently, he was honorary editor of New Zealand Poultry News. Virtually single-handedly he developed this into a successful, self supporting 52--age magazine.
Until the very last Otto was still busy, writing articles for various poultry magazines, breeding poultry and quail and operating as hatchery "trouble shooter" for people with ducks, quail and other species including emus. Otto Moll was a person who dedicated a very major part of his life to the poultry industry and those within in.
Bhagabat Panda was born on 16 March 1929 in Orissa, India. He obtained his Bachelor of Veterinary Science degree (with Honours) in 1953, together with the Best All-rounder Award. He worked for Orissa Department of Animal Husbandry and Orissa University of Agriculture and technology, Bhbaneswar before joining the University of Maryland where he received his MS degree in 1960 and PhD in 1963. His postgraduate work on vitamin A nutrition and resistance to coccidiosis infection received international acclaim by the feed industry and poultry scientists.
Following a brief assignment on behalf of the government of Venezuela, he returned to India in 1963 to be appointed Scientific Officer at the Central Food Technology Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore. Here he developed six technological processes in the areas of egg preservation and the utilization of agro-industrial products. These were released to the industry by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research for commercial exploitation.
In 1969 Dr Panda moved from CFTRI to the Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI) at Izatnagar, as head of the Division of Poultry Research. Under the auspices of a United Nations Development Programme/Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) project, he transformed this Division into a "centre of excellence" in poultry science - the first of its kind in the country. Dr Panda developed different disciplines in poultry science, attracting postgraduate students to work for higher degrees from within and outside the country. His untiring efforts contributed to the establishment of separate poultry science departments and poultry science curricula in many agricultural universities and some Institutions in India. Poultry science education grew in size and scope to keep pace with the developing industry and its need for qualified technical staff. It is not surprising that Dr Panda is popularly known as the father of poultry education in India.
In 1970 when ICAR launched the All India Co-ordinated Poultry Breeding Research Projects for eggs and for poultry meat, aimed at making the country largely self-sufficient for stock, Dr Panda took on the additional responsibility of Project Co-ordinator. He made major contributions to establishing these projects and in planning and executing the breeding programmes. His dedication to poultry research, development and education was, in large measure, responsible for the "upgrading" in 1979 of the Poultry Science Division at IVRI to the Central Avian Research (CARI). He served as the Founder Director of this institute from 1979 to 1990.
Under Dr Panda's leadership CARI grew from strength to strength. It gained wide recognition and attracted a number of National Awards to the Institute and its Director for outstanding contributions to poultry science research, education and organization. As well as educator, examiner and technical expert, Dr Panda became closely involved in the appointment process for senior academic staff in food science and poultry science at most agricultural universities in India.
Amongst Dr Panda's other achievements can be included the publication of 320 research papers together with six textbooks on poultry science and a number of technical bulletins and popular articles. For a number of years he was Chief Editor of the Indian Poultry Science Journal and is currently a member of the Editorial Board of the WPSJ. In addition to identifying and helping to preserve and utilize indigenous domestic fowl germ plasm, Dr Panda was largely responsible for the introduction and popularization of Japanese quail in India and helped to develop systems of production for guinea fowl.
In 1965, together with a few poultry scientist colleagues, Dr Panda founded the Indian Poultry Science Association. He has been its President for the past 15 years. Since 1962 Dr Panda has been a Life Member of the World's POultry Science Association and was a founder member of the WPSA India Branch, currently being its Vice-President. He played a prominent role in the organization of the XXth Poultry Congress, and particularly its scientific programme. It is not surprising that, even in retirement, Dr Panda continues to be active in promoting the causes of research, education and organization in the poultry industry.
John D. Summers was born in 1928 at St. Catharines, Ontario, Canada. He studied at the Ontario Agricultural College (later to become part of the University of Guelph), where he received his Bachelor's and Master's degrees. It was here that his lifelong interest in poultry began. After working for three years for a commercial feed company, John Summers returned to Guelph as a Lecturer in the Department of Poultry Science.
He went to Rutgers University, New Jersey in 1959 as a Research Assistant and received a PhD degree in Animal Nutrition in 1962. He returned to Ontario Agricultural College (OAC) the same year and remained there for the rest of his career, retiring in 1987. During this time the University of Guelph was created, and the department of Poultry Science remained part of the OAC within the new structure. In 1969, Dr Summers was appointed Chair of the Department and remained in this position until the Department was merged into the Department of Animal and Poultry Science in 1971.
Following his retirement, John Summers was appointed Professor Emeritus of the University of Guelph. He also became Technical adviser to the Poultry Industry Centre and the Ontario Poultry Council.
John Summers' research interests and accomplishments have been extremely varied. He has worked with both laying stock and meat birds. His work with the older varieties of rape seed led him to study some of the toxicity problems associated with this feedstuff, and eventually to investigations of the thyroid metabolism through which they were mediated. This work eventually led to the acceptance of Canola meals as ingredients for poultry feeds. In the broiler area, John Summers had an abiding interest in carcass quality and composition, and was among the first to investigate the growing problem of obesity and abdominal fat in the rapidly growing birds produced in the 1970s and 1980s. His most recent interest has focused on the potential for reducing phosphorus and nitrogen in poultry waste by manipulation of the birds' diet.
While his research has been conducted largely in Canada, John Summers has carried his results to all parts of the world, both at international conferences and through visits made on behalf of commercial interests. He has appeared on the programme of many World's Poultry Congresses and other international gatherings on all continents. He enjoyed a long and mutually beneficial relationship with Shaver Poultry Breeding Farms Ltd which is located close to his home in Guelph, Ontario. Besides advising Shaver on nutrition and management, John Summers traveled widely on Shaver's behalf during the period of rapid expansion in the 1960s through the 1980s. He was able to assist many poultry farmers and hatcheries around the world in making best use of the breeding stock they received, and has established many lifelong friendships with this clientele.
John Summers has a remarkable talent for bringing the relevant and practical aspects of his research work into the realm of the poultry farming operation. His early work in the feed industry may have been responsible for this ability, and he is still widely respected as a source of advice and information.
Dr Summers is a fellow of the Agricultural Institute of Canada and of the Poultry Science Association. He has received awards from the American Feed Manufacturers' Association, the Canadian Feed Industries Association, and the Ontario Poultry Council.