Dr Donald Clandinin was born in Vandura, Saskatchewan. He attended the University of British Columbia and graduated with a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture in 1935 and a Master of Science degree in Poultry Genetics in 1936. He obtained a PhD degree in Biochemistry and Poultry Nutrition from the University of Wisconsin in 1948. Dr Clandinin joined the staff of the University of Alberta in 1938, specializing in Poultry Nutrition, and retired in 1979 and now holds Professor Emeritus status.
Dr Clandinin has made significant contributions to the advancement of the knowledge of poultry nutrition. His early research dealt with the use of riboflavin in poultry diets. The results of this work demonstrated that synthetic riboflavin products could be used to replace the riboflavin provided by milk products in diets for chicks and breeding hens without affecting growth rate, egg production or hatchability. After completing the work on riboflavin he undertook research on the influence of processing conditions on the nutritive quality of protein supplements such as soybean, herring, sunflower, and rapeseed meals. The results of this research led to the adoption by processors of procedures that would minimize loss of nutritive quality.
In the last twenty years of his research career, much of Dr Clandinin's work was concentrated on factors affecting the nutritive quality of rapeseed meal. His research has included studies on the influence of metabolizable energy, amino acids, tannins, pentosans, sinapine, nitrogen solubility, dyebinding capacity and levels of available lysine on the nutritive value of meal. He has also conducted research on the influence of high and low erucic acid oils on tissue changes in chickens and his outstanding contributions to knowledge of factors affecting the nutritive value of protein supplements have led to Dr Clandinin's recognition as an international authority. He is author or co-author of 145 scientific papers. He has also written several technical and farm bulletins on poultry production.
Dr Clandinin has been active in helping to promote the use of rapeseed products throughout the world. He has, by invitation, represented Canada on technical missions to Japan, Taiwan, England, Ireland, Holland, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Cuba, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Finland, Denmark, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, and the Unites States of America. By providing scientific information on the use of rapeseed meal he has contributed to increased international market expansion and utilization for this important Canadian crop.
Dr Clandinin has been active in many national and international organizations, some of which are: World's Poultry Science Association, International Rapeseed Committee, Poultry Science Association, and American Association for Advancement of Science.
In recognition of his work Dr Clandinin has been awarded many honours, some of which are: Fellow, Poultry Science Association; Fellow, Agricultural Institute of Canada and Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal.
In addition to his contributions in the scientific field, Dr Clandinin is recognized as an outstanding teacher of poultry science. He has taught courses in nutrition, breeding, diseases and management and has supervised many national and international graduate students and post-doctorals.
Nominated by Canada